The BFG (2016 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Steven Spielberg|
|Screenplay by||Melissa Mathison|
|Based on||The BFG|
by Roald Dahl
|Music by||John Williams|
|Edited by||Michael Kahn|
|Distributed by||Walt Disney Studios|
|Box office||$183.3 million|
The BFG (titled onscreen as Roald Dahl's The BFG) is a 2016 American fantasy animation adventure film directed and co-produced by Steven Spielberg, written by Melissa Mathison and based on the 1982 novel of the same name by Dahl. The film stars Mark Rylance, Ruby Barnhill, Penelope Wilton, Jemaine Clement, Rebecca Hall, Rafe Spall and Bill Hader. In the film, a 10-year-old orphaned girl named Sophie befriends a benevolent giant dubbed the "Big Friendly Giant", who takes her to Giant Country, where they attempt to stop the man-eating giants that are invading the human world.
Kathleen Kennedy and Frank Marshall began development on a live-action adaptation of The BFG back in the 1990s, and various screenwriters were hired to work on the screenplay in the subsequent years. DreamWorks acquired the screen rights to Dahl's book in September 2011, and Marshall and Sam Mercer joined as producers, Mathison as screenwriter and Kennedy as executive producer. Spielberg was announced as director in April 2014, alongside his production company Amblin Entertainment as co-producer. Principal photography commenced in March 2015, marking Spielberg's first directorial film for Walt Disney Pictures, which co-financed the film.
The BFG premiered at the Cannes Film Festival on May 14, 2016, and held its North American debut at the El Capitan Theater on June 21, 2016. The film was released in the United States in Disney Digital 3-D, RealD 3D, IMAX 3D, and conventional theatrical formats on July 1, 2016, the same year of Dahl's centennial. Although the film received generally positive reviews from critics, it grossed only $183 million against its $140 million budget, making it a box office bomb.
Sophie, a 10-year-old girl who lives in a London orphanage after her parents died when she was a baby, stays awake reading through the nights due to her insomnia. At 3 in the morning, or what she calls the "witching hour", she sees an elderly giant outside her window who captures her and takes her into Giant Country. There, he explains that Sophie must stay with him for the rest of her life because she saw him and must not be allowed to reveal the existence of giants. He also explains that she will put herself at risk if she goes out in the open, as nine other giants inhabit Giant Country, all of whom are man-eaters and favor the taste of children.
When Sophie awakes, the Fleshlumpeater, the infantile leader of the man-eating giants, enters the smaller giant's home and smells Sophie. The Fleshlumpeater nearly devours Sophie before exiting. The giant gives Sophie some replacement clothes, as hers are ruined, and Sophie convinces him to take her to Dream Country to catch dreams together. As they leave, they accidentally wake up the Bloodbottler, the more intelligent and cunning second-in-command to the Fleshlumpeater, who awakens the other man-eating giants. They torment and bully the friendly giant by throwing him around like a football and rolling him down a hill in a garbage truck. As the pair escape during a thunderstorm which drives the man-eating giants into the cave, the Fleshlumpeater and the Bloodbottler find Sophie's blanket (which she had dropped before) and plan to find her. Climbing up the mountain, Sophie tells the giant that he shouldn't allow the other giants to bully him.
The pair arrives in Dream Country and catch a dream each. While there, the giant reveals that his only other alias (other than "Runt" which the other giants call him, as they are much larger) is "the Big Friendly Giant" and Sophie decides to call him "BFG". The two then head to London to spread good dreams to sleeping children. As they do so, Sophie realizes that she has lost her blanket. The BFG realizes that the other man-eating giants know about her and she wakes up outside the orphanage. He explains that the last human child he took and raised was discovered and eaten by Fleshlumpeater's group. She throws herself out of her window in the hope he will appear again to catch her, and he does.
When they return to the BFG's home, the other giants barge in and upend the place looking for Sophie, destroying much of the BFG's hard work. Sophie evades detection and the enraged BFG finally stands up to them and drives them off with a hot fire iron. While hidden, Sophie finds the home of the last human to live with the BFG before becoming a victim of Fleshlumpeater's group. She leaves his jacket on his bed and finds a portrait of Queen Victoria amongst his belongings. From this she devises a plan to forge a nightmare and give it to Elizabeth II, the Queen of the United Kingdom. The nightmare consists of giants eating the children of England, the British Army fighting the giants, and Sophie appearing on her windowsill.
