Thalun

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Thalun
သာလြန္
King of Burma
Reign 19 August 1629 – 27 August 1648
Predecessor Minyedeippa
Successor Pindale
Born (1584-06-17)17 June 1584
Sunday, 5th waxing of Nayon 946 ME[1]
Died 27 August 1648(1648-08-27) (aged 64)
Thursday, 10th waning of Tawthalin 1010 ME
Ava (Inwa)
Burial 29 August 1648
Inwa Palace
Consort Khin Myo Sit[2]
Khin Thet Hnin of Mone
Khin Myat Hset of Pinya
Issue 11 sons and 20 daughters including:
Pindale
Pye
Full name
Birth name: Thakin Gyi[3]
House Toungoo
Father Nyaungyan
Mother Khin Hpone Myat[4]
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Thalun (Burmese: သာလွန်မင်း, pronounced: [θàlʊ̀ɴ]; 17 June 1584 – 27 August 1648) was the eighth king of Toungoo dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). During his 19-year reign, Thalun successfully rebuilt the war-torn country which had been under constant warfare for nearly a century since the 1530s. Thalun instituted many administrative reforms and rebuilt the economy of the kingdom.

In 1608, Anaukpetlun captured Prome and made Thalun the governor of Prome. In 1628, Anaukpetlun was murdered by his own son Minyedeippa who made himself king. Thalun was then on his campaigns against the Shans at Kengtung with his brother Minye Kyawswa II, the governor of Ava. However, the death of Anaukpetlun forced the two to return to Pegu to claim the throne from the unlawful king and to counter the opportunistic Arakanese invasions. Thalun became the center of rallying against Minyedaikpa and was proclaimed the crown prince.

In 1629, Thalun and Minye Kyawswa were able to take Pegu and executed Minyedeippa.[5]:218 At Pegu, there was an assassination attempt by a Mon on King Thalun, which resulted in the massacre of the Mons.

Thalun fought a three-year campaign against Lanna, finally subjugating them in 1632. In 1634, Thalun moved the capital to Ava and crowned himself king of Ava and made his brother Minye Kyawswa crown prince, Maha Uparaja. Thalun then concentrated on building pagodas and other works of merit.[5]:219

However, Minye Kyawswa died on 18 August 1647. Thalun then made his own son Pindale as the crown prince. The son of Minye Kyawswa who wanted the crown prince title for himself staged a rebellion. The palace was sacked and Thalun fled to Sagaing. However, the rebellion was soon put down and the conspirators were burnt alive. Thalun died on 19 October 1648, succeeded by his son Pindale.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 247
  2. ^ Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 249–251
  3. ^ Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 143
  4. ^ Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 42
  5. ^ a b Rajanubhab, D., 2001, Our Wars With the Burmese, Bangkok: White Lotus Co. Ltd., ISBN 9747534584

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Thalun
Born: 17 June 1584 Died: 27 August 1648
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Minyedeippa
King of Burma
19 August 1629 – 27 August 1648
Succeeded by
Pindale
Royal titles
Preceded by
Anaukpetlun
Heir to the Burmese Throne
3 March 1606 – 9 July 1628
Succeeded by
Minye Kyawswa II
Preceded by
Yan Naing
as King of Prome
Viceroy of Prome
2 November 1620 – 9 July 1628
Succeeded by
Udein Kyawhtin
as Governor of Prome