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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Astacidea
Superfamily: Nephropoidea
Family: Thaumastochelidae
Bate, 1888

Thaumastocheles Wood-Mason, 1874
Thaumastochelopsis Bruce, 1988

The family Thaumastochelidae contains five known species of deep-sea lobsters, three in the genus Thaumastocheles, and two in the genus Thaumastochelopsis. The fifth species was discovered in the ten–year Census of Marine Life.[1][2] These creatures are distinguished from other clawed lobsters by their blindness (an adaptation to deep-sea life), and by their single elongated, spiny chela.[3] The five species are as follows:

  • Thaumastocheles
    • Thaumastocheles dochmiodon Chan & de Saint Laurent, 1999 is found in the Timor Sea.
    • Thaumastocheles japonicus Calman, 1913, the "Pacific pincer lobster", is endemic to the Sea of Japan.
    • Thaumastocheles zaleucus Thomson, 1873, the "Atlantic pincer lobster" or "Atlantic deep-sea lobster", is endemic to the Caribbean region.
  • Thaumastochelopsis
    • Thaumastochelopsis brucei Ahyong, Chu & Chan, 2007 lives in the Coral Sea.
    • Thaumastochelopsis wardi Bruce, 1988, the "Australian pincer lobster", lives in the Coral Sea.