The Big Bang Theory (season 1)

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The Big Bang Theory
Season 1
The Big Bang Theory Season 1.jpg
First season DVD cover art
Country of originUnited States
No. of episodes17
Original networkCBS
Original releaseSeptember 24, 2007 (2007-09-24) –
May 19, 2008 (2008-05-19)
Season chronology
Next →
Season 2
List of episodes

The first season of the American sitcom The Big Bang Theory was originally aired on CBS from September 24, 2007, to May 19, 2008, over 17 episodes. An unaired pilot also exists. The Season 1 DVD came without a gag reel and is, so far, the only Big Bang Theory DVD set not to have one. The reissued Blu-ray, was released July 10, 2012, and includes a gag reel that is exclusive to the set. The episodes on Blu-ray are all in remastered surround sound, whereas the DVD version had stereo. Two of the main cast, Sheldon and Leonard, are named after actor, director, and producer Sheldon Leonard.[1]

Johnny Galecki and Sara Gilbert both selected the episode "The Hamburger Postulate" as a Primetime Emmy Award submission for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series and Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series, respectively, at the 60th Primetime Emmy Awards, but both ended up not receiving a nomination.[2] Jim Parsons selected the episode "The Pancake Batter Anomaly" as a Primetime Emmy Award submission for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series at the 60th Primetime Emmy Awards, but ended up not receiving a nomination.[2]


The lives of physicists Dr. Leonard Hofstadter and Dr. Sheldon Cooper are shaken up when an attractive young aspiring actress from Omaha, Nebraska named Penny moves into the apartment across the hall from theirs. Leonard begins to become hopelessly enamored of Penny, while she feels only platonic affection for him. She finds herself putting up with his closest and ever-present friends: his roommate, Sheldon, who appears borderline obsessive-compulsive and has a relentless need to assert his intellectual supremacy; engineering whiz Howard Wolowitz, a desperately sex-crazed mama's boy who thinks that his 1960s-style clothing and hairstyle give him an air of cool hipness; and Dr. Rajesh "Raj" Koothrappali, who cannot speak to her as he is too shy to talk to women (a case of selective mutism), unless intoxicated in which case he becomes a smooth talking yet highly overly aggressive womanizing flirt.

During Season One, Sheldon loses his job for insulting his new boss, finds his ego bruised by a child prodigy, and becomes unable to bear being part of a lie that Leonard has told, and Penny and Leonard go out on a date in the season finale. It is the only season not to feature John Ross Bowie as the recurring character Barry Kripke and Kevin Sussman as Stuart Bloom.



The program's initial pilot, developed for the 2006/07 television season, was substantially different from its current form. From the later series, only Johnny Galecki and Jim Parsons were in the cast, and their across-the-hall neighbor Katie was envisioned as "a street-hardened, tough-as-nails woman with a vulnerable interior".[3] Katie was played by actress Amanda Walsh.[4] They also had a female friend called Gilda (played by Iris Bahr). The program's original theme music was also different, using Thomas Dolby's hit "She Blinded Me with Science". The program was not picked up, but the creators were given an opportunity to revise it, bringing in the remaining leading cast and retooling the show to its current format. The original unaired pilot has never been released on any official format, but copies of it have circulated online.

The second pilot of The Big Bang Theory was directed by James Burrows, who did not continue with the show. This reworked pilot led to a 13-episode order by CBS on May 14, 2007.[5] Prior to its airing on CBS, the pilot episode was distributed on iTunes free of charge. The show premiered September 24, 2007, and was picked up for a full 22-episode season on October 19, 2007.[6]

Production on the show was halted on November 6, 2007, due to the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike, which the same thing happened in The Office Season Four, only to be replaced by a short-lived sitcom, Welcome to The Captain on February 4, 2008, but returning on March 17, 2008, in an earlier time slot with nine new episodes.[7][8]

David Saltzberg, a professor of physics and astronomy at the University of California, Los Angeles, checks scripts and provides dialogue, math equations and diagrams used as props.[9]

Clips from the season finale, "The Tangerine Factor", gained popularity on the Chinese video-sharing website Tudou because of Sheldon's comically inaccurate Mandarin.[citation needed]


