|• Total||19,638 km2 (7,582 sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Tharparkar District (Sindhi: ضلعو ٿرپارڪر,Urdu: ضِلع تهرپاركر), is one of the twenty three districts of Sindh province in Pakistan. It is headquartered at Mithi. It has the lowest Human Development Index of all the districts in Sindh.
Languages and demography
Dhatki also known as Thari, which is a Rajasthani language, is common language, which is also the majority language of the neighboring Umerkot district. However, Sindhi and Urdu are also widely spoken. One of the main tribes in Muslim cast in Tharparkar district is the Rahimoon. Second of the main tribes in Shadules cast Hindu in Tharparkar district is the Meghwar Scheduled Caste. The population can be divided into three main classes: Firstly, the Rajputs, which include Muslim and Hindu's. Secondly, are the large number of aboriginal Bhils who are also settled in the Tharparkar district and lastly there is a significant number of nomadic Sindhi tribes, that inhabit the region too. Thakurs mostly left Tharparkar and migrated to India after independence of Pakistan.
According to the 1998 census, Muslims constitute 64.42% of the population and Hindus 35.58% At the time of independence of Pakistan in 1947, the Hindus were 80% while the Muslims were 20% of the population. The significant number of Hindus migrated to India during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, when the Indian army occupied parts of the Tharparkar District.
Mithi is a tehsil of Tharparkar District, and the town Mithi is a district headquarter as well as the commercial hub of the district. Agriculture, handicrafts and live stocks are also key business activities. The population of Mithi town is increasing rapidly because of its commercial attraction.
Nagarparkar is a tehsil of the district Tharparkar that borders Indian states of Rajasthan and Gujarat from three sides. The area was part of the historical Jain and Hindu mythologies and has around twenty archeological sites.