Capital (radio network)
|Broadcast area||United Kingdom|
|Slogan||The UK's No.1 Hit Music Station|
|Frequency||95-108 MHz depending on area,
DAB National on D1,
Virgin Media: 958
|First air date||Capital London, 1973;
other stations 1975-1999;
Capital (radio network), 2011
|Format||Contemporary hit radio, news, entertainment, speech, showbiz|
Capital is a radio network of twelve independent contemporary hit radio stations in the United Kingdom, owned and operated by Global. The network was previously known as Mix, One, Galaxy and Hit Music at various times. The stations were formerly owned by GCap Media and Chrysalis Radio prior to their respective takeovers by Global Radio and, with the exception of Capital London, were all part of Galaxy or Hit Music until they were merged to form the Capital network on Monday 3 January 2011.
As of 2017, the stations serve a combined weekly audience of 8.6 million listeners and target a core audience in the 14–34 age group.
Capital Radio, GWR and GCap Media
In the 1990s, Capital became one of the UK's major radio groups by acquiring a number of local radio stations including Red Dragon FM, BRMB and Wyvern FM. Rival GWR Group also acquired a number of local radio stations in the 1990s, including Leicester Sound, Ram FM, GWR FM, Chiltern FM, Hereward FM, Marcher Sound and Trent FM, which operated as part of the 33-station Mix network.
Capital Radio and GWR Group's merger in 2005 to form GCap Media resulted in the stations being amalgamated into the One Network. This continued until June 2009 when most of the stations, now in the ownership of Global Radio, who had purchased GCap in 2008, were rebranded as part of The Heart Network. This left Leicester Sound, Ram FM, Red Dragon FM and Trent FM which formed Hit Music with network content produced in Nottingham. In January 2011, these stations were rebranded as part of Capital.
The first Galaxy radio station, Galaxy 97.2, was launched in 1990 in South West England – initially broadcasting solely from Bristol – and operated under the Chiltern Radio Group. In 1994 the station won the first regional FM licence and moved frequency to 101.0 MHz, rebranded as Galaxy 101 and expanded coverage to include South Wales. At the same time a second studio was opened in Cardiff to provide some programming alongside the existing Bristol studio. Chrysalis Radio purchased the station in 1996 and a year later, expanded the network by buying Faze FM's stations: Kiss 102 in Manchester and Kiss 105 in Yorkshire. In 1998, black community station Choice FM was acquired in Birmingham. Chrysalis Radio won the North East regional licence in 1999 and sold the original station, Galaxy 101, to the GWR Group in 2002 (this station is now Kiss 101).
In 2007, Chrysalis Radio was sold to Global Radio and following their subsequent acquisition of GCap in 2008, XFM Scotland and Power FM were rebranded under the Galaxy moniker in November 2008. Another rebrand followed in January 2011 when all Galaxy stations were rebranded as Capital.
Within the first five months of the network, Capital's flagship London station regained its position as the most listened-to commercial station in London. However, Manchester, the North East, South Wales and Yorkshire lost listeners, contrasting with Birmingham, Central Scotland and the South Coast where listening figures increased.
On 1 July 2011, Global Radio requested changes to the formats of Capital Birmingham and Capital Scotland, which had obligations from previous owners. This was to enable format consistency within all nine Capital stations. On 17 November 2011, Ofcom approved both format change requests.
On 6 February 2014, Global Radio announced it would be selling two of its Capital stations – in Scotland and South Wales – to Communicorp. Capital's network programming and brand name is still used by both stations under contract.
List of Capital stations
Capital stations based in Central Scotland and Birmingham produced and transmitted specialist output for the network on Saturday and Sunday overnights respectively. However, in July 2012 this was replaced with content from 95.8 Capital studios in Leicester Square, London, where the majority of network programming is now produced. Breakfast and drive-time shows on weekdays and weekend afternoons are produced and broadcast from local stations' studios. Capital also broadcasts via a number of DAB ensembles that do not correspond with a local FM station, and as an audio channel on the Digital Terrestrial Television and Digital Satellite platforms. These platforms take a national feed with programming (except adverts) identical to that of 95.8 Capital London.
Prior to January 2011, Leicester Sound, Ram FM and Trent FM shared off-peak programming from Trent's studios in Nottingham, whilst Galaxy programming came from studios in Leeds, Yorkshire. Red Dragon FM and Capital were entirely autonomous, producing all of their own output.
The Capital radio network production and station sound was created by former Capital producer Arden Hanley, which was then overseen by Chris Nicoll, who also runs production brand Wizz FX, until his departure in 2015 to join Wise Buddah.  Howard Ritchie, Helen Austin and Kayne Harrison are the voiceover artists for 96-106 Capital.
Virgin Media became the first sponsor of 95-106 Capital. The six-figure deal begun on 4 January 2011, with weekday drivetime shows branded as The Virgin Media Home Run across all nine stations for a six-month period. The current sponser of the local breakfast shows is eBay, whilst the current sponser of the local drivetime shows is Talk Talk.
All Capital stations broadcast local news updates under the name of Capital Reports, every hour from 6am to 7pm on weekdays and from 6am to 12pm at weekends.
- In Anglesey and Gwynedd, Capital Cymru opts out from the network to provide additional local programming as part of its Welsh language requirements, including a six-hour drivetime show on weekdays and locally presented afternoon shows at weekends. The station also features Welsh language music in its playlist during local hours and carries a mix of Welsh, English and bilingual news bulletins each day.