They head to Buckingham Palace where upon waking from her nightmare, the Queen and her maid Mary find Sophie on the windowsill as in the nightmare with the BFG outside in the palace grounds. Sophie and the BFG inform the Queen, Mary, and Mr. Tibbs that the child-eating beasts in her dream are indeed real and must be stopped at all costs before they cause any more harm to her subjects. After a large breakfast they all enjoy, the Queen soon dispatches soldiers to Giant Country.
The BFG plans to give the man-eating giants the regretful nightmare Sophie caught the night before, so they will be more compliant once caught. As she smashes the jar, they are almost all immediately consumed by guilt, but the Fleshlumpeater awakens and intercepts the nightmare before it can affect him. Despite this, the British army's helicopters effortlessly ensnare and capture him and the other giants. They are lifted away onto an isolated island where numerous snozzcumbers and a large crate of snozzcumber seeds are left with them, much to their fury.
In the aftermath, Sophie begins living in the Queen's palace with Mary while the BFG returns to Giant Country to resume giving dreams to people and begins growing a wide variety of vegetables inspired by his time in England. The film ends with Sophie narrating that whenever she feels lonely, which is less often than before, she talks to him. He can still hear her. Leaning out of her window, she says "Good Morning, BFG". At his writing desk, the BFG hears her words and smiles.
- Mark Rylance as the voice and motion-capture of The BFG, an elderly, benevolent 24-foot giant whose name is short for the "Big Friendly Giant". He is called "Runt" by the other giants.
- Ruby Barnhill as Sophie, an orphan who befriends The BFG. Roald Dahl named her after his own mother, who was similarly caring and determined.
- Penelope Wilton as Queen Elizabeth II, the Queen of the United Kingdom.
- Jemaine Clement as the voice and motion-capture of The Fleshlumpeater, a 54-foot giant who is the de facto leader of the man-eating giants.
- Rebecca Hall as Mary, Queen Elizabeth's maid.
- Rafe Spall as Mr. Tibbs, Queen Elizabeth's butler.
- Bill Hader as the voice and motion-capture of The Bloodbottler, a disheveled 43-foot man-eating giant with cowlick hair who is Fleshlumpeater's advisor and the most intelligent of the group.
- Michael Adamthwaite as the voice and motion-capture of The Butcher Boy, an overweight, immature man-eating giant who is the youngest of the group. He collects cars and wears clothes made of circus tents.
- Daniel Bacon as the voice and motion-capture of The Bonecruncher, a dark-skinned, bald-headed man-eating giant.
- Chris Gibbs as the voice and motion-capture of The Gizzardgulper, a burly, bearded 39-foot man-eating giant who wears a helmet and is the shortest of the group.
- Adam Godley as the voice and motion-capture of The Manhugger, a very tall and slim man-eating giant who wears a vest and shorts.
- Paul Moniz de Sa as the voice and motion-capture of The Meatdripper, a well-groomed man-eating giant with Mohawk hair.
- Jonathan Holmes as the voice and motion-capture of The Childchewer, a balding man-eating giant who is Meatdripper's best friend.
- Ólafur Darri Ólafsson as the voice and motion-capture of The Maidmasher, a small-headed man-eating giant.
- Marilyn Norry as Mrs. Clonkers, the head of the orphanage where Sophie was living.
- Chris Shields, Matt Frewer, and Geoffrey Wade as The Queen's Generals
Adamthwaite, Bacon, Gibbs, Godley, Holmes, Moniz de Sa, and Ólafsson also make cameos as minor London characters. William Samples and Ruby Barnhill's father, Paul Barnhill, make cameos as the palace staff members.
