Than Tlang

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Thantlang
ထန်တလန်မြို့
Thlantlang
Thantlang is located in Myanmar
Thantlang
Thantlang
Coordinates: 22°41′57″N 93°25′41″E / 22.69917°N 93.42806°E / 22.69917; 93.42806Coordinates: 22°41′57″N 93°25′41″E / 22.69917°N 93.42806°E / 22.69917; 93.42806
Country:  Myanmar
Division:  Chin State
District: Hakha District
Township: Thantlang Township
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Thantlang (Burmese: ထန်တလန်မြို့) (also Thlantlang or Htantlang in Burmese transliteration) is a town and the administrative center of Thantlang Township in Chin State,[1] western Myanmar (formerly Burma).

Geography and Ethnicities[edit]

Thantlang is located 25 miles from Hakha, the capital of Chin State. Thantlang was formerly known as Thlan Tlang ("Cemetery Hill") for the many cemeteries on the city's west side. In 1983, the People's Council officially changed the name of the town to "Thantlang" ("Famous Hill").[citation needed]

Thantlang sits between the Vuichip and Marau Mountains. The Kaladan River flows between Hakha and Thantlang before it swerves north through into India's Mizoram State and re-emerges in Paletwa, where it merges into the Bay of Bengal. Thantlang's borders extend to Mizoram's edge in India. The town's water flows in from the nearby Buhva and Lahva rivers. Paddy fields dot Lahva's banks, regularly plowed by local farmers in June and harvested by the end of October.

The township is constructed of over eighty neighboring villages, surrounded by nine small regions: Khualhring, Vanzang, Zahnak, Bual, Vailam, Zophei, Bawipa Tlang, Lautu, and Mara. Thantlang provides space for the local governmental administrative offices, which serve all villages in that nine-region area. Roads in Thantlang township are mainly done by local villagers.[2]

There are many different dialects in Thantlang but locals have no difficultly understanding each other.{{citation needed|date=May 2013}

Education[edit]

The literacy rate of people from Than Tlang is arguably one of the three highest within Chin State,[citation needed] mostly among people from Tedim and Falam. Since 2000, there have been some private tuition schools in Than Tlang which have helped many young students into more successful passing rate into governmental high school.[citation needed] Older people[who?] are staunch supporters of education for the younger generations. Many local developments[which?] were done through local community labour as government never supports necessary rural and urban development.[citation needed] Most of the nine regions are not accessible by cars since no paved roads have been built by the government[citation needed] except for a few locally built roads.[which?] Many villagers travel by walking - which can take up to three days - to reach Than Tlang proper in order to do their shopping.[citation needed]

Tourism[edit]

There are many areas for tourists to visit within Than Tlang. In the countryside are massive rocky mountains, such as the Lungding in Vanzang and Miepi Mountain in West Zophei. Many historical locations are still maintained by local villagers, most notably the legendary well[citation needed] Siapanglai, in the Bawipa region.

Festivals[edit]

Chin National Day (February 20, now banned by the Burmese regime[citation needed]) and Easter Sunday (known locally as "tho puai") are regular seasonal festivals. An annual football tournament is held among competitors from all nine regions ("taungkyaw bawlone pwe") held in the rainy season is the most exciting (to the residents of Thantlang)[to whom?]sports festival in Than Tlang. Christmas is the grandest feast of the year. Local farmers, depending largely upon the two small rivers, grow vegetables such as cabbage, mustard, garlic, and onion, generally producing only enough for their own families but not the entire town's population.[citation needed]

Centenary Cross Controversy[edit]

In April 1999, the people of Than Tlang erected a wooden cross monument on Vuichip Mountain with support from all of Chin State,[citation needed] commemorating one hundred years of living as Protestant Christians. However the military not only prevented them from celebrating the anniversary but proceeded to bulldoze the cross to the ground, imprisoning several pastors and any who protested.[citation needed] The regime erected a pagoda on the north hilltop over Than Tlang, where a local Burmese monk stayed. By 2011, many people in Than Tlang were planning to build a "Prayer House" on Vuichip Mountain so that all Christians could pray and observe fasting there freely.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Khonumthung Chin News Group / About us". Khonumthung News Group. Khonumthung News Group. 19 June 2011. Retrieved 2013-09-09. Chin state is comprised of nine Townships – Tonzang, Tedim, Falam, Hakha, Thantlang, Matupi, Mindat, Kanpalet and Paletwa. New three sub-townships have been established – Cikha, Rih and Rizau respectively. Hakha is the capital of Chin state and Matupi was officially proclaimed as the Second Capital. 
  2. ^ "Khonumthung Chin News Group / About us". Khonumthung News Group. Khonumthung News Group. 2012-02-21. p. 700. Retrieved 2013-09-09. The Agriculture Minister of Chin state visited Thantlang Township, with the administrator of the Township and departmental officials to discuss road communication issues with local people. Unfinished road construction was discussed with local people on 17 February. Road building is to continue on a self help basis by local people of 12 villages. The road will connect Thinghual village of Thantlang Township and Falam Township. 

External links[edit]