The Cadets Drum and Bugle Corps

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The Cadets Drum and Bugle Corps
Cadets logo.jpg
Location Allentown, PA
Division World Class
Founded 1934
Director Scott Litzenberg
Championship titles American Legion-1940, '49, '50, '53, '57, '60–62, '64
CYO-1984
DCI-1983–85, '87, '90, '93, '98, 2000, '05, '11
Uniform (2017) Full length maroon choir robes; skirt drops off & uni resembles corps' traditional uni; then top removed for white body suit with red, gold, and blue accents;
Gold shoes;
No headgear
Website yea.org/programs/cadets/cadets

The Cadets Drum and Bugle Corps (formerly the Holy Name Cadets, Cadets of Garfield, Garfield Cadets, and Cadets of Bergen County) is a World Class competitive junior drum and bugle corps. Based in Allentown, Pennsylvania, The Cadets was one of the thirteen founding corps of Drum Corps International (DCI), is a ten-time DCI World Champion, and is the oldest continuously active junior drum and bugle corps in North America.[1]

The Cadets, 2007.

History[edit]

Charles Mura, Michael Koeph, and the Rev. Edwin Garrity of the Holy Name Catholic parish in Garfield, New Jersey founded the Holy Name Cadets Drum and Bugle Corps in 1934 as an activity for the boys in the parish. The corps quickly became one of the top competitive corps in the country. In 1940, the Cadets won the American Legion Junior National Championship in Boston, the first of a record nine Legion titles the corps would win between 1940 and 1964. The corps was known not only for its talent but for its traveling to compete. In 1950, the Cadets went on the road for three weeks in order to defend their Legion title in Los Angeles.[2][3]

In 1958, the Holy Name parish declined to support the corps' travel and disbanded the corps. The members and staff, however, were not willing to cease the corps operations, and reorganized as a new organization, even though the parish kept the uniforms and instruments. The corps traveled to Chicago for Legion Nationals at the members' own expense. Marching as the Cadets of Garfield; wearing uniforms of white shorts, red golf shirts, and "Aussie" hats; and using instruments borrowed from the Chicago Cavaliers, the corps managed to finish in second place (one spot ahead of the defending champion Cavaliers). Midway through the 1959 season, the parish allowed the corps to once more wear the uniform that remains their trademark.[2][3]

In the second half of the Sixties, the Garfield Cadets became more of an also-ran than a champion. In 1969, the corps became coed. In 1971, the Cadets marched a show they called, "No More War"; at VFW Nationals in Dallas, they reportedly tried to convince the VFW officials that the peace symbol in their drill was actually the Mercedes-Benz logo. Also in 1971, the Garfield Cadets, along with the 27th Lancers, Boston Crusaders, Blessed Sacrament Golden Knights, and Blue Rock formed the United Organization of Junior Corps (also known as the "Alliance"). This action was taken in reaction to the rigid, inflexible rules of the American Legion and VFW (the primary rule makers and sponsors of both corps and shows) and the low or nonexistent performance fees paid for appearing in the various competitions. The corps felt that not only were they having their creative potential as artistic performing groups stifled, but they were being financially starved. (A similar group of Midwestern corps, the Midwest Combine, was formed by the Blue Stars, Cavaliers, Madison Scouts, Santa Clara Vanguard, and the Troopers.) The Alliance members felt that the corps should be making their own rules, operating their own competitions and championships, and keeping the bulk of the monies those shows earned. For the 1971 season, the corps stuck together, offering show promoters the five corps as a package. Despite pressure on show sponsors, judges, and other drum corps, the corps were booked into a number of shows together.[2][3][4]

In 1972, the Garfield Cadets, along with the nine other corps from the Alliance and the Midwest Combine, plus the Anaheim Kingsmen, Argonne Rebels, and De La Salle Oaklands were founding members of Drum Corps International, which remains as the sanctioning body for junior corps in North America. At the first DCI World Championships in Whitewater, Wisconsin, the Cadets just missed making Finals and finished in thirteenth place in a competition that featured thirty-nine corps from the East, the South, the West Coast, the Midwest and Great Plains, and Canada. The corps would fail to make DCI Finals for the first four years they were held and for six of DCI's first eight seasons. After their third Finals appearance in 1980, the Cadets quickly regained the corps' former championship form. In 1983-85, the Garfield Cadets became the first DCI corps to earn a three-peat---three consecutive DCI titles. On July 4, 1986 the Cadets performed as a part of the Liberty Weekend celebrating both the hundredth anniversary and the restoration of the Statue of Liberty. In 1987, the corps won its fourth DCI crown in five years.[2][3]

