The Accursed Kings

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The Accursed Kings
Le roi de fer-Maurice Druon (1955).jpg
Le Roi de fer (Book 1)
1955 French hardcover
  • Le Roi de fer (1955)
  • La Reine étranglée (1955)
  • Les Poisons de la couronne (1956)
  • La Loi des mâles (1957)
  • La Louve de France (1959)
  • Le Lys et le lion (1960)
  • Quand un Roi perd la France (1977)
Author Maurice Druon
Country France
Genre Historical fiction
Publisher Del Duca/Plon
Published 1955–1977
Media type Print

The Accursed Kings (French: Les Rois maudits) is a sequence of seven historical novels by French author Maurice Druon about the French monarchy in the 14th century. Published between 1955 and 1977, the series has been adapted twice for television in France.

American author George R. R. Martin called The Accursed Kings "the original game of thrones", citing Druon's novels as an inspiration for his own A Song of Ice and Fire series.[1][2][3][4]

Plot[edit]

The novels take place during the reigns of the last five direct Capetian kings and the first two Valois kings, from Philip the Fair to John II. The plot primarily follows the self-destruction of the Capetian dynasty leading up to the Hundred Years' War.

Martin wrote:

The Accursed Kings has it all. Iron kings and strangled queens, battles and betrayals, lies and lust, deception, family rivalries, the curse of the Templars, babies switched at birth, she-wolves, sin, and swords, the doom of a great dynasty … and all of it (well, most of it) straight from the pages of history. And believe me, the Starks and the Lannisters have nothing on the Capets and Plantagenets.[1][2]

Characters[edit]

Novels[edit]

The first six novels of Les Rois maudits were published in France by Del Duca between 1955 and 1960, and the final volume was released by Plon in 1977. The initial six books were first issued in English (translated by Humphrey Hare) between 1956 and 1961, by Rupert Hart-Davis in the United Kingdom and by Scribner's in the United States, with periodic reprints through the 1980s. Between 2013 and 2015, HarperCollins reissued the entire out of print series, including the last installment The King Without a Kingdom, which had never previously been published in English.[1][3]

Le Roi de fer (1955)[edit]

(English title: The Iron King)[5]

French King Philip the Fair rules with an iron fist, but is surrounded by scandal and intrigue. Philip's daughter Isabella, Queen of England, plots with the ambitious Robert of Artois to catch the wives of her three brothers—Marguerite, Jeanne and Blanche—in their suspected adulterous affairs. Robert's own motive is to avenge himself on Jeanne and Blanche's mother, his great aunt Mahaut, Countess of Artois, who he believes has stolen his rightful inheritance. Philip's younger brother Charles, Count of Valois, resents the power and influence of the common-born Guillaume de Nogaret, Philip's prime councillor and keeper of the seal, and Enguerrand de Marigny, Philip's coadjutor. When Philip's self-serving persecution of the Knights Templar ends with the Templar Grand Master Jacques de Molay being burned at the stake, Molay curses his accusers—Pope Clement V, Nogaret and Philip himself—to the 13th generation. Marguerite and Blanche are sentenced to life imprisonment for their crimes, and their lovers Gautier and Philippe d'Aunay are tortured and executed. Jeanne, innocent of adultery herself but complicit in the scandal, is imprisoned indefinitely. Forty days after Molay's execution, Clement dies of fever; shortly thereafter, Mahaut's lady-in-waiting Béatrice d'Hirson arranges for Nogaret's painful death by means of a poisoned candle. Philip fears that Molay's curse is to blame; soon enough, he suffers a cerebral hemorrhage and collapses during a hunt, and dies days later.

La Reine étranglée (1955)[edit]

(English title: The Strangled Queen)

Philip is dead and his son has been crowned Louis X. But Louis cannot father a male heir or remarry as long as his adulterous wife Marguerite remains imprisoned at the Château Gaillard.

