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The Chase (1994 film)

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The Chase
Theatrical release poster
Directed byAdam Rifkin
Produced by
Written byAdam Rifkin
Music byRichard Gibbs
CinematographyAlan Jones
Edited byPeter Schink
Distributed by20th Century Fox[1]
Release date
  • March 4, 1994 (1994-03-04)
Running time
97 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States[1]
Box office$7.9 million

The Chase is a 1994 American action comedy film directed by Adam Rifkin and starring Charlie Sheen and Kristy Swanson. Set in California, the film follows a wrongfully convicted man who kidnaps a wealthy heiress and leads police on a lengthy car chase in an attempt to escape prison, while the news media dramatize the chase to absurd extents. It features Henry Rollins, Josh Mostel, and Ray Wise in supporting roles, with cameo appearances by Anthony Kiedis and Flea of the rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers.

The Chase was conceived as a direct response to Rifkin's 1991 comedy The Dark Backward, which performed extremely poorly at the box office. The film was shot in Houston, Texas and its soundtrack features alternative artists such as Bad Religion, NOFX, and Rollins Band. Although the film received mixed reviews from critics, it was considered a commercial success. Journalists generally criticized its forced script and subpar characters, but praised the film's use of satire to criticize the television news industry. According to Rollins, the film has attracted a cult following.


Convict Jack Hammond stops at a gas station in Newport Beach, California, where he encounters two police officers and a young woman. When the officers receive a car radio call that indicates the car Jack is driving is stolen, he panics and kidnaps the woman. Fleeing in her car, Jack learns that his hostage is Natalie Voss, daughter of a millionaire industrialist. Two police officers pursue them in a squad car with a television crew filming a reality show. The car chase moves onto southbound Interstate 5 as Jack decides to flee to Mexico. As the chase intensifies, two bystanders attempt to run Jack off the road in their monster truck, but lose control and roll the truck onto its side, where it is hit by a semi-trailer truck and explodes.

The news media dramatize the car chase, going to such lengths as having a reporter hang out of the side of a van alongside the speeding car. Jack explains to Natalie that, while working as a clown performing at children's birthday parties in Sonoma, he was mistaken for the "red-nosed robber", a criminal who had robbed several banks while wearing a clown costume. A blood test sample improperly collected at one of the crime scenes proved Jack's innocence but its inadmissibility led to his conviction and sentence to 25 years' incarceration. During transfer to prison, he escaped the guards and stole a car, leading to their present situation. Jack's lawyer explains Jack's predicament to the media and tries to convince him to surrender to the police, but Jack believes escape is his only option.

Natalie sympathizes with Jack. She shares with him her hate for her stepmother and that she seeks to escape from her dysfunctional family. As the chase continues, she begins to fall in love with Jack; the two have sex while he drives, and she suggests feigning being his hostage so that they can flee together to Mexico. They reach the San Ysidro Port of Entry and find it heavily blockaded. Jack continues to evade the police but eventually stops, telling Natalie that her life cannot be ruined by him. He releases her reluctantly to her father. After considering going out in a blaze of glory, Jack decides to surrender. As he is being arrested, Natalie takes a television producer hostage at gunpoint and releases Jack. The two steal a news helicopter and escape to Mexico, where they relax on a beach.



The Chase was written and directed by Adam Rifkin,[2] who at the time was best known for directing cult and independent films like the 1991 comedy The Dark Backward.[3] Rifkin conceived The Chase as a direct response to The Dark Backward's extremely poor performance at the box office. According to him, "I needed to make something that studio executives could watch and see money-making potential from. So, I wrote and directed, purposely, a really brightly lit, simplistic car crash movie that I wanted to be the polar opposite of The Dark Backward."[4] Although the film was released by 20th Century Fox, it was made with a relatively small budget of "a few million dollars".[5] As a result, Rifkin considers it an independent film rather than a studio film.[5]

