Super Friends (1980 TV series)

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Super Friends
Superfriends (1980).jpg
Also known as 'Super Friends V (season 1)
Super Friends VI (season 2)
Genre Animation
Action
Adventure
Sci-fi
Written by Haskell Barkin
Dick Conway
Willie Gilbert
Donald F. Glut
Mark Jones
Elana Lesser
Dick Robbins
Cliff Ruby
Directed by Oscar Dufau
George Gordon
Charles A. Nichols
Ray Patterson
Carl Urbano
Voices of Jack Angel
Michael Bell
Wally Burr
William Callaway
Danny Dark
Shannon Farnon
Buster Jones
Stan Jones
Casey Kasem
Michael Rye
Olan Soule
Frank Welker
Louise Williams
Narrated by William Woodson
Theme music composer Hoyt Curtin
Composer(s) Hoyt Curtin
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 3
No. of episodes 22 (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s) Joseph Barbera
William Hanna
Producer(s) Gerard Baldwin
Editor(s) Jeffrey Scott
Running time 60 minutes (including commercials)
Production company(s) Hanna-Barbera Productions
DC Comics
Distributor Taft Broadcasting (original)
Warner Bros. Television (current)
Release
Original network ABC
Original release September 13, 1980 – 1982
Chronology
Preceded by The World's Greatest Super Friends
Followed by Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show

Super Friends is an American animated television series about a team of superheroes which ran from 1980 to 1982 on ABC. It was produced by Hanna-Barbera and is based on the Justice League and associated comic book characters published by DC Comics. It was the fifth incarnation of the Super Friends series following Super Friends (1973 TV series), The All-New Super Friends Hour, Challenge of the Super Friends and The World's Greatest Super Friends.

Format[edit]

With Super Friends, the series abandoned the production of half-hour episodes (which was the case for the previous two Super Friends series), in favor of the production of seven-minute shorts. Each hour long episode of Super Friends would feature a half-hour rerun from one of the previous six years along with three new shorts. Meanwhile, the second season from 19811982 was a shorter season due to a writers' strike.

Main characters[edit]

These new adventures featured appearances by the core group of the five classic Super Friends (Aquaman, Batman, Robin, Superman and Wonder Woman) along with Zan, Jayna & Gleek. A 1981 episode titled "Evil From Krypton" depicted the Superman's Fortress of Solitude with a somewhat crystalline exterior and without the giant key, reminiscent of its film appearances. There were also guest appearances from members previously depicted in Challenge of the Super Friends as well as the original Hanna Barbera created hero El Dorado (debuting in the second season), who was added to the show to make the Super Friends more culturally diverse.

In El Dorado's debut episode "Alien Mummy" it is revealed that he is of Mexican descent. The narrator sets the scene by describing the location as 'ancient Aztec ruins in the Mexican wilderness'. One of El Dorado's lines is "these are the mysterious ruins of my people". Black Vulcan is able to spot-weld microelectronics as demonstrated in the episode "Dive to Disaster".

Guest characters and villains[edit]

The Riddler made his only solo appearance in a short episode entitled "Around The World In 80 Riddles" again voiced by Michael Bell. Queen Hippolyta as well as Paradise Island appear in the 1980 episode "Return of Atlantis." In her first two appearances, Hippolyta was a brunette however in her last appearance, she was blonde and wore a blue toga. Gorilla Grodd appeared in the short episodes "Two Gleeks Are Deadlier Than One" and "Revenge of Doom" again voiced by Stanley Ralph Ross. In "Two Gleeks are Deadlier Than One", he and Giganta (again voiced by Joan Gerber) capture Gleek and replace him with a robot duplicate in order to infiltrate the Super Friends and learn what they are planning. In "Revenge of Doom", Gorilla Grodd was seen with the Legion of Doom when they got back together (after salvaging the Legion of Doom headquarters from the swamp). While all 13 LOD members appear in "Revenge of Doom", only Lex Luthor, Sinestro (voiced by Jeff Winkless) and Solomon Grundy (again voiced by Jimmy Weldon) speak.

