The Arizona Republic

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The Arizona Republic logo.svg
An example of a cover from The Arizona Republic in 2010.
The July 25, 2010, front page of
The Arizona Republic
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) Gannett Company
Publisher John Zidich
Editor Randy Lovely
Founded May 19, 1890 (1890-05-19) (as The Arizona Republican)
Headquarters 200 East Van Buren Street
Phoenix, Arizona 85004
United States
Circulation 321,600 weekdays
347,134 Saturdays
538,579 Sundays in 2012[1]
ISSN 0892-8711
Website azcentral.com

The Arizona Republic is an American daily newspaper published in Phoenix. Circulated throughout Arizona, it is the state's largest newspaper. Since 2000, it has been owned by the Gannett newspaper chain.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The newspaper was founded May 19, 1890, under the name The Arizona Republican.[2]

Dwight B. Heard, a Phoenix land and cattle baron, ran the newspaper from 1912 until his death in 1929. The paper was then run by two of its top executives, Charles Stauffer and W. Wesley Knorpp, until it was bought by Midwestern newspaper magnate Eugene C. Pulliam in 1946. Stauffer and Knorpp had changed the newspaper's name to The Arizona Republic in 1930, and also had bought the rival Phoenix Evening Gazette and Phoenix Weekly Gazette, later known, respectively, as The Phoenix Gazette and the Arizona Business Gazette.

Pulliam era[edit]

Pulliam, who bought the two Gazettes as well as the Republic, ran all three newspapers until his death in 1975 at the age of 86. A strong period of growth came under Pulliam, who imprinted the newspaper with his conservative brand of politics and his drive for civic leadership. Pulliam was considered one of the influential business leaders who created the modern Phoenix area as it is known today.

Pulliam's holding company, Central Newspapers, Inc., as led by Pulliam's widow and son, assumed operation of the Republic/Gazette family of papers upon the elder Pulliam's death. The Phoenix Gazette was closed in 1997 and its staff merged with that of the Republic. The Arizona Business Gazette is still published to this day.

In 1998, a weekly section geared towards college students, "The Rep", went into circulation. Specialized content is also available in the local sections produced for many of the different cities and suburbs that make up the Phoenix metropolitan area.

Gannett purchase[edit]

Central Newspapers was purchased by Gannett in 2000, bringing it into common ownership with USA Today and the local Phoenix NBC television affiliate, KPNX. The Republic and KPNX combine their forces to produce their common local news subscription website, www.azcentral.com. In 2013, it dropped from the sixteenth daily newspaper in the United States to the twenty-first, by circulation.[3]

Staff[edit]

Notable figures include Pulitzer-prize winning cartoonist Steve Benson, columnist Laurie Roberts, and Luis Manuel Ortiz, the only Hispanic member of the Arizona Journalism Hall of Fame. One of Arizona's best-known sports writers, Norm Frauenheim, retired in 2008. Multiple staff members have been finalists for the Pulitzer Prize. Other staff include photojournalist Michael Schennum.

Don Bolles murder[edit]

An investigative reporter for the newspaper, Don Bolles, was the victim of a car bombing on June 2, 1976, dying eleven days afterward. He had been lured to a meeting in Phoenix in the course of work on a story about corruption in local politics and business and the bomb detonated as he started his car to leave. Retaliation against his pursuit of organized crime in Arizona is thought to be a motive in the murder.

Editorial positions[edit]

Historically, The Republic has tilted conservative editorially. It endorsed President George W. Bush in both the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections. On October 25, 2008, the paper endorsed Arizona Senator John McCain.[4] for president.

In local elections, it has recently endorsed Democratic candidates such as former Arizona Governor, former Secretary of Homeland Security, and now President of the University of California Janet Napolitano and former Arizona Congressman Harry Mitchell.

On September 27, 2016, the paper endorsed Hillary Clinton for the 2016 presidential election, marking the first time in the paper's 126 year history that it has endorsed a Democratic candidate for president. The board argued that despite Clinton's flaws, it could not support Republican nominee Donald Trump because he "is not conservative and he is not qualified." The board also argues that Trump had "deep character flaws.... (and) ... stunning lack of human decency, empathy and respect," suggesting that it was evidence he "doesn't grasp our national ideals." The paper also noted its concern regarding whether or not Trump would possess the necessary restraint needed to properly command the nation's nuclear arsenal, stating, "The president commands our nuclear arsenal. Trump can’t command his own rhetoric."[5][6] Before then, it had only refused to endorse a Republican twice in its entire history; it endorsed Theodore Roosevelt's insurgent run in 1912, and did not endorse anyone in 1968.

Sections[edit]

  • Valley and State
  • Classifieds
  • News (first section)
  • Sports
  • Arizona Living
  • Calendar (formerly The Rep) (Thursdays only)
  • Travel (Sundays only)
  • Arts & Entertainment (Sundays only)
  • Business
  • Local (localized compact newspapers referred to as "Community papers/editions" Wednesday-Saturday only)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FAS-FAX Report: Circulation Averages for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2012". Audit Bureau of Circulations. Retrieved May 21, 2012. 
  2. ^ "About Gannett: The Arizona Republic". Gannett Co., Inc. Retrieved 2006-11-24. 
  3. ^ "2012 Top Media Outlets 2012; Newspapers" (PDF). BurrellesLuce. 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  4. ^ "McCain: A leader for these times" (PDF). Arizona Republic Editorials. 2010-04-10. Retrieved 2010-04-10. 
  5. ^ "In historic first, Arizona Republic backs a Democrat for president, citing Trump's 'deep character flaws'". Washington Post. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Zarbin, Earl A. All the Time a Newspaper: The First 100 Years of the Arizona Republic (1990)

External links[edit]