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The Blues Brothers (film)

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The Blues Brothers
Movie poster with two of the main characters on the right-side of the image: They are both wearing black suits, hats, and sunglasses and facing forward. The man on the right is resting his arm on the shoulder of the man on the left. A police car is present on the left side of the image behind them. At the top of the image is the tagline, "They'll never get caught. They're on a mission from God." At the bottom of the poster is the title of the film, cast names, and production credits.
Theatrical release poster
Directed by John Landis
Produced by Robert K. Weiss
Written by
Based on The Blues Brothers
by Dan Aykroyd
and John Belushi
Starring
Music by Elmer Bernstein
Cinematography Stephen M. Katz
Edited by George Folsey, Jr.
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release dates
  • June 20, 1980 (1980-06-20)
Running time
132 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $30 million[2]
Box office $115.2 million[3]

The Blues Brothers is a 1980 American musical crime comedy film directed by John Landis.[4] It stars John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd as "Joliet" Jake and Elwood Blues, characters developed from "The Blues Brothers" musical sketch on the NBC variety series Saturday Night Live. The film's screenplay was written by Aykroyd and Landis. It features musical numbers by rhythm and blues (R&B), soul, and blues singers James Brown, Cab Calloway, Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, and John Lee Hooker. The film is set in and around Chicago, Illinois, where it was filmed. It features non-musical supporting performances by John Candy, Carrie Fisher, Charles Napier, and Henry Gibson.

The story is a tale of redemption for paroled convict Jake and his brother Elwood, who set out on "a mission from God" to save from foreclosure the Catholic orphanage in which they were raised. To do so, they must reunite their R&B band and organize a performance to earn $5,000 needed to pay the orphanage's property tax bill. Along the way, they are targeted by a destructive "mystery woman", Neo-Nazis, and a country and western band—all while being relentlessly pursued by the police.

Universal Studios, which had won the bidding war for the film, was hoping to take advantage of Belushi's popularity in the wake of Saturday Night Live, Animal House, and the Blues Brothers' musical success; it soon found itself unable to control production costs. The start of filming was delayed when Aykroyd, new to film screenwriting, took six months to deliver a long and unconventional script that Landis had to rewrite before production, which began without a final budget. On location in Chicago, Belushi's partying and drug use caused lengthy and costly delays that, along with the destructive car chases depicted onscreen, made the final film one of the most expensive comedies ever produced.

Concerns that the film would fail limited its initial bookings to less than half those a film of its magnitude normally received. Released in the United States on June 20, 1980, it received generally positive reviews. It earned just under $5 million in its opening weekend and went on to gross over $115 million in theaters worldwide before its release on home video. It has become a cult classic, spawning the sequel, Blues Brothers 2000, 18 years later, which was a critical and commercial failure.

Plot[edit]

Jake Blues is released from prison after serving three years for armed robbery, and is picked up by his brother Elwood in a battered former Mount Prospect police car, replacing their old Cadillac. Jake approves it as "the new Bluesmobile" after Elwood demonstrates its capabilities by jumping an open drawbridge. The brothers visit the Roman Catholic orphanage where they were raised, and learn from Sister Mary Stigmata that it will be closed unless $5,000 in property taxes is collected. During a sermon by the Reverend Cleophus James at the Triple Rock Baptist church, Jake has an epiphany: They can re-form the Blues Brothers Band, which broke up while Jake was in prison, and raise the money to pay the tax bill.

That night, Elwood is pulled over for running a red light, and the state troopers attempt to arrest him for driving with a suspended license (resulting from 116 parking tickets and 56 moving violations). After a high-speed chase through the Dixie Square Mall, the brothers escape. The next morning, as the police arrive at the SRO where Elwood lives, a mysterious woman detonates a bomb that demolishes the building, but miraculously leaves Jake and Elwood unharmed, and saves them from being arrested.

Jake and Elwood begin tracking down members of the band. Trombonist Tom "Bones" Malone, drummer Willie "Too Big" Hall, rhythm guitarist Steve Cropper, bassist Donald "Duck" Dunn and keyboardist Murphy "Murph" Dunne are now performing as a lounge band, Murph and the Magictones, at a Holiday Inn, and quickly agree to rejoin. Trumpeter Alan Rubin, now the maître d' at an expensive restaurant, turns them down, but the brothers refuse to leave the restaurant until he relents. On their way to meet the final two band members, saxophonist "Blue Lou" Marini and guitarist Matt "Guitar" Murphy, the brothers find the road blocked by a Nazi Party demonstration on a bridge; Elwood runs them off the bridge into a Jackson Park lagoon. Marini and Murphy, who now run a soul food restaurant, ignore the advice of Murphy's wife and rejoin the band. The reunited group obtain instruments and equipment from Ray's Music Exchange, for which Ray accepts an IOU.

