The Pepsodent Show

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The Pepsodent Show
Other names The Pepsodent Show Starring Bob Hope
The Bob Hope Pepsodent Show
The Bob Hope Show
Genre Comedy
Running time 30 minutes
Country United States
Language(s) English
Syndicates NBC
Starring Bob Hope
Jerry Colonna
Skinnay Ennis
Blanche Stewart
Elvia Allman
Judy Garland
Frances Langford
The Desi Arnaz Orchestra
(more)
Announcer Bill Goodwin
Wendell Niles
Art Baker
Larry Keating
Writer(s) (see below)
Director(s) Bill Lawrence
Norman Morrell
Bob Stephenson
Al Capstaff
Producer(s) Bill Lawrence
Norman Morrell
Bob Stephenson
Al Capstaff
Air dates September 27, 1938 (1938-09-27) to June 8, 1948 (1948-06-08)
No. of episodes 132 (according to the Radio Gold Index)
150 (other sources)
Opening theme Thanks for the Memory
Sponsor(s) Pepsodent

The Pepsodent Show is an American radio comedy program broadcast during the Golden Age of Radio. The program starred comedian Bob Hope and his sidekick Jerry Colonna along with Blanche Stewart and Elvia Allman as high-society crazies Brenda and Cobina as well as a continuously rotating supporting cast and musicians which included, for a time, Judy Garland, Frances Langford and Desi Arnaz and his orchestra.

The Pepsodent Show, along with Edgar Bergen's Chase and Sanborn Hour, Jack Benny's The Jack Benny Program, and Fred Allen's Texaco Star Theatre, was one of the most listened-to programs during World War II.

The Pepsodent Show was broadcast Tuesday nights at 10:00 over NBC from September 27, 1938–June 8, 1948. For most of its run, Pepsodent followed Fibber McGee and Molly on Tuesdays[1] and preceded The Raleigh Cigarette Program starring Red Skelton.[2]

Background[edit]

Pepsodent toothpaste[edit]

Main article: Pepsodent

Pepsodent toothpaste sponsored the program for its entire 10-year run. Pepsodent was founded by Pepsodent Company based in Chicago in 1915. The namesake of Pepsodent came from pepsin. Pepsin is a digestive enzyme designed to break down and digest food deposits on the teeth. Pepsin was an ingredient used in early on in Pepsodent toothpaste.[3]

By the late 1920s, sales for Pepsodent had plummeted to the point of near bankruptcy.[4] In an effort to boost sales, Pepsodent became the official sponsor of Amos 'n' Andy, a continuation of WGN's popular Sam 'n' Henry starring Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll. The first Pepsodent sponsored episode of Amos 'n' Andy aired on August 19, 1929.[5]

It was also during the run of Amos 'n' Andy that Pepsodent began advertising the supposed ingredient Irium. Irium is another word for sodium lauryl sulfate, an inexpensive ionic surfactant.[6] Even though the advertising was convincing enough for people to actually believe that Irium is real, in a 1994 speech, then-FCC chairman Reed Hundt claimed that the "Irium" mentioned in Pepsodent advertisements "didn't exist".[7]

Bob Hope[edit]

Main article: Bob Hope

Hope was born Leslie Townes Hope to British parents in Eltham, London on May 29, 1903. Hope, along with his parents and siblings emigrated to the United States aboard the SS Philadelphia and passed through Ellis Island on March 30, 1908, before moving to Cleveland, Ohio.[8]

Hope first entered show business in the 1920s joining the Vaudeville circuit. Around 1928, Hope adopted the name Bob as he believed it was a more stage-friendly name.[9] During the early 1930s, Hope began a gig with New York's Palace Theatre and also performed in his first Broadway play as part of the cast of 1930's Smiles. Hope soon found himself apart of the cast of 1932's Ballyhoo of 1932 and Jerome Kern's Roberta in 1933. In 1936, Hope shared star billing with Ethel Merman and Jimmy Durante in Cole Porter's Broadway musical Red, Hot and Blue.

