The Big Move rapid transit projects

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Big Move is a regional transportation plan (RTP) published in 2008 and consisting of 62 rapid transit projects to be implemented across the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA).[1] These rapid transit projects are intended to form a seamlessly integrated regional rapid transit network, which is the first priority action in the regional transportation plan.[2] These projects form two long-term templates with 15 and 25 year horizons. These templates outline broad projects; specific details about technology, alignment, stations and service levels for each project are subsequently determined though a cost–benefit analysis, or an environmental assessment process.[3][4]

List of projects[edit]

Horizon Type Project Termini
15 years Express rail 1 Lakeshore West and East Hamilton/West Harbour Oshawa
2 Kitchener Brampton Union Station
Regional rail 3 Niagara extension West Harbour Confederation
4 Milton Meadowvale Union Station
5 Georgetown Mount Pleasant Union Station
6 Union Pearson Express Pearson Airport Union Station
8 Crosstown Dundas West/Bloor Summerhill
9 Barrie East Gwillimbury Union Station
10 Richmond Hill Richmond Hill Union Station
11 Richmond Hill Bloomington Richmond Hill
12 Stouffville Mount Joy Union Station
14 Seaton Seaton Union Station / Summerhill
15 Lakeshore East Oshawa Bowmanville
Subway 16 Spadina extension Downsview Vaughan Metro Centre
17 Yonge extension Finch Richmond Hill Centre
48 Relief Line Pape Dundas West
Other rapid transit
(LRT/BRT/AGT)
18 A-Line Hamilton Hamilton Airport
19 B-Line McMaster University Eastgate Square
20 Burlington Connector Downtown Burlington Burlington
21 Dundas Street BRT Brant Street Kipling
22 Trafalgar Highway 407 Oakville
23 403 Transitway Oakville Renforth
24 Highway 10 Mayfield West Brampton
25 Main Street Downtown Brampton Highway 407
26 Hurontario LRT Highway 407 Port Credit
27 Waterfront West LRT Port Credit Union Station
28 Züm Queen Downtown Brampton Peel-York boundary
29 Viva Highway 7 Peel-York boundary Locust Hill
30 Finch West LRT Pearson Airport Finch
31 Eglinton Crosstown LRT Pearson Airport Kennedy
32 Highway 427 South Pearson Airport Kipling
33 Jane Vaughan Metro Centre Jane
34 Don Mills Highway 7 Donlands
35 Viva Yonge Richmond Hill Centre Newmarket
36 Sheppard East LRT Don Mills Meadowvale Road
37 Scarborough RT Kennedy Malvern
38 Highway 2 Scarborough Centre Downtown Oshawa
39 Brock Road Pickering Town Centre Highway 407
40 Oshawa Connector Oshawa Central Downtown Oshawa
BRT in mixed traffic 41 Highway 407 Burlington Brooklin
New corridor 42 Highway 410 Extension Bovaird Drive Hurontario Street
43 Highway 427 Extension Highway 7 Major Mackenzie Drive
44 Highway 404 Extension East Gwillimbury Keswick
45 Highway 407 East Highway 7 Highway 35/115
25 years Express rail 46 Mississauga Cooksville Union Station
47 Richmond Hill Langstaff Gateway Union Station
Regional rail 4 Milton Meadowvale Milton
5 Georgetown Georgetown Mount Pleasant
7 Bolton Bolton Union Station
9 Barrie Bradford East Gwillimbury
13 Havelock Locust Hill Union Station
Other rapid transit
(LRT/BRT/AGT)
49 T-Line Centre Mall Linc/Mohawk Road
50 Brant Burlington Dundas Street
51 Trafalgar/Main Milton Highway 407
52 Züm Steeles Lisgar Highway 427
53 Highway 427 North Pearson Airport Queen Street
54 407 Transitway Highway 427 Unionville
55 Steeles Milliken York University
56 Viva North Davis Drive East Gwillimbury
57 McCowan Markham Centre Scarborough Centre
58 Scarborough Malvern Kennedy Malvern
59 Steeles/Taunton Milliken Downtown Oshawa
60 Simcoe Downtown Oshawa Highway 407
New corridor 61 Niagara-GTA Hamilton Niagara
62 GTA-West Guelph Bolton
Changed from the original plan on February 14, 2013, when the Metrolinx Board of Directors endorsed an update to The Big Move.[5]

Implementation[edit]

GO Transit Regional Express Rail[edit]

Regional Express Rail is a project to improve GO Transit train service by adding all-day, two-way service to the Barrie line and the inner portions of the Kitchener line and the Stouffville line, and by increasing frequency of train service on various lines to as often as every 15 minutes on five of the corridors. This would be achieved with the full electrification of the Lakeshore East line and the Barrie line and the electrification of the inner portions of the Lakeshore West line, the Kitchener line, the Barrie line and the Stouffville line.