As Jake attempts to book a gig, the mystery woman blows up the phone booth the brothers are using; once again, they are miraculously unhurt. The band stumbles into a gig at Bob's Country Bunker, a honky-tonk outside of the city. They win over the rowdy crowd by playing the theme to Rawhide and "Stand By Your Man," but run up a bar tab higher than their pay, and infuriate the country band that was actually booked for the gig, the Good Ol' Boys.

Realizing that they need one big show to raise the necessary $5,000, the brothers persuade their old agent to book the Palace Hotel Ballroom, north of Chicago. They mount a loudspeaker atop the Bluesmobile and drive all over the Chicago metropolitan area promoting the concert—and alerting the police, the Illinois Nazis, and the Good Ol' Boys of their whereabouts. The ballroom is packed with blues fans, police officers, and the Good Ol' Boys. Jake and Elwood perform two songs, then sneak offstage, as the tax deadline is rapidly approaching. A record company executive offers them a $10,000 cash advance on a recording contract—more than enough to pay off the orphanage's taxes and Ray's IOU—and then shows the brothers how to slip out of the building unnoticed. As they make their escape via a service tunnel, they are confronted by the mystery woman: Jake's jilted ex-fiancée. After her volley of M16 rifle bullets leaves them miraculously unharmed, Jake offers a series of ridiculous excuses. Miraculously, she believes him, and the brothers escape to the Bluesmobile.

Jake and Elwood race back toward Chicago, pursued at high speeds by dozens of police cars, the Good Ol' Boys, and eventually the Nazis. They elude them all with a series of improbable maneuvers, including a miraculous, gravity-defying escape from the Nazis. At the Richard J. Daley Center, they rush inside the adjacent Chicago City Hall building with hundreds of law officers in hot pursuit. At the office of the Cook County Assessor, the brothers pay the tax bill. As their receipt is stamped "paid", they are arrested by the mob of law officers. In prison, the band plays "Jailhouse Rock" for a group of joyous, dancing inmates.

Cast[edit]

The Blues Brothers Band
Other characters

Production[edit]

Origins[edit]

The characters, Jake and Elwood Blues, were created by Belushi and Aykroyd in performances on Saturday Night Live. The name "The Blues Brothers" was the idea of Howard Shore. The fictional back story and character sketches of blood brothers Jake and Elwood were developed by Aykroyd in collaboration with Ron Gwynne, who is credited as a story consultant for the film. As related in the liner notes of the band's debut album, Briefcase Full of Blues, the brothers grew up in an orphanage, learned the blues from a janitor named Curtis, and sealed their brotherhood by cutting their middle fingers with a steel string said to have come from the guitar of Elmore James.[5]

Belushi had become a star in 1978 as a result of both the Blues Brothers' musical success and his role in National Lampoon's Animal House. At one point, he managed the triple feat of being the star of the week's top-grossing film, top-rated television show, and singing on the number-one album within a year. When Aykroyd and Belushi decided they could make a Blues Brothers film, the bidding war was intense. Universal Studios narrowly beat Paramount Pictures for the project. John Landis, who had directed Belushi in Animal House, was aboard as director.[6]

However, the project had neither a budget nor a script. On the former issue, Universal head Lew Wasserman thought the film could be made for $12 million; the filmmakers wanted $20 million. It would be impossible to settle on a specific amount without a screenplay to review, and after Mitch Glazer declined to help him, Aykroyd wrote one on his own.[6]

Aykroyd had never written a screenplay before, as he admitted in the 1998 documentary, Stories Behind the Making of The Blues Brothers, or even read one, and he was unable to find a writing partner. Consequently, he put together a very descriptive volume that explained the characters' origins and how the band members were recruited. His final draft was 324 pages, which was three times longer than a standard screenplay, written not in a standard screenplay format, but more like free verse.[6] To soften the impact, Aykroyd made a joke of the thick script and had it bound with the cover of the Los Angeles Yellow Pages directory for when he turned it in to producer Robert K. Weiss. Landis was given the task of editing the script into a usable screenplay,[7] which took him about two weeks.[6]

The overriding plot premise was unrealistic: religious groups and other not-for-profit organizations are typically exempt from federal or state taxes; although a legislative proposal to tax such property was under consideration in Illinois at the time.[8]

Filming[edit]

Principal photography began in July 1979, with the film's budget still not settled. For the first month, things ran smoothly on and off the set. When Weiss saw the supposedly final $17.5 million budget, he reportedly joked, "I think we've spent that much already."[6]

