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The Boat Race 1896

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53rd Boat Race
Date28 March 1896 (1896-03-28)
WinnerOxford
Margin of victory2/5 of a length
Winning time20 minutes 1 second
Overall record
(Cambridge–Oxford)
22–30
UmpireFrank Willan
(Oxford)

The 53rd Boat Race took place on 28 March 1896. The Boat Race is an annual side-by-side rowing race between crews from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge along the River Thames. In a race umpired by former rower Frank Willan, Oxford won by two-fifths of a length in a time of 20 minutes 1 second, taking the overall record in the event to 30–22 in their favour. It was their seventh consecutive victory and the narrowest winning margin since 1877.

Background[edit]

Frank Willan was umpire of the Boat Race for the eighth time.

The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing competition between the boat clubs of University of Oxford (sometimes referred to as the "Dark Blues")[1] and the University of Cambridge (sometimes referred to as the "Light Blues").[1] The race was first held in 1829, and since 1845 has taken place on the 4.2-mile (6.8 km) Championship Course on the River Thames in southwest London.[2][3] The rivalry is a major point of honour between the two universities, as of 2014 it is followed throughout the United Kingdom and broadcast worldwide.[4][5][6] Oxford went into the race as reigning champions, having beaten Cambridge by two-and-a-quarter lengths in the previous year's race, and held the overall lead, with 29 victories to Cambridge's 22 (excluding the "dead heat" of 1877).[7][8]

Oxford's coaches were G. C. Bourne who had rowed for Oxford in the 1882 and 1883 races, R. C. Lehmann, the former president of the Cambridge Union Society and captain of the 1st Trinity Boat Club (although he had rowed in the trials eights for Cambridge, he was never selected for the Blue boat)[9] and Douglas McLean (an Oxford Blue five times between 1883 and 1887). Cambridge were coached by Stanley Muttlebury who had rowed for Cambridge five times between the 1886 and 1890 races.[10] The umpire for the race for the eighth year in a row was Frank Willan who won the event four consecutive times, rowing for Oxford in the 1866, 1867, 1868 and 1869 races.[11]

Crews[edit]

The Oxford crew weighed an average of 12 st 6.5 lb (79.0 kg), 1 pound (0.5 kg) per rower more than their opponents.[12] Five of the Cambridge crew had rowed in the previous year's race: boat club president Theodore Byram Hope, Herbert Aylward Game, Richard Yerburgh Bonsey, Thomas Jones Gibb Duncanson and Adam Searle Bell.[12] The Oxford crew contained three former Blues, including Walter Erskine Crum who was making his third consecutive appearance in the event. Six of the Oxford crew and two Cantabrigians were educated at Eton College.[12]

Harcourt Gilbey Gold (caricatured in 1899) rowed for Oxford.
Seat Oxford
Oxford-University-Circlet.svg
Cambridge
University of Cambridge coat of arms.svg
Name College Weight Name College Weight
Bow J. J. J. de Knoop New College 11 st 1.5 lb T. B. Hope (P) Trinity Hall 11 st 1 lb
2 C. K. Phillips New College 12 st 5.5 lb H. A. Game 1st Trinity 12 st 4 lb
3 E. C. Sherwood Magdalen 12 st 12 lb D. Pennington Gonville and Caius 12 st 7 lb
4 C. D. Burnell Magdalen 13 st 10 lb R. Y. Bonsey Lady Margaret Boat Club 12 st 10 lb
5 E. R. Balfour University 13 st 6 lb W. A. Bieber Trinity Hall 12 st 12 lb
6 R. Carr Magdalen 12 st 8.5 lb T. J. G. Duncanson Emmanuel 13 st 12 lb
7 W. E. Crum New College 12 st 3 lb A. S. Bell Trinity Hall 11 st 13 lb
Stroke H. G. Gold Magdalen 11 st 5.5 lb W. J. Fernie Trinity Hall 11 st 13 lb
Cox H. R. K. Pechell Brasenose 8 st 1 lb T. R. Paget-Tomlinson Trinity Hall 8 st 4.5 lb
Source:[13]
(P) – boat club president[14]
M. C. Pilkington acted as non-rowing president for Oxford.

Race[edit]

The Championship Course, along which the race is conducted

Cambridge, the pre-race favourites,[15] won the toss and elected to start from the Surrey station, handing the Middlesex side of the river to Oxford.[12] Starting at 1:03 p.m., the race was conducted in strong westerly winds and rain showers. Cambridge started the faster of the crews and outrated Oxford by two strokes per minute, and by Craven Steps (approximately 1,000 yards (910 m)) along the course) they held a one-third length lead. With the bend in the river in their favour, Oxford drew level by the Mile Post, but by Harrods Furniture Depository Cambridge were ahead, holding a three-quarter length advantage by Hammersmith Bridge. Into the rough water past the bridge, Oxford struggled and the Light Blues were clear at The Doves pub. By Chiswick Steps they had extended the lead to one and a half lengths.[15]

Despite being behind for most of the race, the Oxford stroke Harcourt Gilbey Gold maintained his crew's pace and rhythm and along Corney Reach (around 3 miles (4.8 km) into the race) they were overlapping the Light Blue boat. Encountering a challenging combination of wind and tide, Cambridge began to struggle by the brewery at Mortlake, and the Dark Blues took advantage,[16] overtaking Cambridge and passed the finishing post two-fifths of a length ahead in a time of 20 minutes 1 second. It was their seventh consecutive victory and the narrowest margin of victory since the 1877 race.[8] Author and former Oxford rower George Drinkwater described the race as "one of the most stubbornly contested that has ever been rowed".[15]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Dark Blues aim to punch above their weight". The Observer. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
  2. ^ Smith, Oliver (25 March 2014). "University Boat Race 2014: spectators' guide". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  3. ^ "The Course". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Former Winnipegger in winning Oxford–Cambridge Boat Race crew". CBC News. 6 April 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  5. ^ "TV and radio". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  6. ^ Markovits, Andrei; Rensmann, Lars (6 June 2010). Gaming the World: How Sports Are Reshaping Global Politics and Culture. Princeton University Press. pp. 287–288. ISBN 978-0691137513.
  7. ^ "Classic moments – the 1877 dead heat". The Boat Race Company Limited. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Men – Results". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  9. ^ Searby, Peter (6 November 1997). A History of the University of Cambridge: Volume 3, 1750–1870. Cambridge University Press. p. 664. ISBN 978-0521350600.
  10. ^ Burnell, pp. 110–111
  11. ^ Burnell, pp. 49, 59
  12. ^ a b c d Burnell, p. 66
  13. ^ Dodd, p. 312
  14. ^ Burnell, pp. 50–51
  15. ^ a b c Drinkwater, p. 102
  16. ^ Drinkwater, p. 103

Bibliography

  • Burnell, Richard (1979). One Hundred and Fifty Years of the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. Precision Press. ISBN 0950063878.
  • Dodd, Christopher (1983). The Oxford & Cambridge Boat Race. Stanley Paul. ISBN 0-09-151340-5.
  • Drinkwater, G. C.; Sanders, T. R. B. (1929). The University Boat Race – Official Centenary History. Cassell & Company, Ltd.

External links[edit]