No. in
TitleDirected byWritten byOriginal air dateProd.
U.S. viewers
11"Pilot"James BurrowsChuck Lorre & Bill PradySeptember 24, 2007 (2007-09-24)2760239.52[10]
After an unsuccessful visit to the high-IQ sperm bank, Dr. Leonard Hofstadter and Dr. Sheldon Cooper return home to find aspiring actress Penny is their new neighbor across the hall from their apartment. Sheldon thinks Leonard, who is immediately interested in her, is chasing a dream he will never catch. Leonard invites Penny to his and Sheldon's apartment for Indian food, where she asks to use their shower since hers is broken. While wrapped in a towel, she gets to meet their visiting friends Howard Wolowitz, a wannabe ladies' man who tries to hit on her, and Rajesh Koothrappali, who is unable to speak to her as he suffers from selective mutism in the presence of women. Leonard is so infatuated with Penny that, after helping her use their shower, he agrees to retrieve her TV from her ex-boyfriend Kurt. However, Kurt's physical superiority overwhelms Leonard's and Sheldon's combined IQ of 360, and they return without pants or TV. Penny, feeling bad, offers to take the guys out to dinner, initiating a friendship with them.
22"The Big Bran Hypothesis"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Chuck Lorre & Bill Prady
Teleplay by : Robert Cohen & Dave Goetsch
October 1, 2007 (2007-10-01)3T66018.58[11]

When Sheldon and Leonard drop off a box of flat pack furniture that came for Penny, Sheldon is deeply disturbed at how messy and disorganized her apartment is. Later that night, while Penny sleeps, the obsessive-compulsive Sheldon, unable to sleep, sneaks into her apartment to organize and clean it. Leonard finds out and reluctantly helps him. The next morning, Penny is furious to discover they had been in her apartment. Sheldon tries to apologize to Penny but fails by remarking that Leonard is a "gentle and thorough lover". Later, Penny encounters Raj in the hallway. Though he cannot talk to Penny, she calms down whilst telling him about the issue, reasoning the guys were just trying to help her, and hugs Raj. Then Leonard apologizes, prompting Penny to forgive and hug him.

Title reference: Sheldon having Big Bran cereal (with higher fiber content) after Penny finds out her apartment has been rearranged.
33"The Fuzzy Boots Corollary"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Chuck Lorre
Teleplay by : Bill Prady & Steven Molaro
October 8, 2007 (2007-10-08)3T66028.36[12]

When a dejected Leonard sees Penny kissing a man in front of her apartment door, the guys persuade him to date someone at work, so he approaches fellow scientist Leslie Winkle. In an experiment to strip the usual dating procedure to its essentials, she suggests fast forwarding to a kiss. She finds their kiss good but unexciting, so she turns him down. As Leonard becomes more depressed, thinking of buying a cat, Sheldon points out that Penny never rejected him as he never asked her out, so Leonard asks her out to dinner. As she misinterprets this as an invitation to hang out with all the guys, he devises reasons for their absence from the date. Penny says the man Leonard saw was not her boyfriend: casual weekend sex helps her get over relationships. Leonard, excited, regains his confidence, but he accidentally hurts himself and Penny has to take him home. In the end, Leonard does not find the courage to reveal his true feelings to Penny, though she suspected what he was up to.

Title reference: One of the names Leonard was considering for his cat.
44"The Luminous Fish Effect"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Chuck Lorre & Bill Prady
Teleplay by : David Litt & Lee Aronsohn
October 15, 2007 (2007-10-15)3T66038.15[13]

At the university, Sheldon is fired from his job as a physicist after insulting his new boss Dr. Eric Gablehauser. Sheldon's change of circumstance triggers a downward spiral of depression in which he fails to improve scrambled eggs, develops luminous fish for nightlights, and weaves on a hand loom. Worried, Leonard calls Sheldon's mother, Mary Cooper. When she visits, the men realize she is the complete opposite of their expectations: she is sweet, down-to-earth, a devout Christian, and a loving and caring mother. Mary finally forces Sheldon to apologize, who is given his job back after she flirts with Dr. Gablehauser.