Producers Frank Marshall and Kathleen Kennedy began development on a live-action adaptation of The BFG in 1991, and set the project up at Paramount Pictures. Husband and wife screenwriters Robin Swicord and Nicholas Kazan wrote a screenplay adaptation in 1998, with Robin Williams in negotiations for the title role. Williams attended a read-through, which according to Michael Siegel was "surprisingly disappointing". Williams' trademark improvisational style clashed with the BFG's unique language. Siegel elaborates, "He was sort of improvising on the jumbled language. And it was clunky. It was strangely not working. It was harder than it looks even for Robin. It didn't quite deliver." By 2001, the script had been rewritten by Gwyn Lurie, and was greeted with positive feedback from the Dahl estate. Terry Jones and Ed Solomon also attempted screenplay drafts. While the screenplay lingered in development hell, Paramount subsequently lost the film rights and they reverted to the Dahl estate.
In September 2011, DreamWorks acquired the film rights to the book; Kennedy and Marshall were announced to produce, with screenwriter Melissa Mathison adapting the story. Initially, John Madden was hired to direct; however, in April 2014, Steven Spielberg was announced as the director, with Madden now listed as executive producer with producer Michael Siegel. Kennedy had initially thought of Spielberg as director, but hesitated asking him until a more concrete screenplay was presentable. Spielberg stated, "The BFG has enchanted families and their children for more than three decades. We are honoured that the Roald Dahl estate has entrusted us with this classic story." Walden Media agreed to co-produce and co-finance the film with DreamWorks and Amblin in March 2015. A month later, Walt Disney Studios—which was under prior agreement to distribute the film through its Touchstone Pictures banner—also joined the production as a co-producer and co-financier, and shifted the film from a Touchstone release to a Walt Disney Pictures production instead. Consequently, The BFG is the first Disney-branded film directed by Spielberg, though he has previously produced several films for the studio. Similarly, as a result of Amblin Partners' restructuring, DreamWorks did not receive a marquee credit—placement of the studio's production logo on marketing materials and opening titles—and instead, DreamWorks' marquee credit shifted to Amblin Entertainment. The film is the second adaptation of the novel following the 1989 direct-to-television animated film. It is also Disney's first feature-length adaptation of a Roald Dahl work since 1996's James and the Giant Peach.
Mark Rylance was cast in the film's title role in October 2014. Spielberg had approached Rylance with the role during the filming of Bridge of Spies. Spielberg was quoted as saying that "Mark Rylance is a transformational actor. I am excited and thrilled that Mark will be making this journey with us to Giant Country. Everything about his career so far is about making the courageous choice and I'm honoured he has chosen The BFG as his next big screen performance." Rylance performed the character through motion capture, a process which he referred to as "liberating". In mid-November 2014, it was revealed that a ten-year-old student of Lower Peover School, Ruby Barnhill, had auditioned for the film. She had to learn six pages of dialogue in preparation for a possible role as the orphan Sophie. After a lengthy search, on December 16, Barnhill was cast in the role, about which she said, "I feel incredibly lucky and I'm so happy." Spielberg stated that they "have discovered a wonderful Sophie in Ruby Barnhill." Bill Hader was set to star in the film in an unspecified role on March 27, 2015. On April 13, 2015, the rest of the cast was announced, which included Penelope Wilton, Rebecca Hall, Jemaine Clement, Michael David Adamthwaite, Daniel Bacon, Chris Gibbs, Adam Godley, Jonathan Holmes, Paul Moniz de Sa, and Ólafur Ólafsson.
Principal photography on the film began on March 23, 2015, in Vancouver and concluded on June 12, 2015. Weta Digital worked on the film's visual effects. It is Mathison's final film following her death on November 4, 2015.
John Williams composed and conducted the film's musical score, marking the twenty-seventh collaboration between Spielberg and Williams. Williams was announced as the film's composer in March 2015. During the process of writing the score, Williams compared the film to "a child’s ballet where there are dances involved," elaborating, "The BFG tries to capture dreams with his net and does something that almost looks like a Ray Bolger or Fred Astaire dance; It is an amazingly musical and choreographic sequence which required the orchestra to do things that are more associated with musical films." Williams found similarities with the scoring of Home Alone, admitting that writing music for The BFG “was really an opportunity to compose and orchestrate a little children’s fantasy for orchestra." The soundtrack was released by Walt Disney Records on July 1, 2016.