Hope made his radio debut in 1933 during the talent portion of Rudy Vallée's The Fleischmann's Yeast Hour.[10] Hope appeared in his first feature film The Big Broadcast of 1938 in 1938.[11] His fellow co-stars included W.C. Fields, Dorothy Lamour, Shirley Ross and Martha Raye.[12]

The Intimate Revue[edit]

After Hope's success on The Rudy Vallée Show, NBC offered Hope his own radio show, The Intimate Revue, the first of several precursors to The Pepsodent Show. The Intimate Revue premiered on the Blue Network on January 4, 1935. Sponsored by Emerson's Bromo-Seltzer, alongside Hope in the starring cast were singers James Melton, Jane Froman and Patricia Wilder with musical accompaniment from Al Goodman. The program ended on April 5, 1935.[13]

The Atlantic Family[edit]

Hope's next radio program, The Atlantic Family, was for Atlantic Oil. This program premiered on CBS on September 14, 1935. The program ended its run nearly a whole year after it began on September 3, 1936. The program aired Saturdays at 7 for most of its run until moving to Thursdays at 7 for the last three months. Wilder came with Hope to this series alongside tenor Frank Parker with Red Nichols and his Five Pennies providing the music.[13]

The Rippling Rhythm Revue/The Woodbury Soap Show and Your Hollywood Parade[edit]

In May 1937, Hope signed a 26-week contract for the new The Rippling Rhythm Revue, (alternative title: The Woodbury Soap Show) sponsored by Woodbury soap.[14][15] Hope began his 26 weeks on May 9, 1937 back on the Blue Network. The show's name derived from a musical gimmick by maestro Shep Fields in which Fields would blow bubbles while his orchestra played music.[1]

Along with Fields leading his orchestra and Hope in the role of host, Frank Parker from The Atlantic Family was again brought on as lead tenor. The program aired Sundays at 9 until the end of the 26 weeks on September 6, 1937.

On December 29, Hope joined the cast of Your Hollywood Parade on NBC. Sponsored by American Tobacco's Lucky Strike cigarettes, the program originally starred Dick Powell[1] and was a spin-off of the popular music program Your Hit Parade. Airing Wednesdays at 10, Hope hosted the program for a single season ending his association with Lucky Strike on March 23, 1938.[13]

Production[edit]

The Pepsodent Show Starring Bob Hope premiered on Tuesday night September 27, 1938 over the stations of the National Broadcasting Company. Hope was the star of the program with Jerry Colonna as Hope's sidekick. Each program usually began with an opening monologue by Hope, a little banter with Colonna, a couple exchanges and a few skits with other members of the cast and the week's guest stars and finally a concluding skit.[16]

The original Pepsodent cast consisted of Bob Hope, Jerry Colonna, Blanche Stewart and Elvia Allman. Stewart and Allman portrayed high-society crazies Brenda and Cobina, respectively. Bill Goodwin was the program's original announcer, Skinnay Ennis was the program's original bandleader and Judy Garland, 16 at the time, was the program's original vocalist.[17] The program's cast changed often over the course of the ten years Pepsodent was on the air. In total, during the run of The Pepsodent Show, listeners heard the arrival and departure of four announcers, five vocalists and three bandleaders. Among the program's other vocalists were Frances Langford and Doris Day and among the bandleaders to be heard on the program were Les Brown and Desi Arnaz.

The Pepsodent Show soon became apart of the most listened-to radio programs in America and Bob Hope soon became a household name, due in part because of his opening monologue at the beginning of the program which has been noted as the most popular part of each episode.[18] Originally Hope had a team of eight writers whom he paid out of his salary $2500 a week to compose the jokes and materials he used for the each show. Included in the original team of Pepsodent writers were Mel Shavelson, Norman Panama, Jack Rose, Sherwood Schwartz, and Schwartz's brother Al. His writing eventually grew to fifteen and some of the newcomers to the show included Milt Josefsberg, Larry Gelbart and Hal Block.[19]

World War II[edit]

The program saw its highest ratings during World War II. According to Crossley, Pepsodent was the no. 1 rated program on the air for two consecutive years (1942–43; 1943–44) receiving a Hooperating of 40.9 in 1942.[20]

As the war ensued, Hope tried to enlist in the service. However, he was told he could better serve as an entertainer. With that, Hope joined the United Service Organizations (USO). With his USO troupe, Hope traveled to the likes of Sicily, England, Alaska, North Africa and the South Pacific entertaining the servicemen and women in the military.[21] Hope also became a regular performer on the Armed Forces Radio Network.