Title reference: Sheldon creating glow-in-the-dark fish during his period of unemployment. A line of genetically modified fluorescent fish using the green fluorescent protein (and variants) from jellyfish, the GloFish, was actually developed and began selling in 2003.
55"The Hamburger Postulate"Andrew D. WeymanStory by : Jennifer Glickman
Teleplay by : Dave Goetsch & Steven Molaro
October 22, 2007 (2007-10-22)3T66048.81[14]

The guys, eating at the Cheesecake Factory where Penny works, are approached by Leslie Winkle. She wants Leonard to play cello in her string quartet as the other players are uncomfortable near the current cellist who was possibly irradiated at work. After the quartet practice in Leonard and Sheldon's apartment, Leslie seduces Leonard for the night, making Sheldon so uneasy that he repeatedly asks Penny's advice. Penny later congratulates Leonard, who tries to figure out what she meant. Leonard decides to pursue a real relationship with Leslie rather than an imaginary one with Penny, but at her lab, Leslie makes it clear she is not interested in a relationship: she just needed him for a one-night stand to satisfy her sex drive - which is now satisfied until New Year. Leonard later tells Penny, who reassures him and walks away smiling.

Title reference: Sheldon switching his favorite burger restaurant.
66"The Middle-earth Paradigm"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Dave Goetsch
Teleplay by : David Litt & Robert Cohen
October 29, 2007 (2007-10-29)3T66058.92[15]

Penny invites the guys to her Halloween party. They at first decline as they do not dance, but accept when costumes are mentioned. At the party they have problems socializing: Sheldon is unable to explain his Doppler effect costume since none of Penny's friends are physicists or smart enough to understand it; Raj (dressed as Thor) cannot speak to women; Howard as Robin Hood is mistaken for Peter Pan; and Leonard (dressed as Frodo Baggins from The Lord of the Rings) is insecure. Penny's ex-boyfriend Kurt (underdressed as a very tall, muscular caveman) later shows up and aggressively confronts Leonard, causing him to leave. A drunk Penny goes to check on Leonard and apologizes for Kurt's behavior, confessing that Kurt played on her emotions to come to her party. She is very upset, but Leonard tells her she is perfect, and they kiss, but Leonard stops it from going any further, not wanting to take advantage of her drunken and emotional state. They kiss again, in sight of Kurt, Leonard saying "That's how we roll at the Shire!" before locking his apartment door in panic. Meanwhile, Howard cannot find Raj, who is at home sleeping with a girl who finds him to be a "very good listener".

Title reference: Leonard's Halloween costume.
77"The Dumpling Paradox"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Chuck Lorre & Bill Prady
Teleplay by : Lee Aronsohn & Jennifer Glickman
November 5, 2007 (2007-11-05)3T66069.68[16]

Penny's promiscuous acquaintance Christy from Omaha, Nebraska, "kind of family" since she slept with Penny's brother whilst engaged to her cousin, arrives to visit Penny indefinitely, and immediately beds Howard in Penny's apartment which the pair take over. Penny replaces Howard as a Halo 3 player and displays natural talent, to Sheldon's disbelief. To avoid the noisy "lovers", Penny sleeps on Leonard and Sheldon's couch that night. Next day, Howard invites Christy to move in with him (and his mother), taking up all his time. Distraught at the odd number in the group, Sheldon invites Penny to play Halo again, but she prefers to go dancing. The guys believe their group is falling apart and go to speak to Howard. There they hear Howard's mother arguing loudly with Christy, causing her to leave. Howard, single again, goes to play Halo with the guys, and the group is restored, completely ignoring Penny and her three attractive friends who briefly appear at the door.

Title reference: The scene where Leonard, Sheldon, and Raj are at the Chinese restaurant and do not know what to do with the spare dumpling which Howard would normally have eaten.
88"The Grasshopper Experiment"Ted WassStory by : Dave Goetsch & Steven Molaro
Teleplay by : Lee Aronsohn & Robert Cohen
November 12, 2007 (2007-11-12)3T66079.32[17]

Raj introduces his parents, Dr. V.M. Koothrappali and Mrs. Koothrappali, to his friends via webcam. However, Raj is overwhelmed when his parents try to arrange him a date with Lalita Gupta, a childhood friend and dental student, as he cannot talk to women. To Raj's annoyance, Howard, using a fake Indian accent to impersonate Raj, phones Lalita to set up a date for them. Meanwhile, Penny takes up bar tending for some extra money. She practices mixing drinks with the guys, and they discover Raj is able to speak to women after drinking alcohol. They decide his date should be at Penny's restaurant so she and the guys can keep an eye on Raj's behavior when drinking. On his date, Raj becomes an obnoxious drunk, angering Lalita, who has no intentions of marrying Raj and had only agreed to the date to placate her parents. After Sheldon flatters Lalita with compliments comparing her to Princess Panchali, an Indian fairy tale princess, she takes him away for a meal, to Raj's horror. When Raj tries to explain all this to his parents, they are angry about his drinking.