|The BFG (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)|
|Film score by|
|Released||July 1, 2016|
|Studio||Sony Pictures Studios|
|John Williams film scores chronology|
All music is composed by John Williams.
|2.||"The Witching Hour"||4:41|
|3.||"To Giant Country"||2:33|
|11.||"Snorting and Sniffing"||2:13|
|13.||"There Was a Boy"||3:30|
|14.||"The Queen's Dream"||3:08|
|15.||"The Boy's Drawings"||3:05|
|16.||"Meeting the Queen"||3:00|
|19.||"Sophie and the BFG"||8:09|
The BFG premiered on May 14, 2016, at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival, in an out of competition screening. Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures distributed the film worldwide, except for territories in Europe, Africa and the Middle East, where the film's distribution rights were sold by DreamWorks' international partner, Mister Smith Entertainment, to independent distributors.
Disney released a teaser trailer on December 9, 2015. A second trailer was released on April 5, 2016. A third trailer was released on May 16, 2016. The film held its North American premiere at the El Capitan Theatre in Hollywood, California on June 21, 2016. It was released in the United States on July 1, 2016. Paramount Pictures distributed the film in the U.K. on July 22, 2016. DreamWorks' financial partner, Reliance Entertainment, released the film in India on July 29, 2016. Huaxia Film Distribution released the film in China.
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released The BFG on Blu-ray, DVD, and digital download on November 29, 2016. The film debuted in third of the home media sales chart for the week ending on December 2, 2016.
The BFG grossed $55.5 million in North America and $127.9 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $183.3 million, against a production budget of $140 million.
In the United States and Canada, The BFG opened alongside The Legend of Tarzan and The Purge: Election Year at 3,357 theaters, and was projected to gross $22–32 million in its opening weekend. The film was notably vying for drawing family audiences with the studio's own Finding Dory. It made $775,000 from its Thursday previews; however, the low figure was not surprising, given how family films tend to attract fewer audiences during late-night showings. This was followed by a $7 million opening day (including previews) and a disappointing $18.6 million opening weekend, which Deadline Hollywood called "an awful start for this film which is estimated to cost $140 million". Forbes noted that Steven Spielberg's films tend to have long runs, irrespective of their opening numbers. However, it also pointed out that the July 4th weekend proves to be a non-leggy release schedule and most films released during this time end up making only twice their holiday total over the course of their domestic theatrical run. The New York Times called the opening figures "a colossal misfire".
Due to the film's poor performance in North America, the film was considered a box office disappointment. As a result of its low opening numbers in North America, the film needed greater financial success in its international markets, as pointed out by David Hollis, Disney's distribution chief, saying, "we're going to be reliant in a lot of ways on international [audiences]". Internationally—during its opening weekend—where the 4th of July weekend is not a holiday, the film opened to $3.9 million in its opening weekend from two markets, Australia and Russia. In Australia, it opened to $2 million placing third while in Russia it debuted second with $1.9 million, which tops the entire runs of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and War Horse. In the United Kingdom, where the book is more well known, it opened to $6.9 million.
In China, the release was handled by Huaxia Film Distribution. While it benefitted from a robust marketing effort including Spielberg's presence in the country itself, it suffered from a three month long delay after its North American release. It had an estimated $13.8 million opening, debuting at second place behind Operation Mekong. Many Chinese online reviews criticized Spielberg for making the film "too juvenile" for adults.
The BFG is one of the lowest-grossing films of Spielberg's career, specifically in North America, when accounting for inflation and one of the year's biggest flops, but The Hollywood Reporter noted that Disney would be able to withstand the losses due to the success of Captain America: Civil War and Finding Dory. The site also highlighted that the financial losses for Disney could be $90–100 million based on theatrical returns alone.
On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 75% based on 284 reviews and an average rating of 6.8/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "The BFG minimizes the darker elements of Roald Dahl's classic in favor of a resolutely good-natured, visually stunning, and largely successful family-friendly adventure." On another aggregator, Metacritic, the film has a score of 66 out of 100 based on 47 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A−" on an A+ to F scale.
