The Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band
|The Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band|
|Also known as||
|Origin||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|Past members||see #Members|
The Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band, also known as Soapbox Circus or Matchbox, were an Australian jug band formed in 1969. It centred on Mic Conway ("Captain Matchbox") on lead vocals, washboard and ukulele; and his brother, Jim Conway, on harmonica, kazoo and vocals. They issued four studio albums, Smoke Dreams (June 1973), Wangaratta Wahine (late 1974), Australia (November 1975) and Slightly Troppo (1978), before they disbanded in September 1980. The Conway brothers reformed the group in 2010 as Captain Matchbox Reignited and disbanded again two years later. In October 2010, Smoke Dreams was listed in the book, 100 Best Australian Albums.
The Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band were formed in Melbourne in 1969 as a jug band by Mic Conway on lead vocals, washboard and ukulele; his brother, Jim Conway on harmonica, kazoo and vocals; Mick Fleming on banjo, mandolin, guitar and vocals; Dave Hubbard on guitar; Peter Inglis on guitar and vocals; Jim Niven on piano and pedal organ; and Peter Scott on tea chest bass.
Inspired by early jazz recordings and jug band music they heard on reel-to-reel tapes and 78s as teenagers, the Conways formed the Jellybean Jug Band while secondary students at Camberwell High School. After they left school, in 1969, they formed the Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band, which grew from an underground art school band to a national icon, with film and television appearances and regular appearances in the charts. Australian musicologist, Ian McFarlane, opined, "one of the most unusual aggregations ever assembled in Australia, [they] played jug-band blues enlivened with sideshow entertainment and vaudeville lunacy."
During 1971 they appeared as themselves in Tim Burstall's comedy feature film, Stork. They signed with Image Records and issued their debut single, "My Canary Has Circles Under His Eyes" (written by John Golden, Ted Koehler and Edward Pola), which is a cover version of Irish-born English band leader, Debroy Somers' 1930 original. Captain Matchbox's version reached No. 35 on the Go-Set National Top 40 in November 1972. Their follow up single, "I Can't Dance (Got Ants in My Pants)" (April 1973), did not chart.
The Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band's debut album, Smoke Dreams (June 1973), reached the Go-Set Australian Albums Top 20. McFarlane observed that it consisted entirely of "1930s and 1940s jazz, blues and jug-band standards." It was also released in the US via ESP-Disk label, in the DynaQuad quadraphonic format. AllMusic's reviewer, arwulf arwulf, rated it at four-and-a-half stars out of five and explained, "this frowsy little group specialized in popular novelty, jazz and blues songs dating from the 1920s and '30s, whipping themselves into a frenzy over vintage delights."
In November 1973 the group's line-up was the Conway brothers, Fleming and Niven with Dave Flett on electric bass, slide dobro, backing vocals and ukulele (ex-Lipp and the Double Dekker Brothers); Geoff Hales on drums and washboard; and Fred Olbrei on violin and vocals. Jon Snyder joined on guitar early in the following year. They issued a second studio album, Wangaratta Wahine (late 1974), which was produced by Ern Rose at Armstrong Studios. It had a cover illustration by Australian cartoonist, Michael Leunig. It provided the singles, "Hernando's Hideaway" (July 1974) and "Wangaratta Wahine" (1974). Basil of Tharunka caught their performance in early May 1974, he felt, "[the group] epitomised the 20s, Prohibition and flappers... [with their] cunning combination of the camp, the serious, the brilliant, the hilarious, did once again what they do better than any other band in the country: entertain their audience unrelentingly."
In March 1975 the group appeared on ABC-TV's pop music show, Countdown, to perform the latter single. The track is an original, written by Mic Conway and Flett. Tony Wright of The Sydney Morning Herald, in June 2013, lamented the modification of the Hume Highway and its bypass of the city of Wangaratta; he recalled how, "Wangaratta and its highway culture was captured forever by the marvellously whacky [group]... The title song, held together by a wailing mouth organ, was dedicated to a waitress in a late-night roadhouse restaurant ('My Wahine in Wang'). I'm pretty sure I visited the very same roadhouse, for a plastic palm tree is described within the lyrics, though who could be sure? There were roadhouses like that all up and down the Hume once." In August 1975 the album peaked at No. 4 on the Kent Music Report Albums Chart.
