The Beauty Queen of Leenane
|The Beauty Queen of Leenane|
|Written by||Martin McDonagh|
|Place premiered||Galway, Ireland|
|Subject||a plain and lonely woman in her forties with her first and possibly final chance at love; and her manipulative mother who sets about to derail it|
|Setting||Leenane, a village in Connemara, County Galway|
The Beauty Queen of Leenane is a 1996 black comedy by Irish playwright Martin McDonagh which was premiered by the Druid Theatre Company in Galway, Ireland. It also enjoyed successful runs at London's West End, Broadway and Off-Broadway.
It was nominated for an Olivier Award as Best Play for the London production, and the 1998 Broadway production was nominated for six Tony Awards, winning four, for Best Leading Actress in a Play, Best Featured Actor in a Play, Best Featured Actress in a Play and Best Direction of a Play.
The play received its world premiere when the Druid Theatre Company opened the production at the Town Hall Theatre, Galway on 1 February 1996. It then toured Ireland, stopping off in Longford, Kilkenny and Limerick. It transferred to London's West End, where it opened at the Royal Court Theatre on 29 February 1996.
The Druid production then returned to Ireland to embark on an extensive national tour, playing in Galway, Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Fermanagh, Donegal and Derry amongst others. The play returned to London where it was revived at the Duke of York's Theatre on 29 November 1996 for several months.
The play was produced as part of Druid's Leenane Trilogy (which includes two other plays by Martin McDonagh) in 1997 where it played as part of another Irish and UK Tour, which included stops at the Olympia Theatre, Dublin and the Royal Court Theatre in London (July to September 1997) again.
It transferred to the Walter Kerr Theater on Broadway where it opened on 14 April 1998. It received six Tony Award nominations, winning four: Best Actor (Tom Murphy); Best Actress (Marie Mullen); Best Supporting Actress (Anna Manahan); and Best Director (Garry Hynes), the first female recipient of a Tony Award for directing a play.
The play was produced in Australia in 1998 and again in 1999. The 1999 production was a tour by the Royal Court Theatre Company, appearing at the Adelaide Festival Centre (May - June 1999) and Wharf 1 (July 1999) and directed by Garry Hynes. The production returned to Ireland in 2000 as part of a final national tour.
2010 London revival
The play was revived in July 2010 at the Young Vic Theatre in the West End, starring Irish actress Rosaleen Linehan. The production transferred to Dublin's Gaiety Theatre where Linehan reprised her role opposite Derbhle Crotty. It then returned to the Young Vic for another run, closing in September 2011.
The Druid Theatre Company presented a revival in 2016-2017. Directed by Garry Hynes, the cast stars Marie Mullen as Mag, Aisling O'Sullivan as Maureen, Aaron Monaghan as Ray and Marty Rea as Pato. The production started in Ireland in Galway at the Town Hall Theatre in September 2016, and then toured to The Everyman, Cork; the Lime Tree Theatre, Limerick; and the Gaiety Theatre, Dublin. The play then toured in the US starting in November 2016.  The play ran at the Mark Taper Forum, Los Angeles, California in November 2016. The play opens at the Brooklyn Academy of Music (New York City), running from January 11, 2017 to February 5.
Maureen Folan, a 40-year-old spinster, lives in the Irish village of Leenane, Connemara, in the early 1990s with her 70-year-old mother Mag, for whom she acts as caretaker. While Maureen is out, the Folan home is visited by Ray Dooley, a young man, who invites both women to a farewell party for his visiting American uncle. When it seems Mag is incapable of remembering this message, Ray writes it down for Maureen. As soon as he leaves, Mag destroys the note in the furnace. Upon Maureen's return, she admonishes her mother for depending on her as if she were an invalid; despite her bad back and burnt hand, Maureen thinks Mag is capable of doing more for herself. Maureen has already learnt of the party from Ray, whom she passed on her way in, so she punishes Mag for her dishonesty by forcing her to drink lumpy Complan.
Maureen, a virgin who has only ever kissed two men, buys a new dress and attends the party. She brings Ray's older brother, Pato, home with her. Pato is a construction worker who lives primarily in London, though he is unhappy both there and in Leenane. He reveals that, although he has barely spoken to Maureen in twenty years of acquaintance, he has secretly thought of her as "the beauty queen of Leenane" for a long time. She brings him to her bedroom. In the morning, Mag empties her bedpan into the kitchen sink, a daily habit that disgusts Maureen. Pato emerges from the bedroom and prepares breakfast for a shocked Mag, revealing that Maureen insisted he not sneak out. Maureen then emerges, dressed only in her underwear, and flaunts her intimacy with Pato in front of Mag. Incensed, Mag accuses Maureen of having deliberately burnt her hand by pouring hot fat over it, and then reveals that it is actually she who is legally responsible for Maureen after having signed her out of an English "loony bin." After Mag goes to find the papers that prove this, Maureen tells Pato that Mag burnt herself trying to cook unsupervised, but she admits that she truly did suffer a nervous breakdown while working as a cleaner in England, fifteen years earlier, when she was unable to endure the teasing of her English coworkers. She claims Mag sometimes tries to tell lies about the past, thinking Maureen is unable to discern them from reality. Pato is sympathetic, telling her that his opinion of her is unchanged. However, when he urges her to dress herself for warmth, she becomes insecure about her appearance and throws a tantrum. Mag returns with the documents, but Pato ignores her, departing after telling an upset Maureen that he will write to her.