In the next month, the production began falling behind schedule. Much of the delay was due to Belushi's partying and carousing. When not on the set, he went out to his familiar Chicago haunts such as Wrigley Field and the Old Town Ale House. People often recognized him and slipped him cocaine, a drug he was already using heavily on his own, hoping to use it with him. "Every blue-collar Joe wants his John Belushi story," said Smokey Wendell, who was eventually hired to keep it away from the star. As a result of his late nights and drug and alcohol use, Belushi would often miss unit calls (the beginning of a production day) or go to his trailer after them and sleep, wasting hours of production time. One night, Aykroyd found him crashing on the sofa of a nearby house, where Belushi had already helped himself to food in the refrigerator.[6]

Cocaine was already so prevalent on the set (like many other film productions of that era) that Aykroyd, who used far less than his partner, claims a section of the budget was actually set aside for purchases of the drug during night shooting. The stars had a private bar, the Blues Club, built on the set, for themselves, crew, and friends. Carrie Fisher, Aykroyd's girlfriend at the time, says most of the bar's staff doubled as dealers, procuring any drug patrons desired.[6]

The original budget was quickly surpassed, and back in Los Angeles, Wasserman grew increasingly frustrated. He was regularly confronting Ned Tanen, the executive in charge of production for Universal, in person over the costs. Sean Daniel, another studio executive, was not reassured when he came to Chicago and saw the production had set up a special facility for the 70 cars used in the chase sequences. Filming there, which was supposed to have concluded in the middle of September, continued into late October.[6]

On the set, Belushi's drug use worsened. Fisher, who herself later struggled with cocaine addiction, says Landis told her to keep Belushi away from the drug. Wendell was hired to clear any from the places Belushi visited off-camera. Nevertheless, at one point, Landis found Belushi with what he described as a "mountain" of cocaine on a table in his trailer, which led to a tearful confrontation in which Belushi admitted his addiction and feared it could eventually kill him.[6]

After Belushi's wife Judy and Aykroyd had a talk with Belushi about his antics, the production returned to Los Angeles. Filming there again ran smoothly, until it came time to shoot the final sequence at the Hollywood Palladium. Just beforehand, Belushi fell off a borrowed skateboard and seriously injured his knee, making it unlikely he could go through with the scene, which required him to sing, dance, and do cartwheels. Wasserman persuaded the city's top orthopedic surgeon to postpone his weekend plans long enough to stop by and sufficiently anesthetize Belushi's knee, and the scene was filmed as intended.[6]

Locations[edit]

Much of the film was shot on location in and around Chicago between July and October 1979, including Wauconda, Illinois, where the car crashes into the side of Route 12.[9] Made with the cooperation of Mayor Jane M. Byrne, it is credited for putting Chicago on the map as a venue for filmmaking.[10] Nearly 200 movies have been filmed in Chicago. "Chicago is one of the stars of the movie. We wrote it as a tribute," Dan Aykroyd told the Chicago Sun-Times in an article written to mark the film's 25th-anniversary DVD release.[11]

Film screenshot showing a police car driving through a shopping mall: Scattered items are present on the floor and people are running away from the vehicle. Stores visible in the mall include Toys 'R' Us and Jewel.
The Bluesmobile races through the mall while being chased by state troopers.

The first traffic stop was in Park Ridge, Illinois. The shopping mall car chase was filmed in the real, albeit shuttered, Dixie Square Mall, in Harvey, Illinois.[12] The bridge jump was filmed on an actual drawbridge, the 95th Street bridge over the Calumet River, on the southeast side of Chicago. The main entrance to Wrigley Field (and its sign reading "Save lives. Drive safely, prevent fires.") makes a brief appearance when the "Illinois Nazis" visit it after Elwood falsely registers the ballpark's location, 1060 West Addison, as his home address on his driver's license. (Elwood's Illinois driver's license number is an almost-valid encoded number, with Dan Aykroyd's own birth date embedded.) Jake's final confrontation with his girlfriend was filmed in a replica of a section of the abandoned Chicago freight tunnel system. The other chase scenes included lower Wacker Drive, Lake Street, and Richard J. Daley Center.[13]

Jake and Elwood push their fuel-less Blues Mobile off the highway and into a service station named Lloyd's Tire Clinic. This was located right off IL 38 (Roosevelt Road) and IL 59, four miles west of Belushi's former high school, Wheaton Central. The station was detonated late one night while filming, but this scene was deleted. While Lloyd's is long gone, the adjacent West-Wind Motel (slightly to the east) at Gary's Mill Road, where Twiggy's character waited for a no-show Elwood, survives to this date.[citation needed]

