The Chieftains performing in 2008
|Labels||Claddagh, Island, RCA|
|Associated acts||Ceoltóirí Chualann
|Past members||Martin Fay
The Chieftains are a traditional Irish band formed in Dublin in November 1962, by Paddy Moloney, Sean Potts and Michael Tubridy. The band had their first rehearsals at Moloney's house, with Tubridy, Martin Fay and David Fallon. Their sound, which is almost entirely instrumental and largely built around uilleann pipes, has become synonymous with traditional Irish music and they are regarded as having helped popularise Irish music across the world.
Paddy Moloney came out of Ceoltóirí Chualann, a group of musicians who specialised in instrumentals, and sought to form a new band. The group remained only semi-professional up until the 1970s and by then had achieved great success in Ireland and the United Kingdom. In 1973, their popularity began to spread to the United States when their previous albums were released there by Island Records. They received further acclaim when they worked on the Academy Award-winning soundtrack to Stanley Kubrick's 1975 film Barry Lyndon, which triggered their transition to the mainstream in the US.
The group continued to release successful records throughout the 1970s and 1980s, and their work with Van Morrison in 1988 resulted in the critically acclaimed album Irish Heartbeat. They went on to collaborate with many other well-known musicians and singers; among them Luciano Pavarotti, the Rolling Stones, Madonna, Sinéad O'Connor and Roger Daltrey. The band have won six Grammys during their career and they were given a Lifetime Achievement Award at the prestigious BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards in 2002. Some music experts have credited The Chieftains with bringing traditional Irish music to a worldwide audience, so much so that the Irish government awarded them the honorary title of 'Ireland's Musical Ambassadors' in 1989. In 2012, they celebrated their 50th anniversary with the release of their most recent record Voice of Ages.
The band's name came from the book Death of a Chieftain by Irish author John Montague. Assisted early on by Garech Browne, they signed with his company Claddagh Records. They needed financial success abroad, and succeeded in this, as within a few years their third album's sleeve note section was printed in three languages.
In 2012, they celebrated their 50th anniversary with an ambitious album and tour. The album, Voice of Ages, was produced by T-Bone Burnett and featured the Chieftains collaborating with many musicians including Bon Iver, Paolo Nutini and The Decemberists. It also included a collaboration with NASA astronaut Catherine Coleman playing the flute aboard the International Space Station as it orbited the earth. On 17 March, The Chieftains played in Carnegie Hall 
They have performed with (in alphabetical order): Moya Brennan, Jackson Browne, Rosanne Cash, Ry Cooder, Elvis Costello, Roger Daltrey, Marianne Faithfull, Bela Fleck, James Galway, Art Garfunkel, Glass Tiger, Mike Gordon, Great Big Sea, Nanci Griffith, Mick Jagger, Tom Jones, Kepa Junkera, Mark Knopfler, Nolwenn Leroy, Los Cenzontles, Lyle Lovett, Ashley MacIsaac, Madonna, Ziggy Marley, Loreena McKennitt, Natalie Merchant, Van Morrison, Willie Nelson, Nickel Creek, Punch Brothers, Carlos Núñez, Paolo Nutini, Siobhán O'Brien, Sinéad O'Connor, Mike Oldfield, Luciano Pavarotti, Pink Martini, Eros Ramazzotti, Earl Scruggs, Ricky Skaggs, Sting, The Civil Wars, The Corrs, The Dubliners, The Low Anthem, The Rolling Stones, Ultravox, Jim White, and others.
In May 1986, they performed at Self Aid, a benefit concert held in Dublin that focused on the problem of chronic unemployment which was widespread in Ireland at that time. In 1994, they appeared in Roger Daltrey's production, album and video of A Celebration: The Music of Pete Townshend and The Who.
Success and legacy
The band has won six Grammy Awards and been nominated eighteen times. They have won an Emmy and a Genie and contributed tracks, including their highly praised version of the song Women of Ireland, to Leonard Rosenman's Oscar-winning score for Stanley Kubrick's 1975 film Barry Lyndon. In 2002 they were given a Lifetime Achievement Award by the UK's BBC Radio 2. Two of their singles have been minor hits in the UK Singles Chart. "Have I Told You Lately" (credited to The Chieftains with Van Morrison) reached No. 71 in 1995. "I Know My Love" (credited to The Chieftains featuring The Corrs) reached No. 37 in 1999.