Justin Chang of Los Angeles Times called Rylance's performance a "brilliant amalgam of performance-capture technology and peerless screen presence." Scott Mendelson of Forbes described the film as "a charming, intelligent, and witty little adventure movie with strong special effects work in the service of a most unassuming story." Mendelson also commended the film's smaller scope in story, as well as Rylance and Barnhill's interaction. Robbie Collin of The Daily Telegraph called the film "a significant technical accomplishment", adding that "the infinitesimally detailed motion-capture technology alone, which stretches Rylance’s human performance to gargantuan proportions, is river-straddling bounds beyond anything that’s come before it." Critic Matt Zoller Seitz highly appreciated Spielberg's direction of the film, giving the film three and a half out of four stars. Seitz remarks, "I can imagine some adults finding the movie dull; 'Nothing happens', they'll say. 'And it's too nice.' But I can imagine other adults loving the film for helping them remember what it's like to be young enough to hide from a movie monster because he's big and weird-looking and then laugh because he's kind of silly..."
Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter compared the film objectively to Spielberg's E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, as a "conspicuously less captivating, magical and transporting experience than its classic forebear." Peter Debruge of Variety, however, compared the film favorably to E.T., writing, "this splendid Steven Spielberg-directed adaptation makes it possible for audiences of all ages to wrap their heads around one of the unlikeliest friendships in cinema history, resulting in the sort of instant family classic “human beans” once relied upon Disney to deliver." A. O. Scott of The New York Times praised the film's digital effects and visual style as "exquisite", though he felt that the film lacked the excitement found in Spielberg's previous fantasy films.
Richard Brody of The New Yorker stating that it "plays like a forced march of fun, a mandatory strain of magic and a prescribed dose of poetry, like a movie ready-made for screening in classrooms when a teacher is absent." Brody, however, observes that "Spielberg is the BFG who's menaced by bigger and more monstrous giants who aren't interested in edifying their audiences but merely in consuming them—consuming the consumer, so to speak." Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times called the film "technically impressive but listless and tedious... painfully cutesy, silly and gross rather than whimsical and funny." He thought that the film moved far too slowly and was missing a "sense of wonder and adventure", saying that he'd "rather see every one of Spielberg's previous films before having to sit through "The BFG" again". Cole Smithey described the film as a "drab affair". Giving The BFG one star out of five, he criticized its "creepy style of animation [and] dragging tempo".
|List of awards and nominations|
|Award||Date of ceremony||Category||Recipient(s)||Result||Ref(s)|
|Annie Awards||February 4, 2017||Outstanding Achievement, Animated Effects in a Live Action Production||Claude Schitter, Benjaman Folkman, Gary Boyle, David Caeiro and Luke Millar||Nominated|||
|British Academy Children's Awards||November 20, 2016||BAFTA Kids' Vote||The BFG||Nominated|||
|Evening Standard British Film Awards||December 8, 2016||Best Actor||Mark Rylance||Nominated|||
|Golden Tomato Awards||January 12, 2017||Best Kids/Family Movie 2016||The BFG||5th Place|||
|London Film Critics' Circle||January 22, 2017||Young British/Irish Performer of the Year||Ruby Barnhill||Nominated|||
|Satellite Awards||February 19, 2017||Best Original Score||John Williams||Nominated|||
|Best Visual Effects||The BFG||Nominated|
|Saturn Awards||June 28, 2017||Best Fantasy Film||The BFG||Nominated|||
|Best Director||Steven Spielberg||Nominated|
|Best Writing||Melissa Mathison||Nominated|
|Best Actor||Mark Rylance||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Younger Actor||Ruby Barnhill||Nominated|
|Best Music||John Williams||Nominated|
|Best Editing||Michael Kahn||Won|
|Best Production Design||Rick Carter and Robert Stromberg||Won|
|Best Costume Design||Joanna Johnston||Nominated|
|Best Special Effects||Joe Letteri and Joel Whist||Nominated|
|Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association||December 5, 2016||Best Motion Capture Performance||Mark Rylance||Won|||
|Women Film Critics Circle||December 19, 2016||Best Animated Female||The BFG||Nominated|||
|World Soundtrack Awards||October 20, 2016||Film Composer of the Year||John Williams (also for Star Wars: The Force Awakens)||Nominated|||
- Grierson, Tim (May 14, 2016). "'The BFG': Cannes Review". Screen Daily. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- "The BFG [2D] (PG)". British Board of Film Classification. June 17, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
- "The BFG". LUMIERE. European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
- "The BFG (2016)". British Film Institute. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
