The Ashes (rugby league)

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The Ashes
Sport Rugby league
Inaugural season 1908–09
Number of teams 2
Countries  Australia
 United Kingdom
Holders  Australia (2003)
Most titles  Australia (20 titles)

The Ashes series, similar to the cricket series of the same name, was a best-of-three series of test matches between the British and Australian national rugby league football teams.[1][2] It was contested 39 times from 1908 until 2003 largely with hosting rights alternating between the two countries. From 1973 Australia won thirteen consecutive Ashes series.[3]

History[edit]

Several sports and events adopted cricket's Ashes "concept" and by the beginning of the 20th century it was an "accepted principle" that a series had to have at least three matches to be a true test of which side was the best.[2]

On 27 September 1908, the first touring Australian rugby league side arrived in England, and played their first ever Test against the England side in December in London. Two further Tests were played. The Australians suggested that the series should be called "The Ashes" and the name stuck.

The format used is that three matches are played, with the winning team being decided on the basis of most matches won. If one team has already won two matches the series is already won, however the final game is usually still played. In the 1929–30 Ashes series both the teams won one game and one game was drawn; it was therefore decided to hold a further match to determine the outcome.

The British side has not always been termed Great Britain; in the past the titles "Northern Union XIII", "England" and "The Lions" have also been used. Similarly, from the 1911–12 Kangaroo tour until the 1929–30 tour, Australian touring sides had included New Zealand players so were styled "Australasia", though when playing at home they always played as Australia.

Since 1964 the Harry Sunderland Medal is awarded to the best Australian player in a home Ashes series. Since Great Britain's win in Australia in 1970, the series has been very one sided with Australia having won 13 consecutive ashes, 5 of those (1979, 1982, 1984, 1986 and 2003) being 3-0 series whitewashes while the 1988 series had already been won by Australia in the first two tests before the Lions won a famous third test in Sydney 26–12 for their first test win over Australia since the second test of the 1978 Kangaroo tour, a streak of 15 wins for the Kangaroos.

The performance gap between the two teams became wider during the mid-late 1970s and Great Britain struggled to compete with Australia. It was generally accepted that the Australian's were no more skillful than their British counterparts, the difference was the fitness of the Australian sides. This was no more shown than in the first test of the 1982 Kangaroo tour at the Boothferry Park stadium in Hull. Australia led 10–4 at half time but unleashed 6 unanswered tries in the second half to win 40–4 and leave the Lions and the British game stunned. It would not be until 1988 that the Lions would win another test against Australia. The 1982 Kangaroos became the first side to go through a tour of Great Britain and France undefeated (something never achieved on a Lions tour, though they came close in 1954 losing just 2 games). This earned the team the nickname "The Invincibles". The 1986 Kangaroos repeated this feat and would be known as "The Unbeatables".

The Ashes had not been contested since 2003 when, in 2009 with the prospect of not contesting them until after the 2013 World Cup, Britain's Rugby Football League (RFL) challenged the Australian Rugby League (ARL) to play the round-robin stage match of the Four Nations tournament with the Ashes at stake. The one-off game would be a departure from the usual three-match series, additionally the contest would be between England, rather than Great Britain, and Australia.[4] The ARL initially agreed to the proposal but later, facing hostility from former Ashes players and fans who thought the proposals devalued the Ashes, the two governing bodies decided not to proceed.[5][6][7]

In 2016, newly appointed Australian team coach Mal Meninga, who as a player was selected to a record 4 Kangaroo Tours (the last two as captain) and played in a record 6 Ashes series (1982, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1992 and 1994 - playing a record 17 Ashes tests, only missing 1988 through injury), publicly advocated for a return of the Kangaroo Tours which would see The Ashes revived in either 2019 or 2020.[8]

Trophy[edit]

In 1928, the City Tattersalls Club in Sydney, Australia donated a trophy to be the prize, the "Ashes Cup".[2] The Cup's inscription reads:[2]

INTERNATIONAL
RUGBY LEAGUE FOOTBALL
Australia v England
(THE ASHES)
Presented by
CITY TATTERSALLS CLUB

The Cup was first presented in 1928 to The Lions, after they defeated Australia 2–1 in the series.[2] Following the 1933–34 series, in which England retained the Cup for the third time since first being presented with it, the Cup disappeared in the United Kingdom and was not found until October 1945.[9] The trophy had been on display at a function in Ilkley, Yorkshire and afterwards was returned to the manager of the Griffin Hotel, Leeds - where the English Rugby League management met - but this was not made clear to the English authorities and instead in laid overlooked in a box for 12 years.[9] During the period it was missing, Great Britain had won each series and the Cup's disappearance was not widely known.[2] The Australian team first won the Cup in 1950.[2]

