The Case of: JonBenét Ramsey
|The Case of: JonBenét Ramsey|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of episodes||2|
|Running time||120 minutes|
|Original release||September 18 –|
September 19, 2016
The Case of: JonBenét Ramsey is a 2016 documentary miniseries about the murder of JonBenét Ramsey in Boulder, Colorado on December 25, 1996. The miniseries aired on CBS on September 18, and 19, 2016.
The investigative team reviewed the case, including the 911 call, ransom note, and other aspects of the case in re-created rooms of the Ramsey house. The documentary included past investigative footage with that of this investigative team, which included former FBI agent Jim Clemente, Dr. Henry Lee, former chief investigator for the Boulder District Attorney James Kolar, forensic pathologist Dr. Werner Spitz, James Fitzgerald, former Scotland Yard criminal behavior analyst Laura Richards, and Stan Burke.
The team examined the theory about an outsider depositing DNA on JonBenet's underwear and concluded that this trace amount of evidence could have been transferred when the underwear were made and packaged.[a]
The 911 call
The team used modern equipment and an interview with the 911 dispatcher, Kimberly Archuleta, to examine the 911 call and claimed that there were three voices on the tape: Patsy, John and Burke. They believed one of the three voices was a boy. At the end of the call, the 911 dispatcher heard Patsy say "OK, we've called the police, now what?" By slowing down the last six seconds of the recording of the call, they heard three people talking. Patsy was deemed to have said "What did you do?" and "Help me, Jesus." John saying "We're not speaking to you." A child, likely Burke, saying "What did you find?" The Ramseys had claimed that Burke was asleep during the time that the 911 call was made.
The wording used during the call was concerning to the team: During the call Patsy did not mention the name of her daughter. Also, she said "I'm the mother" and "we have a kidnapping".
Listen carefully! We are a group of individuals that represent a small foreign faction. We
do respect your bussiness [sic] but not the country that it serves. At this time we have your daughter in our posession [sic]. She is safe and unharmed and if you want her to see 1997, you must follow our instructions to the letter.
You will withdraw $118,000.00 from your account. $100,000 will be in $100 bills and the remaining $18,000 in $20 bills. Make sure that you bring an adequate size attache to the bank. When you get home you will put the money in a brown paper bag. I will call you between 8 and 10 am tomorrow to instruct you on delivery. The delivery will be exhausting so I advise you to be rested. If we monitor you getting the money early, we might call you early to arrange an earlier delivery of the money and hence a [sic] earlier
delivery pick-up of your daughter.
Any deviation of my instructions will result in the immediate execution of your daughter. You will also be denied her remains for proper burial. The two gentlemen watching over your daughter do not particularly like you so I advise you not to provoke them. Speaking to anyone about your situation, such as Police, F.B.I., etc., will result in your daughter being beheaded. If we catch you talking to a stray dog, she dies. If you alert bank authorities, she dies. If the money is in any way marked or tampered with, she dies. You will be scanned for electronic devices and if any are found, she dies. You can try to deceive us but be warned that we are familiar with law enforcement countermeasures and tactics. You stand a 99% chance of killing your daughter if you try to out smart [sic] us. Follow our instructions and you stand a 100% chance of getting her back.
You and your family are under constant scrutiny as well as the authorities. Don't try to grow a brain John. You are not the only fat cat around so don't think that killing will be difficult. Don't underestimate us John. Use that good southern common sense of yours. It is up to you now John!
According to E! News, "One of the strangest parts of the Ramsey case has always been the ransom note, which [...] made no sense given the fact that JonBenét's body was found in the house a few hours later". Forensic linguist James Fitzgerald commented on the three-page and 385-word ransom note and concluded, according to Daily Mail, that it was "clearly staged and had deliberate spelling mistakes." Misspellings and other mistakes were made to cover the fact that the writer was in fact a native speaker of the English language.
The note demanded $118,000, the rounded amount of John Ramsey's bonus that year. Fitzgerald said that the note was not written by a kidnapper or a "real criminal", but someone who had written the note on a pad of paper used by Patsy Ramsey in their home. The note was unusually long, most ransom notes are 50 to 60 words. It took the experts 21 minutes or more to copy the ransom note and it noted that it would take more time to think about what to write. The pen and paper were not left out, but returned to their rightful place by the note's author. Many lines from the letter were taken from Speed, Dirty Harry and other films.
Fitzgerald said that the note appeared to be written by a "maternal" person. Previous handwriting analysis had concluded that the handwriting was similar to that of Patsy Ramsey, but it was not conclusively Patsy who wrote the note.
The letters ‘S.B.T.C’ have also been a mystery. There have been many guesses about what the letters could stand for, but none have been confirmed.
Cause of death theory
JonBenét was determined by police to have "suffered a blow to the head and had also been strangled with a garrote."
