The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings
|The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings|
|Directed by||John Badham|
|Produced by||Berry Gordy
|Written by||Hal Barwood
|Starring||Billy Dee Williams
James Earl Jones
|Music by||William Goldstein|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings (1976) is a comedic sports film about a team of enterprising ex-Negro League baseball players in the era of racial segregation. Loosely based upon William Brashler's novel of the same name, it starred Billy Dee Williams, James Earl Jones and Richard Pryor. Directed by John Badham, the movie was produced by Berry Gordy for Motown Productions and Rob Cohen for Universal Pictures, and released by Universal on July 16, 1976.
Tired of being treated like a slave by team owner Sallison Potter (Ted Ross), charismatic star pitcher Bingo Long (Billy Dee Williams) steals a bunch of Negro League players away from their teams, including catcher/slugger Leon Carter (James Earl Jones) and Charlie Snow (Richard Pryor), a player forever scheming to break into the segregated Major League Baseball of the 1930s by masquerading as first a Cuban ("Carlos Nevada"), then a Native American ("Chief Takahoma"). They take to the road, barnstorming through small Midwestern towns, playing the local teams to make ends meet. One of the opposing players, 'Esquire' Joe Calloway (Stan Shaw), is so good that they recruit him.
Bingo's team becomes so outlandishly entertaining and successful, it begins to cut into the attendance of the established Negro League teams. Finally, Bingo's nemesis Potter is forced to propose a winner-take-all game: if Bingo's team can beat a bunch of all-stars, it can join the league, but if it loses, the players will return to their old teams. Potter has two of his goons kidnap Leon prior to the game as insurance, but he escapes and is key to his side's victory.
Ironically, there is a major league scout in the audience. After the game, he offers Esquire Joe the chance to break the color barrier; with Bingo's blessing, he accepts. Leon glumly foresees the decline of the Negro League as more players follow Esquire Joe's lead, but Bingo, ever the optimist, cheers him up by describing the wild promotional stunts he intends to stage to bring in the paying customers.
- Billy Dee Williams as Bingo Long
- James Earl Jones as Leon Carter
- Richard Pryor as Charlie Snow, "Carlos Nevada" and "Chief Takahoma"
- Stan Shaw as "Esquire Joe" Joseph Vanderbilt Calloway
- Tony Burton as Issac, an All-Star
- Rico Dawson as Willie Lee Shively, an All-Star
- Sam "Birmingham" Brison as Louis Keystone, an All-Star
- Jophery C. Brown as Emory "Champ" Chambers, an All-Star
- Leon Wagner as Fat Sam Popper, an All-Star
- John McCurry as Walter Murchman, an All-Star
- DeWayne Jessie as Rainbow, the All-Stars' batboy. He later played singer Otis Day in Animal House.
- Ted Ross as Sallison Potter, Bingo's nemesis and owner of the Ebony Aces
- Mabel King as Bertha Dewitt, another Negro League team owner
- Ken Foree as Honey, one of Potter's henchmen
- Carl Gordon as Mack, another one of Potter's goons
Negro League tie-ins
Some characters and situations are loosely based upon real-life people and incidents. Badham grew up in Birmingham, Alabama and was familiar with the Birmingham Black Barons, who shared Rickwood Field with the white Birmingham Barons.
Bingo Long is based on former-Black Baron Leroy "Satchel" Paige. Early in his career, Paige would call in his outfield while leading in the ninth inning against an amateur or semi-pro team and strike out the side. Bingo did a similar stunt in this movie. Leon Carter is a Josh Gibson-like power hitter, even playing the same position (catcher). "Esquire" Joe Callaway is an amalgam of another Black Baron, Willie Mays (in personality, talent, and fielding position) and Jackie Robinson (as being signed by a white team at the film's end).
The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings were loosely based on the Indianapolis Clowns and other barnstorming Negro baseball teams, who likewise engaged in Harlem Globetrotters-like clowning routines.
Luther Williams Field in Macon, Georgia was used for filming as the Negro League ballpark. Luther Williams Field was home to the Macon Music, a minor league team in the independent South Coast League. Additional ballpark scenes were shot at Morgan Field in Macon, a Pony and Colt League Youth Baseball field, Grayson Stadium in Savannah, Georgia, home of the Savannah Sand Gnats of the Class A South Atlantic League, and Wallace Field in Crawford County, Georgia. Exterior scenes set in St. Louis residential neighborhoods were also filmed in Savannah. Scenes set in rural communities were filmed in Talbotton, Georgia and various small towns around Macon, including Monticello, Georgia. Some ballplayers were played by actual former athletes, including former members of the Indianapolis Clowns, who performed various stunts shown in the film.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- "The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings". TCM database. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved February 27, 2016.
- Badham, John (November 19, 2009) "John Badham on 'The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings'." Trailers from Hell! – accessed July 30, 2010
- "AFI's 10 Top 10 Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-19.