Even with Hope constantly traveling overseas to perform for the troops, The Pepsodent Show still continued production. Soon after Hope joined the USO, The Pepsodent Show began broadcasting from military bases across the country. The May 6, 1941, installment of the radio series aired from March Army Air Force Field in Riverside, California. This was the first remote broadcast of Hope's coast-to-coast radio program and became the first of hundreds of radio and television broadcasts Hope performed for the entertainment of U.S. soldiers. Broadcasting in front of a live audience of soldiers and gearing the subject matter of the monologue to the troops, Hope fashioned a very successful variant on the radio comedy variety format. World War II-era stateside radio audiences, as well as the troops, appreciated Hope's soldier-directed monologues, which provided home audiences with a special affinity with the soldiers' lives and their contributions to the country.[18] Gerd Horten, author of the book Radio Goes to War, documents in this book, about seven Pepsodent episodes aired between 1941 and 1943 broadcast from different military bases across the nation.[22]

Swan Soap and The Bob Hope Show[edit]

The Bob Hope Show
Genre Comedy
Running time 30 minutes
Country United States
Language(s) English
Syndicates NBC
Starring Bob Hope
Doris Day
Announcer Hy Averback
Air dates September 14, 1948 (1948-09-14) to April 21, 1955 (1955-04-21)
Sponsor(s) Swan Soap
Chesterfield
Jell-O
American Dairy
General Foods

After the war, The Pepsodent Show steadily began to decline in the ratings. By 1948, ratings were so low that Pepsodent pulled sponsorship and on Tuesday June 8, 1948, the last broadcast of The Pepsodent Show aired over the NBC.

Despite cancellation, Hope still continued on radio. Lever Brothers' Swan soap began sponsoring The Bob Hope Show.[23] The Bob Hope Show premiered on September 14, 1948 on NBC. By this point, most of the regulars from The Pepsodent Show left to further pursue their careers. Doris Day, who was the vocalist for The Pepsodent Show after Gloria Jean's departure, was the only one Hope's Pepsodent co-stars who continued to perform on The Bob Hope Show.[13] Hy Averback was the announcer.

Airing Tuesdays at 9, the program was at direct competition with the new sitcom Life with Luigi, which aired at the same time on CBS. Life with Luigi proved to be the season's new hit crushing The Bob Hope Show in the ratings. Like Pepsodent before, due to the poor ratings, Swan pulled its sponsorship of The Bob Hope Show in 1950. The last Swan-sponsored episode of the program aired on June 13.

The next fall on October 3, The Bob Hope Show premiered under the sponsorship of Chesterfield cigarettes. Over the next five years, The Bob Hope Show aired under various sponsors, including Jell-O and General Foods, in various timeslots until its final episode aired on April 21, 1955.

Broadcast history[edit]

The Pepsodent Show[edit]

For the entirety of the program's ten-year run, The Pepsodent Show was broadcast on Tuesday nights from 10-10:30. The Pepsodent Show aired immediately after Fibber McGee and Molly, another one of radio's most popular shows. For six years, (1941–44; 1945–48), The Pepsodent Show was followed by Red Skelton's Raleigh Cigarette Program at 10:30.

The Bob Hope Show[edit]

Timeslot Starting date Ending date Network Sponsor
Tuesdays at 9-9:30 pm September 14, 1948 June 13, 1950 NBC Swan Soap
October 3, 1950 1952 Chesterfield
Wednesdays at 10-10:30 pm 1953 Jell-O
Fridays at 8:30-9:00 pm 1953 1954 American Dairy
Thursdays at 8:3-9:00 pm 1954 April 21, 1955
Weekdays at 9:30-9:45 am
11:45 am-12 pm
10:30-10:45 am
November 10, 1952 July 9, 1954 General Foods

Cast and crew[edit]

Cast[edit]

Main[edit]

Crew[edit]

Music[edit]

Conductors[edit]
Vocalists[edit]

Announcers[edit]

Producer-Directors[edit]

  • Bill Lawrence
  • Norman Morrell
  • Bob Stephenson
  • Al Capstaff

Writers[edit]

After Pepsodent[edit]

After the end of The Pepsodent Show, sales of Pepsodent toothpaste still were steady. Pepsodent also still continued to sponsor popular program's on the radio. Pepsodent sponsored CBS's popular comedy My Friend Irma in the evening and Arthur Godfrey Time and Art Linkletter's House Party during the daytime.[4] Pepsodent's sales began to decline during the 1960s as people became aware of role of fluoride in cavity protection. As brands such as Colgate, Crest and Gleem began incorporating fluoride in their toothpastes, Pepsodent was hesitant to do so, leading to the increasing popularity of those three brands and the decline in popularity for Pepsodent. Pepsodent did eventually add fluoride in their toothpaste but not before sales for Pepsodent plummeted to an all-time low. In 2003, household-manufacturing company Church & Dwight purchased the Pepsodent brand rights in the United States from Unilever. Pepsodent continues to be sold today.[24]

As far as Bob Hope, after Pepsodent and The Bob Hope Show, Hope moved into the new medium of television. Hope was most famous for his television specials on NBC, the first special airing in April 1950. The specials were often sponsored by General Motors (1955–61), Chrysler (1963–73), and Texaco (1975–85).[25] Chrysler also sponsored Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre, Hope's weekly anthology series on NBC during the 1960s.

