The Captive (1915 film)

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The Captive
TheCaptive-19150pamphletfront.jpg
Front of a pamphlet for the film
Directed byCecil B. DeMille
Produced byCecil B. DeMille
Jesse L. Lasky
Written byCecil B. DeMille
Jeanie MacPherson
Story byCecil B. DeMille
StarringBlanche Sweet
CinematographyAlvin Wyckoff
Edited byCecil B. DeMille
Production
company
Jesse Lasky Feature Plays
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
  • April 22, 1915 (1915-04-22)
Running time
50 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageSilent
English intertitles
Budget$12,153.54[1]
Box office$56,074.88[1]

The Captive is an American silent-era film released on April 22, 1915. It was released on five reels.[2] The film was written, directed, edited, and produced by Cecil B. DeMille. Jesse L. Lasky was another producer and Jeanie MacPherson worked with DeMille to write the screenplay. The film is based on a play written by Cecil B. DeMille and Jeanie MacPherson. The Captive grossed just over $56,000.[3] On a budget of only $12,154.[4] Blanche Sweet stars as Sonia Martinovich, alongside House Peters who stars as Mahmud Hassan. The film details the romantic war-era plight of Montenegrin protagonist, Sonia Martinovich, and her Turkish lover, Mahmud Hassan.

Plot[edit]

A 1915 news article about the film

The Captive chronicles the life of a young woman named Sonia Martinovitch (Blanche Sweet) who lived during the midst of the Balkan Wars. She lives close to the Turkish border on a small farm in Montenegro with her older brother Marko Martinovich (Page Peters) and younger brother Milo (Gerald Ward). Nearby, a Turkish nobleman by the name of Mahmud Hassan (House Peters) lives in a lavish palace. Marko Martinovich fights in the Battle of Lule Burgess, and is tragically killed, leaving Martinovich and her remaining brother, Milo, helpless. Subsequently, Hassan is taken prisoner, and assigned to the Martinovich’s farm to help her with the chores Sonia is unable to complete without her brother.

In the beginning, Sonia holds Hassan captive with the use of her bullwhip [5] and forces him to complete tasks like getting water, baking, and plowing fields. Hassan begins to befriend young Milo to alleviate his humiliation and suffering.[5] Gradually, Sonia warms up to him and they fall deeply in love.

The war waged on, and the Turks recaptured the village where Sonia, Hassan and Milo live. Unfortunately, a drunken officer (William Elmer) tries to force himself on Martinovich, but she refuses. Fueled by love, Hassan intervenes, despite the fact that the officer shares his national origin. When the Turkish army is driven out of the village, Hassan returns home only to be faced with the grim reality that he has been stripped of his title, his land has been taken, and he has banished from his homeland, all for thwarting the drunken officer away from Sonia. Meanwhile, at the farm, a pack of unruly scavengers have burned the Martinovich family’s modest house, forcing them to abandon the place they call home. The siblings meet Hassan on the road, and the lovebirds and Milo walk off to begin a new life together.[6]

A film review

Cast[edit]

Notable people[edit]

The Famous Players-Lasky Corporation[edit]

The director, Cecil B. DeMille, and producer, Jesse L. Lasky, are both associated with Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, dubbed “the world’s greatest motion picture enterprise, … [for] it is the organization which has made the motion picture”,[7] its membership included President Adolph Zukor, First Vice President Jesse L. Lasky, Director-General Cecil B. DeMille, Vice Presidents Frank A. Garbott and Walter E. Greene, Treasurer Arthur S. Friend, and Secretary Elek J. Ludvigh. Together, they churned out 731 feature films, and 363 single-reel shorts in conjunction with Paramount. They did this between the years of 1916 and 1919. Blanche Sweet starred in 19 of the films produced by this organization.[7]

Blanche Sweet[edit]

Paramount utilized Sweet’s star power to lure audiences into their late-spring release. They claimed their films were just as great as Broadway stage productions, yet with a never ending season.[8] The praise from the press could partially be due to Sweet’s familiarity with her co-star, House Peters, as they worked together on another film called Warrens of Virginia.[9] Warrens of Virginia was directed and produced by the same team.[9] Additionally, Motion Picture News claimed that “Blanche Sweet has scored the greatest success of her entire career in the photodramatization.” The sets and scenes were described as “elaborate … [and] produced with extreme realism.” [9] DeMille’s obsession with realism backfired when an extra, Charles Chandler, was shot and killed by a gun used as a prop on set. Later on, Blanche Sweet confessed that DeMille encouraged extras to use real bullets instead of blanks to create more realistic battle scenes.[3]

Sweet, was not a fan of DeMille off screen. She starred in two feature films with DeMille (The Captive and Warrens of Virginia) and had a negative experience during both. She described her time with DeMille as “‘... a terrible time’ … [she] was terrified of him.” [10] Sweet felt he was strange, but DeMille spun the story to make it sound like he was the one terrified of her. Although Sweet and DeMille didn’t quite click, she had a much better experience with his brother, William C. DeMille, “who, ‘had a more subtle way of doing things.’” [10] She worked with William on three films, The Ragamuffin, The Blacklist, and The Sowers. These films were all released in 1916.[10] DeMille then continued on to direct 70 more films throughout his career.[3]

Cecil B. DeMille[edit]

Jeanie MacPherson acted in several of Cecil B. DeMille films and "became his favorite screenwriter.[3] “Macpherson came to the Lasky studio after being fired from Universal for going over schedule on one of her short productions.” [3] MacPherson and DeMille worked well together, mostly due to their love of melodrama. In this example of their work, it’s apparent that The Captive was designed with the intention of reusing costumes from an earlier film called The Unafraid. Both films share the same Eastern European setting and both leading ladies fall in love with their enemies.[3]

Preservation status[edit]

The film was thought to be a "lost film" until it was rediscovered in 1970 among the silent films stored in the Paramount Pictures Vault and later donated to the Library of Congress[3] where it is now preserved.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Birchard, Robert S. (2004). Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood. University Press of Kentucky. p. 44. ISBN 0-813-12324-0.
  2. ^ "Motion Picture News - Lantern: Search, Visualize & Explore the Media History Digital Library". lantern.mediahist.org. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Birchard, Robert (2004). Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. pp. 44–46.
  4. ^ DeMille, Cecil B. (April 22, 1915), The Captive, retrieved October 4, 2016
  5. ^ a b "Motion Picture News - Lantern: Search, Visualize & Explore the Media History Digital Library". lantern.mediahist.org. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  6. ^ "The Captive (1915) - Overview - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  7. ^ a b The Story of The Famous Players-Lasky Corporation. New York: Paramount-Artcraft Motion Pictures. 1919.
  8. ^ "Motion Picture News - Lantern: Search, Visualize & Explore the Media History Digital Library". lantern.mediahist.org. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  9. ^ a b c "Motion Picture News - Lantern: Search, Visualize & Explore the Media History Digital Library". lantern.mediahist.org. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  10. ^ a b c Slide, Anthony (2010). Silent Players a Biographical and Autobiographical Study of 100 Silent Film Actors and Actresses. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky.
  11. ^ Catalog of Holdings The American Film Institute Collection and The United Artists Collection at The Library of Congress, (<-book title) p.26 c.1978 by the American Film Institute

External links[edit]