Toronto[edit]

LRT projects[edit]

A mock-up of the Bombardier Flexity Freedom that will be used on LRT lines across the GTHA

On September 28, 2012, Metrolinx signed a master agreement with the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) to implement four new light rail transit lines in Toronto:[6]

These projects were also identified in Transit City, a rapid transit plan announced by former Toronto Mayor David Miller and TTC Chair Adam Giambrone on March 16, 2007. After $4 billion in provincial funding for Transit City from the Ontario government was deferred, the projects were rolled into a "5 in 10" plan, referring to goal of completing the four LRT lines and a BRT line in ten years.[7] The plan also included the purchase of 182 light rail vehicles from Bombardier Transportation.[8]

In December 2010, Rob Ford, who succeeded David Miller as mayor, announced his intention to cancel key parts of Transit City, saying "we will not build any more rail tracks down the middle of our streets." However, he was open to the Eglinton Crosstown LRT, given that it is primarily underground.[9] Ford acknowledged that he will need council's support to put an end to Transit City.[10] In early 2012, Toronto City Council voted in favour of motions to resume work on the Sheppard, Eglinton and Finch LRT lines, and on replacing the Scarborough RT, defeating Rob Ford's campaign for subways.[11][12]

The subway debate has continued in regards to the replacement of Line 3 Scarborough. Toronto City Council voted in June 2013 for a proposal to build an underground subway in Scarborough. In light of this, Metrolinx threatened to stop work on Scarborough rapid transit, or even walk away from the project. Meanwhile, the Minister of Transportation Glen Murray was open to a modified project, as long as any costs that were additional to what the province originally committed.[13] In September 2013, the Government of Ontario announced it would build a subway, but it would terminate at Scarborough Centre station, and consist of "a minimum" of two stops.[14] The City of Toronto has moved forward with planning an extension of Line 2 Bloor–Danforth in Scarborough.[15]

Subway projects[edit]

On November 29, 2012, Metrolinx CEO Bruce McCuaig announced two subway projects for Toronto region that would be pursued in the upcoming 15 years:[16]

A TTC study was completed in 2012 to address existing capacity constraints on the existing Yonge subway and GO Transit lines. The study projected even with planned improvements on both networks, significant capacity issues would remain by 2031, recommending that a Downtown Relief Line be completed prior to the Yonge subway extension.[17] The Big Move initially ranked the downtown relief line as lower priority, for completion within a 25-year time frame,[4] and Metrolinx Chair Rob MacIsaac stated in 2008 that the line is unlikely to be brought forward from its projected 2020 start date.[18] By March 2012, TTC CEO Andy Byford stressed there was great need for additional subway capacity with the increasing rate of population growth in Toronto, and capacity issues along Line 1 Yonge–University, stating "The downtown relief line has got to be looked at and has got to be talked about right now." Metrolinx accordingly stated that capacity issues may allow the DRL to be given higher priority in The Big Move, which was made official with the Phase 2 announcement.[19]

Peel Region[edit]

MiWay and Züm are the bus rapid transit providers for Mississauga and Brampton, respectively.

