The Buccaneer (1958 film)
|Directed by||Anthony Quinn|
|Written by||Jesse Lasky Jr.|
|Produced by||Cecil B. DeMille|
|Edited by||Archie Marshek|
|Music by||Elmer Bernstein|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$3.2 million (est. US/ Canada rentals)|
The Buccaneer is a 1958 pirate-war film made by Paramount Pictures starring Yul Brynner as Jean Lafitte, Charles Boyer and Claire Bloom. Charlton Heston played a supporting role as Andrew Jackson, the second time that Heston played Jackson, having portrayed him earlier in the 1953 film The President's Lady. The film was shot in Technicolor and VistaVision, the story takes place during the War of 1812, telling a heavily fictionalized version of how the privateer Lafitte helped in the Battle of New Orleans and how he had to choose between fighting for America or for the side most likely to win, the United Kingdom.
The movie's supporting cast featured Inger Stevens, Henry Hull, E. G. Marshall, Lorne Greene, Ted de Corsia, Ed Hinton, Douglass Dumbrille and Majel Barrett. (Ty Hardin was uncredited). Anthony Quinn directed the film.
Possibly as a film tie-in, Johnny Horton had a big success at the time with his version of the song The Battle of New Orleans.
- Yul Brynner as Jean Lafitte
- Claire Bloom as Bonnie Brown
- Charles Boyer as Dominique You
- Inger Stevens as Annette Claiborne
- Henry Hull as Ezra Peavey
- E. G. Marshall as Gov. William C. C. Claiborne
- Charlton Heston as Gen. Andrew Jackson
- Lorne Greene as Mercier
- Ted de Corsia as Capt. Rumbo
- Douglass Dumbrille as Collector of the Port
- Sir Lancelot as Scipio
- Robert Warwick as Capt. Lockyer
- Paul Newlan as Capt. Flint
- Norma Varden as Madame Hilaire
- Onslow Stevens as Phipps
- James Seay as Creole Militia Officer
- Henry Brandon as British Major
- Mike Mazurki as Tarsus
- Madame Sul-Te-Wan as Vendor
- Ken Terrell as Pirate
- Majel Barrett as Townswoman #1
- Ty Hardin as Soldier (Uncredited)
- Cecil B. DeMille as Himself (uncredited)
The Buccaneer's budget was $6 million. $1.2 million was given for the promotion of the picture. Quinn was given five stars, fifty-five featured actors, 100 bit actors, 12,000 extras, 60,000 props, $100,000 worth of antique furniture, Spanish moss, and cypress trees.
Claiborne's only surviving daughter, Sophronie (or Sophronia) Louise Claiborne, was only two years old at the time of the battle. The romance with Lafitte is complete fiction.
The interactions between Jackson and Lafitte, including the seemingly dramatized but actually accurate depiction of Lafitte sneaking into Andrew Jackson's window, Lafitte and the British Royal Navy officers, as well as between Jackson and the "leading citizens" of New Orleans, are accurate. About those scenes, screenwriter Jesse L. Lasky Jr. said that "the actual historic events in question are themselves so over the top that all I really had to do was line up the dialogue, and even then only some of it." He added, "The only real job was shoe-horning a romance into it."
The film is a remake of the 1938 film of the same name, which starred Fredric March and Akim Tamiroff (Boyer played Tamiroff's role in the remake). The earlier version was produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille, but he was seriously ill by the time the 1958 version was made, so he was only the executive producer of the remake, leaving his then son-in-law, Anthony Quinn, to direct. It was the only film that Quinn ever directed. Henry Wilcoxon, DeMille's longtime friend, who made frequent appearances in his films, was the actual producer, and DeMille received screen credit as "supervised by Cecil B. Demille", though students of his films would probably find that his touch is obvious throughout the film.
Staff writers for Variety wrote in their review: "Continuity-wise, Buccaneer is a scrambled affair in the early reels. Open to question, also, are the story angles in the screenplay which derives from a previous Buccaneer scenario put out by DeMille in 1938 and, in turn, from an adaptation of the original book, Lafitte the Pirate, by Lyle Saxon." In his book, Success in the Cinema Money Making Movies, John Howard Reid, states most reviews of the film left out the director's name, Quinn, like Time and Newsweek. The Time review states: "What (Henry) Wilcoxon and Quinn have produced is just a half-deflated imitation of the old man at his overblown best." The Newsweek review stated without criticizing anyone: "two hours of the most pretentious nonsense to lay claim to a moviegoer's spending money."
