The Blue Peril

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The Blue Peril

The Blue Peril (English translation of the French title, Le Péril Bleu) is a 1910 French science fiction novel by Maurice Renard. It was translated into English by Brian Stableford in 2010, and is considered by many to be Renard's masterpiece,[1] with at least one critic exclaiming it "still reads as well as when it was originally published."[2] While a science fiction story, it also combines elements of the detective and horror genres. It features invisible alien creatures living high in Earth's orbit who fish for men the way we do fish, and study the specimens they catch.


The Bugey region of France is a picturesque area in a low series of hills at the tip of the Jura Mountains.[3] Mysteriously, human body parts start to be discovered scattered all over the landscape. Coincidentally, there have been instances of both humans and animals disappearing. Initially, we are led to believe that these are crimes of the natural sort, until it is discovered that they were kidnapped by invisible, ethereal beings, the Sarvants, living 50,000 feet (15,000 m) above the Earth in the upper atmosphere. It turns out that the whole planet is covered by a thin, transparent spherical membrane that covers the atmosphere in the same way that the earth's crust covers the molten rocks beneath.[1][4][5]

Once they have been collected, the humans are dissected, studied and mounted for display in a sort of alien museum of natural history. Certain bodies are discarded, and thrown "overboard", which is the cause of the body parts which are found scattered across Bugey.[4] This is uncovered through an account found in the pocket of one of the bodies discovered, written by one of those unfortunate enough to have sojourned with Sarvants who managed to write just before being dumped out of their stratospheric dwelling.

After managing to capture one of the alien ships, the French authorities discover that these enigmatic extraterrestrials do not exist as individual entities, rather they are a race of tiny insectile creatures who are able to assemble and dissemble their bodies with each other in order to form temporary and functional organs controlling their machines.[1][6]

Eventually, the Sarvants accidentally discover that the specimens they have been acquiring are capable of both suffering and rational thought. This realization leads the Sarvants to cease their experiments.[4]


The Blue Peril is noteworthy due to its early anti-anthropomorphic treatment of the traditional science fiction theme regarding the possible existence of superior alien life.[4]


The Blue Peril may have been the inspiration of other such stories about the Earth being unknowingly occupied by superior aliens, such as Eric Frank Russell’s Sinister Barrier (1939).[7]

It was acknowledged as the central idea for John N Raphael's Up Above (1913), as well as borrowing (with permission) some of the details for his story, as was noted on the first page of Raphael's book.[5]


In 2010, Le Péril Bleu was translated into English, by Brian Stableford, as part of a five-book translation of Renard's work.[5]


  1. ^ a b c The Blue Peril. Google Books. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ Jakubowski, Maxim, "Anatomy of Wonder: A Critical Guide to Science Fiction", in Barron, Neil, French SF (3rd ed.), NY: Bowker, p. 415 
  3. ^ "Bugey Wine Region: Not Quite Savoie". Charles Neal Selections. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d Evans, Arthur B. "The Fantastic Science Fiction of Maurice Renard". Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Renard, Maurice". Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Bibliography: The Blue Peril". Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  7. ^ Pierce, John J. (1987). Great Themes of Science Fiction. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.