This is a good article. Follow the link for more information.

The Boat Race 1936

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
88th Boat Race
Date 4 April 1936 (1936-04-04)
Winner Cambridge
Margin of victory 5 lengths
Winning time 21 minutes 6 seconds
Overall record
(Cambridge–Oxford)
47–40
Umpire Francis Escombe
(Cambridge)
Other races
Women's winner Oxford

The 88th Boat Race took place on 4 April 1936. Held annually, the Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing race between crews from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge along the River Thames. Umpired by the former Boat Race coach Francis Escombe, Cambridge won by five lengths in a time of 21 minutes 6 seconds. The record thirteenth consecutive victory took the overall record in the event to 47–40 in Cambridge's favour. The heaviest crew up to that year in Boat Race history, Cambridge were the first to weigh more than an average of 13 st (82.4 kg) per individual.

Background[edit]

The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing competition between the University of Oxford (sometimes referred to as the "Dark Blues")[1] and the University of Cambridge (sometimes referred to as the "Light Blues").[1] The race was first held in 1829, and since 1845 has taken place on the 4.2-mile (6.8 km) Championship Course on the River Thames in southwest London.[2][3] The rivalry is a major point of honour between the two universities; it is followed throughout the United Kingdom and, as of 2014, broadcast worldwide.[4] Cambridge went into the race as reigning champions, having won the 1935 race by four and a half lengths, and led overall with 46 victories to Oxford's 40 (excluding the "dead heat" of 1877).[5][6]

Oxford were coached by William Rathbone (who rowed for Oxford in the 1926 and 1927 races), and former Cambridge rowers John Houghton Gibbon (who had rowed for the Light Blues in the 1899 and 1900 races) and Kenneth Payne (who rowed for Cambridge in the 1932 and 1934 races). Cambridge's coaches were F. E. Hellyer (who had rowed for the Light Blues in the 1910 and 1911 races), B. C. Johnstone, D. H. E. McCowen (who had rowed in the 1932 race) and C. H. Rew (who had coached the Light Blues the previous year).[7][8] The race was umpired by Francis Jerram Escombe who had coached Cambridge fifteen times between 1904 and 1934, and Oxford the previous year.[9] Both boats were made by Sims and both crews used Ayling's oars.[7]

The rowing correspondent for The Times suggested that on arrival at Putney, "Cambridge were almost certainly the fastest crew ever to come to the tideway. Oxford were equally certain one of the worst".[7] He went on to report that while Cambridge still looked "remarkably neat", they "have actually got slower"; at the same time Oxford "improved their pace, if not their appearance, in a measure that most critics would have thought quite impossible".[7]

Crews[edit]

The Cambridge crew weighed an average of 13 st 0.5 lb (82.6 kg), 3.75 pounds (1.7 kg) per rower more than their opponents, the heaviest crew ever at the time.[7] It was the first time in the race history that a crew weighed more than an average of 13 st (82.4 kg).[10] Oxford saw two participants with Boat Race experience return to the crew in number five B. J. Sciortino and stroke D. M. de R. Winser. Cambridge's crew contained five former Blues, four of whom were making their third appearance including cox Noel Duckworth,[11] and Jack Wilson and Ran Laurie, who would win the Coxless pairs Gold medal at the 1948 Olympics. Three of the race participants were registered as non-British: Oxford's J. S. Lewes and S. R. C. Wood, along with Cambridge's Thomas Cree were all Australian.[12]

Seat Cambridge
University of Cambridge coat of arms.svg
Oxford
Oxford-University-Circlet.svg
Name College Weight Name College Weight
Bow T. S. Cree Jesus 12 st 2 lb M. G. C. Ashby New College 12 st 0 lb
2 H. W. Mason Trinity Hall 12 st 8 lb J. S. Lewes Christ Church 12 st 7.5 lb
3 G. M. Lewis Pembroke 13 st 0 lb K. V. Garside St John's 12 st 12 lb
4 D. W. Burnford Jesus 13 st 4 lb S. R. C. Wood Brasenose 12 st 7 lb
5 M. P. Lonnon 3rd Trinity 13 st 6 lb B. J. Sciortino (P) University 12 st 11 lb
6 D. G. Kingsford Pembroke 13 st 7 lb J. D. Sturrock Magdalen 14 st 1.5 lb
7 J. H. T. Wilson (P) Pembroke 13 st 0 lb J. C. Cherry Brasenose 13 st 7 lb
Stroke W. G. R. M. Laurie Selwyn 13 st 6 lb D. M. de R. Winser Corpus Christi 11 st 12 lb
Cox J. N. Duckworth Jesus 8 st 7 lb M. A. Kirke Keble 8 st 7 lb
Source:[11]
(P) – boat club president[13]