In the final car chase scene, the production actually dropped a Ford Pinto, representing the one driven by the "Illinois Nazis", from a helicopter at an altitude of about 1,200 feet—and had to gain a Special Airworthiness Certificate from the Federal Aviation Administration to do it.[14][15] The FAA was concerned that the car could prove too aerodynamic in a high-altitude drop, and pose a threat to nearby buildings.[16] The shot leading up to the car drop, where the "Illinois Nazis" drive off a freeway ramp, was shot in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, near the Hoan Bridge on Interstate 794. The Lake Freeway (North) was a planned but not completed six-lane freeway, and I-794 contained an unfinished ramp off which the Nazis drove.[17] Several Milwaukee skyscrapers are visible in the background as the Bluesmobile flips over, notably the U.S. Bank Center.

Richard J. Daley Center is Chicago's premier civic center and features a massive sculpture by Pablo Picasso.

The "Palace Hotel Ballroom", where the band performs its climactic concert, was at the time of filming a country club, but later became the South Shore Cultural Center, named after the Chicago neighborhood where it is located. The interior concert scenes were filmed in the Hollywood Palladium.[18]

The filming in downtown Chicago was conducted on Sundays during the summer of 1979, and much of the downtown was cordoned off from the public. Costs for filming the largest scene in the city's history totaled $3.5 million.[19] Permission was given after Belushi and Aykroyd offered to donate $50,000 to charity after filming.[19] Although the Bluesmobile was allowed to be driven through the Daley Center lobby, special breakaway panes were temporarily substituted for the normal glass in the building.[19][20] The speeding car caused $7,650 in damages to 35 granite paver stones and a bronze air grill in the building.[19] Interior shots of the elevator, staircase, and assessor's office were all recreated in a film set for filming.[19]

As revealed in the DVD commentary, both Brown and Lee Hooker sang their songs live on set because they could not accurately lip-sync to pre-recorded audio tracks. Charles and Franklin sang to playback, despite the latter's similar difficulties with lip-sync.

Bluesmobile[edit]

Main article: Bluesmobile

The film used thirteen different cars bought at auction from the California Highway Patrol to depict the retired 1974 Mount Prospect, Illinois Dodge Monaco patrol car. The vehicles were outfitted by the studio to do particular driving chores; some were customized for speed and others for jumps, depending on the scene. For the large car chases, filmmakers purchased 60 police cars at $400 each, and most were destroyed at the completion of the filming.[21] More than 40 stunt drivers were hired, and the crew kept a 24-hour body shop to repair cars.[21]

For the scene when the Blues Brothers finally arrive at the Richard J. Daley Center, a mechanic took several months to rig the car to fall apart.[21] At the time of the film's release, it held the world record for the most cars destroyed in one film until it was surpassed by its own sequel.[21]

Casting[edit]

Soul and R&B stars James Brown, Cab Calloway, Ray Charles, and Aretha Franklin were cast in speaking parts to support musical numbers built around them. This caused friction between Landis and Universal later in the production, as its costs far exceeded the original budget. Since none of them except Charles had had any hits in recent years, the studio wanted the director to replace them with or add performances by younger acts, such as Rose Royce, whose "Car Wash" had made them disco stars after its use in the 1976 film of that name.[6]

Other notable musicians in the cast include Big Walter Horton, Pinetop Perkins, and John Lee Hooker (who performed "Boom Boom" during the Maxwell Street scene). The members of The Blues Brothers band are notable for their musical accomplishments, as well. Steve Cropper and Donald Dunn are architects of the Stax Records sound (Cropper's guitar can be heard at the start of the Sam & Dave song "Soul Man") and were half of Booker T. & the M.G.'s. Horn players Lou Marini, Tom Malone, and Alan Rubin had all played in Blood, Sweat & Tears and the Saturday Night Live band. Drummer Willie Hall had played in The Bar-Kays and backed Isaac Hayes. Matt Murphy is a veteran blues guitarist. As the band developed at Saturday Night Live, pianist Paul Shaffer was part of the act and was cast in the film. However, due to contractual obligations with SNL, he was unable to participate, so actor-musician Murphy Dunne (whose father, George Dunne, was the Cook County Board President) was hired to take his role.[7]