The Garfield Cadets relocated outside Garfield to Hackensack and became the Cadets of Bergen County in 1989. The Cadets of Bergen County won DCI Championships in 1990, '93, '98, and 2000. In 1996, sponsorship of the corps was passed to Youth Education in the Arts (YEA), an umbrella organization sponsoring several youth and musical activities. Also in '96, the Cadets performed at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta. In 2003, Yea! and the corps moved to Allentown, Pennsylvania, and the corps dropped any reference to locale from its name, becoming simply, The Cadets. In January 2009, The Cadets marched in President Barack Obama's Inaugural Parade in Washington, D.C. The Cadets won additional DCI championships in 2005 and 2011, the corps' ninth and tenth in forty seasons.[3]

To honor their 75th anniversary, the corps was called the Holy Name Cadets for the 2009 season.[5]

2018 Sexual misconduct accusations[edit]

On April 5, 2018, allegations were made in published reports that the longstanding corps director, George Hopkins, sexually harassed or abused multiple members of the corps and staff over a period of years. [6] Later that day, Hopkins stepped down as director of The Cadets and YEA CEO while denying the allegations. Sean King was named as interim CEO for YEA.[7] On April 11, 2018 the board of directors tendered its resignation and a new board and officers immediately took over operations of the organization.[8] Having received no letter of resignation, the new board terminated Hopkins for cause. They also hired a Chicago labor and employment law firm, Franczek Radelet, to investigate the accusations against Hopkins as well as YEA’s policies and procedures for providing a safe environment for youth members, employees, and volunteers. In addition,YEA established a hotline for calls to report concerns or complaints.[9] The YEA! organization was immediately put on a probationary status by DCI with the statement that, "The terms of the probation include multiple steps for YEA! to take in order for its drum corps to participate in the upcoming 2018 DCI Summer Tour."[10] As a part of the terms of probation, the corps' planned travel to the West Coast to open the season was cancelled, with the schedule redrawn for Eastern shows instead. [11]

Sponsorship[edit]

The Cadets Drum and Bugle Corps is sponsored by Youth Education in the Arts (YEA!), a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization that has a Board of Directors, corps directors, and staff assigned to carry out the organization's mission. Scott Litzenberg is the corps director. In addition to The Cadets, YEA! also sponsors the Cadets2 all-age drum and bugle corps; USBands (formerly United States Scholastic Band Association); the Urban Arts Center Of The Lehigh Valley, which includes the Xcape Dance Studio; and YEA! Education programs including seminars, webinars, and the Music Is Cool program.[12]

Show summary (1972–2018)[edit]

Source:[13]

Gold background indicates DCI Championship; pale blue background indicates DCI Class Finalist; pale green background indicates DCI semifinalist.

