Tails (operating system)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from The Amnesic Incognito Live System)
Jump to: navigation, search
Tails
Tails logo
Tails OS
OS family Unix-like
Working state Active
Initial release June 23, 2009; 5 years ago (2009-06-23)
Latest release 1.0.1[1] / 10 June 2014; 34 days ago (2014-06-10)
Supported platforms x86
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Default user interface GNOME 2
License GPLv3+[2]
Preceded by Incognito
Official website tails.boum.org

Tails or The Amnesic Incognito Live System is a security-focused Debian-based Linux distribution aimed at preserving privacy and anonymity.[3] All its outgoing connections are forced to go through Tor,[4] and direct (non-anonymous) connections are blocked. The system is designed to be booted as a live DVD or live USB, and will leave no trace (digital footprint) on the machine unless explicitly told to do so. The Tor Project has provided most of the financial support for its development.[5]

History[edit]

Tails was first released on June 23, 2009. It is the next iteration of development on Incognito, a Gentoo-based Linux distribution.[6] Most of the financial support for its development has been provided by the Tor Project.[5] Tails has also received funding from the Debian Project, Mozilla, and the Freedom of the Press Foundation.[7]

Laura Poitras, Glenn Greenwald, and Barton Gellman have each said that Tails was an important tool they used in their work with Edward Snowden.[8][9][10]

On July 3rd 2014, Das Erste reported that the NSA's XKeyscore surveillance system contains definitions that match persons who search for Tails using a search engine or visit the Tails website. A comment in XKeyscore's source code calls Tails "a comsec mechanism advocated by extremists on extremist forums".[11][12]

Bundled software[edit]

Networking[edit]

Stream isolation
Regular and obfsproxy bridges support
The Vidalia graphical frontend
TorBrowser patches
Torbutton for anonymity and protection against JavaScript
HTTPS Everywhere a Firefox extension which transparently enables SSL-encrypted connections to a great number of major websites
All cookies are treated as session cookies by default; the CS Lite extension provides more fine-grained cookie control for those who need it

Encryption and privacy[edit]

One may choose among a large number of languages when the system is booted.

Release history[edit]

Legend:
Old version
Older version, still supported
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release
Release history
Version Release date Notes
Old version, no longer supported: 0.1 Tuesday 23 June 2009
  • First release.
Old version, no longer supported: 0.7 Thursday 7 April 2011 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.7.1 Saturday 30 April 2011 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.7.2 Monday 13 June 2011 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8 Wednesday 21 September 2011 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.1 Sunday 16 October 2011 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.9 Friday 11 November 2011 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.10 Wednesday 4 January 2012 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.10.1 Monday 30 January 2012 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.10.2 Monday 5 March 2012 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.11 Wednesday 25 April 2012 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.12 Wednesday 13 June 2012 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.12.1 Wednesday 6 July 2012 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.13 Monday 17 Sept 2012 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.14 Tuesday 13 Nov 2012 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.15 Thursday 28 Nov 2012 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.16 Saturday 12 Jan 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.17 Saturday 25 Feb 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.17.1 Saturday 23 Mar 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.17.2 Tuesday 9 Apr 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.18 Saturday 18 May 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.19 Wednesday 26 June 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.20 Friday 9 August 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.20.1 Thursday 19 September 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.21 Thursday 29 October 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.22 Thursday 11 December 2013 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.22.1 Tuesday 4 February 2014 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 0.23 Wednesday 19 March 2014 N/A
Old version, no longer supported: 1.0[13] Wednesday 29 April 2014 N/A
Current stable version: 1.0.1[1] Tuesday 10 June 2014 N/A
Future release: 1.1 July 2014
  • Will be based on Debian 7 (Wheezy) and will bring many new versions of the software included in Tails.[13]
Future release: 2.0 TBA
  • Will focus on sustainability and maintainability. Most of the work put into this release will aim at reducing the workload of creating new versions of Tails through infrastructure improvements and automated testing. The developers' objective is to be able to release same-day security updates.[13]
Future release: 3.0 TBA
  • Will focus on changes in the internals of Tails to make it more secure. That includes sandboxing critical applications and software hardening.[13]
Version Release date Notes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tails 1.0.1 is out". The Tor Blog. 10 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Tails 0.11 incognito live system released", The H, April 30, 2012, retrieved August 12, 2012 
  3. ^ Vervloesem, Koen (April 27, 2011), "The Amnesic Incognito Live System: A live CD for anonymity", LWN.net, retrieved August 12, 2012 
  4. ^ "Anonym im Netz" [Anonymous on the Net], TecChannel (in German), February 6, 2012, retrieved August 12, 2012 
  5. ^ a b "Finances". Tails. 4 April 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Gray, James (September 16, 2011), "The Tails Project's The Amnesic Incognito Live System (Tails)", Linux Journal, retrieved August 12, 2012 
  7. ^ "Tails report for May, 2014". Tails News. June 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ Timm, Trevor (2 April 2014). "Help Support the Little-Known Privacy Tool That Has Been Critical to Journalists Reporting on the NSA". Freedom of the Press Foundation. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  9. ^ Finley, Klint (14 April 2014). "Out in the Open: Inside the Operating System Edward Snowden Used to Evade the NSA". WIRED. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  10. ^ Condliffe, Jamie (15 April 2014). "Try the Super-Secure USB Drive OS That Edward Snowden Insists on Using". Gizmodo. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  11. ^ Jacob Appelbaum, A. Gibson, J. Goetz, V. Kabisch, L. Kampf, L. Ryge (3 July 2014). "NSA targets the privacy-conscious". DasErste.de. 
  12. ^ Bruce Schneier (3 July 2014). "NSA Targets Privacy Conscious for Surveillance". Schneier on Security. 
  13. ^ a b c d "Tails 1.0 is out". Tails. 29 Apr 2014. Retrieved 29 Apr 2014. 

External links[edit]