Fisher, Freeman, Gibson, and Candy were cast in non-musical supporting roles. The film is also notable for the number of cameo appearances by established celebrities and entertainment-industry figures, including Steve Lawrence as a booking agent, Twiggy as a "chic lady" in a Jaguar convertible whom Elwood propositions at a gas station, Steven Spielberg as the Cook County Assessor's clerk, John Landis as a state trooper in the mall chase, Paul Reubens (before Pee-wee Herman) as a waiter in the Chez Paul restaurant scene, Joe Walsh in a cameo as the first prisoner to jump up on a table in the final scene, and Chaka Khan as the soloist in the Triple Rock choir. Muppet performer Frank Oz plays a corrections officer, and in the scene where the brothers crash into Toys R Us, a Grover and Kermit the Frog toy can be spotted. Right before the brothers crash into the Toys R Us, a customer (played by stunt coordinator Gary McLarty) asks the cashier if they have a Miss Piggy doll, a Muppet character that is voiced by Oz. Singer/songwriter Stephen Bishop is a deputy sheriff who complains that Jake and Elwood broke his watch (a result of the car chase in the mall). The character portrayed by Cab Calloway is named Curtis as an homage to Curtis Salgado, a Portland, Oregon, blues musician who inspired Belushi while he was in Oregon filming Animal House.[22]

Over 500 extras were used for the next-to-last scene, the blockade of the building at Daley Center, including 200 National Guardsmen, 100 state and city police officers, with 15 horses for the mounted police (and three each Sherman tanks, helicopters, and fire engines).[19][23][24][25]

Post-production[edit]

Landis' difficulties continued even after principal photography was completed. The first cut of the film lasted two and a half hours, with an intermission. After one early screening, Wasserman demanded it be shortened, and 20 minutes were cut. The film's final budget was $27.5 million ($79.1 million in modern dollars[26]), $10 million over its original budget.[6]

Prospects for a successful release did not look good. Aykroyd and Belushi had left SNL at the end of the previous season, reducing their bankability. Belushi's fame had taken a further hit after the commercial and critical failure of 1941 at the end of the year. One day after the editing was done, Wasserman invited Landis up to his office to speak with Ted Mann, head of the Mann Theatres chain, which dominated film exhibition in the Western United States. He told Landis that he would not book the film at any theaters in predominately white neighborhoods, such as Westwood. Not only did Mann not want black patrons going there to see the film,[citation needed] he surmised that white viewers were unlikely to see a film featuring older black musical stars. Ultimately The Blues Brothers got less than half the bookings nationwide for its initial release than a typical big-budget studio film of the era, which did not bode well for its success at the box office.[6]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

The Blues Brothers opened on June 20, 1980, with a release in 594 theaters. It took in $4,858,152, ranking second for that week (after The Empire Strikes Back) and 10th for the entire year. Over the years, it has retained a following through television and home video. The film in total grossed $57,229,890 domestically and $58,000,000 in foreign box offices for a total of $115,229,890.[3] By genre, it is the ninth-highest grossing musical and the tenth-highest earner among comedy road movies. It ranks second, between Wayne's World and Wayne's World 2 (which, coincidentally, also take place in the greater Chicago metropolitan area, in the outlying suburb of Aurora, Illinois), among films adapted from Saturday Night Live sketches.[3] Director John Landis claimed The Blues Brothers was also the first American film to gross more money overseas than it did in the United States.[11]

The popularity of the film boosted the Ray-Ban Wayfarer, which was yet experiencing some renewed popularity thanks to the rise of the "New Music" movement. From a few thousands sold through the mid-1970s, sales rose to 18,000 during 1981 partly because of the film, bringing the model out from the verge of withdrawal.[citation needed]

Critical reception[edit]

The Blues Brothers received generally positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an 85% "Certified Fresh" rating, based on 53 reviews, with an average rating of 7.1/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Too over the top for its own good, but ultimately rescued by the cast's charm, director John Landis' grace, and several soul-stirring musical numbers".[27] It won the Golden Reel Award for Best Sound Editing and Sound Effects,[28] is 14th on Total Film magazine's "List of the 50 Greatest Comedy Films of All Time"[29] and is number 69 on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies".[30]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 3 out of 4 stars, praising it for its energetic musical numbers and said the car chases were "incredible" if so over-the-top that they finally became numbing. Ebert further noted "Belushi and Aykroyd come over as hard-boiled city guys, total cynics with a world-view of sublime simplicity, and that all fits perfectly with the movie's other parts. There's even room, in the midst of the carnage and mayhem, for a surprising amount of grace, humor, and whimsy."[31] In his review for The Washington Post, Gary Arnold criticized Landis for engorging "the frail plot of The Blues Brothers with car chases and crack-ups, filmed with such avid, humorless starkness on the streets of Chicago that comic sensations are virtually obliterated".[32] Time magazine's Richard Corliss wrote, "The Blues Brothers is a demolition symphony that works with the cold efficiency of a Moog synthesizer gone sadistic".[33]

Janet Maslin of The New York Times criticized the film for shortchanging viewers on more details about Jake and Elwood's affinity for African-American culture. She also took director Landis to task for "distracting editing", mentioning the Soul Food diner scene in which saxophonist Lou Marini's head is out of shot as he dances on the counter.[34] In the documentary, Stories Behind the Making of The Blues Brothers, Landis acknowledges the criticism, and Marini recalls the dismay he felt at seeing the completed film.