Title reference: The drink (a Grasshopper) that enabled Raj to speak to women.
99"The Cooper-Hofstadter Polarization"Joel MurrayStory by : Bill Prady & Stephen Engel
Teleplay by : Chuck Lorre & Lee Aronsohn & Dave Goetsch
March 17, 2008 (2008-03-17)3T66089.11[18]

Leonard cleans up after an Internet experiment, and in the trash can he finds an invitation to him and Sheldon to present their joint research at an academic conference. Sheldon disapproves of presenting research in person, but Leonard defies him and goes alone. This causes a rift between the two which Penny tries to mend but accidentally makes worse. Sheldon appears at the conference and tries to discredit Leonard's presentation by attempting to "blow up" Leonard's head with his mind à la the movie Scanners, starting a physical altercation between the two. Howard films the fight on his cellphone and puts it on YouTube, but angers Penny by also posting a photo on Facebook of her sleeping on his shoulder during the presentation, entitled "Me and my girlfriend".

Title reference: The rift between Leonard and Sheldon.
1010"The Loobenfeld Decay"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Chuck Lorre
Teleplay by : Bill Prady & Lee Aronsohn
March 24, 2008 (2008-03-24)3T66098.63[19]

Penny is given a part in the musical Rent, but after Leonard and Sheldon hear her off-key singing, Leonard lies to avoid having to see her perform and hurt her feelings. Sheldon, worried that Leonard's lie was inadequate, devises an intricate lie about his nonexistent drug-addicted cousin "Leopold Houston" needing an intervention the night of the play. Sheldon is so obsessed with his lie's credibility that he has Toby Loobenfeld, a research assistant who double majored in Physics and Theatre, impersonate cousin "Leo" to convince Penny the lie is true. In the end, Leonard must still see the video of Penny's performance, and Penny and "Leo" start flirting.

Title reference: The name of the physicist/actor, Toby Loobenfeld, who plays the fictional cousin.
1111"The Pancake Batter Anomaly"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Chuck Lorre & Lee Aronsohn
Teleplay by : Bill Prady & Stephen Engel
March 31, 2008 (2008-03-31)3T66108.68[20]

Penny returns from visiting family in Nebraska, but mentions while picking up mail from Leonard that most of her relatives became sick. Sheldon, a germophobe according to Leonard, freaks out and becomes sick, becoming demanding on top of his already obnoxious personality. Familiar with Sheldon being sick, Leonard and the guys hide from him at a Planet of the Apes series marathon, leaving Penny to care for Sheldon. However, Leonard breaks his glasses in the cinema and has to retrieve his spare pair from the apartment, piloted by Howard and Raj using a laptop, an endoscope, and a Bluetooth helmet camera worn by the short-sighted Leonard. Penny intercepts him and abandons him to his fate with Sheldon. Leonard tries to escape, but runs into a wall and nearly knocks himself out. In the end, injured Leonard and sick Sheldon sit miserably on the couch.

Title reference: Sheldon's urine measuring cup, which is the same cup Leonard uses to mix pancake batter.
1212"The Jerusalem Duality"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Jennifer Glickman & Stephen Engel
Teleplay by : Dave Goetsch & Steven Molaro
April 14, 2008 (2008-04-14)3T66117.69[21]

Sheldon becomes envious when he meets 15-year-old child prodigy Dennis Kim, who was accepted for doctoral studies at the university, and soon realizes that not only is Kim similar to himself (an obnoxious and arrogant child prodigy), but is even smarter than he. Sheldon loses faith in his own research and annoys his friends by criticizing their work more than ever and forcing his own contributions on them. Finding his physics work useless, he aims for the Nobel Peace Prize by attempting to solve all Middle East conflicts, but he annoys everyone, including a Jewish professor, with his proposal that an exact duplicate of Jerusalem be built in the Mexican desert. The others, tired of Sheldon's behavior, decide to distract Kim with girls of the same age. Their plan unexpectedly works at Kim's welcome party, and Kim leaves with a blonde 15-year-old. Sheldon resumes his research while the others are perplexed at how easily Kim was able to get a girl.

