Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit

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Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit
ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ
Thanatorn cropped 2018.jpg
Leader of the Future Forward Party
Assumed office
27 May 2018
Preceded byPosition established
Personal details
Born (1978-11-25) 25 November 1978 (age 40)
Bangkok, Thailand
NationalityThai
Political partyFuture Forward Party
Height1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)
Spouse(s)Rawiphan Daengthongdi
Children4
Alma materThammasat University
University of Nottingham
New York University
University of St. Gallen
Chulalongkorn University
OccupationPolitician
Net worth5.6 billion baht (2019)
Signature

Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit (Thai: ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ, RTGSThanathon Chuengrungrueangkit, pronounced [tʰā.nāː.tʰɔ̄ːn t͡ɕɯ̄ŋ.rûŋ.rɯ̄a̯ŋ.kìt]; born 25 November 1978) is a Thai politician currently serving as the leader of the Future Forward Party. From 2002 to early-2018, Thanathorn was the vice president of the Thai Summit Group, Thailand's largest auto parts manufacturer.[1]

Thanathorn co-founded the Future Forward Party in March 2018. He was unanimously elected as the party's leader during its first public meeting in May 2018.[2]

Early life and family[edit]

Thanathorn was born and raised in Bangkok to a Teochew background family[3], the second child of five. His mother, Somporn Juangroongruangkit, is the current President and CEO of the Thai Summit Group, taking over the company from Thanathorn's father, Pattana Juangroongruangkit, after his death in 2002. Pattana founded the Thai Summit Group in 1977. The Juangroongruangkit family also owns a large stake in the Thai media conglomerate, Matichon Publishing Group.[4]

Upon starting his political career, Thanathorn resigned from the Matichon board and Thai Summit Group.[4] His mother, Somporn, also sold all her Matichon stock.

Thanathorn's uncle, Suriya Juangroongruangkit, is a politician who served as Minister of Transport of Thailand between 2002 and 2005. Suriya is one of the leaders of Phalang Pracharat, the most prominent pro-junta party.[5]

Education[edit]

Thanathorn attended the Triam Udom Suksa School in Bangkok. After graduating from high school, Thanathorn obtained a joint-honours Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.) in mechanical engineering from Thammasat University and the University of Nottingham.[6] During this time, he became President of the Thammasat University Students Union in 1999, and was later named Deputy Secretary-General of the Students Federation of Thailand.[7] He later pursued his interest in social and economic issues and obtained three master's degrees: one in political economy from Chulalongkorn University, one in global finance from Stern School of Business, New York University, and one in international business law from the University of St. Gallen.[8]

Throughout his studies, Thanathorn was involved with various charities and NGOs calling for social and economic reforms in Thailand, including Friends of the People and the Assembly of the Poor.[7] During this time, Thanathorn campaigned for the land and compensation rights of villagers affected by the Pak Mun Dam in Ubon Ratchathani Province.[6][9]

His family expressed concerns about Thanathorn's student movement activities. It is disclosed in several interviews that Thanathorn has been in conflict with his uncle, Suriya Juangroongruangkit, since he was young mainly due to their disagreement regarding the Trans Thai-Malaysia Gas Pipeline Project.[10] Thanathorn believes the construction of this dam exemplified government's lack of accountability and crony-capitalism that peaked with the 1997 economic crisis.[6]

Business career[edit]

After completing his studies, Thanathorn set out to pursue a career with the United Nations, and was offered a position as a development worker for the UN in Algeria.[6] Thanathorn was forced to abandon his plans when his father, Pattana Juangroongruangkit, was diagnosed with cancer. Following his father's death in 2002, Thanathorn returned to Thailand and assumed leadership of the Thai Summit Group at the age of 23.[11]

Under Thanathorn’s leadership, the company's revenues grew from 16 billion baht in 2001 to 80 billion baht in 2017.[12] Thanathorn oversaw the transformation of the company into a global conglomerate with manufacturing facilities in seven countries and more than 16,000 employees worldwide.[13]