- Pamela McClintock (June 24, 2016). "July Fourth Box Office: Few Fireworks Expected as 'BFG,' 'Tarzan' Track Poorly". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
- "The BFG (2016)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
- Masters, Kim (June 15, 2016). "Steven Spielberg on DreamWorks' Past, Amblin's Present and His Own Future". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- McCarten, Phil (June 22, 2016). "Spielberg brings Dahl's friendly giant to screens with 'The BFG'". Reuters. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
- "The BFG". IMAX. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- Lang, Brent (July 3, 2016). "'The BFG' Flops: Has Steven Spielberg Lost His Blockbuster Touch?". Variety. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- Mendelson, Scott (July 4, 2016). "Box Office: 'The BFG' Could Be Steven Spielberg's Most Significant Flop". Forbes. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- McClintock, Pamela (July 3, 2016). "Box Office: Steven Spielberg's 'BFG' Equals Big Failed Gamble in U.S." The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- McNary, Dave (July 4, 2016). "'Finding Dory' Keeps Holiday Box Office Bright; 'The BFG' Fizzles". Variety.
- Fleming Jr, Mike (October 27, 2014). "Mark Rylance To Play 'The BFG' In Roald Dahl Adaptation By Steven Spielberg". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "Steven Spielberg Casts 10-Year-Old Ruby Barnhill as Lead in 'The BFG'". TheWrap. December 16, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
- Fleming Jr, Mike (April 13, 2015). "Disney Signs On To Co-Fi Steven Spielberg's 'The BFG'". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- Dorbbush, Jonathon (January 22, 2016). "Sophie steps on some big toes in The BFG poster". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
- Ge, Linda (March 27, 2015). "Bill Hader Joining Steven Spielberg's 'The BFG'". TheWrap. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
- Glenn Whipp (February 17, 2009). "Frank Marshall focuses on practical". Variety. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- Staff (October 22, 1998). "'Husband' vows renewed; doc on saint set". Variety. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- Denham, Jess (April 13, 2016). "The BFG: Robin Williams did 'hilarious' cast readings as the big friendly giant". The Independent. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
- Breznican, Anthony (April 12, 2016). "Robin Williams was almost The BFG's big, friendly giant". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
- Setoodah, Ramin (July 29, 2016). "From 'The BFG' to 'Matilda': How 5 Roald Dahl Books Landed on the Big Screen". Variety. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
- Harris, Dana (February 27, 2002). "Lurie back to book for 'Chocolate' pic". Variety. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- Weinstein, Joshua L. (September 24, 2011). "DreamWorks Is Still Buying – Picks Up Roald Dahl's 'BFG' (Exclusive)". Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- Kroll, Justin. "Steven Spielberg to Direct Roald Dahl's 'The BFG,' Will Shoot Tom Hanks Thriller First". Retrieved September 21, 2015.
- Masters, Kim (June 15, 2016). "Steven Spielberg Reveals 'The BFG's' 20-Year Journey to Theaters". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- "Steven Spielberg to direct BFG film from Roald Dahl book". BBC News. Retrieved 29 April 2014
- Kilday, Gregg (March 5, 2015). "Steven Spielberg's 'The BFG' to be Co-Financed and Co-Produced by Walden Media". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- Rainey, James. "Steven Spielberg Takes First Directing Turn With Walt Disney Studios". Variety. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- Ford, Rebecca (April 13, 2015). "Disney Joins Steven Spielberg's 'BFG'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
- Breznican, Anthony (June 23, 2016). "Steven Spielberg on making The BFG his first Disney movie". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
- McClintock, Pamela (September 24, 2015). "Will Steven Spielberg Drop the DreamWorks Name?". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
- Rainey, James (December 12, 2015). "Steven Spielberg's DreamWorks To Reboot with $200 Million From Participant and Universal Deal". Variety. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- Masters, Tim (November 26, 2015). "Mark Rylance: From Bridge of Spies to BFG". BBC News. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
- Alexander, Bryan (June 26, 2016). "New BFFs Spielberg, Rylance team up for 'The BFG' and big things beyond". USA Today. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
- Shoard, Catherine (October 27, 2014). "Mark Rylance to be Spielberg's BFG". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Tatiana Siegel (October 27, 2014). "Three-Time Tony Winner Mark Rylance Nabs Lead in Steven Spielberg's 'The BFG'". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Breznican, Anthony (February 3, 2016). "Meet Mark Rylance, the Oscar contender who's never himself unless he's someone else". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2016.