Although the film is set in California, it was actually shot in the Houston metropolitan area, Texas.[6] Rifkin explained that shutting down a freeway in Los Angeles for a long period of time would have been too expensive.[7] The opening scene, where Jack kidnaps Natalie, was filmed at a convenience store in Kemah, while most of the chase scenes were shot on a section of the Hardy Toll Road.[8] Other film locations include the Mecom Fountain and the Houston Police Department headquarters at 61 Riesner.[8] To reduce costs, part of the car chase was filmed in the middle of a traffic stream during an actual Houston rush hour without clearance and with no stunt drivers filling in for actors Charlie Sheen and Henry Rollins.[8] During the film's production, Sheen was also training for his role in Major League II.[8]

Rollins, a former vocalist of the punk rock band Black Flag, was cast as an attention-seeking cop due to his muscled physique. The role proved to be exciting for Rollins, who used to sing about police brutality.[8] Musicians Anthony Kiedis and Flea of the rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers had cameo roles in the film. Flea commented positively on his experience in creating their characters. According to him, "We were making up lines the whole time. I remember we said something about Geraldo Rivera and we called him Jeraldo. We thought that was so funny."[9] Pornographic actor Ron Jeremy also had a cameo appearance as a cameraman.[10] The film's soundtrack features alternative artists such as Bad Religion, Rancid, The Offspring, Down by Law, NOFX, Rollins Band, Suede, and One Dove.[11] A soundtrack album by Epitaph Records was originally intended to be released in March 1994.[11]


The Chase performed well when it opened on March 4, 1994 in 1,633 theaters,[12] finishing fifth and grossing $3.4 million at the US weekend box office, behind Ace Ventura: Pet Detective, Greedy, On Deadly Ground, and Sugar Hill.[13] During its second weekend, the film grossed an estimated $1.7 million, finishing in 13th place.[12] Overall, The Chase went on to make $7.9 million in the US.[12] Considering its limited budget, Rifkin felt the film was a commercial success, stating that it made "a huge profit" for 20th Century Fox.[5] The Chase was released on VHS in the United States by 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment on August 3, 1994,[14] and on DVD on September 6, 2005.[15] The DVD's only supplemental material is the film's original theatrical trailer.[15]

Critical reception[edit]

According to review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, The Chase has a 37% approval rating based on 19 reviews.[16] Although the film was generally criticized for its forced script and subpar characters,[17][18] several critics praised the film's use of satire to criticize the television news industry.[19][20][21][22][23] The film also criticizes millionaire businessmen like the character of Dalton Voss, who uses the kidnapping of his daughter as a political advantage while he runs for the government of California.[24] Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert, who gave the film two-and-a-half out of three stars, felt that The Chase was "slick, charming, and with moments of real wit".[22] He also praised Swanson's "unaffected charm and Sheen's ability to play an almost impossible role in a fairly straight style".[22] Film critic James Berardinelli agreed, stating that Sheen develops "a surprisingly effective chemistry" with Swanson, and noted that Rifkin's use of satire is "far more perceptive than one might expect from a piece of cartoon fluff like this".[23]

Writing for the Chicago Tribune, editor John Petrakis noted the film's numerous gags and political and socio-economic commentary, stating that they parody films such as Smokey and the Bandit and Convoy, but said that its simplistic premise does not allow for an effective love story.[25] Stephen Holden of The New York Times, while criticizing the film's superficial characters, remarked that The Chase "still detonates laughs".[19] Although Swanson's performance was highlighted,[21][22] Variety writer Brian Lowry felt that the "whining Valley girl aspects of her role" does not contribute to her characterization.[21] He also described Sheen's performance as the same "Jack Nicholson-wannabe pose he's employed with varying degrees of success" in films such as Major League and Navy SEALs.[21] Marc Savlov of The Austin Chronicle agreed, but noted that Sheen's "familial transparency serves him well" in the film. He concluded that, while The Chase is "nobody's idea of excellence in cinema", "Rifkin's skewed world view suits this rollicking, stupid slab of celluloid just fine. It's big, it's dumb, it's fun."[20]