In 2005, Thanathorn struck a deal with the US auto-maker, Tesla to supply 500,000 cars per year. The deal was noted as a "new record" for Thai Summit Group with total sales of 7.9 billion baht and a profit of 5.98 billion baht.[14] Thanks to the deal, the Thai Summit Group set up factories in the United States. In 2009, Thanathorn led the company to acquire the world's largest mould maker, the Japanese company Ogihara.[15]

Thanathorn served as the President of the Federation of Thai Industry's Nakhon Nayok Chapter for two consecutive terms, between 2008 and 2012.[16] He was also the youngest elected Secretary-General of the Thai Auto Parts Manufacturers Association, serving between 2007 and 2010. Thanathorn was also a member of the Industrial Cluster Development Board of Thailand's National Science and Technology Development Agency.[17]

In May 2018, after 17 years as Executive Vice-President of the Thai Summit Group, Thanathorn resigned from this position after being elected leader of the Future Forward Party.[18]

Political career[edit]

Thanathorn in party meeting in 2019

On 15 March 2018, Thanatorn and Piyabutr Saengkanokkul, a former constitutional law professor at Thammasat University, along with a group of like-minded individuals, filed for the creation of a new political party, Future Forward (Thai: อนาคตใหม่), with the Election Commission of Thailand. Thanathorn was unanimously elected as the party's leader at the party's first public meeting in May 2018.[19]

Since founding the party, Thanathorn has advocated his vision for the party: the return of civilian government and demilitarization of Thai politics, greater political accountability, a fairer distribution of wealth, a social welfare system that promotes human dignity and greater decentralisation of power.[20]

In order to guarantee Future Forward's independence and transparency, the party has developed a funding structure which relies entirely on donations from party members and supporters.[21] The Future Forward Party goal is to raise 350 million baht from party members and the public to pursue its campaign in the 2019 general election.[22]

Due to his business experience, relative youth, and political views, international media have drawn comparisons between Thanathorn and French President Emmanuel Macron and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.[23][24]

Thanathorn is occasionally referred by Thai media as the "billionaire commoner", representing the struggle to amend the social class system in Thailand.[25] He is also jokingly referred to as "Daddy" by his young female supporters.[26][27][28]

Thanathorn and two other senior party members, Jaruwan Sarankate and Klaikong Vaidhyakarn, were charged by police with the Computer Crime Act after an NCPO member filed an allegation against them for transmitting false information or information that damages the country's stability in relation with the Facebook Live Broadcast on 29 June 2018.[29]

The three politicians were ordered to meet investigators at the Technology Crime Suppression Division (TCSD) on Friday, 24 August 2018 to hear charges against them. Through their lawyer, they asked to postpone the date to 17 September 2018, saying the order had come at a short notice and they were already tied up with their planned schedule.[30] Thanathorn previously appeared on 31 July 2018 as a witness, but refrain from giving a statement on the allegations to officials.[31].

Thanathorn was among the MPs elected in the 2019 vote. One month later, the Election Commission accused him of holding shares in a media company, V-Luck Media, when he registered as an MP candidate, which would violate election laws and disqualify him as an MP[32]. Thanathorn has denied these charges, stating that all his shares had been transferred a month prior to his registration.[33] On 23 May 2019, one day before the opening of the new parliament, the Constitutional Court voted unanimously to accept the case submitted by the Election Commission against Thanathorn, and voted 8-1 to suspend Thanathorn's MP status until a ruling is reached.[34] He was permitted to attend the opening ceremony to take his oath before being ordered to leave.[35][36] Thanathorn was nominated for prime minister by a coalition of anti-junta parties, but lost to incumbent prime minister and coup leader Prayut Chan-o-cha.[37]

In his mandatory disclosure of assets to the National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC), Thanathorn reported assets of 5.6 billion baht, making him the wealthiest member of the Thai parliament.[38]

