The Archipelago

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The Archipelago
Township (single-tier)
Township of The Archipelago
Miv03.jpg
The Archipelago is located in Southern Ontario
The Archipelago
The Archipelago
Coordinates: 45°35′N 80°23′W / 45.583°N 80.383°W / 45.583; -80.383Coordinates: 45°35′N 80°23′W / 45.583°N 80.383°W / 45.583; -80.383
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
District Parry Sound
Incorporated 1980
Government
 • Type Township
 • Reeve Peter Ketchum
 • Federal riding Parry Sound—Muskoka
 • Prov. riding Parry Sound—Muskoka
Area[1]
 • Land 606.56 km2 (234.19 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 566
 • Density 0.9/km2 (2/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 705
Website www.thearchipelago.on.ca

The Archipelago is a township in central Ontario, Canada, along the Georgian Bay in the District of Parry Sound.

The municipality consists of two non-contiguous parts, separated by Carling Township and the Parry Sound. The northern part includes the village of Pointe au Baril on the mainland and most of the geographic townships of Shawanaga and Harrison. This covers the islands and shoreline of Georgian Bay from the Twin Sisters (at the northern boundary of Carling Township) north to Charles Inlet and the Naiscoot River, a few miles south of Britt. The southern part consists of the geographic townships of Cowper and Conger that includes the islands and shoreline of Georgian Bay southwest of Parry Sound, from Twelve Mile Bay (at the Muskoka District boundary) to Parry Island and up the South Channel almost to the Town of Parry Sound. Almost a third of the population of the southern part lives on the islands in the Sans Souci and Copperhead area, centred on Frying Pan Island.[2]

The township is characterized by numerous islands (hence its name) and bays that attract large amounts of vacationers and boaters in the summer. Much of its area is undeveloped and crown-owned land: in the north, 96 percent of the mainland and 50 percent of the islands remain in the public domain, and in the south, 83 percent of the mainland and 70 percent of the islands, a large part of it protected in the The Massasauga Provincial Park.[2]

Communities[edit]

History[edit]

On January 1, 1980, the townships of Georgian Bay South Archipelago and Georgian Bay North Archipelago were formed out of unincorporated geographic townships from the Parry Sound District, primarily in order to provide proper planning in the islands and waterways of the area. These two townships were intended to be set up as one municipality but the Ontario Legislature created two townships, with a provision for their later amalgamation, if requested by the elected Councils. Soon after the formation of the townships, both councils passed identical by-laws calling for the amalgamation of the two municipalities. Therefore, the Township of the Archipelago was formed on April 1, 1980, when the townships of Georgian Bay South Archipelago and Georgian Bay North Archipelago merged.[2]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Statistics Canada Census:[1]

  • Population: 566
    • % Change (2006-2011): -1.7
  • Area (km²): 606.56
  • Density (persons per km²): 0.9
  • Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 258 (total dwellings: 3008)
  • Mother tongue:[3]
    • English as first language: 90.4%
    • French as first language: 0%
    • English and French as first language: 0%
    • Other as first language: 8.6%

Population trend:[4]

  • Population in 2011: 566
  • Population in 2006: 576
  • Population in 2001: 505
  • Population in 1996: 555
  • Population in 1991: 720

Education[edit]

The community is within the Near North District School Board.

As of 1975 Moon Island, within The Archipelago, was served by the Sugar Bay School. That year, it was one of 21 one-room schools in the province. That year there were 12 students in grades 1-8 with ages ranging from 6 to 13. At the time the closest high school to Moon Island was in Parry Sound, 19 miles (31 km) away from Moon Island. As of 1975 Moon Island residents who attended high school lived with relatives living in Parry Sound or stayed at boarding houses during the school year.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2011 Census Profile
  2. ^ a b c "History of the Archipelago". Township of The Archipelago. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  3. ^ "2006 Community Profile". 
  4. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  5. ^ "One room school on an island." The Canadian Press at the The Montreal Gazette. Friday December 5, 1975. p. 41. Retrieved from Google News (41 of 172) on October 2, 2013.

External links[edit]

North part
South part