Dr. Gearóid Ó hAllmhuráin said the success of The Chieftains helped place Irish traditional music on a par with other musical genres in the world of popular entertainment. By collaborating with pop and rock musicians, they have taken Irish music to a much wider audience. They have become, in effect, musical ambassadors for Ireland. This de facto role was officially recognised by the Irish Government in 1989 when it awarded the group the honorary title of Ireland's Musical Ambassadors.
In 1983, they were invited by the Chinese Government to perform with the Chinese Broadcasting Art Group in a concert on the Great Wall of China, becoming the first western musical group to do so. They were the first group to perform in the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C., invited by Senator Edward Kennedy and the former Speaker of the House, Tip O'Neill.
- Martin Fay – fiddle, bones (1962–2002; died 2012)
- Seán Potts – tin whistle, bones, bodhrán (1962–1979; died 2014)
- Michael Tubridy – flute, concertina, tin whistle (1962–1979)
- David Fallon – bodhrán (1962–1966)
- Peadar Mercier – bodhrán, bones (1966–1976)
- Derek Bell – Irish harp, keyboard instruments, oboe (1975–2002; died 2002)
- Ronnie McShane – percussion (1975–1976)
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- The Chieftains (1963)
- The Chieftains 2 (1969)
- The Chieftains 3 (1971)
- The Chieftains 4 (1973)
- The Chieftains 5 (1975)
- The Chieftains 6: Bonaparte's Retreat (1976)
- The Chieftains 7 (1977)
- The Chieftains Live! (1977)
- The Chieftains 8 (1978)
- The Chieftains 9: Boil the Breakfast Early (1979)
- The Chieftains 10: Cotton-Eyed Joe (1980)
- The Year of the French (1982)
- The Grey Fox (1982) (soundtrack to The Grey Fox)
- Concert Orchestra (1983)
- The Chieftains in China (1985)
- Ballad of the Irish Horse (1986)
- Celtic Wedding (1987)
- In Ireland (1987) (with James Galway)
- Irish Heartbeat (1988) (with Van Morrison)
- The Tailor of Gloucester (1988)
- A Chieftains Celebration (1989)
- Over the Sea To Skye: The Celtic Connection (1990) (with James Galway)
- The Bells of Dublin (1991)
- Reel Music (1991)
- Another Country (1992)
- An Irish Evening (1992)
- The Best of The Chieftains (1992)
- Music at Matt Molloy’s (1992)
- The Celtic Harp: A Tribute To Edward Bunting (1993) (with The Belfast Harp Orchestra)
- The Long Black Veil (1995)
- Film Cuts (1996)
- Santiago (1996)
- Long Journey Home (1998)
- Celtic Wedding (1998)
- Fire in the Kitchen (1998)
- Silent Night: A Christmas in Rome (1998)
- Tears of Stone (1999)
- Water From the Well (2000)
- The Wide World Over (2002)
- Down the Old Plank Road: The Nashville Sessions (2002)
- Further Down the Old Plank Road (2003)
- Live From Dublin: A Tribute To Derek Bell (2005)
- The Essential Chieftains (2006)
- San Patricio (2010) (with Ry Cooder)
- Voice of Ages (2012)
- "The Chieftains... out of this world!". Independent.ie. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- Ratliff, Ben (3 February 2012). "Stones, Chieftains, Beach Boys and El Gran Combo Turn 50". The New York Times.
- "Articles about Chieftains – Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- Sean Michaels (22 November 2011). "Chieftains team up with Bon Iver and the Decemberists | Music | guardian.co.uk". London: Guardian. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- "The Chieftains: For 50 Years, Irish Music For The World". NPR. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
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-  Archived 30 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- McCarthy, John Patrick (2006). Ireland: a reference guide from the Renaissance to the present. Infobase. p. 216. ISBN 978-0-8160-5378-0.
- the Chieftains – A Musical History
- "The Chieftains – out of this world". independent. Ireland. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "Nolwenn Leroy to join The Chieftains in Paris!". The Chieftains. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 104. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Pocket History of Irish Traditional Music, pub The O'Brien Press, Dublin, p155
- Lannert, John (6 March 1992). "An Irish Tradition For 29 Years, The Chieftains Have Been Entertaining Audiences And Attracting The Admiration of Fellow Performers". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- "Queen Elizabeth II's historic visit a century in the making". Irishcanadamag.com. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- Glatt, John (1997). The Chieftains: the Authorized Biography. New York: Da Capo. ISBN 978-0-306-80922-4.
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