Kim Newman, writing for Empire in 2013, considered The Blues Brothers to be "an amalgam of urban sleaze, automobile crunch and blackheart rhythm and blues" with "better music than any film had had for many years". He noted that Belushi and Akyroyd pack in their heroes: "Aretha storming through 'Think', Cab Calloway cruising through 'Minnie the Moocher', John Lee Hooker boogying through 'Boom Boom' and Ray Charles on electric piano, not to mention the hottest band." He observed that "the picture had revived the careers of virtually all the musicians that appeared in it" and concluded "it still sounds great and looks as good as ever through Ray Bans".[35]

On the 30th anniversary, L'Osservatore Romano,[36] the daily newspaper of Vatican City State, wrote that the film is filled with positive symbolism and moral references that can be related to Catholicism. They went further, stating, The Blues Brothers "is a memorable film, and, judging by the facts, a Catholic one."[37]

Cult-film status[edit]

The Blues Brothers has become a staple of late-night cinema, even slowly morphing into an audience-participation show in its regular screenings at the Valhalla Cinema, in Melbourne, Australia.[38] John Landis acknowledged the support of the cinema and the fans by a phone call he made to the cinema at the 10th-anniversary screening, and later invited regular attendees to make cameo appearances in Blues Brothers 2000. The fans act as the members of the crowd during the performance of "Ghost Riders in the Sky".[39]

In August 2005, a 25th-anniversary celebration for The Blues Brothers was held at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Los Angeles.[40] Attendees included Landis, former Universal Studios executive Thom Mount, film editor George Folsey, Jr., and cast members James Brown, Henry Gibson, Charles Napier, Steve Cropper, and Stephen Bishop. It featured a press conference, a panel discussion where Dan Aykroyd joined by satellite, and a screening of the original theatrical version of the film. The panel discussion was broadcast direct to many other cinemas around the country.

The popularity of the film has also spread overseas. The film was an inspiration for Japanese companies Studio Hibari and Aniplex, which led to the creation of the manga and anime franchise Nerima Daikon Brothers, which contain heavy references to the film.

American Film Institute[edit]

Release[edit]

Home media[edit]

When the film was first screened for a preview audience, a producer demanded that director Landis cut 25 minutes from the film.[44] After trimming 15 minutes, it was released in theaters at 132 minutes. It was first released on VHS and Betamax from MCA Videocassette Inc. in 1983. A Laserdisc from MCA Videodisc was released the same year. It was re-released on VHS, Laserdisc, and Betamax in 1985 from MCA Home Video, and again in 1990 from MCA/Universal Home Video. It was also released in a 2-Pack VHS box set with Animal House. The film's original length was restored to 148 minutes for the "Collector's Edition" DVD and a Special Edition VHS and Laserdisc release in 1998. The DVD and Laserdisc versions included a 56-minute documentary called "The Stories Behind The Making Of The Blues Brothers". Produced and directed by JM Kenny (who also produced the Animal House Collector's Edition DVD the same year), it included interviews with Landis, Aykroyd, members of The Blues Brothers Band, producer Robert K. Weiss, editor George Folsey Jr., and others involved with the film. It also included production photographs, the theatrical trailer, production notes, and cast and filmmaker bios. The 25th-anniversary DVD release in 2005 included both the theatrical cut and the extended version.

The film was released on Blu-ray on July 26, 2011, with the same basic contents as the 25th-anniversary DVD. In a March 2011 interview with Ain't it Cool News, Landis also mentioned he had approved the Blu-ray's remastered transfer.

Soundtrack[edit]

The Blues Brothers: Original Soundtrack Recording
The two main characters are sitting on the hood of a car, wearing black suits, hats, and sunglasses. The man on the left is looking to his left and has a handcuffed chain on his left wrist attached to a briefcase. The man on the right is holding a cigarette in his left hand and has his right leg tucked underneath the other. On the border of the image is a blue frame, with "The Blues Brothers" on the top and "Music from the soundtrack" written on the bottom.
Soundtrack album by The Blues Brothers
Released June 20, 1980
Genre Blues, blues rock, blue-eyed soul
Length 40:27
Label Atlantic
Producer Bob Tischler
The Blues Brothers chronology
Briefcase Full of Blues
(1978)
The Blues Brothers: Original Soundtrack Recording
(1980)
Made in America
(1980)
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 3/5 stars[45]