Year Theme Repertoire Score Placement
1972 Mars (from The Planets) by Gustav Holst / Rule, Britannia! by Thomas Arne and James Thomson /
The Sinfonians by Clifton Williams / Yankee Doodle (Traditional) and Richard Shuckburgh / Greensleeves (Traditional) /
Children's Dance (from Merry Mount Suite) by Howard Hanson /
Amazing Grace by William Walker and John Newton / Jupiter (from The Planets) by Gustav Holst /
Fanfare, Chorale, and Finale by Gustav Mahler / A Mighty Fortress is Our God by Martin Luther
78.45 13th
1973 The Sinfonians by Clifton Williams / Give it One by Maynard Ferguson and Alan Downey /
A Mighty Fortress is Our God by Martin Luther /
Procession of Bacchus (from Sylvia) by Jean Sibelius
72.00 13th
1974 The Sea Hawk by Erich Wolfgang Korngold / One Tin Soldier by Dennis Lambert and Brian Potter /
Parade of the Toy Soldiers by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky / In the Mood by Wingy Manone, Joe Garland, and Andy Razaf /
Lullaby of Broadway by Harry Warren and Al Dubin / Avenue C by Buck Clayton / Alexander's Ragtime Band by Irving Berlin /
Alabama Jubilee by George L. Cobb and Jack Yellen / Sunshine On My Shoulders by John Denver, Dick Kniss, and Mike Taylor
75.15 19th
1975 Hall of the Mountain King by Edvard Grieg / Fanfare for the Common Man & Lincoln Portrait by Aaron Copland /
Anything Goes by Cole Porter / Avenue C by Buck Clayton / In the Mood by Wingy Manone, Joe Garland, and Andy Razaf /
Tiger Rag by Nick LaRocca, Eddie Edwards, Henry Ragas, Tony Sbarbaro, and Larry Shields /
Alexander's Ragtime Band by Irving Berlin /
What Are You Doing the Rest of Your Life? by Michel Legrand, Alan Bergman, and Marilyn Bergman /
Romeo and Juliet by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
80.55 11th
1976 Prelude 3rd Act Lohengrin by Richard Wagner / Pieces of Dreams by Michel Legrand, Alan Bergman, and Marilyn Bergman /
Echano (from Children of Sanchez) by Chuck Mangione / The Elks' Parade by Bobby Sherwood /
This is My Country by Al Jacobs and Don Raye / Yankee Doodle (Traditional) and Richard Shuckburgh
82.45 14th
1977 Rite of Spring by Igor Stravinsky / Primal Scream by Jay Chattaway and Maynard Ferguson / Star Trek by Alexander Courage /
Pieces of Dreams by Michel Legrand, Alan Bergman, and Marilyn Bergman / Echano by Chuck Mangione /
I Don't Know How to Love Him (from Jesus Christ Superstar) by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice
78.15 12th
1978 Advance of the Sponges by HIGGINS / Left Bank Express by Pete Jackson /
Pieces of Dreams by Michel Legrand, Alan Bergman, and Marilyn Bergman / Echano by Chuck Mangione /
Strawberry Soup by Don Ellis / I Don't Know How to Love Him by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice
79.05 14th
1979 Carmina Burana by Carl Orff / Chump Change by Bill Cosby and Quincy Jones /
Children of Sanchez & Echano by Chuck Mangione /
I Don't Know How to Love Him by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice
76.75 16th
1980 One Voice by Barry Manilow / Evening Concert by Bill Conti / Fernando's Fantasy by Tom Scott /
Fire Dance by Allen Vizzutti and Jeff Tkazyik (aka Tyzik) / The Elks' Parade by Bobby Sherwood /
Through the Eyes of Love by Marvin Hamlisch and Carole Bayer Sager
76.45 10th
1981 Adventures in Time by Johnny Richards / Egyptian Danza by Al Di Meola / Fire Dance by Jeff Tkazyik and Allen Vizzutti /
The Elks' Parade by Bobby Sherwood / Pieces of Dreams by Michel Legrand, Alan Bergman, and Marilyn Bergman
89.40 7th
1982 Piano Concerto in F by George Gershwin / Rocky Point Holiday by Ron Nelson / Cuban Overture by George Gershwin 92.25 3rd
1983 Rocky Point Holiday by Ron Nelson /
In Nomine Patris; Almighty Father; Sanctus; Agnus Dei; God Said; De Profundis, part 2 & A Simple Song
From Mass by Leonard Bernstein
94.40 1st
1984 Selections from West Side Story by Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim 98.00 1st
1985 Jeremiah Symphony, Overture to Candide & Make Our Garden Grow (from Candide) by Leonard Bernstein 98.40 1st
1986 "On the Waterfront" in 3 Parts by Leonard Bernstein /
Christopher Street (from Wonderful Town) by Leonard Bernstein, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green
95.60 4th
1987 Appalachian Spring Appalachian Spring by Aaron Copland 97.90 1st
1988 Third Symphony Third Symphony by Aaron Copland 96.10 4th
1989 Les Misérables I Dreamed A Dream, At the End of the Day, Look Down, On My Own, Attack on Rue Plumet,
Bring Him Home, One Day More & At the Barricades
All by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Alain Boublil, Jean-Marc Natel and Herbert Kretzmer
95.60 5th
1990 Undiscovered Bernstein Overture to Candide & Mass by Leonard Bernstein / Somewhere (from West Side Story) by Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim /
Fancy Free Ballet by Leonard Bernstein
97.70 1st
1991 ABC's of Modern American Music Short Ride in a Fast Machine by John Adams / Letter From Home by Aaron Copland / Prelude, Fugue, and Riffs by Leonard Bernstein 93.70 6th
1992 To Tame the Perilous Skies To Tame the Perilous Skies by David Holsinger 97.00 2nd
1993 In the Spring, At the Time
When Kings Go Off to War
In the Spring, When Kings Go Off to War; Ballet Sacra & On a Hymnsong of Philip Bliss by David Holsinger 97.40 1st
1994 West Side Story Dance at the Gym, Mambo, Cha-cha, Cool, Prologue/Rumble, A Boy Like That, Tonight & Finale
