The Blues and the Abstract Truth
|The Blues and the Abstract Truth|
|Studio album by|
|Recorded||February 23, 1961|
|Studio||Van Gelder Studio|
Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
|Oliver Nelson chronology|
"Teenie's Blues" (stereo mix)
(Original Lp release)
|The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide|||
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings|||
The Blues and the Abstract Truth is an album by American composer and jazz saxophonist Oliver Nelson recorded in February 1961 for the Impulse! label. It remains Nelson's most acclaimed album and features a lineup of notable musicians: Freddie Hubbard, Eric Dolphy (his second-to-last appearance on a Nelson album following a series of collaborations recorded for Prestige), Bill Evans (his only appearance with Nelson), Paul Chambers and Roy Haynes. Baritone saxophonist George Barrow does not take solos but remains a key feature in the subtle voicings of Nelson's arrangements. The album is often noted for its unique ensemble arrangements and is frequently identified as a progenitor of Nelson's move towards arranging later in his career.
Among the pieces on the album, "Stolen Moments" is the best known and has become a jazz standard: a 16-bar piece in an eight-six-two pattern, even though the solos are in a conventional 12-bar minor-key blues structure in C minor. "Hoe-Down", inspired by the fourth section of Aaron Copland's Rodeo, is built on a forty-four-bar structure (with thirty-two-bar solos based on rhythm changes). "Cascades" modifies the traditional 32-bar AABA form by using a 16-bar minor blues for the A section, stretching the form to a total of 56 bars. The B-side of the album contains three tracks that hew closer to the 12-bar form: "Yearnin'", "Butch and Butch" and "Teenie's Blues" (which opens with two 12-bar choruses of bass solo by Chambers).
Nelson's later album, More Blues and the Abstract Truth (1964), features an entirely different (and larger) group of musicians and bears little resemblance to this record.
Writing in the December 21, 1961, issue of DownBeat magazine jazz critic Don DeMicheal commented:
Nelson's playing is like his writing: thoughtful, unhackneyed, and well constructed. Hubbard steals the solo honors with some of his best playing on record. Dolphy gets off some good solos too, his most interesting one on "Yearnin'".
The composition "Stolen Moments" has been recorded and performed by numerous musicians including Phil Woods, J. J. Johnson, Frank Zappa, Ahmad Jamal, Booker Ervin, the United Future Organization and the Turtle Island Quartet. The first eight bars of Nelson's solo on the bridge of "Hoe-Down" was quoted by Ernie Watts and Lee Ritenour in the song "Bullet Train" from their 1979 album Friendship. "Teenie's Blues" was used as a 2009 show-opener by Steely Dan.
All tracks composed by Oliver Nelson.
|No.||Title||Order of solos||Length|
|1.||"Stolen Moments"||Hubbard, Dolphy, Nelson, Evans||8:47|
|2.||"Hoe-Down"||Hubbard, Dolphy, Nelson, Haynes||4:43|
|No.||Title||Order of solos||Length|
|1.||"Yearnin'"||Dolphy, Hubbard, Evans||6:24|
|2.||"Butch and Butch"||Nelson, Hubbard, Dolphy, Evans||4:35|
|3.||"Teenie's Blues"||Dolphy, Nelson, Evans, Chambers||6:33|
- Freddie Hubbard – trumpet
- Eric Dolphy – alto saxophone; flute on "Stolen Moments"
- Oliver Nelson – tenor saxophone; alto saxophone on "Teenie's Blues"
- George Barrow – baritone saxophone
- Bill Evans – piano
- Paul Chambers – bass
- Roy Haynes – drums
- Khan, Ashley (2007). The House That Trane Built: The Story of Impulse Records. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 44. ISBN 9780393330717.
- Palmer, Richard (1990). "The Nelson Touch". Jazz Journal International. London: 10.
- DownBeat: December 21, 1961, Vol. 28, No. 26.
- Nastos, Michael G. "The Blues and the Abstract Truth: review" AllMusic. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. pp. 151. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
- Larkin, Colin (2007). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195313734.
- Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008). The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). Penguin. p. 1070. ISBN 978-0-141-03401-0. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Oliver E. Nelson: Liner notes from Impulse! A-5, March 1961.
- "Hard Bop Heaven: Oliver Nelson - "The Blues And The Abstract Truth". The Jazz Record. jazzrecord.com. 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Shadwick, Keith (2007). "Oliver Nelson - The Blues & The Abstract Truth". Jazzwise Magazine. Mark Allen Group. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- The Music Aficionado (2018). "The Blues and the Abstract Truth, by Oliver Nelson". The Music Aficionado: Quality articles about the golden age of music. The Music Aficionado Blog. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (2006). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 134. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.
- Electra Records album number 6E-241.
- Rob Tannenbaum (August 4, 2009). "Tasty! Steely Dan Brings the Guitar Solos, Male Ponytails". vulture.com. Retrieved January 5, 2014.