The Big Knife (play)
|The Big Knife|
|Written by||Clifford Odets|
|Characters||Charlie Castle, Marcus Hoff, Marion Castle, Buddy Bliss, et al.|
|Place premiered||National Theatre|
|Subject||Corrupting influence of money|
|Setting||Beverly Hills, California|
The Big Knife is an American play by Clifford Odets. Directed by Lee Strasberg, who had worked with Odets at the Group Theatre, and starring fellow Group Theatre alumnus John Garfield. The play debuted at Broadway's National Theatre on 24 February 1949 before closing on May 28th after 109 performances. The Big Knife marked the return of Odets to Broadway after a six-year hiatus in which he toiled in Hollywood as a screenwriter and motion picture director. The play concerns the disillusionment of a movie star with the Hollywood's studio system and disgust with himself, as he has lost his idealism in the pursuit of success.
Garfield played major movie star Charlie Castle, whose idealistic wife Marion has left him. She has warned him not to sign a new contract with studio boss Marcus Hoff, or she will not return to him. Hoff has covered up a fatal hit-and-run accident committed by Castle, and he threatens Castle with the revelation of his secret if he does not sign the contract. Castle signs the contract, but subsequently commits suicide with the knowledge that he can never reclaim his lost idealism that he had sacrificed for success.
New York Times theater critic Brooks Atkinson, in his review of the opening, admired the "distinguished art and craftsmanship" on display. He praised Strasberg's direction, the acting and the production design and lauded Odets'"uncommon theatre talents". However, Atkinson found the play to be a melodrama that could not support Odets' indictment of American society and his attempt to pass off the dilemma of the play's protagonist as a tragedy, seeing as the cast of Hollywood characters are "...a singularly undistinguished and unattractive society of egotists, racketeers, cheats and dimwits."
Atkinson summed up Odets' theme seemingly as being, "...a study of the immorality of success as measured solely by money; and he is showing how the conspiracy of money destroys those who works for it." He wrote:, "...[T]he characters in The Big Knife are not worth so much of Mr. Odets' indignation on so cosmic a plane. As in a soundly motivated melodrama, they get what they deserve in the final act. There is no point in crying doom for the entire nation."
Movie and Broadway revival
The play was made into a 1955 film directed by Robert Aldrich.
The Big Knife has had one revival on Broadway, in 2013. The play, produced by the Roundabout Theatre Company, opened at the American Airlines Theatre on April 16, 2013, after previews from March 22, and closed on June 2, after 29 previews and 56 performances. Directed by Doug Hughes, the play featured Bobby Cannavale, Marin Ireland, and Richard Kind, who played the venal studio boss Marcus Hoff.
- Atkinson, Brooks (25 February 1949). "The BIg Knife (At The Theatre)". Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- Gioia, Michael and Jones, Kenneth. "Roundabout Revival of Clifford Odets' 'The Big Knife' Ends Broadway Engagement June 2" playbill.com, June 2, 2013