Race[edit]

The Championship Course along which the Boat Race is contested

Oxford won the toss and elected to start from the Surrey station, handing the Middlesex side of the river to Cambridge.[14] Umpire Escombe started the race at 11:40 a.m in relatively calm water.[11] Cambridge made the quicker start, out-rating the Dark Blues, but struggled in patches of rougher water such that Oxford held a slight lead by the end of the Fulham Wall. With the bend in the river against them, the Dark Blues held a half-length lead as the crews passed the Mile Post and, according to former Oxford rower E. P. Evans, writing in The Manchester Guardian, "were going well ... and seemed to be forging ahead at every stroke".[15] At Harrods Furniture Depository, Cambridge stroke Ran Laurie pushed on to reduce Oxford's advantage as the long bend in the river favoured them: the crews passed under Hammersmith Bridge with Cambridge trailing by half a length.[15]

A series of spurts from Cambridge combined with intelligent steering from their cox, pushing the Dark Blue boat out of the tide, resulted in a reversal of fortune with Cambridge leading, and by the end of Chiswick Eyot, they were nearly clear of Oxford. Passing Chiswick Steps four seconds ahead, the Light Blues continued to increase their advantage, passing below Barnes Bridge four lengths ahead.[7] They passed the finishing post five lengths ahead in a time of 21 minutes 6 seconds.[14] It was the largest winning margin since the 1929 race and the slowest winning time since the 1925 race when Oxford sank in adverse conditions.[5][16] It was Cambridge's thirteenth consecutive victory, a record streak in the history of the Boat Race, and took the overall record in the event to 47–40 in their favour.[5] E. P. Evans wrote that "no praise is too much for the gallant Oxford crew" while of Cambridge he noted "though they may not have produced their best form in the early part of the race they made up for it later".[7] The rowing correspondent for The Times stated that "it was an exciting race over the first half of the course" and praised the Light Blues saying "all credit is due to the Cambridge crew for the manner in which they recovered themselves after being led through such bad water".[17] William Beach Thomas, writing in The Observer, claimed "Cambridge were described as the best crew in the chronicles of rowing kings, and Oxford the very worst".[16]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Dark Blues aim to punch above their weight". The Observer. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Smith, Oliver (25 March 2014). "University Boat Race 2014: spectators' guide". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Course". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Former Winnipegger in winning Oxford–Cambridge Boat Race crew". CBC News. 6 April 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Boat Race – Results". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "Classic moments – the 1877 dead heat". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Boat Race Day – Cambridge again favourites". The Times (47341). 4 April 1936. p. 15. 
  8. ^ Burnell, pp. 110–111
  9. ^ Burnell, pp. 49, 110
  10. ^ Burnell, p. 44
  11. ^ a b c Burnell, p. 75
  12. ^ Burnell, p. 39
  13. ^ Burnell, pp. 50, 52
  14. ^ a b Dodd, p. 329
  15. ^ a b Evans, E. P. (6 April 1936). "Another Cambridge victory". The Manchester Guardian. p. 4. 
  16. ^ a b Thomas, William Beach (5 April 1936). "Light Blues win by five lengths". The Observer. p. 19. 
  17. ^ "The Boat Race – Cambridge win again". The Times (47342). 6 April 1936. p. 6. 

Bibliography

  • Burnell, Richard (1979). One Hundred and Fifty Years of the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. Precision Press. ISBN 0950063878. 
  • Dodd, Christopher (1983). The Oxford & Cambridge Boat Race. Stanley Paul. ISBN 0091513405. 

External links[edit]