During 1975 Fleming and Hales left and were replaced by Chris Worrall (ex-The Pelaco Brothers) on guitar and Manny Paterakis on drums. The group were signed to Mushroom Records and released their third album, Australia, in that year. McFarlane found, "it was an entertaining mix of originals and covers." Tony Catterall of The Canberra Times noticed that one way the group, "maintains total absorption is by pretending to be a band of brilliant musicians justifiably despatched to a lunatic asylum and which plays at the next-door sleazy nightclub, which the other inmates also attend... It's hard to pick favourites but the title track is a gem: full of pomp and cracked trumpets blaring after its military beat, and both an ocker's anthem and the first impressions the archetypal, Crass Texas Millionaire has of Australia."
In December they supported Skyhooks on that group's In the Heat of the Night Tour, after which Catterall surmised the Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band, "is unlikely to reach the sales position of the Hooks, [but] it too is a proven winner." In 1976 they continued through line-up changes first with Olbrei, Paterakis and Worrall replaced by Jack Sara, Graeme Isaac and Gordon McLean, respectively. Soon after Niven left to form a rock band, the Sports.
The group were renamed, the Soapbox Circus, and were incorporated into the Australian Performing Group (APG). Flett left, while Rick Ludbrook on guitar and saxophone and Peter Muhleisen on bass guitar joined the line-up to record a live album, The Great Stumble Forward (1976). They performed in a musical theatre play, Smackin' the Dacks, at the Pram Factory Front Theatre, Carlton from 17 November to 24 December 1977. The musicians were the Conway brothers, Ludbrook, McLean and Muhleisen joined by Tony Burkys and Colin Stevens.
By 1978 the band were renamed Matchbox with the Conway brothers, Ludbrook, McLean, Muhleisen, Burkys on guitar (ex-Original Battersea Heroes) and Stephen Cooney on guitar (ex-Phil Manning Band), who was soon replaced by Louis McManus (ex-Bushwackers). The musical theatre component, Soapbox Circus, were incorporated into Circus Oz. Matchbox issued a studio album, Slightly Troppo (1978), which delivered two singles. The Canberra Times' Luis Feliu felt, "There seems to be more emphasis on polish compared with previous material; more of that Matchbox spirit and wit, send-ups as usual (less hard-core political though – the cause seems to be lost)." He claimed, "[they are] by far the best good-time jug band in Australia, which leads me to point out that it's a truly resilient band, having covered so many campuses and rock venues throughout Australia."
Matchbox appeared in Burstall's feature film, Dimboola (1979), performing the track, "The Sheik of Araby. By mid-year the line-up of the Conways, McManus and Muhleisen had been joined by Chris Coyne on saxophone and flute, Eric McCusker on guitar and Robert Ross on drums (ex-Manning). They performed "a more rock-oriented sound." A truck crash while on tour in 1979 ruined the band financially and emotionally and, after paying off their debts, they disbanded in September 1980. Their final single, "Juggling Time", had been released early in 1980 which was recorded by Matchbox Band with the line-up of the Conways, Coyne, McCusker, McManus, Muhleisen and Ross.
The band reformed in 1996 for the Port Fairy Folk Festival, and again in 2010 under the name "Captain Matchbox Re-Ignited" for the Woodford Folk Festival, with shows at Bluesfest and Sydney and Melbourne. Members: Mic Conway, Jim Conway, Jeremy Cook, Don Hopkins, Phil Donnison, Cazzbo Johns, Jess Green and George Washingmachine. In October 2010, Smoke Dreams (1973) was listed in the book, 100 Best Australian Albums.