Some time later, Pato writes from London, telling Maureen that he is going to work for his American uncle in Boston, and he wants Maureen to come with him as soon as she can. The letter also reveals that he was unable to perform sexually when they were together, but he tells her that it was only because he had drunk too much. He also tells her that there will be a going away party for him. He sends the letter to Ray, with explicit instructions to put it directly into Maureen's hands. However, when Ray comes to the house, Maureen is out and Mag convinces him to leave the letter with her, playing on his resentment of Maureen for failing to return his swingball that fell in the Folan yard when he was a child and for snubbing him recently in the street. After Ray leaves, Mag reads and burns the letter.
On the night of Pato's farewell party, Maureen is aware of Pato's plans but assumes he is uninterested in pursuing a relationship. However, she tells Mag that it was she who ended things with him. When she continues to talk about the sexual encounter, Mag teases her and accidentally lets slip that she is aware of Pato's impotence. Seizing on it, Maureen tortures Mag with hot oil until she confesses the letter's existence and contents. Leaving Mag writhing on the floor, Maureen quickly puts on her dress and rushes out to the party. She returns home after midnight, telling a sleeping Mag that she caught Pato at the train station before he left, and they recommitted themselves to one another. Since neither of Maureen's two married sisters would take Mag and Maureen is unwilling to spare the expense of a nursing home, she has resolved to kill Mag by staging an accident.
A month later, Mag's funeral is held following an inquest that exonerated Maureen. Ray visits, bringing word from Pato. However, it soon becomes clear that Maureen imagined her reunion with Pato; he actually left by taxi without ever seeing Maureen. And now he has become engaged to a woman with whom he danced at the party. Maureen asks Ray to send Pato to send a message, "The beauty queen of Leenane says 'Goodbye.'" Ray leaves after discovering and seizing his lost swingball. Left alone in the house, Maureen puts on Mag's sweater, sits in her rocking chair, and adopts her mannerisms. The last line of the play a dedication on the radio suggests that Mag is merely at her birthday party and Maureen has imagined both her death and the inquest.
Awards and nominations
- 1996 Olivier Awards
- BBC Award for Play of the Year (Nomination)
- 1998 Tony Awards
- Best Play (Nomination)
- Best Leading Actress in a Play – Marie Mullen (WINNER)
- Best Featured Actor in a Play – Tom Murphy (WINNER)
- Best Featured Actor in a Play – Brían F. O'Byrne (Nomination)
- Best Featured Actress in a Play – Anna Manahan (WINNER)
- Best Direction of a Play – Garry Hynes (WINNER)
- 1998 Drama Desk Awards
- Outstanding Play (WINNER)
- Outstanding Actress in a Play – Marie Mullen (Nomination)
- Other awards
- 1998 Drama League Award for Best Play(WINNER)
- 1998 Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Play(WINNER)
- 1998 Outer Critics Circle Award Best Broadway Play(WINNER)
- 1998 Drama Critics Circle Award (Nomination)
- "Druid Theatre Company" druid.ie
- "'The Beauty Queen of Leenane' Ireland UK Tour" druid.ie, accessed 6 April 2016
- Taylor, Paul. "Theatre. The Leenane Trilogy Royal Court, London" The Independent, 27 July 1997
- The Beauty Queen of Leenane lortel.org, accessed 6 April 2016
- Brantley, Ben. "'The Beauty Queen of Leenane': Gasp for Breath Inside Airless Life" The New York Times, 27 February 1998
- "'The Beauty Queen of Leenane' Broadway" Playbill (vault), accessed 6 April 2016
- "Australian Tour" druid.ie, accessed 6 April 2016
- Billington, Michael. The Beauty Queen of Leenane The Guardian, 21 July 2010
- Kileen, Padraic. "Garry Hynes is bringing back Martin McDonagh’s The Beauty Queen of Leenane ", Irish Examiner, September 20, 2016
- Debruge, Peter. "L.A. Theater Review: The Beauty Queen of Leenane ", Variety, November 20, 2016
- Gordon, David. "Martin McDonagh's The Beauty Queen of Leenane to Receive First NYC Revival", theatermania.com, October 26, 2016
- "Olivier Awards, 1997" olivierawards.com, accessed 30 July 2011
- "64th Annual Drama League Awards". Retrieved 10 May 2006.
- "1998 Lucille Lortel Awards". Retrieved 10 May 2006.
- "1998 Outer Critics Circle Awards". Retrieved 10 May 2006.
- McDonagh, Martin (1998). Beauty Queen of Leenane & Other Plays. New York: Vintage Books. p. 259p. ISBN 0-375-70487-6.