The Chicken and the Pig
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The business fable of The Chicken and the Pig is about commitment to a project or cause. When producing a dish made of ham and eggs, the pig provides the ham which requires his sacrifice and the chicken provides the eggs which are not difficult to produce. Thus the pig is really committed in that dish while the chicken is only involved, yet both are needed to produce the dish.
- A Pig and a Chicken are walking down the road.
- The Chicken says: "Hey Pig, I was thinking we should open a restaurant!"
- Pig replies: "Hm, maybe, what would we call it?"
- The Chicken responds: "How about 'ham-n-eggs'?"
- The Pig thinks for a moment and says: "No thanks. I'd be committed, but you'd only be involved."
Sometimes, the story is presented as a riddle:
- Question: In a bacon-and-egg breakfast, what's the difference between the Chicken and the Pig?
- Answer: The Chicken is involved, but the Pig is committed!
Interpretation and lessons
Agile project management
The fable was referenced to define two types of project members by the scrum agile management system: pigs, who are totally committed to the project and accountable for its outcome, and chickens, who consult on the project and are informed of its progress. This analogy is based upon the pig being able to provide bacon (a sacrificial offering, for which the pig must die in order to provide) versus a chicken which provides eggs (non-sacrificial).
For a Scrum project the Product Owner, the Scrum Master and Development Team are considered as people who are committed to the project while customers and executive management are considered as involved but not committed to the project.
As of 2011, the fable has been removed from the official Scrum process.
The fable also is used as an analogy for levels of commitment to a game, team etc. For example, variations of this quote have been attributed to football coach Mike Leach who said, on the officials in the 2007 Tech-Texas game in Austin: "It's a little like breakfast; you eat ham and eggs. As coaches and players, we're like the ham. You see, the chicken's involved but the pig's committed. We're like the pig, they're like the chicken. They're involved, but everything we have rides on this."
- Skin in the game (phrase), risking one's own money
- Pupek, Daniel (date unknown). Chicken and Pig Make Breakfast. Retold in the blog of "The Agile Jedi". Retrieved from http://www.agilejedi.com/chickenandpig.
- Porter, Steve. "Chickens and Pigs > Scrum.org - The home of Scrum". Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- C. P. PURI (2009), Agile Management: Feature Driven Development, Global India Publications
- Ken Schwaber - Agile Project Management with SCRUM - 2004 - Microsoft Professional - ISBN 0-7356-1993-X
- Leachisms: Quotes From the Pirate King, Bleacher Report, 2008-11-07, retrieved 2012-12-18