In preparation for the Legends of League exhibition at the National Museum of Australia in 2008, marking a Centenary of Rugby League in Australia, the Ashes Cup underwent preservation work.[10]

Results[edit]

Year Home Team Result Away Team
1908–09 Northern Union (GB) 2–0 Australia
1910 Australia 0–2 Northern Union (GB)
1911 Great Britain 0–2 Australasia
1914 Australia 1–2 Northern Union (GB)
1920 Australia 2–1 Northern Union (GB)
1921–22 Great Britain 3–1 Australasia
1924 Australia 1–2 The Lions
1928 Australia 1–2 The Lions
1929–30 The Lions (GB) 2–1 (1 Tied) Australia
1932 Australia 1–2[11] The Lions (GB)
1933-34 The Lions (GB) 3–0 Australia
1936 Australia 1–2 The Lions (GB)
1937 The Lions (GB) 2–1 Australia
1946 Australia 0–2 The Lions (GB)
1948 Great Britain 3–0 Australia
1950 Australia 2–1 Great Britain
1952 Great Britain 2–1 Australia
1954 Australia 2–1 Great Britain
1956 Great Britain 2–1 Australia
1958 Australia 1–2 Great Britain
1959-60 Great Britain 2–1 Australia
1962 Australia 1–2 Great Britain
1963-64 Great Britain 1–2 Australia
1966 Australia 2–1 Great Britain
1967-68 Great Britain 1–2 Australia
1970 Australia 1–2 Great Britain
1973 Great Britain 1–2 Australia
1974 Australia 2–1 Great Britain
1978 Great Britain 1–2 Australia
1979 Australia 3–0 Great Britain
1982 Great Britain 0–3 Australia
1984 Australia 3–0 Great Britain
1986 Great Britain 0–3 Australia
1988 Australia 2–1 Great Britain
1990 Great Britain 1–2 Australia
1992 Australia 2–1 Great Britain
1994 Great Britain 1–2 Australia
2001 Great Britain 1–2 Australia
2003 Great Britain 0–3 Australia

Summary of Ashes series[edit]

Played Won by
Australia
Won by
Great Britain
Drawn
All series 39 20 (51.3%) 19 (48.7%) 0 (0.0%)
Series in Australia 19 9 (47.4%) 10 (52.6%) 0 (0.0%)
Series in Great Britain 20 11 (55.0%) 9 (45.0%) 0 (0.0%)
All Tests 119 59 (49.6%) 55 (46.2%) 5 (4.2%)
Tests in Australia 57 28 (49.1%) 27 (47.4%) 2 (3.5%)
Tests in Great Britain 62 31 (50%) 28 (45.2%) 3 (4.8%)
Figures up to and including the 3rd Test of the 2003 series

Records and Statistics[edit]

Highest Attendance[edit]

Lowest Attendance[edit]

Highest Attended Ashes series[edit]

  • Australia – 179,816 in 1954
  • Great Britain – 140,432 in 1994

Lowest Attended Ashes series[edit]

  • Australia – 60,000 in 1910
  • Great Britain – 33,000 in 1908–09

Highest Score[edit]

Biggest Win[edit]

Most Tries in an Ashes Test[edit]

Most Goals in an Ashes Test[edit]

Most Points in an Ashes Test[edit]

Most Points in an Ashes series[edit]

Most Points in all Ashes tests[edit]

  • Australia
    108 (9 tries, 37 goals) by Mal Meninga (17 tests – 1982–1994)
  • Great Britain
    62 (31 goals) by Jim Sullivan (15 tests – 1924–1933)

Tries in each Test of an Ashes series[edit]

Most Games as Captain[edit]

Most Games as Coach[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hickey, Julia (2006). Understanding Rugby League. UK: Coachwise. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-905540-10-5. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Sean Fagan (2009-09-15). "Rugby league's fight for The Ashes". rl1908.com. Archived from the original on 2009-09-23. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  3. ^ McCann, Liam (2006). Rugby: Facts, Figures and Fun. UK: AAPPL Artists' and Photographers' Press. p. 80. 
  4. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/09/03/2675304.htm?site=news
  5. ^ "Ashes brought back to life" skysports.com (4 September 2009)
  6. ^ Steve Mascord (2009-09-16). "Ashes set for 2010?". RugbyLeague.com. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  7. ^ "RFL scrap Ashes plan". RugbyLeague.com. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  8. ^ Four Nations final 2016: Kangaroo Tours are back after success in England
  9. ^ a b "RL "Ashes" Cup". The Telegraph. 26 October 1945. p. 8 (CITY FINAL) – via National Library of Australia. 
  10. ^ NMA (2008-02-22). "League of Legends: 100 years of Rugby League in Australia: Conservation slideshow". National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  11. ^ "League "Ashes." England's triumph". The Sydney Morning Herald (29,496). 18 July 1932. p. 6. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]