The Catch (baseball)
The Catch was a baseball play made by New York Giants center fielder Willie Mays on September 29, 1954, during Game 1 of the 1954 World Series at the Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan, New York City. During the eighth inning with the score tied 2–2, Cleveland Indians batter Vic Wertz hit a deep fly ball to center field that was poised to score the runners on base. However, Mays made an over-the-shoulder catch while on the run to record the out, and his throw back to the infield prevented the runners from advancing. The Giants won the game 5–2 in extra innings, and eventually the World Series. The Catch is regarded as one of the greatest plays in baseball history.
In the top of the 8th inning with the score tied 2–2, Giants starting pitcher Sal Maglie walked Indians lead off hitter Larry Doby. Al Rosen singled, putting runners on first and second. New York manager Leo Durocher summoned left-handed relief pitcher Don Liddle to pitch to Cleveland's Wertz, a left-handed batter.
Wertz worked the count to two balls and one strike before hitting Liddle's fourth pitch approximately 420 feet (130 m) to deep center field. In many stadiums the ball would have been a home run, which would have given the Indians a 5–2 lead. However, the Polo Grounds center field was larger than average, and Mays, who was playing in shallow center field, made an on-the-run, over-the-shoulder catch at the warning track for the out. Having caught the ball, he immediately spun and threw the ball. Doby, the runner on second, might have been able to score the go-ahead run had he tagged at the moment the ball was caught; as it was, he ran when the ball was hit, then had to scramble back to tag. Mays' throw went to second base, holding Cleveland to runners at first and third with one out.
Right-hander Marv Grissom then relieved Liddle, who supposedly remarked to coach Freddie Fitzsimmons, "Well, I got my man." Grissom walked pinch hitter Dale Mitchell to load the bases, then struck out pinch hitter Dave Pope, and got catcher Jim Hegan to fly out, ending the inning with no runs scored.
New York Giants
(outs in bold)
|Maglie (R)||Doby (L)||Walk|
|Rosen (R)||Single (Doby to second)|
|Liddle (L)||Wertz (L)||Fly out to center (Doby to third)|
|Grissom (R)||Mitchell (L)||Walk (Rosen to second)|
|Pope (L)||Strike out|
|Hegan (R)||Fly out to left|
Jack Brickhouse, calling the game on television for NBC, along with Russ Hodges, described Mays' catch to viewers. The audio has been published on CD with the book And the Fans Roared, and also as accompaniment to the World Series film.
Brickhouse: There's a long drive... way back at center field... way back, back, it is a... Oh my! Caught by Mays!:16 The runner on second, Doby, is able to go to third. Willie Mays just brought this crowd to its feet with a catch which must have been an optical illusion to a lot of people!:17 Boy! [pause] Notice where that 483 foot mark is in center field? The ball itself—Russ, you know this ballpark better than anyone else I know—had to go about 460,[a] didn't it?
Hodges: It certainly did, and I don't see how Willie did it, but he's been doing it all year.
Brickhouse: Willie Mays just made the catch of the day.
There is some question of the depth of straight-away center field. Sometimes there was a 475[b] sign in center field, sometimes 483[c] (as was the case in 1954). The ballpark was demolished in 1964, and it is unclear what was being measured when. One theory is that 475 was the distance to the front of the clubhouse overhang, and 483 was the distance to the rear wall under the overhang. Regardless, the ball was not hit to the deepest part of center field; where Mays made his catch is estimated by baseball researchers as not more than 425 feet (130 m) from home plate.
Aftermath and response
The play prevented the Indians from taking the lead and, in the bottom of the 10th, the Giants won the game on their way to sweeping the Series. The Catch is often considered to be one of the best and most memorable plays in the history of baseball because of the difficulty of the play and the importance of the game itself.
Mays himself did not believe "The Catch" to be the best defensive play he ever made. In the CD collection Ernie Harwell's Audio Scrapbook, issued in 2006, Mays talks about a running bare-handed catch he made at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh in 1951, in which the Giants' players teased the young rookie by treating him with complete indifference when he returned to the bench. Mays also cited a catch he made against the center field wall at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, New York, in which he had to scurry back so fast he did not have time to turn around. Other observers have noted that Mays' quick relay throw from deep center field was the most important part of the 1954 play, the catch itself being merely a matter of Mays outrunning the ball.