Mic Conway continued to record and perform regularly, both as a solo artist and with his National Junk Band. Jim Conway worked on many musical projects and became a sought-after session and backing musician, however due to the onset of multiple sclerosis, his health (but not his playing) was significantly affected and in early 2014 he retired.
Chris Worrall was the founding guitarist of Melbourne-based pub rockers, the Bleeding Hearts, in 1976, and joined Paul Kelly & the Dots in February 1979. Manny Paterakis was the founding drummer in Mike Rudd & the Heaters in 1979. Eric McCusker joined Mondo Rock on guitar in April 1980. From 1980 to 1983 Dave Flett was bass guitarist of folk and political rockers, Redgum. Louis McManus joined Adelaide-based reggae rockers, No Fixed Address, on guitar in 1984.
- Jim Conway – lead vocals, harmonica, kazoo, whistles (1969–80, 1996, 2010–12)
- Mic Conway – vocals, washboard, phonograph, horn, ukulele, jug (1969–80, 1996, 2010–12)
- Mick Fleming – vocals, lead guitar, banjo, mandolin (1969–73)
- David Hubbard – vocals, guitar (1969–73)
- Peter R Inglis – vocals, guitar (1969–73)
- Tony Dunn, primary jug (1969-72)
- Jim Niven – keyboards, piano, pedal organ (1969–76)
- Peter Scott – tea-chest bass, jug (1969–73)
- Dave Flett – vocals, electric bass, backing vocals, ukulele, slide dobro (1973–76)
- Geoff Hales – drums, washboard, tap dancing (1973–75)
- Fred Olbrei – vocals, violin (1973–76)
- Jon Snyder – guitar (1974)
- Manny Paterakis – drums, washboard (1974–76)
- Chris Worrall – banjo, mandolin, guitar, vocals (1975–76)
- Graeme Isaac – drums, washboard (1976–77)
- Rick Ludbrook – guitar, saxophone, vocals (1976–78)
- Gordon McLean – banjo, mandolin, guitar, drums, vocals (1976–78)
- Peter Muhleisen – bass guitar (1976–80)
- Jack Sara – violin, vocals (1976)
- Colin Stevens – mandolin, blues harp (1976–77)
- Tony Burkys – guitar, bouzouki (1978–79)
- Stephen Cooney – guitar (1978)
- Louis McManus – guitars, fiddle, mandolin, banjo (1978–80)
- Chris Coyne – saxophone, flute (1979–80)
- Eric McCusker – guitar (1979–80)
- Robert Ross – drums (1979–80)
- Peter Martin – guitar (1980)
- Jeffrey Cheesman – vocals, guitar
- Inge de Koster – violin
- Dave Isom – vocals, guitar
- John McDiarmid – tea-chest bass, jug, flute
- Jeremy Cook, Don Hopkins, Phil Donnison, Cazzbo Johns, Jess Green, George Washingmachine (2010)
- Smoke Dreams (June 1973) – Image Records (ILP 724), ESP (ESP-3009) AUS Go-Set: No. 20
- Wangaratta Wahine (late 1974) – Image Records (ILP-744) AUS KMR: No. 4
- Australia (November 1975) – Mushroom Records (L 35723)
- Slightly Troppo (by Matchbox) (1978)
- The Great Stumble Forward (by the Soapbox Circus and the APG) (1976)
- Live at the Continental (1994)
- Makin' Whoopee (October 1976) – Image Records 2LP compilation of first two albums
- "My Canary Has Circles Under His Eyes" (October 1972) – Image Records (IS-119) Go-Set: No. 35
- "I Can't Dance (Got Ants in My Pants)" (April 1973) – Image Records (IS-129)
- "Your Feets Too Big" (February 1974) – Image Records (IS-144)
- "Hernando's Hideaway" (July 1974) – Image Records (IS-153)
- "Wangaratta Wahine"
- "Australia" (October 1975)
- "If I Can't Hav-Anna in Cuba" (by Soapbox Circus) (1977)
- "Sleep" (by Matchbox) (June 1978)
- "Juggling Time" (by Matchbox Band) (1980)
- "Roll that Reefer", "The Prefect", "Out in the Suburbs" on A Reefer Derci by Various Artists (1976)
- Fleming, Catherine; Tait, John; Conway, Jim; Conway, Mic (July 2015), Captain Matchbox & Beyond: the Music & Mayhem of Mic and Jim Conway, Melbourne Books, ISBN 978-1-922129-75-8
- McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Whammo Homepage". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-072-1. Archived from the original on 5 April 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2013. Note: Archived [on-line] copy has limited functionality.