Personal life[edit]

Thanathorn is married to Rawiphan Juangroongruangkit. They have four children together.[39]

Angered by the 2006 coup, Thanathorn gave his son the nickname, Demo (Thai: เดโม่), from the Greek root demos ('democracy').[40]

In his free time, Thanathorn enjoys outdoor activities such as hiking, trekking, climbing, marathons, kayaking, cycling, diving and mountaineering. He has participated in various extreme sports competitions, including the Tor Des Géants and the Sahara Marathon.[41] Thanathorn was the first Asian to complete the 560 km self-supported foot race above the Arctic Circle.[42]

In an interview about his style and grooming, Thanathorn revealed that he doesn't use any facial or hair products and doesn't use soap or shampoo while showering. He also revealed that he wears generic white shirts and pleated khakis as a daily uniform. The only investment he makes into his wardrobe is for his climbing and running clothing for his outdoor hobbies.[43]

Asked about his media diet, Thanathorn says he reads foreign newspapers like The New York Times, The Economist, Financial Times, and Thai newspapers like Matichon and Krungthep Turakij (Bangkok Business).[44] He is a big fan of esports and games such as Minecraft and Arena of Valor, which he cites as one of the tools he uses to connect with his children.[45]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ประวัติ ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ กับแนวคิดการเมือง และเหตุที่ไทยต้องมีพรรคหน้าใหม่" (in Thai). Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  2. ^ "Thanathorn elected leader of Future Forward Party".[full citation needed]
  3. ^ Charuvastra, Teeranai (26 August 2018). "'I'm Not Part of the Elite', Says Billionaire Leader of Progressive Party". Khaosod English. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Thai auto heir launches new party, promises to heal political rift". Reuters. 15 March 2018. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  5. ^ Wongcha-um, Panu (13 March 2019). "Martial democracy? Some Thais prefer coup-maker for PM". Reuters. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d "Isaan's future: Thanathorn on moving the region forward". Isaan Record. 8 June 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  7. ^ a b "A risk-taker billionaire pursuing social justice". The Nation. 8 April 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  8. ^ ""ไพร่หมื่นล้าน" ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ กับ "โรดแมป" การเมือง". BBC Thai.[full citation needed]
  9. ^ "สัมภาษณ์: ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ รองประธานกรรมการบริหาร กลุ่มบริษัทไทยซัมมิท "ผมถูกบังคับให้เป็นนายทุน"". Sarakadee Magazine. Retrieved 10 September 2018.[full citation needed]
  10. ^ "'สุริยะ' พูดถึง ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ 'ผมเองยังถูกต่อว่า เขาเป็นคนแบบนี้มาตั้งแต่เรียน'". Matichon Online.[full citation needed]
  11. ^ "Thai Autoparts Heir Launches Political Party".[full citation needed]
  12. ^ "ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ พลิกตำราบริหารความเสี่ยงครั้งใหม่ที่ 'ขั้วโลกใต้'". Forbes Thailand.[full citation needed]
  13. ^ "ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ ดัน "ไทยซัมมิท" ทะลุเป้าแสนล้าน". Prachachat.net.[full citation needed]
  14. ^ "Exclusive ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ: มองอนาคตยานยนต์ไทย โลกขยับแล้ว แต่เราไม่ขยับ". Voice TV. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  15. ^ "Regarding the partial transfer of share holdings in Ogihara Corporation".[full citation needed]
  16. ^ "Thailand's Focus 2017, Speakers' Profile". The Stock Exchange of Thailand.
  17. ^ "Thailand's Focus 2017, Speakers' Profile". The Stock Exchange of Thailand.
  18. ^ "Thanathorn to hand over reins". Bangkok Post.[full citation needed]
