The Boys in the Bar
|"The Boys in the Bar"|
Two men kissing Norm's cheeks at the end of this episode
|Episode no.||Season 1|
|Directed by||James Burrows|
|Written by||Ken Levine|
|Original air date||NBC:|
January 27, 1983 (Continental U.S.)
February 10, 1983 (Alaska)
|Running time||30 minutes (with commercials)|
"The Boys in the Bar" is the sixteenth episode of the first season of the American situation comedy television series Cheers. It originally aired on January 27, 1983 on NBC. It is co-written by Ken Levine and David Isaacs and directed by James Burrows. This episode's narrative deals with homosexuality, coming out, and homophobia. It was inspired by the coming out story of former Los Angeles Dodgers baseball player, Glenn Burke. In this episode, Sam's former teammate, Tom—portrayed by Alan Autry—reveals his homosexuality and Sam slowly becomes supportive of him. The bar's regular customers express their disdain toward Sam's support and fear that because of Sam's support of Tom, the bar will become a place full of homosexuals. The episode's Nielsen ratings at its initial airing were low but improved after subsequent airings on NBC. This episode has received more attention since.
Tom Kenderson (Alan Autry), an old friend and baseball teammate of bartender Sam Malone (Ted Danson), announces in his forthcoming autobiography that he is homosexual. At a press conference held at the bar, Sam, having not read the book in advance, is shocked about Tom's revelation. Diane Chambers (Shelley Long) helps Sam to calm down, and they discuss Tom. Moments later, Sam publicly accepts and supports Tom and his sexuality, which local newspapers report on their front pages. The next day, as they read the newspaper, the bar's regular patrons—including Norm (George Wendt)—express their disdain toward homosexuals and their worries that Sam's support for his old friend will turn Cheers into a gay bar. Diane criticizes their homophobia telling them that gays are normal people and says that there are actually two gay men in the bar.
The regulars conclude that three male newcomers are homosexual and try to persuade Sam to escort them from the bar. Sam becomes concerned about dividing his loyalties between his regular customers and potential gay customers. Employees and regulars—pulled in by Diane—argue over the three newcomers in the billiard room. When three newcomers congratulate Sam for his support of Tom, Sam decides to not eject them and to avoid discriminating between his customers. Norm and the other regulars trick the three men into assuming that 7:00 pm is the last call for drinks at and escort them from the bar. Diane tells the regulars that the men they escorted out are not homosexual and that the two gay men are still present. The two men in question kiss Norm on his cheeks.
"The Boys in the Bar" was co-written by Ken Levine and David Isaacs, and was directed by James Burrows. It was inspired by the coming out story of former Los Angeles Dodgers baseball player Glenn Burke. Levine wanted to explore homophobia in a sports bar in this episode. However, NBC deemed the story "too risky" for Cheers, whose Nielsen ratings were low during its first season in 1982–83. Nevertheless, the production of this episode went ahead for five days; rehearsals were problem-free and some minor tweaks that did not have major effects on the script were made. The cast rehearsed for the first three days of production, the camera crew rehearsed on the fourth day and a live studio audience were present on the fifth. The cast—including Ted Danson, who advised Levine not to change a word—loved this episode, and the crew found it—especially the cheek-kissing scene at the end—hilarious. However, according to Levine, the live studio audience remained silent during filming; the ending was reshot with Norm given an extra line, "better than Vera", referring to the character's wife's kissing.
— Ken Levine
Background actors portraying bar customers are John Furey, Michael Kearns, Kenneth Tigar, Lee Ryan, Jack Knight, and Tom Babson. Shannon Sullivan and John Bluto portray reporters at the press conference. Harry Anderson reprises his role of Harry "the Hat" Gittes in the cold open.
"The Boys in the Bar" aired at 9:30 pm on NBC on January 27, 1983, competing against CBS's Simon & Simon and ABC's It Takes Two, It ranked 41st out of 67 nationally-broadcast programs and garnered a Nielsen rating of 14.9. In Alaska, it aired on February 10, 1983 at 8:00 pm AKT. The episode was broadcast again on July 28, 1983 at 9:30pm against a rerun of Simon & Simon and ABC's television film Shooting Stars, and ranked 25th with a Nielsen rating of 12.8 and 23 share. It aired again on January 17, 1985 at 9:00 pm against Simon & Simon and a rerun of ABC's television film Who Will Love My Children?, and ranked 13th with a Nielsen rating of 20.4—equivalent to 17.5 million homes.
Ryan McGee from The A.V. Club, January 12, 2012
Cory Barker from the website TV Surveillance disdained Norm's comments about homosexuals but called them "honest for the time and circumstances".
According to the book, What's Good on TV, Sam's concerns about losing regular, anti-homosexual bar customers if Cheers were to become a gay bar is depicted as sympathetic towards regulars and "a practical argument" instead of a "strong moral argument". Stephen Tropiano called this episode "the definite highlight of Season One" in PopMatters and, in the 2002 book The Prime Time Closet, Tropiano called it a moral lesson about judging a person based on appearances. Nevertheless, Tropiano said that the fictional baseball player Tom Kenderson is typical of gay characters who are related to a series regular, appear just once, are exploited for delivering a message about homosexuality to the audience, and are then discarded, never to be "seen, heard, or mentioned again".