- Harris, Alan (November 17, 2014). "Crackley Hall pupil auditions for role in Steven Spielberg's new film". Coventry Telegraph. Retrieved November 18, 2014.[permanent dead link]
- "On the Set for 3/23/15: Ryan Reynolds Starts Shooting 'Deadpool', Chloë Grace Moretz Begins 'November Criminal' & More". ssninsider.com. March 23, 2015. Archived from the original on April 4, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- Bullock, Paul (June 13, 2015). "Frank Marshall tweets from last day of BFG shoot". fromdirectorstevenspielberg.tumblr.com. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Ritman, Alex (June 22, 2015). "CineEurope: Steven Spielberg Talks 'BFG' Filming". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Grieving, Tim (December 18, 2016). "John Williams on 'Force Awakens' score: 'I felt a renewed , and a vitality'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- Lang, Brent (March 18, 2015). "Spielberg-Hanks Cold War Film Titled 'Bridge of Spies,' John Williams Won't Compose Score". Variety. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- "The BFG Press Kit" (PDF). wdsmediafile.com. The Walt Disney Studios. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- Burlingame, Jon (December 1, 2016). "'Fantastic Beasts' and 'The BFG' Tap Into Magical Musical Worlds". Variety. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- "Walt Disney Records To Release The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack From "The BFG"". PR Newswire (Press release). Burbank, California: Walt Disney Records. June 29, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "2016 Cannes Film Festival Announces Lineup". IndieWire. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
- Barraclough, Leo (May 8, 2015). "David Garrett, Ralpho Borgos Hope to Take Mr. Smith Shingle to the Summit". Variety. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
- Vlessing, Etan (December 9, 2015). "First Trailer for Steven Spielberg's 'The BFG' Debuts". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
- Lawler, Kelly (April 6, 2016). "The new trailer for Spielberg's 'The BFG' will sweep you away". USA Today. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
- "'The BFG': New Trailer Spotlights Mark Rylance's Giant". The Hollywood Reporter. May 16, 2016. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
- McNary, Dave (June 16, 2014). "Tom Hanks-Steven Spielberg Cold War Thriller Set for Oct. 16, 2015". Variety. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "Steven Spielberg's 'The BFG' Primed for U.K. Release With eOne". Variety. July 11, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- Groves, Don (July 14, 2016). "Can Amitabh Bachchan And Parineeti Chopra Boost Spielberg's 'The BFG' In India?". Forbes. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- Arnold, Thomas (December 7, 2016). "'Pete's Dragon' Tops Disney Trio of Best-Selling Discs". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- Brent Lang (June 16, 2016). "'The BFG,' 'The Legend of Tarzan' Failing to Generate Much Box Office Heat". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
- Brad Brevet (June 26, 2016). "'Finding Dory' #1 Again, Topping All Four of the Weekend's New Wide Releases Combined". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (July 1, 2016). "Thursday Box Office: 'Purge' Steals $3.64M, 'Tarzan' Swings To $2.55M, 'BFG' Eats $775K". Forbes. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Brad Brevet (June 30, 2016). "'Tarzan', 'BFG' and 'Purge 3' Will be No Match for 'Finding Dory'". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- McNary, Dave (July 1, 2016). "Box Office: 'The Purge 3' Expunges 'Legend of Tarzan,' 'The BFG' on Thursday Night". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- Mendelson, Scott (July 2, 2016). "Box Office: Disney's 'The BFG' Earns Not-So-Huge $7M Friday". Forbes. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (July 3, 2016). "'Dory' Dominates, 'Tarzan' Improves, 'Purge' Excels As 'BFG' Falls: July 4th Weekend B.O. – Sunday Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Mendelson, Scott (July 3, 2016). "Box Office: Disney's 'The BFG' Nabs Not Very Big $23.6M Weekend". Forbes. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Brooks Barnes (July 3, 2016). "'The BFG' Stumbles as 'Finding Dory' Rules Box Office". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (July 3, 2016). "'Tarzan' Takes $18.8M In First Offshore Swing; 'TMNT2' Kicks Up $26M China Bow; 'Pets' Purrs – International Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Gant, Charles (July 26, 2016). "The BFG towers over UK box office while Star Trek Beyond fails to prosper". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- Nancy Tartaglione (October 16, 2016). "'Inferno' Ignites With $50M Offshore; 'Miss Peregrine' Tops $130M – Intl Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- Patrick Frater (October 16, 2016). "China Box Office: 'Operation Mekong' Stays Ahead of 'The BFG'". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- Jonathan Papish (October 18, 2016). "China Box Office: 'Mekong' Still Tops Spielberg's 'BFG'". China Film Insider. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
- McClintock, Pamela (September 4, 2016). "Summer Box-Office Winners and Losers: From 'Finding Dory' to 'Ben-Hur'". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
- McClintock, Pamela (September 8, 2016). "'Ben-Hur' Faces Epic $120M Loss as Summer's Biggest Box-Office Bust". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- "The BFG (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
- "The BFG Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
- "CinemaScore search". CinemaScore. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
- Chang, Justin (June 30, 2016). "Steven Spielberg's 'The BFG' seeks to recapture the heights of 'E.T.'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- Mendelson, Scott (June 21, 2016). "'The BFG' Review: Yup, Steven Spielberg Made Another Great Movie". Forbes. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- Collin, Robbie (July 17, 2016). "Steven Spielberg creates a landscape of astonishments in The BFG – review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
- Seitz, Matt Zoller (July 1, 2016). "The BFG Movie Review & Film Summary (2016)". RogerEbert.com. Ebert Digital LLC. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- McCarthy, Todd (May 14, 2016). "'The BFG': Cannes Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- Debruge, Peter (May 14, 2016). "Cannes Film Review: Steven Spielberg's 'The BFG'". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- Scott, A. O. (June 30, 2016). "Review: In 'The BFG,' Walking Gently and Wearing Huge Shoes". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- Brody, Richard (July 1, 2016). "Steven Spielberg's 'The BFG' Is a Forced March of Fun". The New Yorker. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- Roeper, Richard (June 28, 2016). "'The BFG': Even Steven Spielberg can't stir a lumbering giant". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- Cole Smithey (June 28, 2016). "THE BFG — CANNES 2016". ColeSmithey.com. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- Flores, Terry (November 28, 2016). "'Zootopia' Tops Annie Awards Nominations, 'Kubo and the Two Strings' in Close Second". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- Foster, Elizabeth (October 19, 2016). "Horrible Histories, TrueTube lead BAFTA Children's noms". Kidscreen. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
- "2016 Children's BAFTA Kids' Vote – Film". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. November 21, 2016. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
- Moore, William (November 17, 2016). "Evening Standard British Film Awards – The Longlist". London Evening Standard. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "Golden Tomato Awards – Best of 2016". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. January 12, 2017.
- "'Moonlight' and 'Love and Friendship' Lead London Film Critics' Circle Nominations". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- Kilday, Gregg (November 29, 2016). "Satellite Awards Nominees Revealed". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- McNary, Dave (March 2, 2017). "Saturn Awards Nominations 2017: 'Rogue One,' 'Walking Dead' Lead". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
- "The 2016 WAFCA Awards Nominations". December 3, 2016. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
- "Women Film Critics Circle Nominations: "Hidden Figures," "13th," & More". Women and Hollywood. December 19, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- "Winners of the 15th World Soundtrack Awards". World Soundtrack Awards. October 24, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The BFG (2016 film).|