Title reference: Sheldon's proposed duplication of Jerusalem.
1313"The Bat Jar Conjecture"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Stephen Engel & Jennifer Glickman
Teleplay by : Bill Prady & Robert Cohen
April 21, 2008 (2008-04-21)3T66127.51[22]

The guys decide to compete in a university quiz called physics bowl after the strong competitors drop out, but Sheldon's showboating is too much, and they eject him from the team. Sheldon, upset, vows to form his own team and compete against them. The guys, in need of a fourth member, ask Leslie Winkle. She at first declines, but accepts on hearing they are opposing Sheldon, who has often criticized her research and gender. The guys name themselves PMS (Perpetual Motion Squad, an unintentional pun on premenstrual syndrome). Sheldon's team is named AA (Army Ants, an unintentional pun on Alcoholics Anonymous), and comprises Sheldon (who forbids answers from his teammates), the 3rd floor janitor, the lunch lady, and her son (or possibly her butcher). PMS win when Sheldon, unable to answer the last question, refuses to accept the janitor's answer, which is actually correct: he explains that despite working as a janitor in America, he was a physicist in the former Soviet Union.

Title reference: The Batman cookie jar ("Bat Jar") given to Sheldon when he is kicked out of the original team.
1414"The Nerdvana Annihilation"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Bill Prady
Teleplay by : Stephen Engel & Steven Molaro
April 28, 2008 (2008-04-28)3T66138.07[23]

In an online auction, Leonard buys a full-sized replica of the time machine from the 1960 film The Time Machine, believing it to be a miniature. The men's efforts to move the cumbersome object into the apartment cause Penny to lose a work shift, and she lashes out at them for their obsession with childish memorabilia. This upsets Leonard, who decides to sell all his collectibles. His friends try to dissuade him, but they also want his collectibles and argue over who should get what. Sheldon later accuses Penny of hypocrisy, pointing out her own love of such things as Hello Kitty or Care Bears. Penny apologizes to Leonard and dissuades him from abandoning the things he loves. His hope of a relationship with her is thus very briefly renewed until her current boyfriend Mike appears and pulls her into her apartment. Sheldon later has nightmares of being attacked by Morlocks, and persuades Leonard to return the time machine replica.

Title reference: Leonard getting rid of his collectibles, which Howard refers to as "Nerdvana".
1515"The Shiksa Indeterminacy"[24]
"The Pork Chop Indeterminacy"[25]
Mark CendrowskiStory by : Chuck Lorre
Teleplay by : Lee Aronsohn & Bill Prady
May 5, 2008 (2008-05-05)3T66147.38[26]

Sheldon introduces his twin sister Missy to the guys, and all are attracted to her. Raj decides to take part in a drug trial to cure his inability to talk to women, and Leonard insists Missy stay with them at the apartment. Predictably, the men all awkwardly flirt with her, so Penny comes to her rescue. Leonard, hoping for an advantage over Howard and Raj, convinces Sheldon he is Missy's guardian as concerns her choice of partner. Sheldon deems all three guys to be unsuitable for her. On learning of Sheldon's plan to find her a suitable mate, Missy confronts her brother, and after she kicks him in the groin he agrees she can date whoever she likes. She turns down Leonard, and then Howard, who fails to charm her with simple conjuring tricks. Finally Raj goes to talk to Missy, who shows interest in him, but the drug wears off and he is unable to speak to her, forcing Raj to leave defeated.

Title reference: Howard saying he would kill his rabbi with a pork chop to be with Missy, who was not Jewish (hence a shiksa).
1616"The Peanut Reaction"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Bill Prady & Lee Aronsohn
Teleplay by : Dave Goetsch & Steven Molaro
May 12, 2008 (2008-05-12)3T66157.79[27]

Penny learns that Leonard has never had a birthday party, as his parents did not believe in celebrating anything other than achievements. She decides to throw him a surprise party, and blackmails Sheldon to join in by threatening to draw a smiley face on each of his mint condition comic books. However, on the day of the party, Penny discovers Sheldon has not yet bought a present, so she has to drive him to a computer store to buy one. Meanwhile, Howard has the task of keeping Leonard out of his apartment before the party. Howard pretends to eat a peanut bar, to which he is allergic, so that Leonard will drive him to the emergency room. However, Sheldon's lack of focus at the computer store means Howard has to distract Leonard even longer, and he eventually actually eats the peanut bar, swelling up in a severe allergic reaction. After several hours at the hospital, Howard and Leonard arrive back at the apartment to find the party has ended, though Penny does kiss Leonard.

