The Call of the Marching Bell

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The Call of the Marching Bell (Urdu: بان٘گِ دَرا‎; Bang-e-Dara; published in Urdu in 1924) was the first Urdu philosophical poetry book by Allama Iqbal, one of the great poet-philosophers of the Indian subcontinent.


The poems in The Call of the Marching Bell were written by Iqbal over a period of twenty years; the collection is divided into three parts:

  1. Poems written before 1905, the year Iqbal left British India for England. These include nursery, pastoral, and patriotic verses. "Tarana-e-Hindi" ("The Song of India") has become an anthem, and is sung or played in India at national events. "Hindustani Bachon Ka Qaumi Geet" (National Anthem for Indian Children) is another well-known song.[1]
  2. Poems written between 1905 and 1908, the period he spent as a student in Europe. He praises the rationality and pragmatism of the West, but complains about its overt materialism, loss of spirituality, and narrow patriotism, which promises suffering. This situation strengthened his belief in the universal values of Islam, and he resolved to use his poetry to stir Muslims to a renaissance.[citation needed]
  3. Poems written between 1908 and 1923, in which Iqbal reminds Muslims of their past greatness and calls for a sense of brotherhood and unity that transcends territorial boundaries. He urges the ummah to live a life of servitude to God, of sacrifice, and of action so that they may attain once more the high civilisation that was once theirs. "Yam Awr Shair" ("The Poet and the Cradle"), "Shikwa" ("The Complaint to God"), "Jawab-i-Shikwa" ("The Response to the Complaint"), "Khizr-i-Rah" ("Guidance"), and "Tulu'i Islam" ("Light of Islam") are considered among the greatest Islamic poems.[2] Love and the self are important themes throughout this section.[3]


  1. ^ "(Bang-e-Dra-042) Hindustani Bachon Ka Qaumi Geet". Allama Iqbal Poetry. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  2. ^ Syed Abdul Vahid (1955) Introduction to Iqbal. Pakistan Publications. Karachi
  3. ^ "Iqbal's works". Iqbal Academy Pakistan.

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