The Absent-Minded Professor
|The Absent-Minded Professor|
1961 Theatrical Poster
|Directed by||Robert Stevenson|
|Produced by||Bill Walsh|
|Written by||Samuel W. Taylor
|Music by||George Bruns|
|Editing by||Cotton Warburton|
|Studio||Walt Disney Productions|
|Distributed by||Buena Vista Distribution|
|Release dates||March 16, 1961|
|Running time||97 minutes|
The Absent-Minded Professor is a 1961 American film distributed by Walt Disney Productions based on the short story A Situation of Gravity, by Samuel W. Taylor. The title character was based in part on Hubert Alyea, a professor emeritus of chemistry at Princeton University, who was known as "Dr. Boom" for his explosive demonstrations.
The film was a huge success at the box-office, and two years later became the first Disney film to have a sequel, 1963's Son of Flubber.
The original 1961 film was one of the first Disney films to be colorized (for the 1986 video release), and along with 1959's The Shaggy Dog and 1963's Son of Flubber, it is one of Disney's few black-and-white films made after 1941.
Professor Brainard (pronounced BRAY-nerd) is an absent-minded professor of physical chemistry at Medfield College who invents a substance that gains energy when it strikes a hard surface. This discovery follows some blackboard scribbling in which he reverses a sign in the equation for enthalpy to energy plus pressure times volume. Brainard names his discovery Flubber, a portmanteau of "flying rubber." In the excitement of his discovery, he misses his own wedding to Betsy Carlisle, not for the first time. Subplots include another professor wooing the disappointed Miss Carlisle, Biff Hawk's ineligibility for basketball due to failing Brainard's class, Alonzo Hawk's schemes to gain wealth by means of Flubber, the school's financial difficulties and debt to Mr. Hawk, and Brainard's attempts to interest the government and military in uses for Flubber.
Looking for backers, he bounces his Flubber ball for an audience, but his investment pitch proves so long-winded that most of the crowd has left before they notice that the ball bounced higher on its second bounce than on its first. For a more successful demonstration, he makes his Model T fly by bombarding Flubber with radioactive particles. Other adventures and misadventures result as Flubber is used on the bottoms of basketball players' shoes (in a crucial game) giving them tremendous jumping ability; Brainard (at a school dance) making him an accomplished dancer, and the scheming businessman, who must be tackled by a full football team to bring him down after Brainard tricks him into testing Flubber on the bottom of his shoes. Eventually, Brainard shows his discovery to the government and also wins back Miss Carlisle, culminating in a wedding at last.
|Fred MacMurray||Professor Ned Brainard|
|Nancy Olson||Betsy Carlisle|
|Keenan Wynn||Alonzo P. Hawk|
|Tommy Kirk||Biff Hawk|
|Leon Ames||President Rufus Daggett|
|Elliott Reid||Professor Shelby Ashton|
|Edward Andrews||Defense Secretary|
|David Lewis||General Singer|
|Jack Mullaney||Air Force Captain|
|Belle Montrose||Mrs. Chatsworth|
|Wally Brown||Coach Elkins|
|Wally Boag||TV Newsman|
|Forrest Lewis||Officer Kelley|
|James Westerfield||Officer Hanson|
|Gage Clarke||Reverend Bosworth|
|Alan Hewitt||General Hotchkiss|
|Raymond Bailey||Admirial Olmstead|
|Ed Wynn||Fire Chief|
The aforementioned Prof. Alyea (1903–1996), professor of chemistry at Princeton University, earned the nickname "Dr. Boom" from Russian observers of his demonstrations at the International Science Pavilion of the Brussels World's Fair in the 1950s, which had Walt Disney in attendance. Disney told Alyea that he had given him an idea for a movie, and invited Alyea to California to give a demonstration for actor Fred MacMurray, who later mimicked Alyea's mannerisms for the film. MacMurray would later state that he had never understood chemistry until his meeting with Alyea.
The special effects were created by Robert A. Mattey and Eustace Lycett, who were nominated for an Academy Award, and included the sodium screen matte process, as well as miniatures and wire-supported mockups. The film's "Medfield Fight Song" was written by Richard M. and Robert B. Sherman, their first song for a Disney feature.
Ed Wynn and son Keenan Wynn appear together in this film. The elder Wynn plays the Fire Chief (an inside joke, as Wynn hosted the popular radio program The Fire Chief for most of the 1930s). Keenan also played Alonzo Hawk in Son of Flubber and again in Herbie Rides Again (1974). In the bounce scene, Keenan's character called Ed's character a fathead. Keenan's son Ned also appears uncredited in a bit part.
Medfield College of Technology was used again as the setting for the sequel, Son of Flubber, as well as a later trilogy of Disney "Dexter Riley" films: The Computer Wore Tennis Shoes (1969), Now You See Him, Now You Don't (1972), and The Strongest Man in the World (1975), each starring Kurt Russell and Cesar Romero.
- Best Art Direction (Carroll Clark, Emile Kuri, Hal Gausman).
- Best Cinematography (Edward Colman)
- Best Effects, Special Effects
The film was reissued to theaters in 1967 and 1975, and released to video in 1981, 1986, and 1993. It was released as a pan and scan print on VHS in black and white in 1981 and 1993, and in a colorized version in 1986, after successful airings on the Disney Channel in March of that year. In 2003, the film finally got a widescreen treatment: The Walt Disney laserdisc #028AS is letterboxed to produce a 1.85:1 aspect ratio format. In 2008 the film was released in the United States as part of a two-disc set with its sequel, Son of Flubber.
This film was followed by a sequel Son of Flubber, released less than two years later in 1963 also featuring MacMurray, Olson, Reid, and Kirk reprising their roles. Hewitt also returns (now as District Attorney), as well as the three Wynns (Keenan reprising his Alonzo Hawk role, Ed Wynn as a Hank Kimball-like county agent, and Ned as the student manager of Rutland's football team).
The Absent-Minded Professor has been remade twice, once as a 1988 television version with Harry Anderson and Mary Page Keller as the renamed characters Prof. Henry Crawford and Ellen Whitley; and once more as a theatrical film titled, Flubber, with Robin Williams as the renamed Prof. Philip Brainard, with Marcia Gay Harden as his love interest, Dr. Sara Jean Reynolds (Nancy Olson appears in a cameo). Neither remake was as successful or is as highly regarded as the original, but the 1997 Robin Williams version was still a considerable success. Both remakes were made in color.
- Official Princeton Obituary: Hubert Alyea, Innovator in Science Teaching, Dies at 93
- "NY Times: The Absent-Minded Professor". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- Parratore, Phil. Wacky Science: A Cookbook for Elementary Teachers. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall Hunt. p. 26. ISBN 0-7872-2741-2.
- Wingrove, David. Science Fiction Film Source Book (Longman Group Limited, 1985)
- UltimateDisney.com DVD Review
- TVGuide.com Movies page
- The Absent-Minded Professor at the Internet Movie Database
- The Absent-Minded Professor at the TCM Movie Database