Retrospectively, The Chase was considered ahead of its time because it was released before O. J. Simpson's infamous White Bronco chase in June 1994.[26] The film was highlighted for "taking a look at the growing infatuation that the media had with tabloid journalism, and specifically the need for TV news crews to capture and speculate upon every minor freeway chase that happened in California."[26] The film was released at a time when road movies were considered appealing, hence the film's tagline reads: "Getting there is twice the fun."[27] In 2015, Rollins stated that The Chase had attracted a cult following and that he had always received mail about it when the film airs on TV.[8]


  1. ^ a b c d "The Chase (1994)". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Archived from the original on June 1, 2019. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  2. ^ Rainer, Peter (March 4, 1994). "No-Brainer Runs Out of Gas in 'Chase'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 9, 2018. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  3. ^ "Adam Rifkin Comes Clean". Film Threat. January 2, 2002. Archived from the original on April 13, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  4. ^ "Adam Rifkin Comes Clean (Part 2)". Film Threat. February 8, 2001. Archived from the original on April 13, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Adam Rifkin Comes Clean (Part 3)". Film Threat. February 7, 2001. Archived from the original on April 13, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  6. ^ Callahan, Michael (March 5, 2015). "This Charlie Sheen Movie Was Filmed in Houston". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 7, 2015. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  7. ^ Lindsey, Craig (June 19, 2019). "Adam Rifkin back to celebrate the shot-in-Houston film 'The Chase'". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Hlavaty, Craig (April 16, 2015). "Henry Rollins talks about his time in Houston filming the Charlie Sheen caper 'The Chase' on recent podcast". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on April 18, 2015. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  9. ^ Greene, Andy (October 5, 2011). "The Red Hot Chili Peppers' Flea's Movie Memories". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 8, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  10. ^ Goodman, Abbey (April 2, 2013). "Porn legend Ron Jeremy back to work after heart scare". Archived from the original on April 2, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  11. ^ a b Arkoff, Vicki (February 6, 1994). "Alternative artists fuel soundtrax". Variety. Archived from the original on May 18, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  12. ^ a b c "The Chase". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on April 25, 2018. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  13. ^ Marx, Andy (March 7, 1994). "'Detective' still B.O. story". Variety. Archived from the original on April 15, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  14. ^ "The Chase". Archived from the original on May 19, 2019. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  15. ^ a b Meyers, Nate (September 15, 2005). "The Chase (1994)". Archived from the original on February 3, 2010. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  16. ^ "The Chase". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on August 30, 2017. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  17. ^ Schwarzbaum, Lisa (March 18, 1994). "The Chase". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  18. ^ Hinson, Hal (March 4, 1994). "The Chase". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  19. ^ a b Holden, Stephen (March 4, 1994). "Antihero and Rich Girl Amok on a Freeway". The New York Times. p. 14. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  20. ^ a b Savlov, Marc (March 11, 1994). "The Chase". The Austin Chronicle. Archived from the original on September 9, 2018. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  21. ^ a b c d Lowry, Brian (March 3, 1994). "The Chase". Variety. Archived from the original on September 18, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  22. ^ a b c d Ebert, Roger (March 4, 1994). "The Chase". Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  23. ^ a b Berardinelli, James (1994). "The Chase (1994)". Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  24. ^ Langman, Larry (May 2009). The Media in the Movies: A Catalog of American Journalism Films, 1900-1996. McFarland. p. 54–55. ISBN 978-0786440917.
  25. ^ Petrakis, John (March 4, 1994). "'The Chase' Has All the Surprise of a Spin Around the Block". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  26. ^ a b "Unsung Anniversaries #4: The Chase". March 4, 2014. Archived from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  27. ^ Laderman, David (Spring–Summer 1996). "What A Trip: The Road Film And American Culture". Journal of Film and Video. 48 (1): 41–57. JSTOR 20688093.CS1 maint: date format (link)

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