The Buccaneer was released in New York City theatres during Christmas week of 1958. The film was released on DVD ON February 28, 2012, by Olive Films.
- ^ a b c d Reid 2006, p. 89.
- ^ "1959: Probable Domestic Take", Variety, 6 January 1960 p 34
- ^ Eberwein 2009, p. 1.
- ^ a b Carnes et al. 1995, p. 114. sfn error: no target: CITEREFCarnesMicoRubelMiller-Monzon1995 (help)
- ^ a b c d Österberg 2000, p. 64.
- ^ a b c Capua 2006, p. 162.
- ^ a b c Blum 1959, p. 126. sfn error: no target: CITEREFBlum1959 (help)
- ^ a b Murrin et al. 2011, p. 249.
- ^ Broughton 2020, p. 240. sfn error: no target: CITEREFBroughton2020 (help)
- ^ Mortenson & Springer 2019, p. 118. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMortensonSpringer2019 (help)
- ^ Wise 2001, p. 2047. sfn error: no target: CITEREFWise2001 (help)
- ^ Reid 2006, p. 84.
- ^ Barnes, Mike (August 7, 2017). "Ty Hardin, Star of the TV Western 'Bronco,' Dies at 87". The Hollywood Reporter. United States: Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group (Valence Media). Retrieved May 4, 2020.
- ^ a b Variety Staff (December 31, 1957). "Buccaneer". Variety. United States: Variety Media, LLC. (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved April 20, 2020.
- ^ American Heritage Dictionary 2004, p. 657.
- ^ Jean Laffite: Prince of Pirates by Jack C. Ramsay
- ^ The Buccaneer by Jesse L. Lasky (Jr.) · 1969, pg. 13
- ^ Rollins 2004, p. 142.
- ^ The Buccaneer. Olive Films (DVD). Chicago: Farhad Arshad, LLC. February 28, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- Lee Broughton, ed. (2020). Reframing Cult Westerns: From The Magnificent Seven to The Hateful Eight. London: Bloomsbury Academic. p. 240. ISBN 978-1501343490.
- Rollins, Peter C. (2004). The Columbia Companion to American History on Film: How the Movies Have Portrayed the American Past. New York City: Columbia University Press. p. 142. ISBN 9780231508391.
- Wyndham Wise, ed. (2001). Take One's Essential Guide to Canadian Film Hardcover. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 2047. ISBN 978-0802035127.
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- American Heritage Dictionary, ed. (2004). The Riverside Dictionary Of Biography: A comprehensive Reference Covering 10,000 of the World's Most Important People, From Ancient Times To The Present Day (1st ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 657. ISBN 978-0618493371.
- Murrin, John M.; Johnson, Paul E.; McPherson, James M.; Fahs, Alice; Gerstle, Gary (2011). Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People, Volume 1: To 1877 (6th ed.). Boston: Cengage. p. 249. ISBN 978-0495915874.
- Mark C. Carnes; Ted Mico; David Rubel; John Miller-Monzon, eds. (1995). Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies (1st ed.). New York City: Henry Holt and Company. p. 114. ISBN 9780805037593.
- Daniel Blum, ed. (1959). SCREEN WORLD - FILM ANNUAL 1959. Vol. 10. Boston: Chilton Company. p. 126. ISBN 9780819602657.
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- 1958 films
- 1958 directorial debut films
- 1950s English-language films
- Paramount Pictures films
- War of 1812 films
- Films scored by Elmer Bernstein
- Films set in New Orleans
- Pirate films
- Films directed by Anthony Quinn
- American films based on actual events
- Remakes of American films
- American folklore films and television series
- Films set in 1815
- Films about Andrew Jackson
- Films adapted into comics
- Cultural depictions of Andrew Jackson
- Cultural depictions of Jean Lafitte
- 1950s American films