|The Boston Strangler|
|Directed by||Richard Fleischer|
|Screenplay by||Edward Anhalt|
|Based on||The Boston Strangler|
by Gerold Frank
|Produced by||Robert Fryer|
|Cinematography||Richard H. Kline|
|Edited by||Marion Rothman|
|Music by||Lionel Newman|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$17.8 million|
The Boston Strangler is a 1968 American biographical crime drama film directed by Richard Fleischer and starring Tony Curtis, Henry Fonda, George Kennedy, Mike Kellin, Murray Hamilton, Sally Kellerman and William Hickey. It is loosely based on the true story of the Boston Strangler and the 1966 book of the same name by Gerold Frank.
The Boston Strangler was released in the United States on October 16, 1968, by 20th Century Fox. It was a box-office success, grossing over $17 million, but received mixed reviews from critics, with several deriding it as an exploitation film that featured a number of inaccuracies in its depiction of the actual crimes. For his performance as Albert DeSalvo—the man who confessed to being the Strangler—Curtis was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor.
After three murders of elderly women, the victims being strangled and penetrated with foreign objects, the Boston police conclude that they have a serial killer to catch. As the murders stretch over several police jurisdictions, Massachusetts Attorney General Edward W. Brooke appoints John S. Bottomly as head of a "Strangler Bureau" to coordinate the investigation. Several suspects are interrogated and released.
As the body count grows, Bottomly, in desperation, calls in a psychic, Peter Hurkos, who pinpoints Eugene T. O'Rourke, a man who seems to fit the profile. The severely masochistic O'Rourke is taken in for psychiatric observation for ten days but nothing implicates him in the murders. Another murder is committed while O'Rourke is under observation, clearing him of suspicion.
While the 1963 funeral of John F. Kennedy is on television, Albert DeSalvo leaves his wife and children, under the pretext of work. He gains entry into the apartment of a woman, Dianne Cluny, by posing as a plumber sent by the building supervisor. He attacks her, tying her to her bed with rags ripped from her dress. DeSalvo is taken aback by the sight of himself in a mirror as he tries to subdue Dianne and she struggles free and bites his hand; DeSalvo flees.
He tries to enter the apartment of another woman, only to find that her husband is home. DeSalvo is apprehended by a passing police patrol. Found incompetent to stand trial for attempted breaking and entering, he is committed to a hospital for psychiatric observation. By chance, Bottomly and Detective Phil DiNatale pass by DeSalvo in an elevator, where they had been visiting Dianne, who survived the earlier attack. Observing the wound on DeSalvo's hand (Dianne, who survived his attack, could remember biting him but not his appearance), the pair make him a suspect for the Boston Strangler murders.
Conventional interrogation is ineffective because the treating physician thinks that DeSalvo suffers from a split personality: he has two identities that are unaware of each other. His "normal" personality fabricates memories in place of the memories of murder committed by the "strangler" personality. The treating physician thinks that DeSalvo could be made to confront the facts but that the shock risks putting him in a catatonic state. Bottomly expresses the opinion that catatonia would be the second-best thing to a conviction.
Under the condition, imposed by DeSalvo's defense counsel, that none of what comes to light is admissible evidence in court, Bottomly is allowed a final round of interviews with DeSalvo. After several sessions, Bottomly manages to reveal DeSalvo's hidden personality to himself. Reeling from the shock, DeSalvo slips into a catatonic state.
- Tony Curtis as Albert DeSalvo
- Henry Fonda as John S. Bottomly
- George Kennedy as Phil DiNatale
- Mike Kellin as Julian Soshnick
- Hurd Hatfield as Terence Huntley
- Murray Hamilton as Frank McAfee
- Jeff Corey as John Asgeirsson
- Sally Kellerman as Dianne Cluny
- William Marshall as Edward W. Brooke
- George Voskovec as Peter Hurkos
- Leora Dana as Mary Bottomly
- Carolyn Conwell as Irmgard DeSalvo
- David Lewis as Judge Schroeder
- Jeanne Cooper as Cloe
- Austin Willis as Dr. Nagy
- Lara Lindsay as Bobbie Eden
- William Hickey as Eugene T. O'Rourke
- George Furth as Lyonel Brumley
Film rights to Frank's book were bought for $250,000 (equivalent to $2.25 million in 2022). Terence Rattigan was hired to do the script but the producer was unhappy with it. Edward Anhalt was then brought in.
Many individuals and agencies in Boston were unsupportive of the film's production. "Boston Police Commissioner Edward McNamara insists it would be highly improper to cooperate with the filmmakers in a story about murder rampage which hasn't been officially resolved....[Producer] Fryer asked for permission to use Boston policecars. The answer was no. A letter from Commissioner McNamara also made it plain that police personnel would not be authorized to work as extras on the film, a practice that had been approved in two other pictures that went on location in Boston last year. Another request to bring cameras into police headquarters for one scene was deleted. Fryer couldn't even get permission to take still photos of the offices of the attorney general and the local police commissioner so that they could at least be reproduced back at the studio in Hollywood. Not a soul was willing to cooperate, not even local hospitals. One scene required Fonda to walk out of a hospital....'We asked for permission at two hospitals, Massachusetts General and Beth Israel,' Fryer complained, 'Both turned us down.'"
According to 20th Century Fox records, the film required $8,625,000 in rentals to break even and by December 11, 1970, it had made $11,125,000, so it made a profit to the studio.
Film critic Roger Ebert gave three stars out of four but criticized the film's content:
The Boston Strangler requires a judgment not only on the quality of the film (very good), but also on its moral and ethical implications.... The events described in Frank's book have been altered considerably in the film. This is essentially a work of fiction 'based' on the real events. And based on them in such a way to entertain us, which it does, but for the wrong reasons, I believe. This film, which was made so well, should not have been made at all.
The Boston Strangler represents an incredible collapse of taste, judgment, decency, prose, insight, journalism and movie technique, and yet—through certain prurient options that it does not take—it is not quite the popular exploitation film that one might think. It is as though someone had gone out to do a serious piece of reporting and come up with 4,000 clippings from a sensationalist tabloid. It has no depth, no timing, no facts of any interest and yet, without any hesitation, it uses the name and pretends to report the story of a living man, who was neither convicted nor indicted for the crimes it ascribes to him. Tony Curtis 'stars'—the program credits word—as what the movie takes to be the Boston strangler.
In 2004, film critic Dennis Schwartz discussed the film's style:
What mostly filled the split-screen was the many interrogation scenes, where on one side was the suspect and interrogator in the present and on the other side the suspect and his interrogator in flashbacks. Fleischer eschews the graphic violence in the murders and aims instead to try to understand the killer through the script's bogus psychology. The big things the film tried didn't pan out as that interesting, as the flashy camera work counteracts the conventional storyline chronicling the rise, manhunt, fall, and prosecution of De Salvo.
|American Cinema Editors||Best Edited Feature Film||Marion Rothman||Won|||
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Motion Picture Actor - Drama||Tony Curtis||Nominated|||
|Edgar Awards||Best Motion Picture Screenplay||Edward Anhalt||Won|
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