The three Phantom Zone villains, who first appeared in the 1978 episode "Terror from the Phantom Zone", later return in a "lost season" episode from 1983 titled "Return of the Phantoms". In it which they hijack an alien's time-space conveyor and go back in time to Smallville and attack Superboy (voiced by Jerry Dexter) to prevent him from becoming Superman. Fortunately, the pilot of that craft went to warn the Super Friends about what the trio would be attempting and guided Superman and Green Lantern to the proper time period to help the boy. The Super Friends version of the Phantom Zone is described as, "Far beyond the boundaries of the Milky Way. In the uncharted void of deep space. An incredible 5th dimension of space and time, lies parallel to the universe that we know. This interesting interstellar warp which holds the most sinister and ruthless criminals in the galaxy is the infamous Phantom Zone." The molecular structure of any person exiled in the Zone appears white and black. Batman's devices and the Wonder Twins' Exxor Powers are useless within the Phantom Zone.

Episodes[edit]

Cast[edit]

Production Credits[edit]

Season one[edit]

  • Executive Producers: Joseph Barbera and William Hanna
  • Producers: Gerard Baldwin, Don Jurwich, Art Scott
  • Directors: Ray Patterson, George Gordon, Charles A. Nichols, Oscar Dufau, Carl Urbano, Rudy Zamora
  • Story Supervision: Ray Parker
  • Story Editor: Jeff Scott
  • Story: Haskell Barkin, Dick Conway, Kerry Cummings, Willie Gilbert, Don Glut, Owen Harris, Mark Jones, Elana Lesser, Norman Maurer, Duane Poole, Janai Pringle, Dick Robbins, J. Kenneth Rotcop, Cliff Ruby, Henry Sharp, John Strong, Marshall L. Williams
  • Story Direction: Alvaro Arce, John Bruno, Robert Dranko, Jan Green, Rick Hoberg, Cullen Houghtaling, Don Jurwich, Emilie Kong, Larry Latham, Ron Maidenberg, Hal Mason, Will Meugniot, Michael O'Connor, Mario Piluso, Dick Sebast, Mike Sekowsky, Don Sheppard, George Singer, Paul Sommer, Howard Swift, Bob Taylor, Alex Toth, Warren Tufts, Al Wilson, Roy Wilson, Tom Yakutis
  • Recording Directors: Gordon Hunt, Don Jurwich, Wally Burr
  • Assistant to the Recording Director: Ginny McSwain
  • Voices: Norman Alden, Jack Angel, Marlene Aragon, Lewis Bailey, Michael Bell, Wally Burr, Bill Callaway, Ted Cassidy, Melanie Chartoff, Henry Corden, Regis Cordic, Danny Dark, Patty Dworkin, Richard Erdman, Al Fann, Shannon Farnon, Aileen Fitzpatrick, Ruth Forman, Pat Fraley, Peggy Frees, Kathy Garver, Bob Hastings, Bob Holt, Jane James, Joyce Jameson, Buster Jones, Stanley Jones, Casey Kasem, Joyce Mancini, Ken Mars, Ross Martin, Amanda McBroom, Chuck McClennan, Julie McWhirter, Don Messick, Richard Paul, Vic Perrin, Barney Phillips, James Reynolds, Mike Road, Renny Roker, Stanley Ralph Ross, Dick Ryal, Mike Rye, Olan Soule, Janet Waldo, Vernee Watson, Jimmy Weldon, Frank Welker, Louise Williams, Bill Woodson
