The Block (Sydney)
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The Block is a colloquial but universally applied name given to a block of housing in Redfern, Sydney. Houses on The Block were purchased over a period of 30 years by the Aboriginal Housing Company (AHC) for use as a project in Aboriginal-managed housing.
The Block is probably the most famous feature of the suburb of Redfern, although it is located on the western border of that suburb, on the edge of Darlington. The focus of life in the Block has always been Eveleigh Street, which is its eastern border, with railway lines on the other side of that street. 'The Block' is an area in the immediate vicinity of Redfern station bounded by Eveleigh, Caroline, Louis and Vine Streets.
The area around The Block is now reportedly the subject of plans for massive redevelopment by private developers at the instigation of the New South Wales state government - see Redfern-Eveleigh-Darlington.
1972 Transfer to the Aboriginal Housing Company
In 1965, Charles Perkins and Reverend Ted Noffs of the Wayside Chapel organised a Freedom Ride with 30 white Sydney University students from the group Student Action for Aborigines (SAFA)'. This inspired Koori political activists, awakened positive media interest and commenced an era of protests.
The Block has historically been the subject of large protests, starting in the early 1970s, when landlords in the area conducted a campaign of evicting all Aboriginal residents. A group of campaigners, led by future judge Bob Bellear, successfully lobbied the Whitlam government for a grant which allowed the AHC to commence purchasing houses in 1972. The area was significant as an affordable source of low-cost housing for disadvantaged Aboriginal people.
As a pioneering and still unique project in Aboriginal-run housing near the centre of Australia's largest city, it excites enormous emotions, and moreover is viewed by the largely rural Indigenous population of New South Wales as a pied a terre and spiritual home in Australia's largest city. For non-Aboriginal people, the Block has assumed a notorious reputation for violence and crime.
In 2004, the Aboriginal Housing Company decided to raze part of the Block that had deteriorated into a slum.
2004 Redfern riot
On 14 February 2004, The Block was the scene of 2004 Redfern riots following the death of an Australian Aboriginal boy, killed after being impaled on a fence while fleeing from police.
The present Redfern railway station was damaged by fire in the 2004 Redfern riots. The ticketing area and station master's office were significantly damaged - and the windows in the front of the station were bricked up for almost a year afterwards to prevent further attacks. They have since been replaced with glass windows.
The AHC's own plans for redevelopment of the Block itself, The Pemulwuy Project, have been met with some opposition by the State Government. 
- Foley, Gary Black power in Redfern 1968–1972 in http://www.kooriweb.org/foley/essays/essay_1.html
- Four Corners transcript 12/05/97 The Block
- SBS interactive documentary The Block: Stories from a Meeting Place