Les Poisons de la couronne (1956)[edit]

(English title: The Poisoned Crown)

Louis, now a widower, marries Clemence of Hungary.

La Loi des mâles (1957)[edit]

(English title: The Royal Succession)

Louis is dead at the hands of Mahaut, leaving Clemence and their unborn child as the only obstacles between Louis' brother Philippe de Poitiers—who is married to Mahaut's daughter Jeanne—and the French throne.

La Louve de France (1959)[edit]

(English title: The She-Wolf of France)

Louis and Philippe's younger brother Charles IV is now the French king, and his sister Isabella—called the "She-Wolf of France"—is married to the English King Edward II. When rebel Roger Mortimer flees to France to plot against Edward, Isabella follows and joins him as his lover and co-conspirator.

Le Lys et le lion (1960)[edit]

(English title: The Lily and the Lion)

In the wake of Charles's death, Robert of Artois has helped place the king's cousin Philip of Valois on the French throne. But instead of being rewarded, he is exiled to England, where he encourages English King Edward III's own claim to the French crown.

Quand un Roi perd la France (1977)[edit]

(English title: The King Without a Kingdom)

John II "The Good" succeeds his father Philip as King of France, and his reign is a disaster.

Television adaptations[edit]

Les Rois maudits
Genre Historical miniseries
Based on Les Rois maudits by Maurice Druon
Year 1972 2005
Screenplay by Marcel Jullian Anne-Marie Catois
Directed by Claude Barma Josée Dayan
Starring Jean Piat
Hélène Duc
Philippe Torreton
Jeanne Moreau
Composer(s) Georges Delerue Bruno Coulais
Country of origin France France
Original language(s) French French
No. of episodes 6 5
Production
Cinematography Pierre Mareschal Ennio Guarnieri
Release
Original channel ORTF France 2
Original debut 21 December 1972 (1972-12-21) 7 November 2005 (2005-11-07)
Original end 24 January 1973 (1973-01-24) 28 November 2005 (2005-11-28)
External links
Website N/A Official website (Archive)

Les Rois maudits has been adapted twice for French television.[1][4]

1972 miniseries[edit]

The 1972 TV adaptation of Les Rois maudits was broadcast by the ORTF from 21 December 1972 to 24 January 1973, and starred Jean Piat as Robert d'Artois and Hélène Duc as Mahaut d'Artois.[6] Adapted by Marcel Jullian and directed by Claude Barma, its six episodes were directly based on—and named after—the first six novels in Druon's series. Dubbed "the French I, Claudius",[1][3] the series was "hugely successful",[7] and brought the novels "from cult to mainstream success".[3] Shot in the studio with limited scenery and with the feel of a theatre production, the series concentrated on the characters and acting and was widely acclaimed.[citation needed] It was later shown on British television with subtitles.[citation needed]

2005 miniseries[edit]

In 2005, Les Rois maudits was again adapted in a joint French-Italian production directed by Josée Dayan, starring Philippe Torreton as Robert and Jeanne Moreau as Mahaut.[8][9] Broadcast on France 2 from 7 November to 28 November 2005,[10] its five episodes are named after novels 1–3 and 5–6 (the exception being La Loi des mâles).[11] The series premiered with 8.6 million viewers, and the finale garnered over 6.2 million viewers. Overall Les Rois maudits averaged 7.2 million viewers, an audience share of 27.9%.[10]

The miniseries was nominated for a 2006 Globes de Cristal Award for Best Television Film or Television Series.[12]

Influence[edit]

According to John Lichfield, The Independent‍‍ '​‍s French correspondent and a friend of Druon's, "Les Rois maudits was written to make money very quickly ... [Druon] himself was not very proud of it."[3] However the series was "popular and critically praised",[13] and numbered among Druon's best known works.[3][7][13][14][15] According to Lichfield:

Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings) was one of the few works of contemporary western literature to be published in Russian in the Soviet Union in the 1960s. Thus, the playful, arch-conservative Maurice Druon, not the dour and radical Jean-Paul Sartre or Albert Camus, became the voice of France to Russian bibliophiles, including the young Vladimir Putin. When Putin became president of Russia, he started an unlikely friendship with his literary hero.[14]

In his youth, Druon had cowritten the lyrics to Chant des Partisans (1943), a popular French Resistance anthem of World War II. In 1948 he received the Prix Goncourt for his novel Les Grandes Familles (fr).[3][7][13][14][15] Though Ben Milne of the BBC noted in 2014 that Druon is "barely known in the English-speaking world",[3] American author George R. R. Martin called the author "France's best historical novelist since Alexandre Dumas, père".[1] Martin dubbed The Accursed Kings "the original game of thrones", citing Druon's novels as an inspiration for his own A Song of Ice and Fire series, which has been adapted for television as Game of Thrones.[1][2][3][4] Martin's UK publisher HarperCollins began reissuing the long out of print Accursed Kings series in 2013,[1][3] with Martin himself writing an introduction.[2][3][4]

Writing for The Wall Street Journal, Allan Massie praised Druon's "thorough research, depth of understanding and popular touch", noting that "Druon’s re-creation of medieval Paris is so vivid that it loses nothing in comparison with the evocation of the city in the greatest of French medievalist novels, Victor Hugo’s Notre-Dame de Paris".[16] Massie added:

There are murders galore in these books—one queen is strangled, one king poisoned and another thought to be poisoned while still a baby at his christening. There is skullduggery, conspiracy and civil war. There are men of great ability and few scruples, and scarcely a page without dramatic incident ... The characters are impressive, but few are admirable. Almost the only likeable one is the young Siennese banker Guccio—and bankers are important figures in the novels, for Druon never lets us forget that even in his world of kings, barons and knights, it is money that rules, money that oils the wheels of war and politics ... The novels are not recommended to the squeamish, but anyone with strong nerves will delight in them. Few figures in literature are as terrible as the Countess Mahaut, murderer and maker of kings.[16]

Les Rois maudits was parodied on French television in the successful 1973 series Les Maudits Rois fainéants (The Damned Lazy Kings) (fr) starring Roger Pierre and Jean-Marc Thibault.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Martin, George R. R. (3 April 2013). "My hero: Maurice Druon by George RR Martin". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d Druon, Maurice (26 March 2013). "Foreword by George R. R. Martin". The Iron King. HarperCollins. ISBN 0007491255. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Milne, Ben (4 April 2014). "Game of Thrones: The cult French novel that inspired George RR Martin". BBC. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d Kamin, Debra (20 May 2014). "The Jewish legacy behind Game of Thrones". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  5. ^ Le Roi de fer was also released in the US in paperback by Avon Books as The Ardent Infidels in 1956, 1970 and 1977.
  6. ^ Lentz III, Harris M. (7 May 2015). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2014. McFarland & Company. p. 100. ISBN 9780786476664. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c Jackson, Julian (15 April 2009). "Obituary: Maurice Druon". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Official website: Les Rois maudits (2005 miniseries)" (in French). 2005. Archived from the original on 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Les Rois maudits: Casting de la saison 1" (in French). AlloCiné. 2005. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "Les Rois maudits, the end of a saga" (in French). AlloCiné. 29 November 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "Les Rois maudits épisodes" (in French). AlloCiné. 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  12. ^ "The French press will award their Globes de Cristal" (in French). AlloCiné. 28 February 2006. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c Weber, Bruce (15 April 2009). "Maurice Druon, Prolific Writer, Dies at 90". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c Lichfield, John (20 April 2009). "Maurice Druon: Writer and pugnacious defender of the French language". The Independent. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  15. ^ a b "Gaullist Minister Wrote Popular Anthem". The Washington Post. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  16. ^ a b Massie, Allan (27 March 2015). "The Original Game of Thrones". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  17. ^ "The actor Roger Pierre died". ArticleJax.com. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

French Wikipedia