- The North Wales Coast, served by Capital North West and Wales on 96.3 FM, carries an hour-long Welsh language music programme at 5am on Sunday - Friday mornings.
- In Birmingham, the station opts out on Friday morning from 2–4am to air a specialist urban show with Sacha Brooks.
On 3 July 2012, Global Radio announced it would launch a TV channel of the same name, Capital. The station launched on Sky and Freesat platforms on 11 October 2012 at 11:00 p.m., along with a TV channel of the same name for sister radio station Heart. The channels can also be watched via dedicated iOS apps, as well as online. On 17 October 2012, Capital TV also launched on Freeview in Manchester. Both channels play non-stop music videos 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and will also feature some exclusive content, such as the Jingle Bell Ball. On 24 July 2012 it was confirmed BSkyB would be responsible for ad sales on both channels, likewise with the radio station, Capital TV is aimed at a younger target audience.
The channel is not related to the former Restricted Service Licence television channel of the same name, which ran in Cardiff between 2002 and 2009.
On 3 October 2013, Global Radio announced that the Capital brand will be extended to form a new nationwide digital radio station by rebranding Choice FM as Capital Xtra. The rebrand took place at 6:00am on 7 October. Capital Xtra is available on FM in London on 96.9 and 107.1 MHz and nationally on the Digital One DAB multiplex.
Capital FM Arena
The Capital FM Arena was in Nottingham, and was sponsored as part of a deal which began with the predecessor brand Trent FM. As of 2016, the naming rights of the Capital FM Arena were handed over to Motorpoint and the arena is now known as Motorpoint Arena Nottingham.
Every year, Capital holds a Jingle Bell Ball every December at the O2 Arena and a Summertime Ball at Wembley Stadium. Performers at these concerts have included Janet Jackson, Akon, All Saints, The Black Eyed Peas, Bruno Mars, Coldplay, Cheryl Fernandez-Versini, Enrique Iglesias, Girls Aloud, Jennifer Lopez, Jessie J, JLS, Justin Bieber, Katy Perry, Kelly Clarkson, Ke$ha, Kylie Minogue, Lady Gaga, Leona Lewis, Lionel Richie, Miley Cyrus, Liam Payne, Niall Horan, The Pussycat Dolls, Rihanna, Shakira, Tinie Tempah, Usher, and one direction.
Capital has started to host an event called "Capital Up Close" it is an event which is hosted in an intimate venue with a music star performing. The first artist to do this was Justin Timberlake at London's Indigo at The O2 in 2016. The second artist to do this was Ed Sheeran at KOKO in Camden, London in 2017. The event is sponsored by Coca-Cola.
Help a Capital Child
The Capital London charity Help a London Child was founded in 1975 by Richard Attenborough CBE. It is a grant giving charity which means that twice a year, the charity provides practical and lasting support to groups working with thousands of youngsters aged 18 and under.
In the first year, £8,000 was raised and grants given to 10 charities in Camden. Since its formation, the charity has raised in excess of £22 million in the London area and awarded grants to areas of great need, directly helping over 1.4 million children and young people.
Grants are awarded to refuge and homelessness projects, support groups for children and young people with a disability, special need or an illness, as well as a range of sports, music, drama and leisure activities, holiday play schemes and residential breaks in the UK, cultural activities, supplementary schools, literacy programmes and much more.
It was the winner of Outstanding Contribution to London Lifestyle at the London Lifestyle Awards in 2010. In the same year, the charity allocated a record amount in grants (£1.6 million), supporting 84,000 children and young people across London where "you're never more than one mile away from a project supported by Help a Capital Child".
Help a Capital Child was launched as the main charity of the Capital Network. The first annual event took place from 14–16 October 2011 with sister station LBC 97.3 also adopting the charity appeal.
- UK Tunes into Capital FM MacLaurin Media, 4 January 2011 Archived 20 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- GLOBAL: Capital FM back at #1 Radio Today, 12 May 2011
- Global requests Capital format change Radio Today, 1 July 2011
- Ofcom approves Capital format change Radio Today, 17 November 2011
- Martin, Roy (6 February 2014). "Communicorp buys 8 Global stations". RadioToday. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Global confirms Capital to launch in Liverpool, Radio Today, 5 October 2015
- Media Week: Global radio takes Capital national
- Arden Hanley at Radio Talent Archived 26 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Chris Nicoll at Radio Talent
- Howard Ritchie at Radio Talent
- Helen Austin
- Virgin to sponsor nationwide Capital Digital Spy, 24 December 2010
- Laughlin, Andrew (14 July 2012). "Global to launch Heart TV". Digital Spy.
- "Heart and Capital TV have launched". a516digital. 11 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- Laughlin, Andrew (12 October 2012). "Capital TV, Heart TV launched on Sky and Freesat". Digital Spy. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- McCabe, Masie (24 July 2012). "Global appoints Sky Media for Heart and Capital TV ad sales". Media Week. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "Global to change Choice to Capital XTRA". Radio Today. 3 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- "Capital FM Arena to be renamed Motorpoint Arena Nottingham". 2015-06-29. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- "Win Your Way In To #CapitalUpClose With Justin Timberlake!". Capital. Retrieved 2017-06-22.
- "Capital Up Close Presents Ed Sheeran With Coca-Cola - Get Ready To Sing With The Global Megastar". Capital. Retrieved 2017-06-22.