Thanjavur Junction railway station

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Thanjavur Junction
Express train, Passenger train and Commuter rail station
Thanjavur Junction.jpg
Entrance of Railway Station
Location Gandhiji Road, Thanjavur-1, Tamil Nadu
India
Coordinates 10°46′41″N 79°08′17″E / 10.7781°N 79.1381°E / 10.7781; 79.1381Coordinates: 10°46′41″N 79°08′17″E / 10.7781°N 79.1381°E / 10.7781; 79.1381
Elevation 60 metres (200 ft)
Owned by Indian Railways
Operated by Southern Railway zone
Line(s) Chennai Egmore–Thanjavur line
Tiruchirappalli Junction-Nagapattinam line [Thanjavur - Mannargudi line Via Nidamangalam junction]
Platforms 5
Tracks 7
Construction
Structure type Standard on ground
Parking Yes
Bicycle facilities Yes
Other information
Status Functioning
Station code TJ
Division(s) Tiruchirappalli
Electrified Electrified Conversion
Location
Thanjavur railway station is located in Tamil Nadu
Thanjavur railway station
Thanjavur railway station
Location in Tamil Nadu

Thanjavur Junction railway station is located in Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and serves Thanjavur, earlier known as Tanjore

History[edit]

Thanjavur is located on the "main line" of the railway system in the Coromandel coast connecting Chennai with Tiruchchirappalli via Villupuram, Cuddalore, Mayiladuthurai (Mayuram) and Thanjavur junctions.[1] In 1861 the Great Southern Railway of India built the 125 km (78 mi) long 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge line between Nagapatnam and Tiruchirapalli (then known as Trichinopoly) and the line was opened to traffic next year.[2] It was a new development south of Chennai. After taking over of GSIR by South Indian Railway Company in 1874, the Nagapatnam-Tiruchirapalli line was converted to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) wide metre gauge in 1875.[3]

The South India Railway Company laid a 715 km (444 mi) long metre gauge trunk line from Chennai to Tuticorin via Mayiladuthurai Kumbakonam and Thanjavur in 1880.[4] The 82.67 km (51 mi) long Tindivanam -Cuddalore Port (then known as Cuddalore Junction) sector, 27.60 km (17 mi) long Cuddalore Port-Porto Novo sector, 19.71 km (12 mi) long Shyali-Mayiladuturai sector and 70.42 km (44 mi) long Mayiladuturai-Thanjavur sector were opened in 1877, thereby connecting Tindivanam to the already opened Tiruchirappalli-Nagapattinam line.

Three rail lines branch for Thanjavur Junction:

  1. Towards north for Mayiladuthurai Junction.
  2. Towards east for Nidamangalam Junction.
  3. Towards west for Tiruchirappalli Junction.

Gauge conversion[edit]

The Cuddalore Port-Vadalur sector was converted in 2003.[5] After conversion work of the Thanjavur-Tiruvarur broad gauge section was opened to traffic in 2006 and Tiruvarur-Nagore section in 2010.[6]

Electrification[edit]

New electrification survey in 2012-13 had been sanctioned in the Railway budget for the Karaikkal/Karaikkal port-Thiruvarur-Thanjavur-Tiruchchirappalli and Nagapattinam-Velankanni sectors.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Four Cauvery Delta Branches". IRFCA. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "IR History: Early Days – I". Chronology of railways in India, Part 2 (1832 - 1865). Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "IR History: Early Days – II". Chronology of railways in India, Part 2 (1870 - 1899). Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Chugging into the past". The Hindu, 18 December 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Trichur rly division nets Rs. 23.77 cr. Passenger earnings". The Hindu, 16 August 2004. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "More trains in pipeline for delta districts, says Southern Railway GM". The Hindu, 19 February 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Specific items for Southern Railway in Railway Budget 2012-13". New Railway Electrification Surveys sanctioned in 2012-13. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Indian Railways   Following station
Southern Railway zone
Chennai-Tiruchirappalli main line
Southern Railway zone
Tiruchirappalli-Nagapattinam branch line