  19. ^ "Thanathorn elected leader of Future Forward Party". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 20 October 2017.[full citation needed]
  20. ^ "Exclusive: "ไพร่หมื่นล้าน" จับมือ สมาชิก "นิติราษฎร์" เปิดตัวพรรคใหม่". BBC Thai.[full citation needed]
  21. ^ "ธนาธร-ปิยบุตร ตั้งพรรค "อนาคตใหม่" ประกาศไม่รับทุกส่วนประกอบ "อประชาธิปไตย"".[full citation needed]
  22. ^ ""ธนาธร" จ่อระดมทุน 350 ล้านสู้ศึกลต. ลั่น อีก 10 เดือนขอทำงานหนักไม่ใช้เงินดูดอดีตส.ส." Matichon Online.[full citation needed]
  23. ^ "'I might go to jail tomorrow' – Thai tycoon takes on junta". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 September 2018.[full citation needed]
  24. ^ "'Young blood' to shake up Thai politics". Financial Times. Retrieved 10 September 2018.[full citation needed]
  25. ^ "ไพร่หมื่นล้าน! 10 รู้จัก 'เอก ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ' เขาคือใคร?". Thairath. Retrieved 10 September 2018.[full citation needed]
  26. ^ Thongnoi, Jitsiree; Jaipragas, Bhavan (24 February 2019). "Everyone loves 'Daddy': forget Thaksin, Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit is the Thai junta's new billionaire rival". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  27. ^ Mahtani, Shibani (19 March 2019). "A new political party in Thailand, led by an athletic billionaire, rattles ruling junta". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  28. ^ Tanakasempipat, Patpicha (26 February 2019). "Thailand's rising political star under fire as election nears". Reuters. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  29. ^ "Future Forward's Thanathorn charged with computer crime". Bangkok Post.[full citation needed]
  30. ^ "Future Forward Leaders Postpone Police Meeting". Bangkok Post.[full citation needed]
  31. ^ "Thanathorn may face computer crime charges".[full citation needed]
  32. ^ "Election Commission Accuses Thanathorn of Breaching Elections Law". Khaosod English. 23 April 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  33. ^ "EC blow for Thanathorn over media shareholding". The Nation. 24 April 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  34. ^ "Court suspends Thanathorn from MP". Bangkok Post. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  35. ^ "Thanathorn attends opening of parliament along with other newly-elected members". The Nation. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  36. ^ Bangprapa, Mongkol (26 May 2019). "Thanathorn sworn in then kicked out of parliament". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  37. ^ Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (5 June 2019). "Thailand's military-backed PM voted in after junta creates loose coalition". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  38. ^ "Thanathorn richest MP with B5.6bn". Bangkok Post. 20 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  39. ^ "'ธนาธร' เปิดภาพครอบครัวอนาคตใหม่ เผยภรรยาท้อง5เดือนเล็งตั้งชื่อ'น้องฟิวเจอร์'". Thaipost. Retrieved 10 September 2018.[full citation needed]
  40. ^ ผู้สื่อข่าวบีบีซีไทย, เรื่องโดย หทัยกาญจน์ ตรีสุวรรณ (15 January 2019). "ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ : ประชาธิปไตยไม่ใช่แค่ "อุดมการณ์" แต่คือ "ลมหายใจ"". Retrieved 12 March 2019.[full citation needed]
  41. ^ "ผมก็แค่คนธรรมดาคนหนึ่ง : ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ". Fungjai. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  42. ^ "About TJ: TJ's True South". Retrieved 10 September 2018.[full citation needed]
  43. ^ "10 เต็ม 10 'ธนาธร' ให้คะแนนการแต่งกายสไตล์นักการเมืองรุ่นใหม่ของตัวเอง". Voice TV. 30 April 2018.
  44. ^ ""ไพร่หมื่นล้าน" ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ กับ "โรดแมป" การเมือง". BBC Thai.
  45. ^ "ผมก็แค่คนธรรมดาคนหนึ่ง : ธนาธร จึงรุ่งเรืองกิจ". Fungjai. Retrieved 10 September 2018.[full citation needed]