The A.V. Club critics discussed this episode in 2012. Phil Nugent found this episode unfunny and intended as a message to tolerate homosexuals by making Norm and other regulars appear "ridiculous". Noel Murray said that the episode's "bifurcated structure" prevented more development for Sam's old baseball team mate, and Murray found "stereotypes" of gay men dated. Nevertheless, Murray and Donna Bowman considered it to be more about men securing their own machismo than their tolerating homosexuality. Ryan McGee found the studio audience's reactions for this episode ambiguous, especially years after this episode aired.
This episode was nominated for the "Outstanding Writing in a Comedy Series" at the 1983 Primetime Emmy Awards, but lost to "Give Me a Ring Sometime"—the pilot episode of Cheers.[note 1] In 1984, it won the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Screenplay - Episodic Comedy award, along with "Give Me a Ring Sometime". The Alliance for Gay and Lesbian Artists in the Entertainment Industry (AGLA) awarded this episode in 1983 for a "realistic [depiction] of homosexuals" and for Sam's support for homosexuals in the bar.
- Inline references
- Bjorklund 1993, p. 291. "Season One (1982–1983)".
- Shapiro 2011, p. 122. "A Spoonful of Sugar".
- Tropiano 2002, p. 192. Google Books.
- Tropiano 2002, p. 193. Amazon.com.
- Levine, Ken. "The Cheers Episode I'm Still Writing in my Head." Must Always Read. Rpt. in "The Cheers episode Ken Levine's still writing in his head." Keith McDuffee. Huffington Post 08 July 2008. Web. 7 April 2012.
- "Television Schedule" (January 27, 1983). Los Angeles Times, Part VI (Calendar section), page 8, Library edition (microfilm).
- "Television Ratings" (February 3, 1983). Los Angeles Times, Part VI (Calendar section), page 10, Library edition (microfilm).
- "Television (Thursday)". Anchorage Daily News. February 10, 1983 – via Google News Archive.[dead link]
- "Television (Schedule)". Lodi News-Sentinel [Lodi, California] July 28, 1983: 12. Google News. Web. June 13, 2012.
- "NBC Wins Nielsen Race." Miami Herald August 3, 1983: 7B. NewsBank. Web. June 13, 2012. (registration required). Article at MiamiHerald.com: (subscription required).
- "Television (schedule)". Lodi News-Sentinel [Lodi, CA] January 17, 1985: 18. Google News. Web. June 13, 2012.
- Rothenberg, Fred (January 23, 1985). "Surprise! Super Bowl top show". Daily Breeze. Associated Press. p. C6 – via NewsBank. (registration required). A rating equals one percent of 84.9 million homes with a television set.
- "'The Boys in the Bar' review". The A.V. Club January 12, 2012. Web. May 31, 2012.
- Barker, Cory (June 17, 2011). "Surveillance Summer Watch: Cheers, 'Father Knows Last', 'The Boys in the Bar' and 'Diane's Perfect Date'". TV Surveillance. Archived from the original on October 14, 2011 – via Internet Archive.
- Watson and Arp 2011, p. 211.
- Tropiano, Stephen. "Cheers: The Complete First Season." PopMatters 23 June 2003. Web. 7 April 2012.
- Tropiano 2002, pp. 191–192. Google Books.
- "Cheers." Emmys, 2012. Web. 7 April 2012.
- Bjorklund 1993, p. 457. "Appendix: Emmy Nominations and Awards".
- "Cheers – Boys in the Bar, The Archived November 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine." The Writers Guild Foundation, 2010. Web. 7 April 2012.
- Capsuto, Steven, ed. "Kudos! AGLA's and GLAAD's Gay and Lesbian Media Awards Archived February 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." Alternate Channels, 2005. Web. 7 April 2012.
- "Gay Artists Applaud Programs." Lodi News-Sentinel [Lodi, CA] 20 September 1983: 10. Google News. Web. 7 April 2012.
- Bjorklund, Dennis A. Cheers TV Show: A Comprehensive Reference. Praetorian Publishing, 1993. Google Books. Web. 7 April 2012. Another edition.
- Shapiro, Ben (2011). Primetime Propaganda: The True Hollywood Story of How the Left Took Over Your TV. New York: Broadside–HarperCollins. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Tropiano, Stephen. The Prime Time Closet: A History of Gays and Lesbians on TV. New York: Applause Theatre and Cinema Books, 2002. Web. ISBN 1-55783-557-8.
- Watson, J.C., and Robert Arp. What's Good on TV: Understanding Ethics Through Television. United Kingdom: Wiley–Blackwell, 2011. Google Books. Web. 7 April 2012. Hardcover: ISBN 978-1-4051-9476-1. Paperback: ISBN 978-1-4051-9475-4.
- Dalton, Mary M., and Laura R. Linder. The Sitcom Reader: America Viewed And Skewed. Albany, NY: State University of New York, 2005. Hardcover: ISBN 0-7914-6569-1. Paperback: ISBN 0-7914-6570-5.
- D'Orso, Mike. "Out Of A Bar, Into A Ballpark." Sports Illustrated 3 September 1990. CNN. Web. 7 April 2012.