The Book of Genesis (comics)
|The Book of Genesis|
|Date||October 19, 2009|
|Page count||224 pages|
|Publisher||W. W. Norton & Company|
The Book of Genesis (2009) is a comic book illustrated by cartoonist and comic book artist Robert Crumb that purports to be a faithful, literal illustration of the Book of Genesis. It reached #1 the New York Times graphic novel bestseller list and on the Christian books list at Amazon.com.
Given Crumb's past body of work, and his professed rejection of religion, many assumed when the book was announced that it would be a satire or otherwise profane or subversive send-up, and were surprised or disappointed to find it "straight-faced". Crumb "resist[ed] the temptation to go all-out Crumb on us and exaggerate the sordidness, the primitivism and the outright strangeness" found in the Bible—the depictions of sex are explicit, but not gratuitous. In his introduction to the book, Crumb writes he has "faithfully reproduced every word of the original text," each word hand-lettered. The book's cover contains the warning, "Adult Supervision Recommended for Minors".
The book has been controversial, particularly for the explicit illustrations of scenes of sexual intercourse described in the text itself. In critical circles, it has drawn fire over whether and how literal the illustration job is, or should be.
The book was published by W. W. Norton & Company on October 19, 2009, in book form—the book was never serialized prior to being published.
The publisher originally wanted to title the book The Book of Genesis According to Robert Crumb, but Crumb insisted on changing "According to" to "Illustrated by".
Drawn in his signature scratchy, obsessively crosshatched drawing style, Crumb avoided doing a satirical or psychedelic take on the work, as would have been expected. Reviewers have called the style "humanizing", with a "human-looking deity" with "enormous, hairy, veiny hands"; unlike much later Christian art, which Europeanized the characters from the Old and New Testaments, the characters in Crumb's book are "plac[ed...]squarely in the Middle East — and populat[ed...]with distinctly Semitic-looking people".
Crumb says he had originally intended to do a send up of the Book of Genesis, but "I fooled around in the sketchbooks with those ideas and I just, I didn't like how it was working out so I just decided to do a straight illustration job of it. It seemed to me that the original text was so strange in its own way that there was no need to do any sendup or satire of it. My trial efforts to do that seemed lame, it wasn't working out."
Many reviewers found it surprising that Crumb kept the depictions of sex "tame", given that he is so well known for his explicit depictions of sex.
Crumb was brought up Catholic, and thus is familiar with the more common Bible stories, but gave up the Catholic faith when he was 16. He went through a phase when he was 15 where he "[went] to church a lot, receiving communion, saying the Rosary, praying", but when he started to scrutinize it, "it just fell apart so quickly."
Crumb says he is spiritual—and gnostic, and not an atheist; he is "interested in pursuing and understanding the spiritual nature of things." He believes there is a God, but "I don't believe [the Book of Genesis is] the Word of God. I believe it's the words of men". He occasionally refers to Ecclesiastes for spiritual guidance, but finds the Book of Genesis to be "much too primitive" to find any spiritual meaning in it.
Crumb's main source was Robert Alter's translation of the Book of Genesis from 1996, although he referred to many other sources, including the King James Version of the Bible. In one passage, Crumb used the "term 'handmaid', derived from the King James, to describe the young woman whom Sarai offers up to sleep with her husband, Abram, after Sarai is unable to conceive, rather than Alter’s term, 'slave girl', which evokes the woman’s subservient status."
Reception and influence
Chester Brown writes that "Robert Crumb is probably the world's greatest living cartoonist, and his The Book of Genesis (2009) might be his masterpiece. It's certainly the best comics adaptation of biblical material that I know of." Brown has also cited The Book of Genesis as an influence on his own biblical graphic novel, Mary Wept Over the Feet of Jesus.
|2010||Harvey Awards||Best Artist||Won|
|Best Original Graphic Album||Nominated|
|Eisner Awards||Best Adaptation from Another Work||Nominated|
|Best Graphic Album—New||Nominated|
- Luscombe, Belinda (2009-11-01). "Genesis: The Word According to R. Crumb". Time magazine. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Alex, Wood (July 2010). "Hey, I'm Still Here". Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Gilman, Susan Jane (2009-10-19). "R. Crumb's Awesome, Affecting Take On 'Genesis'". National Public Radio. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Sattler, Peter (2010-08-20). "Crumb’s Limited Literalism: Seeing and Not Seeing in Genesis". The Hooded Utilitarian. Retrieved 2011-04-21. External link in
- Widmer, Ted (Summer 2010). "The Art of Comics No. 1". The Paris Review. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Mouly, Francoise (June 8 & 15, 2009). "Comic Strip by R. Crumb: The Book of Genesis". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2010-04-21. Check date values in:
- Hajdu, pg. 1
- Baker, Kenneth (2009-10-30). "Comics star R. Crumb gets serious with Genesis". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Spitznagel, Eric (2009-10-22). "Robert Crumb Thinks God Might Actually Be Crazy". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
Vanity Fair interview with Crumb
- Colton, David (2009-10-19). "Illustrator R. Crumb is drawn to God with his latest project". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Hajdu, pg. 2
- Brown, Chester (2016). Mary Wept Over the Feet of Jesus (1st ed.). Montreal: Drawn and Quarterly. p. 190. ISBN 978-1-77046-234-2.
- "2010 Harvey Award Winners". The Harvey Awards. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- "2010 Eisner Nominations Encompass Wide Range of Works". Comic-Con International. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Product page at W. W. Norton & Company
- Mouly, Francoise (2009-10-23). "R. Crumb in Conversation with Francoise Mouly (video)". Fora.tv. Retrieved 2011-04-21. External link in