The Center (Cantonese Yale: Jūngwàahn Jūngsām) is the fifth tallest skyscraper in Hong Kong, after International Commerce Centre, Two International Finance Centre (88 storeys), Central Plaza and Bank of China Tower. With a height of 346 m (1,135 ft), it comprises 73 storeys. The Center is one of the few skyscrapers in Hong Kong that is entirely steel-structured with no reinforced concrete core. It is located on Queen's Road Central in the Central, roughly halfway between the MTR Island Line's Sheung Wan and Central stations.
The Center is notable for its arrangement of hundreds of neon lights arranged as bars in increasing frequency towards the top of the building, which slowly scroll through the colours of the spectrum at night. During the Christmas season, the building's neon arrangement follows a festive motif and resembles a Christmas tree.
The English name of the building uses the American spelling "The Center" despite the vast majority of similarly-named buildings in Hong Kong using the spelling "Centre" as a result of Hong Kong English's British origins. The direct translation of the Chinese name of the building is "Central Centre" or the "centre of Central", even though the building is in fact near the boundary of Central and Sheung Wan (Wing Kut Street).
The building was a project involving the Land Development Corporation since it was required to demolish many old buildings and lanes. The premises of The Center is of irregular shape because surrounding lots within Queen's Road Central, Jubilee Street, Des Voeux Road Central and Gilman's Bazaar were already redeveloped. Various lanes and streets including Gilman Street, Wing On Street, Tung Man Street, Hing Lung Street, and Tit Hong Lane were shortened.
In addition, several historical structures were demolished from the project. Many cloth shops located on Wing On Street, also known as Cloth Alley, were moved to the Western Market while Eu Yan Sang, a traditional Chinese medicine shop, was moved near the Stag Building to continue business.
In November 2017 it was announced that The Center was sold for HK$40.2 billion, making it the world's most expensive real estate transaction for a single building. It was reported that Li Ka-shing's CK Asset Holdings sold the building to a BVI company called CHMT Peaceful Development Asia Limited, which is thought to be led by state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation.
Sustainable Ventilation System
The Center is using Under Floor Air Conditioning (UFAC) system by AET Flexible Space. It makes use of the space beneath a raised access floor for the distribution of air, eliminating most ducting and pipework. The advantages of UFAC system are cost and energy saving, comfortable working space and excellent indoor air quality (IAQ). The Center has awarded with “Excellent Class” in Indoor Air Quality Certificate Award for consecutive years.
- List of buildings and structures in Hong Kong
- List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong
- List of tallest freestanding structures in the world
- "The Center - The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013.
- "The Center - SkyscraperPage.com". Retrieved 2007-09-15.
- "China's oil behemoth gets a marquee address at The Center". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2017-11-02.
- Riley, Charles. "Hong Kong skyscraper sells for a record $5.2 billion". CNNMoney. Retrieved 2017-11-02.