All by Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim
97.70 2nd
1995 An American Quintet The Reivers, Born on the 4th of July, Blowing Off Steam (from Far and Away),
Swing, Swing, Swing (from 1941) & Land Race (from Far and Away)
All by John Williams
97.20 2nd
1996 The American West The Promise of Living (from Tender Land) by Aaron Copland / Tulsa: A Portrait in Oil by Don Gillis /
Gunfight (from Billy the Kid), Hoedown (from Rodeo) & Happy Ending (from the Red Pony) by Aaron Copland
96.90 3rd
1997 Celebration Celebration & Year of the Dragon by Philip Sparke 97.60 2nd
1998 Stonehenge Stonehenge & Canterbury Chorale by Jan Van der Roost 98.40 1st
1999 The Big Apple The Big Apple (Symphony No. 2) by Johan de Meij / Theme from City of Angels by Gabriel Yared 96.40 4th
2000 We are the Future Tapestry Of Nations, Prologue, Chaos and Meaning, The Sage of Time & The Promise (from Millennium Celebration) by Gavin Greenaway 97.65 1st
(Tie)
2001 Juxtaperformance Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra by Benjamin Britten / Moondance by Van Morrison /
Vide Cor Meum (from Hannibal) by Dante Alighieri and Patrick Cassidy / Farandole by Georges Bizet
97.60 2nd
(Tie)
2002 An American Revival Times Square (from On the Town) by Leonard Bernstein, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green /
The Place Where Dreams Come True (from Field of Dreams) by James Horner /
Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy by Don Raye and Hughie Prince, / New York Memories by Don Hill /
America the Beautiful by Samuel A. Ward and Katharine Lee Bates
96.75 3rd
2003 Our Favorite Things Fanfare and Allegro by Clifton Williams / Malaguena by Ernesto Lecuona / Rocky Point Holiday by Ron Nelson 97.10 3rd
2004 Living With the Past Aqualung by Ian Anderson and Jennie Anderson / Living in the Past & Thick as a Brick by Ian Anderson /
Bourée (Bourrée in E minor) by Johann Sebastian Bach /
Locomotive Breath, Songs from the Wood, Mother Goose & Cross-eyed Mary by Ian Anderson
95.60 4th
2005 The Zone: Dreamscapes
in Four Parts with a Door
Twisted Nerve by Bernard Herrmann / Liquid by Jay Bocook / Overture to a New World & Cvalda (from Dancer in the Dark) by Björk /
Vertigo by Bernard Herrmann / False Mirrors by Jay Bocook
99.15 1st
2006 Volume 2:
Through the Looking Glass
History Repeating by Alex Gifford / White Rabbit by Grace Slick / Pollock by Jeff Beal /
Original by Jay Bocook, Tom Aungst, and Neil Larrivee /
Sanvean: I am Your Shadow by Lisa Gerrard and Andrew Claxton / Diaspora Dances (from Concerto for Orchestra) by Leonard Bernstein
93.075 5th
2007 This I Believe: Truth, Value,
and the Personal Experience
Called Drum Corps
Symphonic Movement by Václav Nelhýbel / Blue Shades by Frank Ticheli / Adiemus II- Cantata Mundi by Karl Jenkins 97.025 2nd
2008 ...and the pursuit of happiness Appalachian Spring by Aaron Copland / An American Elegy & Nitro by Frank Ticheli / Round Four by Frank Sullivan /
Vesuvius & Apollo Unleashed by Frank Ticheli
94.75 5th
2009 West Side Story 2009:
Conflict and Resolution
Rumble, Prologue, A Boy Like That-I Have A Love, Cool & Tonight by Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim 97.20 3rd
2010 Toy SOULdier Procession of the Nobles by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov / The School for Scandal - Overture by Samuel Barber /
Prelude to Act II, Maypole Dances & Children's Dance (from Merry Mount Suite) by Howard Hanson /
Dance of the Tumblers by Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov / March of the Toys (from Babes in Toyland) by Victor Herbert
95.10 5th
2011 Between Angels and Demons Angels in the Architecture by Frank Ticheli / 160 BPM (From Angels And Demons) by Hans Zimmer /
Doxology by Loys Bourgeois and Thomas Ken / Amazing Grace by William Walker and John Newton
98.35 1st
2012 12.25 Carol of the Bells (Traditional), Mykola Leontovych and Peter Wilhousky / Jingle Bells by James Lord Pierpont /
Do You Hear What I Hear? by Gloria Shayne Baker and Noël Regney / O Tannenbaum (Traditional) and Ernst Anschütz /
Hark! The Herald Angels Sing by Felix Mendelssohn, William H. Cummings, and Charles Wesley
95.05 4th
2013 Side >< Side:
The Music of Samuel Barber
Symphony no. 1 / Adagio for Strings / Medea's Dance of Vengeance all by Samuel Barber 96.95 3rd
2014 Promise:
An American Portrait
The Promise of Living (from The Tender Land); Lincoln Portrait; Music for the Theater Mvts. 1, 2 & 4;
Grover's Corner (from Our Town) & Appalachian Spring
All by Aaron Copland
96.875 3rd
2015 The Power of Ten Symphony No. 10 in E minor, Op. 93 (mvts. ii, iii, & iv) by Dmitri Shostakovich /
Diane and Camilla (from Mulholland Drive) by Angelo Badalamenti / Original music by Jay Bocook
95.900 4th
2016 Awakening The Pines of the Appian Way & The Pines of Villa Borghese by Ottorino Respighi /
Turning & Wine Dark Sea by John Mackey
92.763 6th
2017 The Faithful,
The Fallen,
The Forgiven
Devotions: Kyrie Eleison, Simple Song, De Profundis, Agnus Dei,
Things Get Broken, Pax: Communion, and Offeratory
from Mass by Leonard Bernstein
with incidental music by Dr. Drew Shanefield, Tom Aungst, and Omar Carmenates
91.675 7th
2018 The Unity Project Opening Scene by Drew Shanefield, Tom Aungst, and Omar Carmenates /
Sensemaya by Silvestre Revueltas / The Sound of Silence by Paul Simon
Misterioso by Drew Shanefield / Demonic Thesis by John Psathas /
Ara Batur by Sigur Rós / Ballet Sacra by David Holsinger

