Thant Myint-U

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Thant Myint-U
Native name သန့်မြင့်ဦး
Born (1966-01-31) 31 January 1966 (age 52)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Alma mater Harvard University
Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies
Johns Hopkins University
University of Cambridge
Occupation Historian
Spouse(s) Sofia Busch
Parent(s) Tyn Myint-U
Aye Aye Thant
Relatives U Thant (grandfather)
Khinlei Myint-U (sister)
A-thi Myint-U (sister)
Aye Myint Myint-U (sister)
Awards Fukuoka Grand Prize
Padma Shri

Thant Myint-U (Burmese: သန့်မြင့်ဦး [θa̰ɴ mjɪ̰ɴ ʔú]; born 31 January 1966) is a Burmese historian, writer, a past fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, a former Adviser to the President of Myanmar, and the founder and chairman of the Yangon Heritage Trust.[1] He is the author of four books, including the bestselling[2][3] and critically acclaimed The River of Lost Footsteps: A Personal History of Burma[4] and Where China Meets India: Burma and the New Crossroads of Asia[5]

He was named by the Foreign Policy Magazine as one of the "100 Leading Global Thinkers" of 2013 and by Prospect Magazine as one of 50 "World Thinkers" of 2014.[6][7] He was voted 15th in Prospect Magazine's subsequent poll of "World's Leading Thinkers"[8]

Early life and education[edit]

Thant Myint-U was born in New York City to Burmese parents and is the grandson of former Secretary-General of the United Nations U Thant. He has three sisters.[9] He has always been a Myanmar national.[10]

He was educated at Harvard University, the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University and the University of Cambridge. He received his PhD in History from Cambridge University in 1996, MA in International Relations and International Economics from Johns Hopkins University and BSc in Government and Economics from Harvard University. From 1994-99 he was a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge,[11] where he taught Asian and British imperial history. He lectured extensively, including at Stanford, University of California at Berkeley, Johns Hopkins, Columbia, Yale, Harvard, Cambridge, London University, the University of Chicago and the Australian National University.[12][13]

Career[edit]

He has served in three UN peacekeeping operations. He first worked with the UN from 1992-3, as a Human Rights Officer in the UN Transitional Authority for Cambodia in Phnom Penh. In 1994 he was the Chief Spokesman for the UN Protection Force in the former Yugoslavia, based in Sarajevo, and in 1996 was a Political Advisor in the Office of the UN's Special Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina.[14]

In 2000 he joined the UN Secretariat in New York, working first in the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and then in the United Nations Department of Political Affairs, becoming in 2004 Chief of the Policy Planning Unit in that department.[15]

During this time he was a member of the secretariat of the Secretary-General's Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change (High Level Threat Panel) which produced "A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility".[16] In late 2005 and early 2006 he was briefly a Senior Officer in the Executive Office of the Secretary-General coordinating the establishment of the new Peacebuilding Commission, Peacebuilding Support Office, and the Mediation Support Unit, and other related reforms.[17]

Aside from being Chairman of the Yangon Heritage Trust, he was from 2011-5 a member of the (President of Myanmar's) National Economic and Social Advisory Council,[18] and a Special Advisor to the Myanmar government for the peace process at the Myanmar Peace Centre, a senior research fellow of the Myanmar Development Resources Institute, a member of the Fund Board of the (Myanmar) Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund.,[19] and the vice chairman of the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council for South East Asia. He has held visiting fellowships at Harvard University, the International Peace Institute in New York,[20] and the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore, was for many years a research associate of the Cambridge Centre for History and Economics, and is a research associate of the Cambridge Centre for South Asian Studies.[21]

Literary works[edit]

In addition to The River of Lost Footsteps and Where China Meets India: Burma and the New Crossroads of Asia, he is also the author of The Making of Modern Burma (Cambridge University Press 2000) and The UN Secretariat: A Brief History (Lynne Rienner 2007).[22] He has written for The New York Times, The Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times[23] the International Herald Tribune, The London Review of Books,[24] the New Statesman, the Far Eastern Economic Review, Time magazine[25] and The Times Literary Supplement. He was awarded the "Asia Pacific Awards" (Asian Affairs Research Council and Mainichi Newspapers) "Special Prize" in November 2014 for "Where China Meets India".[26]

Awards and honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Yangon cityscape thrown a lifeline". Mmtimes.com. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Reader favourites this week: Thant Myint-U and Doris Lessing". Monsters and Critics. 25 October 2007. Archived from the original on 1 May 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Thant Myint-U, Amish Tripathi rule book charts - The Times of India". The Times of India.
  4. ^ See for example John Lancaster, "Walled Off: Can Burma Escape Its History?", The New Yorker, 11 December 2006
    Nicholas Shakespeare, "Burma: A Poisoned Shangri-la", The Sunday Telegraph, 11 March 2007
    Su Lin Lewis, "Meteoric Fall", Times Literary Supplement, 13 April 2007.
  5. ^ Siddhartha Deb, "Where China Meets India", The Guardian, 19 August 2011
  6. ^ Profile, foreignpolicy.com; accessed 2 July 2015.
  7. ^ Profile, prospectmagazine.co.uk; accessed 2 July 2015.
  8. ^ "World's Leading Thinkers", prospectmagazine.co.uk; accessed 2 July 2015.
  9. ^ Myint-U, Thant. The River of Lost Footsteps: A Personal History of Burma (preface).
  10. ^ "Amazon.com: Thant Myint-U: Books, Biography, Blog, Audiobooks, Kindle". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  11. ^ Profile[permanent dead link], trin-webtest.trin.cam.ac.uk; accessed 2 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Background on the ANU 2011 Myanmar/Burma Update Conference - Myanmar's Transition". Cambridge Core. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
  13. ^ The University of Chicago (2014-03-31), Burma and the New Crossroads of Asia, retrieved 2017-10-21
  14. ^ Thant Myint-U and Elizabeth Sellwood, "Knowledge and Multilateral Interventions: The UN's Experiences and Cambodia and Bosnia-Hercegovina", Royal Institute of International Affairs (2000)
  15. ^ United Nations Department of Political Affairs website[permanent dead link]; accessed 2 July 2015.
  16. ^ "Report of the Secretary-General's High-level Panel". Un.org. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  17. ^ "Interview with Thant Myint-U by James S. Sutterlin". 1998-07-01.
  18. ^ "New govt advisory body takes shape". Mmtimes.com. Archived from the original on 13 January 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  19. ^ "Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund". Lift-fund.net. Archived from the original on 21 June 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  20. ^ Profile Archived 2009-04-29 at the Wayback Machine., ipacademy.org; accessed 2 July 2015.
  21. ^ "CSEAS Seminar - Thant Myint-U - The Failure of International Policy Towards Burma". www.soas.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
  22. ^ "Lynne Rienner Publishers". Rienner.com. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  23. ^ Myint-U, Thant (14 October 2007). "Saving Burma the right way". Los Angeles Times.
  24. ^ "Thant Myint-U · What to do about Burma: Are we getting it wrong?". Lrb.co.uk. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  25. ^ Myint-U, Thant (30 August 2007). "From Bad to Worse". Time.
  26. ^ "Thant Myint-U|Laureates". Fukuoka Prize (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017-10-21.
  27. ^ https://thewire.in/4399/japans-fukuoka-prize-for-ramachandra-guha/
  28. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-01-26. Retrieved 2018-01-25.