  • Layout Supervision: John Ahern, Don Morgan
  • Key Layout: John Tucker, Terry Morgan, Warren Marshall, Homer Jonas
  • Layout: Hal Ambro, Kurt Anderson, Dale Barnhart, Greg Bombeck, Al Budnick, Nino Carbe, Tom Coppola, Susan Crossley, Sukhi Dail, Charles Downs, Hak Ficq, Owen Fitzgerald, Rene Garcia, Drew Gentle, Moe Gollub, Paul Gruwell, C. L. Hartman, Mike Hodgson, Gary Hoffman, Jack Huber, Alex Ignatiev, Ray Jacobs, Homer Jonas, Mike Kawaguchi, Mark Kirkland, Ken Landau, Brad Landreth, Bill Lignante, Greg Martin, Gale Morgan, Jim Mueller, Dan Noonan, Mike O'Mara, Anna Lee Orr, Linda Rowley, Tony Sgroi, Wallace Sides, Terry Slade, Martin Taras, Dean Thompson, Toby, John Walker, Al Wilson
  • Graphics: Iraj Paran, Tom Wogatzke
  • Title Design: Bill Perez
  • Musical Director: Hoyt Curtin
  • Musical Supervisor: Paul DeKorte
  • Creative Producer: Iwao Takamoto
  • Design Supervisor: Bob Singer
  • Character Design: Curtis Cim, Jack Kirby, Andre LeBlanc, Mike Sekowsky, Bob Singer, Alex Toth, George Wheeler
  • Animation Supervision: Bill Keil, Jay Sarbry, Bob Goe
  • Animation: Ed Aardal, Bob Alvarez, Frank Andrina, Cliff Augustson, Colin Baker, Anne Marie Bardwell, Ed Barge, Tom Barnes, Warren Batchelder, Max Becraft, Bob Bemiller, Richard Bowman, Bob Bransford, Becky Bristow, James Brummett, Oliver Callahan, Lars Calonius, Rudy Cataldi, Roger Chiasson, Steve Clark, Richard Coleman, Joanna Combellick, John Conning, Jesse Cosio, Doug Crane, Gabor Csupo, Zeon Davush, Daniel De La Vega, Xenia DeMattia, Elaine Despins, Charles Downs, Joan Drake, Judith Ann Drake, Norm Drew, Lillian Evans, Marcia Fertig, Gail Finkeldei, Hugh Fraser, Al Gaivoto, Charles Gammage, Miguel Garcia, Mark Glamack, Fernando Gonzalez, Alan Green, Jack Hadley, Jeff Hall, Terry Harrison, Bob Hathcock, Fred Hellmich, Harry Holt, Charles Howell, Bill Hutten, Volus Jones, Mario Julio, Jim Keeshen, Bob Kirk, Aundre Knutson, Rick Leon, Teresa Loewy, Hicks Lokey, Michael Longden, Ernesto Lopez, Ed Love, Tony Love, Mircea Manta, Mauro Maressa, Duncan Marjoribanks, Bob Matz, Burt Medall, Larry Miller, Tran Vu Minh, Ken Muse, Constantin Mustatea, Ron Myrick, Frank Nakielski, Sean Newton, Margaret Nichols, Eduardo Olivares, Margaret Parkes, Don Patterson, Lester Pegues, Jr., Barney Posner, Bill Pratt, Delpino Ramirez, Harry Rasmussen, Anna Lois Ray, Tom Ray, William Recinos, Morey Reden, Vive Risto, Arnulfo Rivera, Mitch Rochon, Tom Ruegger, Jay Sarbry, Joel Seibel, Kunio Shimamura, Mark Simon, Ed Solomon, Paul Sommer, Ken Southworth, Leo Sullivan, Robert Taylor, Barry Temple, Dave Tendlar, Dick Thompson, Bob Trochim, Richard Trueblood, Robert Tyler, Carlos Vincenzi, Carlo Vinci, Russ Von Neida, John Walker, Ron Westlund, Allen Wilzbach
