The Birds (story)
|Author||Daphne du Maurier|
|Genre(s)||Horror, thriller, novelette|
|Published in||The Apple Tree|
"The Birds" is a horror story by the British writer Daphne du Maurier, first published in her 1952 collection The Apple Tree. It is the story of a farmhand, his family, and his community that are attacked by flocks of birds in kamikaze fashion. The story is set in du Maurier's home county of Cornwall shortly after the end of the Second World War. By the end of the story it becomes clear that all of Britain is under aerial assault.
The story was the inspiration for Alfred Hitchcock's film The Birds, released in 1963, the same year that The Apple Tree was reprinted as The Birds and Other Stories. In 2009, the Irish playwright Conor McPherson adapted the story for the stage at Dublin's Gate Theatre.
In a small Cornish seaside town in early December, wounded war veteran Nat Hocken is working part-time for a farm owner when he notices a large number of birds behaving strangely along the peninsula where his family lives. He attributes this to a recent cold snap and the sudden arrival of winter. That night, Nat hears a tapping on his bedroom window and encounters a bird that pecks his hand, causing him to bleed. As the night progresses he encounters more birds, especially those flocking into his children's room, but the birds leave at dawn. Nat reassures his wife that they were restless because of a sudden change in the weather.
The next day, Nat tells his fellow workers about the night's events, but they give his story no credence. As Nat later walks to the beach to dispose of dead birds, he notices what appear to be whitecaps on the sea, but it is actually a great line of seagulls waiting for the tide to rise. When Nat arrives home, his concerns about the aggressive behaviour of the birds are confirmed by a radio report saying that birds are massing all over Britain and some people have been attacked, presumably because of the unnatural weather. When Nat notices more birds, including the gulls, above the sea waiting for the tide he decides to board up the windows and chimneys of his house as a precaution.
Nat rushes to pick up his daughter, Jill, from the school bus stop to keep her safe. On his way back he spots his boss, Mr Trigg, who has a car, and persuades him to give Jill a lift home. Mr Trigg cheerfully professes to be unfazed by the announcements and plans on shooting at the birds for fun. He invites Nat to come along, but Nat rejects the offer and continues home, believing that hunting them would be futile. Just before he reaches home, the gulls descend and attack. Luckily, Nat manages to reach the cottage door with only minor injuries.
Soon, massive flocks of birds attack. A national emergency is declared on BBC Radio, and people are told not to leave their homes. Then, due to the "unprecedented nature of the emergency," the BBC announces that it is going silent for the night and will resume broadcasting the next morning. For safety, Nat brings the family into the kitchen for the night. During their dinner they hear what sounds like aeroplanes overhead, followed by the sound of the planes crashing. The attacks from the birds die down, and Nat theorises that the birds will only attack at high tide.
The next morning, wireless broadcasts do not resume and the radio is silent. The tide recedes, and Nat sets out to obtain supplies from his neighbours. He finds piles of dead birds around the houses; those still alive peer at him from afar. Nat walks to the farm where he is employed, only to find Mr Trigg, his wife and their workman dead. Later he finds the postman's body by the road; soon he comes to the realisation that his neighbours have all been killed by the birds. Nat returns home with the supplies but soon the birds attack once again. As if facing a firing squad, Nat smokes his last cigarette, then throws the empty pack into the fire and watches it burn.
One interpretation of the story suggests that it reflects the British experience during the Second World War, evoking anxieties about government's failing to protect their citizens and intrusions into domestic spaces by aggressive interlopers.
Du Maurier's inspiration for the story was the sight of a farmer being attacked by a flock of gulls as he ploughed a field.
Radio and TV dramatisations
The story has been dramatised for radio and TV on several occasions, including:
- Episode 838 of Lux Radio Theater on 20 July 1953 with Herbert Marshall
- Episode 217 of Escape on 10 July 1954 with Ben Wright and Virginia Gregg
- Episode 240 (final show in the series) of CBS-TV series Danger on 31 May 1955 with Michael Strong and Betty Lou Holland
- BBC Afternoon Theatre on 20 November 1974 with Howard Goorney, Chris Harris, and Elizabeth Boxer
- A three part BBC Radio 4 Extra adaptation, read by Charlie Barnecut, first broadcast 23 April 2008
- An adaptation by Melissa Murray, for BBC Radio 4's The Friday Play, first broadcast on 30 April 2010
- Cengage Learning, Gale (2016). A Study Guide for Daphne du Maurier's 'The Birds'. Gale Division of Cengage Learning Incorporated. pp. 1–3. ISBN 9781410341372.
- Maunder, Andrew (1 January 2007). The Facts on File Companion to the British Short Story. Infobase Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-8160-7496-9.
- "Afternoon Theatre strand".
- Daphne du Maurier – The Birds from the BBC website
- The Birds from the BBC Radio 4 website