Traditions and trivia[14][edit]

Uniform[edit]

For many, many years, The Cadets had a distinctly recognizable maroon and cream uniform from which the corps rarely deviated until recent years. Since their founding in 1934 the uniform had gone relatively unchanged, except for the 1958 season and part of the '59 season, after they had parted company with the Holy Name parish, which refused to allow the corps to have the uniforms for that period.

For the 2005 program, "The Zone: Dreamscapes in Four Parts with a Door," the corps used the normal color scheme for the uniform, but with both the back and the front appearing to be a front side. On the true front, the uniform was the normal maroon jacket, cream white pants and trim, but the "fake" front had maroon pants and an overlay that gave the appearance of a cream-fronted jacket with maroon trim, while the sash remained gold on either side. The shako had a visor and badge on both front and back, and the sash was white in front and maroon in back, maintaining the double-front appearance. Also, to keep with this "twilight-zone-like" experience, much of the marching was also done in a manner that helped make either side seem to be the correct side.

In the 2006 show, "Volume 2: Through the Looking Glass," a similar trend as 2005 was followed, though this time, the "fake" front had a new overlay, giving the appearance of a baby blue front with different designs for each performer. The shako also was changed to appear maroon in the front and back, though the double visor was still used. Following this year, the uniform was changed back to its traditional design.

In 2011, the corps had the usual uniform design, but changed the colors in a different way. To support the show "Between Angels and Demons," which had the corps split in half with one half being "Angels," and the other "Demons," they had the two sides wear different colors. The "Demons" wore a full maroon uniform (shako, plume, jacket, pants, and shoes) while the "Angels" wore a full white uniform, both with the exception of the yellow sash adorned by both.

For the 2012 season, the full white uniform was extended to the entire corps for their "12.25" Christmas season show, and the sash was changed to maroon.