The Hurontario LRT in Mississauga and Brampton will represent a replacement of existing express bus services offered by MiWay and Züm. The line will run from Steeles Avenue in the north to Port Credit in the south. This will allow connections to GO Transit's Milton and Lakeshore West lines, and bus terminals at Brampton Gateway, Mississauga City Centre, Square One, and Mississauga Hospital. The LRT was planned to extend further north along Main Street to Brampton GO Station, but Brampton City Council voted against this portion of the route.[20] Construction is expected to commence in 2018, and the line is projected to enter service in 2022.[21]

The Mississauga Transitway is another rapidway being built along Highway 403, Eastgate Parkway and Eglinton Avenue is being built in a partnership between the City of Mississauga and GO Transit. The transit corridor will run east–west across Mississauga, with all-station stop and extensive express bus service for thousands of riders per day. Construction began on the 18-kilometre segment between Winston Churchill Boulevard and Renforth Drive in August 2010. The first stretch opened between Hurontario Street and Dixie Road on November 17, 2014,[22] with the rest of the project targeted for opening in 2016.[23][24]

Hamilton[edit]

The Hamilton B-Line was identified as one of the top 15 priority projects in The Big Move, and along with the A-Line, is identified for completion within 15 years. It is also part of the larger BLAST network of rapid transit proposed for Hamilton. The first phase will see the B-Line run between McMaster University and Queenston Circle, as well as a segment of the A-Line to provide a direct connection to West Harbour GO Station, and a pedestrian corridor to the Hamilton GO Centre. Construction is expected to begin in 2019.[25][26]

York Region[edit]

Metrolinx has also pursued constructing dedicated bus rapid transit (BRT) lanes, also known as "rapidways", for the Viva service in York region.[8][27] Rapidways are one element of a $1.4 billion investment into York region's transit. The BRT service will include connections with GO Transit, regional transit and future extensions of the TTC subway system. Over 34 kilometres of rapidways are planned, with the goal of buses arriving every 2 to 5 minutes. Construction began in December 2009, and all elements are expected to be completed by 2020.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Metrolinx, Schedules 1 & 2
  2. ^ Metrolinx, p. 23
  3. ^ Metrolinx, p. 22
  4. ^ a b Metrolinx, p. 96
  5. ^ Board Report: The Big Move Update – Recommended Changes
  6. ^ Tess Kalinowski (28 November 2012). "TTC, Metrolinx finally sign off on LRTs". Toronto Star. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "Rapid Transit for Toronto" (PDF). City of Toronto. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  8. ^ a b CBC News (14 June 2010). "Metrolinx to buy 182 streetcars". CBC News. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "Railway Gazette: Toronto Transit City project in doubt". 2010-12-16. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  10. ^ CBC.ca December 1, 2010
  11. ^ Church, Elizabeth (8 February 2012). "TTC chair defeats Rob Ford, wins bid to bring transit above-ground". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  12. ^ Church, Elizabeth; Kelly Grant (23 March 2012). "Transit defeat leaves Ford on rocky ground". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  13. ^ Moore, Oliver (2 July 2013). "Metrolinx to Toronto: Subway is yours". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "Scarborough subway to be built with shortened route, Ontario announces". The Globe and Mail. 4 September 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "Scarborough Subway Extension". City of Toronto. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
  16. ^ Metrolinx (29 November 2012). "Metrolinx Unveils Next Wave of Big Move Projects". CNW Newswire. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  17. ^ "Downtown Rapid Transit Expansion Study" (PDF). Toronto Transit Commission. September 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  18. ^ Barry Hertz (2008-09-04). "New subway line still a way's off, Metrolinx head says". National Post. Retrieved 2008-09-16. [permanent dead link]
  19. ^ Natalie Alcoba (2012-03-23). "TTC chief: Subway expansion for downtown relief line has to be discussed 'right now'". National Post. Retrieved 2012-03-26. 
  20. ^ Grewal, San (27 October 2015). "Brampton council rejects downtown LRT". The Toronto Star. Toronto. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  21. ^ Kalinowski, Tess (21 April 2015). "Liberals promise $1.6 billion for "transformational" Hurontario LRT". The Toronto Star. Toronto. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  22. ^ "Mississauga opens 4 Transitway stations". CBC News. 2014-11-17. Retrieved 2014-11-21. 
  23. ^ Tess Kalinowski (2014-05-06). "Key transit projects facing delays". Torstar Network, via Mississauga News. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  24. ^ "Mississauga Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Project". GO Transit. Archived from the original on 21 August 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  25. ^ Ontario Investing Up to $1 Billion for Light Rail Transit in Hamilton
  26. ^ Hamilton to get a new LRT and GO Train station
  27. ^ a b "Viva in York Region". Metrolinx. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 

External links[edit]