  • Assistant Animation Supervision: John Boersema, Bob Goe, Rick Leon
  • Assistant Animation: Tom Sito
  • Animation Coordinator: John Boersema
  • Backgrounds: Deborah Akers, Lorraine Andrina, Fernando Arce, Greg Battes, Daniela Bielecka, Dario Campanile, Nino Carbe, Jim Coleman, Ron Dias, Gil DiCicco, Dennis Durrell, Flamarion Ferreira, Martin Forte, Bob Gentle, Bonnie Goodknight, Ann Guenther, Tom Hames, Marsha Hanes, James Hegedus, Eric Heschong, Jim Hickey, Paro Hozumi, Mike Humphries, Richard Khim, Phil Lewis, Bill Lorencz, Norm McGary, Michele Moen, Andy Phillipson, Phil Phillipson, Bill Proctor, Michael Reinman, Jeff Richards, Jeff Riche, Craig Robertson, Ron Roesch, Bob Schaefer, Sera Segal-Alsberg, Gary Selvaggio, Marilyn Shimokochi, Dick Thomas, Cal Titus, Peter Van Elk, Dennis Venizelos
  • Background Supervision: Al Gmuer
  • Checking and Scene Planning: Jackie Banks, Evelyn Sherwood, Cindy Smith
  • Xerography: Star Wirth
  • Ink and Paint Supervision: Alison Victory, Billie Kerns
  • Sound Direction: Richard Olson, Joe Citarella, Bill Getty
  • Technical Supervision: Jerry Mills
  • Supervising Film Editors: Larry C. Cowan, Dick Elliott
  • Camera: Ross Avery, Bob Berry, Allen Childs, Marc Debbaudt, Candace Edwards, George Epperson, Tom Epperson, Chuck Flekal, Curt Hall, Ron Jackson, Mike Kane, Raymond Lee, Ralph Migliori, Joe Ponticelle, Sherry Popovich, Jerry Smith, Larry Smith, Terry Smith, Neil Viker, Roy Wade, Brandy Whittington, Jerry Whittington
  • Music Editors: Richard Allen, Sam Horta, Joe Sandusky, David Spence, Robert Talboy
  • Dubbing Supervisor: Pat Foley
  • Effects Editors: Michael Bradley, Rick Eiseman, Mark Green, Denise Horta, Eileen Horta, Mark Mangini, Joseph Reitano, Kerry Williams
  • Sound by: Glen Glenn PAP
  • Show Editor: Gil Iverson
  • Negative Consultant: William E. DeBoer
  • Post Production Supervisor: Joed Eaton
  • Executives in Charge of Production: Margaret Loesch and Jayne Barbera
  • A Hanna-Barbera Production
  • "Based upon the characters appearing in the Justice League of America and Super Friends comics published by DC Comics, Inc."
  • This Picture Made Under the Jurisdiction of IATSE-IA Affiliated with A.F.L.-C.I.O.
  • ©1977, 1978, 1979, 1980 DC Comics, Inc. and Hanna-Barbera Productions, Inc.