In 2007, a physicist calculated that if the temperature had been 77 °F (25 °C) rather than 76 °F (24 °C), the ball would have traveled 2 inches (5.1 cm) farther than it did, and The Catch might not have been completed.
- 460 feet (140 m)
- 475 feet (145 m)
- 483 feet (147 m)
- Bahr, Chris (September 29, 2015). "Flashback: Willie Mays makes 'The Catch' in 1954 World Series". Fox Sports. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
- "New York Giants 5, Cleveland Indians 2". Retrosheet. September 29, 1954. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Monte Irvin (1994). Baseball: Inning 7, the Capital of Baseball. Ken Burns. Event occurs at 84:35. Retrieved April 14, 2020 – via YouTube.
I didn't think that he'd ever get to the ball, but he did; and then he had the presence of mind to wheel and throw the ball to second base to keep Larry Doby from scoring. Actually, if he'd have tagged up, he could have scored from second base, that's how far the ball was hit.
- Deane, Bill (2012). Baseball Myths: Debating, Debunking, and Disproving Tales from the Diamond. Scarecrow Press. p. 99. ISBN 9780810885462. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Garner, Joe (2000). And the Fans Roared: The Sports Broadcasts That Kept Us on the Edge of Our Seats. Bob Costas (narrator), George Foreman (foreword). Naperville, Illinois: Sourcebooks. ISBN 1570715823.
- And the Fans Roared [Disc 1] (CD). Sourcebooks. 2000. Event occurs at 0:52 of Track 5.
- And the Fans Roared [Disc 1] (CD). Sourcebooks. 2000. Event occurs at 1:06 of Track 5.
- And the Fans Roared [Disc 1] (CD). Sourcebooks. 2000. Event occurs at 1:23 of Track 5.
- And the Fans Roared [Disc 1] (CD). Sourcebooks. 2000. Event occurs at 1:30 of Track 5.
- Lowry, Phil (February 1992). Green Cathedrals: The Ultimate Celebrations of All 273 Major League and Negro League Ballparks Past and Present. Addison-Wesley. pp. 195–201. ISBN 0-201-56777-6.
- Deane, Bill (October 2005). "Catching up with Vic Wertz's 1954 World Series Drive". Baseball Digest. Retrieved May 9, 2017 – via The Glory of Baseball.
- Axisa, Mike (September 29, 2014). "Happy 60th Anniversary: Willie Mays makes 'The Catch'". CBS Sports. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
- Morgan, Joe (May 4, 2001). "Mays was Mr. Everything". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
- "Not My Top Catch – Mays". Long Beach Independent. Long Beach, California. UPI. September 30, 1954. Retrieved May 9, 2017 – via newspapers.com.
- Harwell, Ernie (November 15, 2006). Ernie Harwell's Audio Scrapbook. AudioBook Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-0979212000.
- "Engineering in the News March 2007". UIUC College of Engineering. March 2007. Archived from the original on September 19, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
- Wolff, Alexander (March 12, 2007). "Going, Going Green". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved May 9, 2017 – via Sports Illustrated Vault.
- "Baseball's 25 Greatest Moments – No. 9 The Catch". The Sporting News. 1999. Archived from the original on October 13, 1999 – via archive.org.
- "World Series Memorable Moments – No. 7 Willie Mays' Catch". Time. 2003. Archived from the original on December 11, 2003 – via archive.org.
- Leptich, John (May 9, 2007). "Garagiola had bird's-eye view for Mays' famous catch". East Valley Tribune. Tempe, Arizona. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Perry, Dayn (January 10, 2014). "Photo of Day II: An uncommon angle on 'The Catch' by Willie Mays". CBS Sports. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- "Willie Mays makes an amazing over-the-shoulder catch". MLB.com – via YouTube.
Willie Mays makes one of the most memorable plays in World Series history with an over-the-shoulder running catch in deep center field during Game 1 of the 1954 World Series