The Blues Brothers: Original Soundtrack Recording (later re-released as The Blues Brothers: Music from the Soundtrack) was released on June 20, 1980 as the second album by the Blues Brothers Band, which also toured that year to promote the film. "Gimme Some Lovin'" was a Top 20 Billboard hit, peaking at number 18.[46] The album was a followup to their debut, the live album, Briefcase Full of Blues. Later that year they released a second live album, Made in America, which featured the Top 40 track, "Who's Making Love".[46]

The songs on the soundtrack album are a noticeably different audio mix than in the film, with a prominent baritone saxophone in the horn line (also heard in the film during "Shake a Tail Feather", though no baritone sax is present), and female backing vocals on "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love", though the band had no other backup singers, besides Jake &/or Elwood, in the film. A number of regular Blues Brothers' members, including saxophonist Tom Scott and drummer Steve Jordan, perform on the soundtrack album, but are not in the film.

According to Landis in the 1998 documentary The Stories Behind the Making of 'The Blues Brothers', filmed musical performances by Franklin and Brown took more effort, as neither artist was accustomed to lip-synching their performances on film. Franklin required several takes, and Brown simply rerecorded his performance live. Cab Calloway initially wanted to do a disco variation on his signature tune, "Minnie the Moocher", having done the song in several styles in the past, but Landis insisted that the song be done faithful to the original big-band version.

  1. "She Caught the Katy" (Taj Mahal, Yank Rachell) – The Blues Brothers with lead vocals by Jake Blues - 4:10
  2. "Peter Gunn Theme" (Henry Mancini) – The Blues Brothers Band - 3:46
  3. "Gimme Some Lovin'" (Steve Winwood, Muff Winwood, Spencer Davis) – The Blues Brothers with lead vocals by Jake Blues - 3:06
  4. "Shake a Tail Feather" (Otha Hayes, Andre Williams, Verlie Rice) – Ray Charles with the Blues Brothers (Jake and Elwood, backing vocals) - 2:48
  5. "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love" (Jerry Wexler, Bert Berns, Solomon Burke) – The Blues Brothers (Jake Blues, lead vocals; Elwood Blues, harmonica and vocals) - 3:21
  6. "The Old Landmark" (Adeline M. Brunner) – James Brown and the Rev. James Cleveland Choir (additional choir vocals by Chaka Khan credited in the film) - 2:56
  7. "Think" (Teddy White, Aretha Franklin) – Aretha Franklin and the Blues Brothers with backing vocals by Brenda Corbett, Margaret Branch, Carolyn Franklin, Jake, and Elwood - 3:13
  8. "Theme from Rawhide" (Dimitri Tiomkin, Ned Washington) – Elwood, Jake, and the Blues Brothers Band - 2:37
  9. "Minnie the Moocher" (Cab Calloway, Irving Mills) – Cab Calloway with the Blues Brothers Band - 3:23
  10. "Sweet Home Chicago" (Robert Johnson) – The Blues Brothers with lead vocals by Jake Blues (dedicated to the musician Magic Sam) - 7:48
  11. "Jailhouse Rock" (Jerry Leiber, Mike Stoller) – Jake Blues and the Blues Brothers (Over the closing credits in the film, verses are sung by James Brown, Cab Calloway, Ray Charles, Aretha Franklin and "crew") - 3:19

Other songs in the film[edit]

The film's score includes "God Music" (instrumental with choir vocalese) composed by Elmer Bernstein, who previously had worked with John Landis on National Lampoon's Animal House. Other songs in the film include:

Sequel[edit]