Season two[edit]

  • Executive Producers: Joseph Barbera and William Hanna
  • Producer: Gerard Baldwin
  • Story Editor: David Villaire
  • Supervising Director: Ray Patterson
  • Directors: George Gordon, Carl Urbano, Rudy Zamora
  • Assistant Directors: Bob Goe, Terry Harrison
  • Story Supervision: Ray Parker
  • Story Editor: Jeff Scott
  • Story Direction: George Goldstein, Cullen Houghtaling, Chris Jenkins, Larry Latham, George Singer
  • Recording Director: Gordon Hunt
  • Animation Casting Director: Ginny McSwain
  • Voices: Michael Ambrosini, Jack Angel, Jered Barclay, Michael Bell, Greg Burson, Wally Burr, Bill Callaway, Peter Cullen, Danny Dark, Takayo Doran, Fernando Escandon, Shannon Farnon, Phil Hartman, Buster Jones, Casey Kasem, Morgan Lofting, Allan Lurie, Larry D. Mann, Ken Mars, Chuck McCann, Andy Rivas, Mike Road, Paul Ross, Michael Rye, Rick Segall, Michael Sheehan, Olan Soule, André Stojka, Lee Thomas, Frank Welker, Louise Williams, Bill Woodson, Lynnanne Zager, Marian Zajac
  • Graphics: Iraj Paran, Tom Wogatzke
  • Title Design: Bill Perez
  • Musical Director: Hoyt Curtin
  • Musical Supervisor: Paul DeKorte
  • Creative Producer: Iwao Takamoto
  • Design Supervisor: Bob Singer
  • Character Design: Curtis Cim, Geoff Darrow, Michael Takamoto
  • Layout Supervisor: Don Morgan
  • Key Layout: Floyd Norman
  • Layout: A. Alcala, A. Brown, Dave Dunnet, John Kricfalusi, Kenneth Landau, Jack Manning, Michael O'Mara, Karen Paat, Norly Paat, Mario Piluso, Joe Roman, Roy Wilson, J. Wolfberg
  • Animation Supervisors: Jay Sarbry, Don Patterson, Jim Duffy
  • Animation: Bob Hathcock, Bill Hutten, Tony Love, Ron Myrick, Jeffery Hall, James T. Walker, Bob Alvarez, Becky Bristow, Kent Butterworth, Joan Case, John Conning, Doug Crane, Valerie Gifford, Lenny Graves, Walter Kubiak, Ed Love, Lori McLaughlin, Fred Myers, Karen Peterson, Nelson Rhodes, Michael Sanger, Lana Sauceda, Richard Trueblood, Robert Tyler, Bonita Versh
  • Assistant Animation Supervisor: John Boersema
  • Background Supervisor: Al Gmuer
  • Backgrounds: Lorraine Andrina, Fernando Arce, Gil DiCicco, Dennis Durrell, Flamarion Ferreira, Martin Forte, Robert Gentle, James Hegedus, Eric Heschong, Jim Hickey, Paro Hozumi, Michael Humphries, Victoria Jenson, Phil Lewis, Michelle Moen, Andy Phillipson, Phil Phillipson, Bill Proctor, Jeff Richards, Jeff Riche, Ron Roesch, Dennis Venizelos
  • Checking and Scene Planning: Jackie Banks
  • Xerography: Star Wirth
  • Ink and Paint Supervision: Alison Victory
  • Sound Direction: Richard Olson, Joe Citarella
  • Supervising Film Editors: Larry C. Cowan, Dick Elliott
  • Camera: Roy Wade, Ray Lee, Steve Altman, Bob Cohen, Candy Edwards, Chuck Flekal, Curt Hall, Bob Marples, Ralph Migliori, Joe Ponticelle, Cliff Shirpser, Paul Wainess, Brandy Whittington, Jerry Whittington
  • Technical Supervision: Jerry Mills
  • Dubbing and Supervising Film Editor: Joe Sandusky
  • Effects Editor: Michael Bradley
  • Show Editor: Gil Iverson
  • Negative Consultant: William E. DeBoer
  • Post Production Supervisor: Joed Eaton
  • Production Manager: James Wang
  • Sound by: Glen Glenn PAP
  • Executives in Charge of Production: Jayne Barbera and Margaret Loesch
  • A Hanna-Barbera Production
  • "Based upon the characters appearing in the Justice League of America and Super Friends comics published by DC Comics, Inc."
  • This Picture Made Under the Jurisdiction of IATSE-IA Affiliated with A.F.L.-C.I.O.
  • ©1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981 DC Comics, Inc. and Hanna-Barbera Productions, Inc.

Season three[edit]

