The Animal Kingdom
|The Animal Kingdom|
Theatrical release poster
|Produced by||David O. Selznick|
|Based on||The Animal Kingdom
by Philip Barry
|Music by||Max Steiner|
|Cinematography||George J. Folsey|
|Edited by||Daniel Mandell|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
The Animal Kingdom (also known as The Woman in His House in the UK) is a 1932 American pre-Code comedy-drama film directed by Edward H. Griffith based upon a comedy of manners of the same name by Philip Barry.
The film is based on a play, of the same name, set in 1930's New York and Connecticut.
Tom Collier (Leslie Howard) is a book publisher who has been living in the city with his best friend and lover Daisy Sage (Ann Harding) without being married. His wealthy father, Rufus Collier (Henry Stephenson), wants him to live a respectable life. While Daisy is away for her job, Tom falls in love with Cecelia (Myrna Loy). Although their lawyer and friend Owen (Neil Hamilton) is in love with Cecelia, he doesn’t have enough financial resources to maintain her interest.
Cecelia tries to get Tom to sell out without his realizing it. She talks him into publishing bad books that will make money and getting rid of his old friends, including “Red”, his prize-fighter friend and butler. She wants Tom to sell his publishing company, live in the city with his father as a "proper gentleman" and take their place in society, which Tom has been fighting all his life.
Daisy tries to stay away, but she and Tom’s Bohemian friends can’t believe he’s happy. She loves him deeply and wants to have children with him, but cares most about his well-being.
Tom complains that he's losing his soul and integrity. Finally, when Cecelia offers Tom champagne to toast selling his publishing company and moving in with his father, Tom realizes that Cecelia's bedroom suite reminds him of a brothel he used to visit, as he says, "in vino veritas".
When Red tells Tom he is going back to the city, that he can’t stomach being at that house any longer, Tom insists driving Red to the station, saying, “I'm going back to my wife,” referring to Daisy.
As he leaves, he signs over to Cecelia a large birthday check from his father, and puts it on the mantle, just as he used to leave money for the girls in the bordello.
Although RKO originally purchased the film rights to The Animal Kingdom as a vehicle for Ann Harding, Irene Dunne was substituted when scheduling conflicts arose with Harding. In an ironic twist of fate, when filming of Smilin' Through did not finish on time and MGM refused to release Leslie Howard to RKO to begin filming The Animal Kingdom at the scheduled time, RKO realized Ann Harding would now be available and reassigned her to the rôle.
Differences from play
The text of the play, from 1932, is available from Gutenberg.
The play emphasizes the estrangement between Tom and his father, who has never visited his son's house, before; and that Owen, his one "respectable gentleman" friend, introduced Cecelia to Tom.
Cast (in credits order)
- Ann Harding as Daisy Sage, illustrator and artist
- Leslie Howard as Tom Collier
- Myrna Loy as Mrs. Cecelia 'Cee' Thomas Collier
- William Gargan as 'Red' Regan, Tom's Butler
- Neil Hamilton as Owen, a lawyer
- Ilka Chase as Grace - Cee's Friend
- Henry Stephenson as Mr Rufus Collier
- Leni Stengel as Franc Schmidt, Cellist, and Daisy's friend
- Don Dillaway as Joe Fiske - One Of Tom's Authors
According to RKO records the film had a loss of $110,000 during its first year of release, in 1932–33.
- "The Animal Kingdom". Allmovie. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- Richard Jewel, 'RKO Film Grosses: 1931-1951', Historical Journal of Film Radio and Television, Vol 14 No 1, 1994 p39
- Pierce, David (June 2007). "Forgotten Faces: Why Some of Our Cinema Heritage Is Part of the Public Domain". Film History: An International Journal. 19 (2): 125–43. ISSN 0892-2160. JSTOR 25165419. OCLC 15122313. doi:10.2979/FIL.2007.19.2.125.
- Hall, C. "Glimmerings from the Cinema Citadel." The New York Times, May 1, 1932. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com 08-Oct-2016. pp. 148-149.
- Hall, C. "Notes from the Hollywood Studios." The New York Times, August 14, 1932. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com 08-Oct-2016 p. 120.
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