The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady
|The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady|
|Studio album by|
|Recorded||January 20, 1963|
New York City
|Charles Mingus chronology|
The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady is a studio album by American jazz musician Charles Mingus, released on Impulse! Records in 1963. The album consists of a single continuous composition—partially written as a ballet—divided into four tracks and six movements.
The album was recorded on January 20, 1963 by an eleven-piece band. Mingus has called the album's orchestral style "ethnic folk-dance music". Mingus's perfectionism led to extensive use of studio overdubbing techniques. The album features liner notes written by Mingus and his then-psychotherapist, Edmund Pollock. The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady is often characterized by jazz and music critics as one of Mingus's two major masterworks (the other being Mingus Ah Um) and has frequently ranked highly on lists of the best albums of all time.
Bob Hammer was co-orchestrator and arranger for the album. In the book The Penguin Jazz Guide: The History of the Music in the 1000 Best Albums, Sue Mingus says: "In some fashion, Charles absorbed Bob Hammer's rehearsal band for a six-weeks gig he had at the Village Vanguard in 1963, which provided a unique opportunity to work out, night after night, one of his greatest compositions, The Black Saint and The Sinner Lady."
In the book Mingus Speaks, arranger Sy Johnson recollects: "Bob Hammer was very successful at that. He's a piano player, who was around here, in 1962 or something like that, when he did Mingus's masterpiece, as far as I concerned, a brilliant piece of orchestration and brilliant performance of The Black Saint and The Sinner Lady".
(Original LP release)
|All About Jazz||favorable|
|Penguin Guide to Jazz|||
|The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide|||
The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady is among the most acclaimed jazz records of the 20th century. Richard Cook and Brian Morton, writers of The Penguin Guide to Jazz, awarded the album a "Crown" token, the publication's highest accolade, in addition to the highest four-star rating. Steve Huey of AllMusic awards The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady five stars out of five and describes the album as "one of the greatest achievements in orchestration by any composer in jazz history." Q magazine describes the album as "a mixture of haunting bluesiness, dancing vivacity, and moments of Andalusian heat" and awards it four of five stars.
All tracks are written by Charles Mingus. All tracks have subtitles. The fourth track (side two on the original vinyl release) consists of three movements with individual titles and subtitles. The track lengths listed on the album sleeve are incorrect; the times listed below are the actual track lengths.
|1.||"Track A – Solo Dancer"||"Stop! Look! And Listen, Sinner Jim Whitney!"||6:39|
|2.||"Track B – Duet Solo Dancers"||"Hearts' Beat and Shades in Physical Embraces"||6:45|
|3.||"Track C – Group Dancers"||"(Soul Fusion) Freewoman and Oh, This Freedom's Slave Cries"||7:22|
|4.||"Mode D – Trio and Group Dancers"|
"Mode E – Single Solos and Group Dance"
"Mode F – Group and Solo Dance"
|"Stop! Look! And Sing Songs of Revolutions!"|
"Saint and Sinner Join in Merriment on Battle Front"
"Of Love, Pain, and Passioned Revolt, then Farewell, My Beloved, 'til It's Freedom Day"
- Mingus, Charles; Pollock, Edmund (1963). The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady (Vinyl liner). Charles Mingus. New York City: Impulse! Records. AS-35.
- Morton, Brian; Cook, Richard (November 4, 2010). The Penguin Jazz Guide: The History of the Music in the 1000 Best Albums. Penguin. pp. n.p. ISBN 978-0-14-195900-9. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- Goodman, John F. (2013). Mingus Speaks. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-0520954687. OCLC 837528040.
- Down Beat: November 7, 1963 Vol. 30, No. 29
- Robert Spencer (June 1, 1997). "Charles Mingus: The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady". All About Jazz. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- Huey, Steve. "The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady – Charles Mingus". AllMusic. Retrieved November 29, 2010.
- Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008) . The Penguin Guide to Jazz (9th ed.). New York: Penguin. p. 1004. ISBN 978-0-14-103401-0.
- "The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady". Q: 109. February 1996.
- Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 140. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
- ^ Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (23 March 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.