The Bedford Incident
|The Bedford Incident|
|Directed by||James B. Harris|
|Produced by||James B. Harris|
|Screenplay by||James Poe|
|Based on||The Bedford Incident|
by Mark Rascovich
|Music by||Gerard Schurmann|
|Edited by||John Jympson|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Country||United Kingdom |
The Bedford Incident is a 1965 British-American Cold War film starring Richard Widmark and Sidney Poitier and co-produced by Widmark. The cast also features Eric Portman, James MacArthur, Martin Balsam and Wally Cox, as well as early appearances by Donald Sutherland and Ed Bishop. The screenplay by James Poe is based on the 1963 book by Mark Rascovich, which borrowed from the plot of Herman Melville's Moby-Dick; at one point in the film, the captain is advised he is "not chasing whales now". The film was directed by James B. Harris, who, until then, was best known as Stanley Kubrick's producer.
The American destroyer USS Bedford (DLG-113) detects a Soviet submarine in the GIUK gap near the Greenland coast. Although the U.S. and the Soviet Union are not at war, Captain Eric Finlander (Richard Widmark) harries his prey mercilessly, while civilian photojournalist Ben Munceford (Sidney Poitier) and NATO naval advisor Commodore (and ex-Second World War U-boat captain) Wolfgang Schrepke (Eric Portman), look on with mounting alarm.
Because the submarine is not powered by a nuclear reactor, it needs to surface periodically to replenish air and recharge its batteries. This gives Finlander an advantage but also means the Soviets will be more desperate. Also aboard the ship are Ensign Ralston (James MacArthur), an inexperienced young officer constantly being criticised by his captain for small errors and Lieutenant Commander Chester Potter, USNR (Martin Balsam), the ship's new doctor, who is a recently recalled reservist.
Munceford is aboard to photograph life on a Navy destroyer but his real interest is Finlander, who was recently passed over for promotion to rear admiral. Munceford is curious whether a comment made by Finlander regarding the American intervention in Cuba is the reason for his lack of promotion, perhaps betraying veiled aggression. Munceford is treated with mounting hostility by the captain because he is seen as a civilian poking his nose in and because he disagrees with Finlander's decision to continue with an unnecessary and dangerous confrontation. Finlander is hostile to anyone who is not involved in the hunt, including the doctor, who advises that the pressure on the crew be reduced but is unable to resist the captain on the issue.
The crew becomes increasingly fatigued by the unrelenting pursuit during which the captain demands full attention to the instruments. When the submarine is found and ignores Captain Finlander's demand to surface and identify itself, Finlander escalates the situation by smashing into the submarine's snorkel, ordering the snorkel be logged as an "unidentified floating object". Finlander orders the Bedford to arm weapons and withdraw a distance, where he will wait for the submarine's crew to run out of air and be forced to surface. He reassures Munceford and Schrepke that he is in command of the situation and that he will not fire first but "If he fires one, I'll fire one".
A tired Ensign Ralston mistakes Finlander's remark as the command to "fire one!" and launches an ASROC anti-submarine rocket. The crew tries to disarm its warhead and they wait anxiously as the rocket flies to its target and plunges below the surface toward the submarine. Several seconds later, their hopes are dashed as the warhead detonates, destroying the submarine. Sonar then detects four RDS-9 (Soviet nuclear-armed torpedoes) heading towards the destroyer; the submarine had fired them as soon as it detected the ASROC hit the water. Finlander gives basic orders to evade but then silently steps outside. Munceford follows, angrily confronting the captain for his inaction.
Finlander does nothing, knowing his actions have doomed everyone on board the Bedford, as the ship cannot escape the nuclear torpedoes. The film ends with still shots of various crewmen "melting" as if the celluloid film were burning as the Bedford and her crew are vaporised in an atomic blast. The film's final image is a mushroom cloud.