Main article: Blues Brothers 2000

The 1998 sequel, Blues Brothers 2000, had similar traits to the original, including large car-chase scenes and musical numbers. Landis returned to direct the film and Aykroyd reprised his role, joining John Goodman, Joe Morton, and 10-year-old J. Evan Bonifant as the new Blues Brothers. Franklin and Brown were among the celebrities returning from the first film. There were also musical performances by Sam Moore, Wilson Pickett, Paul Shaffer, B.B. King, and Eric Clapton, among others. Dozens of artists were packed into an all-star band called The Louisiana Gator Boys. Even with many returning cast members, the film was considered a box-office failure, only generating a little over $14 million in sales, and critics' reactions were very poor.[47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE BLUES BROTHERS (AA)". British Board of Film Classification. July 8, 1980. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  2. ^ Egan, Jack (July 21, 1980). "Wall Street Turns Sour on Hollywood". New York Magazine. p. 12. Retrieved February 11, 2001. 
  3. ^ a b c "The Blues Brothers". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  4. ^ "The Blues Brothers". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved March 27, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Fortune City-Blues Brothers". Biography of the Blues Brothers-From their album, A Briefcase Full of Blues. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Zeman, Ned (January 2013). "Soul Men: The Making of The Blues Brothers". Vanity Fair. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Stories Behind the Making of The Blues Brothers, documentary feature on 1998 DVD and 25th Anniversary DVD (2005).
  8. ^ "411Mania". Band: The Blues Brothers Movie: The Blues Brothers. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  9. ^ "Blues Brothers Central". The Blues Brothers : About The Movie. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  10. ^ Cecil Adams (October 15, 2009). "Were no movies made in Chicago while Richard J. Daley was mayor?". Straight Dope Chicago. Chicago Reader. Retrieved October 30, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b Newbart, Dave (June 20, 2005). "They 'were on a mission from God'". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on August 25, 2005. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  12. ^ "The CLUI Land Use Database-Dixie Square Mall". The Center for Land Use Interpretation. Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  13. ^ "The Blues Brothers - Chicago Filming Locations". Locations in the Blues Brothers. Archived from the original on May 24, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  14. ^ "The Blues Brothers". DVD Laser. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  15. ^ Corcoran, Michael; Bernstein, Arnie (June 1, 2013). "Hollywood on Lake Michigan: 100+ Years of Chicago and the Movies". Chicago Review Press. 
  16. ^ French, Karl; French, Philip (January 1, 2000). "Cult Movies". Billboard Books. 
  17. ^ Bessert, Christopher. "Milwaukee Freeways: Lake Freeway". Wisconsin Highways. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  18. ^ "Chicago-The Blues Brothers". Onscreen Illinois. Archived from the original on April 3, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f Newbart, Dave; Abdon Pallasch (June 24, 2005). "Happy to have Bluesmobile ram Daley Center — County Building's doors harder to pry open". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 2, 2009. (registration required (help)). 
  20. ^ Jevens, Darel (April 4, 2007). "The 50 Greatest Chicago Moments". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 10, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2009. 
  21. ^ a b c d Newbart, Dave (June 23, 2005). "Incredible stunt driving: "That was all real"". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 28, 2005. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  22. ^ "Biography". Curtis Salgado. Archived from the original on October 17, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  23. ^ "Blues Brothers 25th Anniversary". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 21, 2005. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  24. ^ name=http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0080455/fullcredits
  25. ^ name=http://www.fandango.com/thebluesbrothers_92735/castandcrew
  26. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved October 21, 2016. 
  27. ^ "The Blues Brothers (1980)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  28. ^ "The Envelope". Every show, every winner, every nominee-Blues Brothers. Retrieved December 16, 2008. [dead link]
  29. ^ "Film & Movie Comedy Classics". Comedy Zone. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  30. ^ "Bravo's 100 Funniest Movies List is Laughable". Manroom Magazine. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  31. ^ Ebert, Roger. "The Blues Brothers". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  32. ^ Arnold, Gary. "Oh, Brothers!". The Washington Post. 
  33. ^ Corliss, Richard (July 7, 1980). "A Great Rock-'n'-Roll Caravan". Time. Retrieved September 15, 2009. 
  34. ^ Maslin, Janet (June 20, 1980). "The Blues Brothers (1980)". The New York Times. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  35. ^ "The Blues Brothers Review at Empireonline".  by Kim Newman.2013-1-1
  36. ^ Greg Burke (June 18, 2010). "Vatican Calls The Blues Brothers "Catholic"". Fox News. Archived from the original on November 1, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2010. 
  37. ^ Paul Casciato (June 18, 2010). "Vatican beatifies Blues Brothers ... well almost". Reuters. Archived from the original on November 1, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2010. 
  38. ^ Coslovich, Gabriella (February 11, 2003). "A mission from God nears its end". Melbourne: The Age. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  39. ^ "The Melbourne Blues Brothers go global!". The Return of the Blues Brothers. Archived from the original on July 20, 2002. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  40. ^ "Blues Brothers 25th Anniversary DVD Launch". Blues Brothers Central. Retrieved April 27, 2009. 
  41. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees
  42. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees
  43. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes Nominees
  44. ^ Chiarella, Chris (October 14, 2005). "John Landis, Uncensored". Home Theater. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 
  45. ^ Adams, Bret. "The Blues Brothers [Original Soundtrack]". Allmusic. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  46. ^ a b Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard book of top 40 hits. Billboard Books. p. 70. ISBN 0-8230-7499-4. Retrieved November 1, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Blues Brothers 2000". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 16, 2008. 

External links[edit]