The investigators concluded that JonBenet could have been killed, perhaps accidentally, by a blow from a flashlight by a 10-year-old boy, based upon experiments performed using a child, fake skulls with wigs. They were also able to recreate the injury that JonBenét sustained to her head by having the boy in the experiment use a flashlight similar to one found in the kitchen of the Ramsey's home.
The Daily Mail Australia reported that, according to Jim Clemente, JonBenét 's nine-year-old brother Burke had a "history of scatological problems". Investigators claimed that Burke had covered his sister's walls and her Christmas present with feces, which was found when her room was sealed off and examined as a crime scene. The team speculate that Burke had become angry when JonBenét took a piece of pineapple in the middle of the night. They further contend that their parents, John and Patsy Ramsey, then covered up the reason for the death of their daughter.[b]
John, Patsy and Burke have denied involvement in the death of JonBenét. No charges have been filed in the case, as of September 2016.[c] Several days prior to the airing of this mini-series, Burke Ramsey was interviewed on the Dr. Phil show in a three-episode series about the death of his sister. It was his first public interview.[d] The Ramsey family lawyer, L. Lin Wood, has threatened to sue CBS for libel (defamation) based on its conclusion that JonBenét was killed by Burke.
The review of the mini-series by Variety questioned the objectivity of the team, particularly in taking "hazy" assertions and declaring them as fact. For example, during the show it is stated that John Ramsey called out that he had found JonBenet before he turned on the light to the dark basement room where the body lay, but the source or veracity of the statement was not clear. Rolling Stone magazine found that there were three ways in which the investigation was flawed: 1) "Confirmation bias, selective hearing and the misleading 911 call analysis", 2) "Dismissing the DNA evidence entirely" and 3) "Overselling linguistic forensics and behavioral analysis as conclusive". They found that since the investigation did not unearth any new evidence, the conclusions were not new but subjective, and based upon the initial "flawed" police investigation.
Bob Grant, former Adams County District Attorney who was brought in to advise the Boulder District Attorney office on the case, voiced skepticism about any of the 2016 television show's abilities to unearth a new theory or solidify an existing theory in the case. He said, "The case will always be, in my mind, one where there are two likely scenarios. And to prove one, you have to disprove the other." He states that without a viable confession, it is unlikely that there will be resolution in the case.
- In 2008, the Ramseys had been exonerated when it was determined that the DNA found on JonBenet's underwear did not belong to a family member.
- According to the investigative team, Burke hit JonBenét over the head with a golf club in the year prior to her murder. The event left a visible scar on her forehead.
- In 1999, a Colorado grand jury called for the indictment of John and Patsy Ramsey regarding the death of their daughter, but Alex Hunter, the district attorney, had decided not to indict them. The indictment cited "two counts each of child abuse" and "did unlawfully, knowingly, recklessly and feloniously permit a child to be unreasonably placed in a situation which posed a threat of injury to the child's life or health, which resulted in the death of JonBenét Ramsey, a child under the age of sixteen." In 2002, the statute of limitations on the charges expired.
- During the interview, he told Dr. Phil that he did not kill JonBenet and thought her death was likely due a pedophile who had followed his sister's involvement in beauty pagents.
- Maureen Ryan (2016-09-19). "TV Review: 'The Case Of: JonBenet Ramsey' Rehashes a Famous Murder". Variety. Retrieved 2016-09-22.
- Louise Cheer (September 23, 2016). "JonBenet Ramsey's bedroom walls and Christmas presents were 'smeared in feces by disturbed brother Burke' - after new claims emerged he killed the child beauty queen". Daily Mail Australia. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Daniel Fienberg (2016-09-19). "'The Case Of: JonBenet Ramsey': TV Review". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2016-09-22.
- Lauren Piester (September 18, 2016). "3 Bombshells from The Case Of: JonBenét Ramsey". Retrieved September 27, 2016.
- "JonBenét Ramsey grand jury indictment accused parents of child abuse resulting in death". Denver Post. October 25, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Carole Glines (September 21, 2016). "TV shows explore shocking new theories on JonBenet Ramsey case". FoxNews.com. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Tufayel Ahmed (September 21, 2016). "JonBenet Ramsey Family Lawyer to Sue CBS over Documentary Claims". Newsweek. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- "Lawyer for JonBenet Ramsey family vows to sue CBS over documentary". Reuters. 2016-09-21. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- Amelia McDonell-Parry (September 20, 2016). "3 Big Ways 'The Case of: JonBenet Ramsey' Got It Wrong". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Charlie Brennan (September 1, 2016). "Boulder police chief updates JonBenet Ramsey case, 20 years on". Daily Camera. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Roger Catlin (September 15, 2016). "Dr. Henry Lee Revisits JonBenét Ramsey Case In CBS Special". Hartford Courant.