- Richard Widmark as Captain Eric Finlander, USN
- Sidney Poitier as Ben Munceford
- James MacArthur as Ensign Ralston, USN
- Eric Portman as Commodore Wolfgang Schrepke, Westdeutsche Marine
- Martin Balsam as Lieutenant Commander Chester Potter, MC, USNR
- Wally Cox as Seaman Merlin Queffle
- Michael Kane as Commander Allison, USN, Executive Officer
- Gary Cockrell as Lieutenant Bascombe, USN
- Phil Brown as Hospitalman McKinley
- Donald Sutherland as Hospitalman Nerney
- Ed Bishop as Lieutenant Hacker, USN, Communications
- Colin Maitland as Seaman Jones
The screenplay by James Poe follows the novel fairly closely but Poe wrote a different ending. In the novel, the Soviet submarine does not fire back at Bedford before being destroyed. The shocked Finlander then receives word of his promotion to admiral. Commodore Schrepke, realising that World War III will begin once the events are known, sabotages one of the remaining ASROCs and destroys the ship. Munceford, the sole survivor, is found by Novosibirsk, the submarine's mothership. Unlike the book, the film version ends with the vessels being destroyed by one another. The plot reflects several Cold War incidents between the NATO and Soviet navies, including one in 1957 when USS Gudgeon, a submarine, was caught in Soviet waters and chased out to sea by Soviet warships. Although none ended as catastrophically as the Bedford incident, the story illustrated many of the fears of the time. Similar plot devices have been used in later submarine-based films, including Crimson Tide and The Hunt for Red October, and the climax of the movie with the batte between both the Soviet sub and the American ship was also reflected in the movie X-Men: First Class .
The Bedford Incident was mostly filmed at Shepperton Studios in the UK, although some shots at sea were used. "USS Bedford" was a fictitious guided missile destroyer and the role of Bedford was mostly played by a large model of a Farragut-class destroyer. Interior scenes were filmed in the British Type 15 frigate HMS Troubridge; British military equipment can be seen in several shots, including a rack of Lee–Enfield rifles and Troubridge's novel, forward-sloping bridge windows. Sidney Poitier's initial flypast and landing from a Whirlwind helicopter were filmed aboard another Type 15 frigate, HMS Wakeful, whose F159 pennant number is clearly visible. The vessel portraying a Soviet intelligence ship has the name "Novo Sibursk", written on the hull at the bow in the Latin alphabet, not the Russian language's Cyrillic alphabet; "Novosibirsk" is a more accurate English rendering.
Actual Cold War incident
In October 1962, shortly before the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Soviet submarine B-59 was pursued in the Atlantic Ocean by the U.S. Navy. When the Soviet vessel failed to surface, the destroyers began dropping training depth charges. Unlike in The Bedford Incident, the Americans were not aware that the B-59 was armed with a T-5 nuclear torpedo. The Soviet captain, believing that World War III might have started, wanted to launch the weapon but was over-ruled by his flotilla commander, Vasili Arkhipov, who, by coincidence, was using the boat as his command vessel. After an argument, it was agreed that the submarine would surface and await orders from Moscow. It was not until after the fall of the Soviet Union that the weapon's existence and how close the world came to nuclear conflict was made known.
- List of American films of 1965
- Fail Safe, a 1964 drama concerning the accidental launch of a nuclear first strike by the USAF.
- Crowther, Bosley. "The Bedford Incident (1965)". nytimes.com. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- Fuller, Karla Rae. "The Bedford Incident (1965)". popmatters.com. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
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- "The Bedford Incident | review, synopsis, book tickets, showtimes ." timeout.com. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- Clark, Graeme. "Bedford Incident, The Review (1965)". thespinningimage.co.uk. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- Specifically, they are in Greenland territorial waters at the entrance to the J.C. Jacobsen Fjord, which is due northwest from Iceland.
- Noam Chomsky (2004). Hegemony or Survival: America's Quest for Global Dominance. New York: Henry Holt. p. 74. ISBN 0-8050-7688-3.
- Watson, Leon, & Duell, Mark (25 September 2012). "The Man Who Saved the World". Daily Mail. Retrieved 12 October 2012.