  • Executive Producers: Joseph Barbera and William Hanna
  • Producer: Kay Wright
  • Story by: Jeffrey Scott
  • Directors: George Gordon, Bob Hathcock, Carl Urbano, Rudy Zamora
  • Assistant Directors: Bob Goe, Terry Harrison, Bill Hutten
  • Story Direction: Richard Chidlaw, Jim Fletcher, David Russell, Lew Saw, Roy Wilson
  • Recording Director: Gordon Hunt
  • Animation Casting Director: Ginny McSwain
  • Voices: Jack Angel, Marlene Aragon, Jered Barclay, Michael Bell, Wally Burr, Bill Callaway, Philip Lewis Clarke, Peter Cullen, Danny Dark, Jerry Dexter, Jeff Doucette, Fernando Escandon, Shannon Farnon, Brian Fuld, Joanie Gerber, Nicholas Guest, John Hostetter, Erv Immerman, David Jolliffe, Buster Jones, Stanley Jones, Casey Kasem, Zale Kessler, Bill Martin, Pat Parris, Victor Perrin, Patrick Pinney, Tony Pope, William Ratner, Stanley Ralph Ross, Michael Rye, Olan Soule, André Stojka, Robert Strom, Matthew Tobin, Janis Ward, Jimmy Weldon, Frank Welker, Louise Williams, Jeff Winkless, William Woodson, Marian Zajac
  • Graphics: Iraj Paran, Tom Wogatzke
  • Musical Director: Hoyt Curtin
  • Musical Supervisor: Paul DeKorte
  • Creative Producer: Iwao Takamoto
  • Design Supervisor: Bob Singer
  • Character Design: Curtis Cim, Geoff Darrow, Gabriel Hoyos, Jesse Santos
  • Layout: Franco Christophani, Dave Hoover, John Perry, Virgil Raddatz, Lew Saw, Gary Terry, David West
  • Animation Supervisor: Don Patterson
  • Sound Direction: Dick Olson, Joe Wachter
  • Supervising Film Editor: Larry C. Cowan
  • Dubbing Supervisor: Pat Foley
  • Music Editors: Terry Moore, Joe Sandusky, Robert Talboy
  • Effects Editors: Michael Bradley, Mary Gleason, Carol Lewis, Catherine MacKenzie, Sue Sawade, Kerry Williams
  • Show Editor: Gil Iverson
  • Negative Consultant: William E. DeBoer
  • Post Production Supervisor: Joed Eaton
  • Production Manager: James Wang
  • Executives in Charge of Production: Margaret Loesch and Jayne Barbera
  • A Hanna-Barbera Production
  • "Based upon the characters appearing in the Justice League of America and Super Friends comics published by DC Comics, Inc."
  • This Picture Made Under the Jurisdiction of IATSE-IA Affiliated with A.F.L.-C.I.O.
  • ©1983 DC Comics, Inc. and Hanna-Barbera Productions, Inc.

Reruns, cancellation, and lost episodes[edit]

For the 19821983 television season, ABC continued to run a half-hour of reruns from the previous seasons called The Best of the Super Friends. It also should be noted that none of the seven minute shorts were rebroadcast. By 1983, Hanna-Barbera had created a syndication package (that was distributed by LBS Communications and ran from 19831986) of the earlier Super Friends series. These episodes were picked up by various stations across the United States and were typically broadcast on weekday afternoons. Not wishing to compete with the syndicated programming, ABC dropped the series from the 19831984 Saturday morning television line-up, and for the second time in its run, Super Friends was canceled. However, during this period of time, Hanna-Barbera continued to produce new episodes of Super Friends.

In total, 8 episodes (24 cartoons) of the so-called "Lost Episodes" were animated but not aired in the United States that season. The series did appear in Australia uninterrupted. One of these episodes were aired when Super Friends returned to Saturday morning ABC television the following year. The remainder of the episodes finally aired in syndication in 1995 as part of the Superman/Batman Adventures show on the USA Network. The series also aired on Cartoon Network.

Home media releases[edit]

In April 2009, Warner Home Video announced their plans to release the lost episodes of this series in August of that year. They were released as a DVD set, titled Super Friends: The Lost Episodes, on August 11, 2009. In April 2013, Warner Home Video announced Season one episodes would be released on DVD as "Super Friends - Season 5: A Dangerous Fate", on July 23, 2013. Warner Home Video also announced that "Super Friends: Legacy of Super Powers - Season 6" would be released on DVD on October 8, 2013. With the release of Season 6 its makes the entire Super Friends series is on DVD.

References[edit]

External links[edit]