Title reference: Howard's serious peanut allergy.
1717"The Tangerine Factor"Mark CendrowskiStory by : Chuck Lorre & Bill Prady
Teleplay by : Lee Aronsohn & Steven Molaro
May 19, 2008 (2008-05-19)3T66167.34[28]

Penny ends up breaking up with Mike, which starts furiously after he posts details of their sex life on his blog. Meanwhile, Sheldon, determined to prove that the Chinese restaurant uses oranges instead of tangerines in their "Tangerine chicken", asks Howard to teach him Mandarin. When Penny laments her choice of men, Leonard awkwardly asks her out. After a few days, both worry that this relationship could ruin their friendship; and each seeks the advice of Sheldon, who uses the "Schrödinger's cat" thought experiment to explain that the date has both "good" and "bad" possible outcomes, and the only way to determine which outcome is to go on the date. When Leonard arrives to pick up Penny, he mentions the thought experiment and kisses her passionately. She concludes that "the cat is alive" and they leave for dinner. Leonard and Penny go to the Chinese restaurant, but not before seeing Sheldon arguing with the owner in very bad Mandarin, disturbing the patrons.

Title reference: The Chinese Tangerine chicken which Sheldon believed was actually prepared with oranges.


The Big Bang Theory initially received mixed reviews, receiving a 59% "rotten" score on review aggregator site Rotten Tomatoes, based on 29 reviews, with the critics consensus reading "The Big Bang Theory brings a new class of character to mainstream television, but much of the comedy feels formulaic and stiff."[29] It also received a 57-point score on review aggregator Metacritic, indicating "mixed or average reviews", based on 23 reviews.[30]

Tom Shales of The Washington Post gave the show a positive review, saying "Big Bang is the funniest new sitcom of the season".[31] Robert Bianco of USA Today also gave the show a positive review, saying "This may not be the sitcom breakthrough for which we've all been hoping, but Lorre has produced a first episode that leaves you eager to try the second".[32]

David Bianculli of New York Daily News criticized the dialogue, particularly when the male characters explain jokes, writing that "People tuning in to Big Bang may not all be Mensa members, but they won't all be idiots, either",[33] Henry Goldblatt of Entertainment Weekly criticized the premise and plot of early episodes, writing that "To call this a one-joke sitcom would be a stretch",[34] and Tim Goodman of San Francisco Chronicle criticized the stereotypes presented in the characters, and wrote that "the writing here is so moronic and the situations so forced and mundane".[35]


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  2. ^ a b "Official 2008 EMMYS Episode Submissions". The Envelope Forum, Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 8, 2008.
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  6. ^ "Breaking News — Cbs Gives Freshman Comedy "The Big Bang Theory" And Drama "The Unit" Full Season Orders" (Press release). CBS. October 19, 2007. Retrieved May 16, 2010.
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  18. ^ Seidman, Robert (March 18, 2008). "Neilsen Ratings Mon March 17: Dancing is Back". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  19. ^ Seidman, Robert (March 25, 2008). "Neilsen Ratings Mon March 24: Youth Demo Loves Britney?". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 29, 2008. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
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  22. ^ Seidman, Robert (April 22, 2008). "Nielsen Ratings Mon April 21: Nobody Watched Gossip Girl and CBS is Young Again". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on August 30, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  23. ^ "Weekly Program Rankings (Wk of 4/28)" (Press release). ABC Medianet. May 6, 2008. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  24. ^ "(#115) "The Shiksa Indeterminacy"". Listings – Big Bang Theory, The on CBS. the Futon Critic. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  25. ^ "Big Bang Theory: The Pork Chop Indeterminacy". CBS. Archived from the original on January 2, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
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  35. ^ Goodman, Tim (September 23, 2007). "Review: Big Bang is more like a big did". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst. Archived from the original on January 6, 2017. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
General references

External links[edit]