Hope also continued performing with the USO for 50 years until 1991 and was made an "honorary veteran" by President Bill Clinton in 1997. Hope was honored for his contributions to radio in 1990 when he was inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame.[26] Hope continued performing well into his 90s and died at the age of 100 on July 27, 2003 in his home in Toluca Lake, California of pneumonia.[27] Hope was interred in the Bob Hope Memorial Garden at San Fernando Mission Cemetery in Los Angeles.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-1950-7678-3. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  2. ^ Hyatt, Wesley (2004). A Critical History of Television's The Red Skelton Show, 1951-1971. McFarland. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7864-1732-2. Retrieved October 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ Sefcik, Lisa (July 8, 2015). "What Is Pepsodent Toothpaste?". Livestrong.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "A Success Story….. From Near Extinction To Top Selling Brand". www.old-time.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Amos 'n' Andy To Start New Radio Series". The Pittsburgh Press. July 28, 1929. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  6. ^ Budavari, Susan; O'Neil, Maryadele J.; Smith, Ann; Heckelman, Patricia E.; Kinneary, Joanne F. (1996). "sodium lauryl sulfate". The Merck Index (12th ed.). Whitehouse Station, New Jersey: Merk & Co., Inc. p. 1478. 
  7. ^ Hundt, Reed E. (October 13, 1994). "Address Before the NAB Radio Show". Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  8. ^ Moreno, Barry (2008). Ellis Island's Famous Immigrants. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-7385-5533-1. 
  9. ^ Young, William H.; Young, Nancy K. (2010). World War II and the Postwar Years in America: A Historical and Cultural Encyclopedia, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 381. ISBN 978-0-3133-5652-0. Retrieved December 16, 2015. 
  10. ^ "BOB HOPE SHOW - Old-Time Radio Series". www.radiospirits.com. Retrieved December 17, 2015. 
  11. ^ King, Susan (November 29, 2014). "Timeline: Key Moments in Bob Hope's Life and Career". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 17, 2015. 
  12. ^ Vaudeville old & new: an encyclopedia of variety performances in America, Volume 1. Psychology Press. 2004. p. 526. ISBN 978-0-415-93853-2. Retrieved December 17, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c d Dunning, p. 105
  14. ^ Quirk, Lawrence J. (2000). Bob Hope: The Road Well Traveled. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 94. ISBN 1-557-83450-4. 
  15. ^ Sterling, Christopher H. (2013). Biographical Encyclopedia of American Radio. Routledge. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-136-99376-3. Retrieved December 18, 2015. 
  16. ^ "History of Radio Comedy". www.oocities.org. Retrieved December 19, 2015. 
  17. ^ Schechter, Scott (2006). Judy Garland: The Day-by-day Chronicle of a Legend. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 61–65. ISBN 978-1-5897-9300-2. Retrieved December 20, 2015. 
  18. ^ a b "Bob Hope and American Variety". Library of Congress. Retrieved December 20, 2015. 
  19. ^ Nachman, Gerald (1998). Raised on Radio. Pantheon Books, New York. p. 144. ISBN 0-307-82894-8. 
  20. ^ McLeod, Elizabeth (2005). The Original Amos 'n' Andy: Freeman Gosden, Charles Correll and the 1928-1943 Radio Serial. McFarland. p. 167. ISBN 978-1-4766-0971-3. Retrieved December 20, 2015. 
  21. ^ Sterling, p. 179
  22. ^ Horten, Gerd (2002). Radio Goes to War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda During World War II. University of California Press. p. 205. Retrieved December 20, 2015. 
  23. ^ Young & Young, p. 382
  24. ^ "THE HISTORY OF PEPSODENT TOOTHPASTE". www.intelligentdental.com. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  25. ^ Grudens, Richard (2002). The Spirit of Bob Hope: One Hundred Years, One Million Laughs. Soiux Falls, SD: Pine Hill Press. pp. 47–48. ISBN 978-1-57579-227-9. 
  26. ^ "Bob Hope". National Radio Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Comedian Bob Hope dies". BBC News. July 28, 2003. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  28. ^ Doyle, Paula (August 23, 2005). "Bob Hope Memorial Garden opens at San Fernando Mission". Catholic News Service. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Audio[edit]