The Career of Nicodemus Dyzma
The Career of Nicodemus Dyzma (Polish title: Kariera Nikodema Dyzmy) is a 1932 Polish bestselling novel by Tadeusz Dołęga-Mostowicz. It was his first major literary success with immediate material rewards prompting Mostowicz to write and publish roughly two books per year (in total, he wrote 17 novels).
The book, very popular already in the interwar period, was made into a 1956 Polish film with Adolf Dymsza in the title role, then into a 1980 television miniseries starring Roman Wilhelmi and in 2002 into a comedy film starring Cezary Pazura.
Nicodemus Dyzma is a small-town man who comes to the Polish capital from the Eastern provinces (known as "Kresy") in search of work. While walking the streets of Warsaw, he finds a lost invitation to a party reception. Hoping for a free meal, he decides to use it since he owns a tuxedo. At the reception, he befriends a Member of Parliament and wins the hearts of guests with his attitude. He is introduced to a wealthy landowner by the name of Kunicki, a former con artist, who is so impressed by Dyzma that he offers him a job as superintendent of his country estate. At the estate, Dyzma meets Kunicki's wife, Nina, who quickly falls in love with him, but earns the distaste of Kunicki's daughter, Kasia, a lesbian who had been carrying on an affair with Nina. Soon Dyzma takes control of all affairs of the estate and starts to climb the social and political ladder. He is offered a series of prestigious appointments; however, he is also forced to hide his past from the prying eyes of his adversaries and the general public. His lack of knowledge about things that are expected of him are taken either as his humour or eccentricities, or by his underlings as attempts to test them. Dyzma's rise in status is not good for his morals, as eventually he commissions the murder of his former boss from the provinces who might have revealed the truth of Dyzma's background. Ultimately he marries Nina and decides to refuse a commendation to become Prime Minister for fear that his pretend past would be revealed.
Dołęga-Mostowicz was a journalist critical of Sanation and Józef Piłsudski. He got abducted by a group of soldiers in civilian clothes, beaten up, and dumped outside Warsaw. He wrote the novel as a critique of the political class then in power.
Nicodemus Dyzma has become proverbial in Poland as an archetype of the crude opportunist who makes his upwardly-mobile way by dint of fortuitous connections, ruthlessness and the acquiescence of an oblivious society.
He is forced by the spirit of his times and the society around him to become something they need him to become. Ignorant and malleable, Dyzma turns into a puppet in the hands of the elite class. Whatever happens to him during his climb of the social ladder falls outside of his mental, financial and legal competence.
Janusz Korwin-Mikke compared the eponymous Nikodem Dyzma favourably to the former President of Poland Lech Wałęsa. In his opinion, there were three major differences between their characters: that Dyzma eventually declined becoming Prime Mininister while Wałęsa did go on to become President, that despite circumstances helping him, it was Dyzma himself who tricked others, whereas Wałęsa, in Korwin-Mikke's eyes, had had everything arranged for him by the security services, an exaggeration on the topic of allegations of Wałęsa's collaboration with SB; thirdly that Dyzma could play the balalaika and Wałęsa could not. This was incorrect, as in fact Dyzma played the mandolin.
The title of the novel lent itself to the title of a song by Jacek Kaczmarski, from the POV of Dyzma's eventual brother-in-law, Żorż Ponimirski, who eventually reveals the truth about Dyzma's past but is not believed.
An American novel, Being There (1970), by fellow Polish native Jerzy Kosiński, has been said to bear strong resemblance to the exploits of Nicodemus Dyzma. In June 1982, a Village Voice article by Geoffrey Stokes and Eliot Fremont-Smith accused Kosiński of plagiarizing Dołęga-Mostowicz, whose best-selling novel was largely unknown to English readers at the time of Kosiński's 1970 publication. The article also claimed that all of Kosiński's novels, including Being There, had actually been ghost-written or possibly translated from Polish by his "assistant editors," pointing to striking stylistic differences among them and sparking further authorship controversies about Kosiński's literary output. Being There was filmed by Hal Ashby in 1979 under the same title, starring Peter Sellers.
- List of Poles
- Politics in fiction
- Political fiction
- Jerzy Kosiński and the claims of plagiarism including film Being There.
- Prof. dr hab. Anna Martuszewska. "Tadeusz Dołęga Mostowicz". Kariera Nikodema Dyzmy (in Polish and English). Virtual Library of Polish Literature. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- Monika Adamczyk-Grabowska (2001). "The Role of Polish Language and Literature". The Hidden Isaac Bashevis Singer by Seth L. Wolitz. University of Texas Press. p. 137. ISBN 029279147X. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- "Janusz Korwin-Mikke: 3 różnice między Nikodemem Dyzmą a Lechem Wałęsą". Wolność.pl. 2 March 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- James Park Sloan. Jerzy Kosinski: A Biography. Dutton. 505 pp. Reviewed by D. G. Myers, Associate Professor of English at Texas A&M University.