Thanh Hóa Province

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Thanh Hóa Province
Tỉnh Thanh Hóa
Location of Thanh Hóa within Vietnam
Location of Thanh Hóa within Vietnam
Coordinates: 20°0′N 105°30′E / 20.000°N 105.500°E / 20.000; 105.500Coordinates: 20°0′N 105°30′E / 20.000°N 105.500°E / 20.000; 105.500
Country  Vietnam
Region North Central Coast
Capital (and Largest city) Thanh Hóa
 • People's Council Chair Trịnh Văn Chiến
 • People's Committee Chair Nguyễn Đình Xứng
 • Total 11,129.5 km2 (4,297.1 sq mi)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 3,496,100
 • Density 310/km2 (810/sq mi)
 • Ethnicities Vietnamese, Mường, Thai, Thổ, Dao, and H'Mông
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Area codes 237
ISO 3166 code VN-21

Thanh Hóa[2] (Vietnamese: [tʰaŋ hwǎː]) is a province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam. This is a relatively large province, which ranks as 5th in area and as 3rd in population among 63 central administrative subdivisions. Its capital and largest city is Thanh Hóa City . The province is widely called Xứ Thanh which means Thanh Hoa land in Vietnamese.

Human civilization has existed in Thanh Hoa for about 6000 years ago as one of the earliest destination of ancient Vietnamese. Archaeological excavations revealed that the first culture presented was Đa Bút Culture, a culture located along the Sông Đáy river and the Sông Mã river.

Thanh Hoa is located in the middle of North Vietnam and North Central Coast as a transition at many aspects: geology, climate, administrative division and local culture. Thus, these factors show that Xứ Thanh is a province with many particular local habits and customs and cultures.

Thanh Hoa has 1 provincial municipality, 2 townships and 24 counties with area of 11,133.4 km2 and population of approximate 3.5 million. Sầm Sơn township is a famous seaside resort situated 16  km from the Thanh Hoa city centre. Whilst, Bỉm Sơn township is a large industrial centre especially cement. The province is also home of many ethnic groups, in which the most 7 ethnicities are Kinh, Mường, Thái, H'Mông, Dao, Thổ, Khơ-mú.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Thanh Hóa is subdivided into 27 district-level sub-divisions:

  • 24 districts:
  • 2 district-level towns:

They are further subdivided into 28 commune-level towns (or townlets), 579 communes, and 30 wards.


The province's name derives from Sino-Vietnamese .

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014, General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
  2. ^ Also written Thanh Hoá with the tone mark on the main vowel.