In 2014, the field corps wore the traditional uniform, while the pit wore white. Through the show, panels were removed from sashes worn by the field corps, changing the color worn from light blue to gold to yellow.

On July 30, 2015, The Cadets revealed new uniforms, which were black with silver lining. To create hype for the unveiling of the new uniforms, The Cadets had a blackout on their Facebook page.

In 2017, The Cadets utilized a new uniform for their program "The Faithful, The Fallen, The Forgiven" consisting of full length maroon cassocks with gold shoes before changing in to a more traditional "Cadets" style uniform with white pants before changing once again into a full white body suit for the show's closer.

Corps Song[edit]

"O Holy Name" is sung by the corps members before every performance. The lyrics are set to the tune of "O Tannenbaum."

Tradition in the Arc[edit]

"Rocky Point Holiday" (or simply Rocky Point) was included in the Cadets warmup exercises after the success of their first winning show in 1983. Other pieces include "On a Hymnsong by Phillip Bliss" and the newest addition "Ballet Sacra," both from 1993's 1st placing show, with the piece "Mahler's Symphony No. 2" which is the ending segment of Gustav Mahler's Second Symphony.

The Cadets at DCI[edit]

Of the thirteen founding member corps of DCI, The Cadets are one of only four that have attended every World Championships, with the others being the Santa Clara Vanguard, The Cavaliers, and Madison Scouts. Of the four, only Santa Clara has advanced to Finals every year.

One of the Old Corps[edit]

The only junior drum and bugle corps older than The Cadets is the Racine Scouts, which was founded in 1927. The Scouts, however,have not competed on the field since 2015, making The Cadets the oldest continuously active junior corps. The Govenaires, an all-age/senior corps founded in 1927, retain the title of oldest continuously active corps.

In Step With Themselves[edit]

Where every other corps begins to march by "stepping off" on the left foot, beginning in 1985, The Cadets started stepping off on the right.

High Score[edit]

The Cadets' 2005 show "The Zone: Dreamscapes in Four Parts with a Door" tied the 2002 Cavaliers show "Frameworks" for the highest score ever achieved at DCI Finals, with a score of 99.15. This record stood for nine more years until it was broken by the undefeated 2014 Blue Devils when their show "Felliniesque" earned a score of 99.650. Despite this, The Cadets' 2005 championship season remains the only champion to win all captions and sub-captions. Many corps have won all of the overall captions, but only 2005 Cadets won all of the performance and ensemble subcaptions.

Tradition & Innovation[edit]

While in many ways The Cadets are a very traditional corps, they have also been one of the innovators of the activity. This was especially true during their early DCI championship seasons, when they pioneered the use of complex, asymmetrical drills under the direction of drill designer George Zingali. Later, The Cadets and their then-director, George Hopkins, led the move toward the use of electronics, amplification, and vocals in drum corps.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Corps". Drum Corps International. Retrieved 24 February 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d A History of Drum & Bugle Corps Vol. 2; Steve Vickers, ed.; Drum Corps World, pub.; 2003
  3. ^ a b c d e http://www.corpsreps.com/corpsreps.cfm?view=corpshist&corps=21&corpstype=Junior
  4. ^ http://www.dci.org/news/view.cfm?news_id=751b793a-089c-4619-b92b-6109c1e5f559
  5. ^ DCI. "Recap Analysis: World Class Finals". Retrieved July 4, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Breaking a Long Silence". Philadelphia Media Network/Philadelphia Inquirer and Daily News/philly.com/. 5 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-05. 
  7. ^ "Statement from the Board of Directors of Youth Education in the Arts". Youth Education in the Arts. 5 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-05. 
  8. ^ "YEA! Board of Directors Resigns, New Board to Guide Organization". Youth Education in the Arts. 11 April 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 
  9. ^ "Finding no resignation letter, YEA board fired Hopkins with no severance". The Morning Call. 19 April 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  10. ^ "DCI action on YEA! participation in 2018 Summer Tour". Drum Corps International. 11 April 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "Cadets to forgo west coast portion of 2018 tour". Drum Corps International. 29 April 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2018. 
  12. ^ http://www.yea.org/site/PageServer#.T8VB-dXY8Yk
  13. ^ "The Cadets/Repertoire". DCX: The Drum Corps Xperience. Retrieved 1 March 2018. 
  14. ^ http://drumcorpswiki.com/The_Cadets

External links[edit]