The Birds (story)

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"The Birds"
Author Daphne du Maurier
Country United Kingdom
Genre(s) Horror, thriller, novelette
Publication type Anthology
Publisher Penguin Books
Media type Print (hardback and paperback)
Publication date 1952

"The Birds" is a novelette by British writer Daphne du Maurier, first published in her 1952 collection The Apple Tree. It is the story of a farmhand, his family, and his community that are attacked by flocks of birds and seabirds in kamikaze missions. The story is set in du Maurier's native Cornwall shortly after the end of the Second World War. By the end of the story it has become clear that all of Britain is under aerial assault.

The story was the inspiration for Alfred Hitchcock's film The Birds, released in 1963, the same year that The Apple Tree was reprinted as The Birds and Other Stories. In 2009, Irish playwright Conor McPherson adapted the story for the stage at Dublin's Gate Theatre.


The author saw a man plowing a field while seagulls were wheeling and diving above him and composed a story of these birds growing hostile and attacking.[1] The east wind is implicated in the birds' attack – a reference to the threat to England of Soviet and Chinese Communism and to the Cold War fought between East and West beginning towards the end of the 1940s.

Radio and TV dramatisations[edit]

The story has been dramatised for radio and TV on several occasions, including:

Plot summary[edit]

In a small Cornish seaside town in early December, there is a sudden cold snap. A wounded war veteran on military pension, Nat Hocken, is working part-time for a farm owner when he notices a large number of birds behaving strangely along the peninsula where his family lives. He attributes this to the sudden arrival of winter. That night, he hears a tapping on his bedroom window and encounters a bird that draws blood from Nat's hand. As the night progresses he encounters more birds, especially those flocking into his children's room, but the birds leave at dawn. Nat reassures his wife that they were restless because of a sudden change in the weather.

The next day, Nat tells his fellow workers about the night's events, but they give his story no importance. As Nat later walks to the beach to dispose of dead birds, he notices what appear to be whitecaps on the sea, but it is actually a great line of seagulls waiting for the tide to rise. When Nat arrives home, he and his family hear over the radio that birds are attacking all over Britain, presumably because of the unnatural weather. Nat decides to board up the windows and chimneys of his house. He notices more birds, including the gulls, above the sea waiting for the tide.

Nat rushes to pick up his daughter, Jill, from the school bus stop to keep her safe. On his way back Nat spots his boss, Mr. Trigg, who has a car, and persuades him to give Jill a lift home. Mr. Trigg cheerfully professes to be unfazed by the announcements and plans on shooting at the birds for fun. He invites Nat to come along, but Nat rejects Mr. Trigg's offer and continues home, believing that hunting them would be futile. Just before he reaches home, the gulls descend, attacking him with their beaks. Luckily, Nat manages to reach the cottage door with only minor injuries.

Soon, massive flocks of birds attack. A national emergency is declared on the radio on BBC Radio, and people are told not to leave their homes. For safety, Nat brings the family into the kitchen for the night. During their dinner they hear what sounds like gunfire from airplanes overhead, followed by the sound of the planes crashing. The attacks die down, and Nat calculates that the birds will only attack at high tide.

The next day, when the tide recedes, Nat sets out to obtain supplies from his neighbours. He finds piles of dead birds around the houses; those still alive peer at him from afar. Nat walks to the farm where he is employed, only to find Mr. Trigg, Mrs. Trigg and their workman, Jim, dead. Later he finds the postman's body by the road; soon he comes to the realization that his neighbors have all been killed by the birds.

Nat returns home with the supplies but soon the birds attack once again. As if facing a firing squad, Nat smokes his last cigarette, then throws the empty pack into the fire and watches it burn.


  1. ^ Maunder, Andrew (1 January 2007). The Facts on File Companion to the British Short Story. Infobase Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-8160-7496-9. 
  2. ^ "Afternoon Theatre strand". 
  3. ^ Daphne du Maurier – The Birds from the BBC website
  4. ^ The Birds from the BBC Radio 4 website

External links[edit]

Streaming audio