- McFarlane, 'Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band' entry. Archived from the original on 3 August 2004. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Kimball, Duncan; Hunter, Michael; Mulheisen, Peter (2002). "The Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band". Milesago: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964–1975. Ice Productions. Archived from the original on 15 March 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- "Release title: Stork". Bonza RMIT Film Research. RMIT. Archived from the original on 23 June 2004. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- "'My Canary Has Circles Under His Eyes' – Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band". Where Did They Get That Song?. PopArchives (Lyn Nuttall). Archived from the original on 4 May 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Note: this source gives last name of performer as Summers
- "ACE Repertory – Title 'My Canary Has Circles Under His Eyes'". American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP). Retrieved 11 April 2018. Note: user may have to enter the title/performer for other tracks to access further information.
- Nimmervoll, Ed (18 November 1972). "National Top 40". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Nimmervoll, Ed (4 August 1973). "Australian Albums". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- "Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band, The – Smoke Dreams". discogs. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- arwulf, arwulf. "Smoke Dreams – Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Basil (15 May 1974). "Zoommm..." Tharunka. 20 (11). p. 19. Retrieved 12 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Rage Re-Runs (The History of Countdown Repeats on Rage)". Countdown Memories. Archived from the original on 13 August 2010. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "'Wangaratta Wahine' at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 12 April 2018. Note: For additional work user may have to select 'Search again' and then 'Enter a title:' &/or 'Performer:'
- Wright, Tony (22 June 2013). "Farewell to old Hume, a road well travelled". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book Ltd. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. Note: Used for Australian Singles and Albums charting from 1974 until Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) created their own charts in mid-1988. In 1992, Kent back calculated chart positions for 1970–1974.
- Catterall, Tony (8 December 1975). "Rock Music Captain Matchobx: A Whoopee Band". The Canberra Times. 50, (14, 243). p. 19. Retrieved 13 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- Catterall, Tony (6 December 1975). "Rock Concert Packed with Talent". The Canberra Times. 50 (14, 242). p. 13. Retrieved 12 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Event: Smackin the Dacks". AusStage. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- Hawkes, Jon. "The History of Circus Oz" (PDF). Circus Oz. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- Feliu, Luis (16 June 1978). "Rock Music: More Emphasis on Polish". The Canberra Times. TV Radio Guide. 52 (15, 608). p. 7. Retrieved 13 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- O'Donnell, John; Creswell, Toby; Mathieson, Craig (October 2010). 100 Best Australian Albums. Prahran, Vic: Hardie Grant Books. ISBN 978-1-74066-955-9.
- Visentin, Lisa (15 June 2014). "Jetstar business model leaves Jim Conway stuck in wheelchair". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- McFarlane, 'The Bleeding Hearts' entry. Archived from the original on 3 August 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- McFarlane, 'Paul Kelly' entry. Archived from the original on 3 September 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- McFarlane, 'Mike Rudd and the Heaters' entry. Archived from the original on 4 May 2003. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- McFarlane, 'Mondo Rock' entry. Archived from the original on 14 June 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- McFarlane, 'Redgum' entry. Archived from the original on 27 April 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- McFarlane, 'No Fixed ' entry. Archived from the original Archived 28 August 2004 at the Wayback Machine. on 14 June 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- Greaves, Rob (10 January 2015). "Socially Aware – Cream of The Crate: Album #115 – A Reefer Derci: Various Artists". The Toorak Times. Toorak Metropolitan News. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2018.