|Population||829 (2006 census)|
|Elevation||192 m (630 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Banana Shire Council|
Thangool // is a town in central Queensland, Australia. The town is in the Banana Shire local government area, 591 kilometres (367 mi) north west of the state capital, Brisbane and 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of the Shire administrative centre, Biloela. The name "Thangool" means "Possum". At the 2011 census, Thangool had a population of 829.
The Thangool area was originally home to the Kangulu Aboriginal people. European settlement in Australia in the area began with the Archer brothers who, on advice from the explorer Ludwig Leichhardt, set out from Eidsvold on the Burnett River to explore the area to the north in 1853, eventually reaching the Fitzroy River. Speculative ventures followed in the 1850s and 1860s, originally tentative attempts at sheep raising, but soon turning to cattle. The town was surveyed in 1925 and primitive shops constructed from corrugated iron and logs were established soon after. The Callide Valley railway line was extended to Thangool in 1925, before its final extension to Lawgi in 1931. A primary school was opened on 5 April, 1927. By the 1930s, a cotton boom had allowed the town to support two hotels, two butchers, two bakers, a picture theatre, a cordial factory, a blacksmith and a bank.
Thangool State School is a coeducational school catering for students from Prep - Year 6. At the time of their 2015 Annual Report, Thangool State School had 115 students enrolled. Thangool State School has an active Facebook page. 
Dryland farming in the area produces mainly sorghum and wheat but also some sunflower, mung beans and barley. Irrigated crops produced include cotton and lucerne as well as wheat and sorghum. A Thangool business, Queensland Squab Processors, supply 60 per cent of the Australian market for squab while a new business producing herbs for the food service industry was developed recently.
Nearby Mount Scoria, a rare rock formation rising 150 metres (490 ft) above the surrounding plain, was an active volcano 20 to 26 million years ago. The mountain features impressive basalt columns formed by cooling lava. Despite its name the mountain features very little scoria, with most of the mountain made up of vesicular basalt.
The Thangool Cup Races is an annual horse racing event held in September. Each November there is a Christmas market.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Thangool (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- "Mount Scoria — Nature, culture and history". Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland). 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- QR Corporate - Rail as foremost mode of travel - Competition to rail as foremost mode of travel Archived 12 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland schools". Education Queensland. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Our Town Thangool" (PDF). Community Development Profile. Banana Shire Council. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- "Thangool State School". Education Queensland. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Thangool State School Annual Report" (PDF). Education Queensland. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Thangool State School". Facebook. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
- "Simple Pleasures: Banana Shire" (PDF). The Gladstone Region. Tourism Queensland. p. 3. Retrieved 8 June 2014.