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The Chordettes

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The Chordettes
Clockwise: Carol Buschmann, Dorothy "Dottie" Schwartz, Jinny Osborn, and Janet Ertel Bleyer
Clockwise: Carol Buschmann, Dorothy "Dottie" Schwartz, Jinny Osborn, and Janet Ertel Bleyer
Background information
OriginSheboygan, Wisconsin, U.S.
Years active1946–1963
Past membersJinny Lockard (previously Osborn)
Carol Buschmann
Lynn Evans
Janet Ertel (aka Bleyer)
Margie Latzko
Dorothy “Dottie” (Hummitzsch) Schwartz
Nancy Overton
Alice Mae Spielvogel (née Buschmann)
Joyce Weston
The Chordettes (Amsterdam, 1959)

The Chordettes were an American female vocal quartet, specializing in traditional pop music. They are best known for their 1950s hit singles "Mr. Sandman" and "Lollipop", both of which sold over a million copies.


The group organized in Sheboygan, Wisconsin, in 1946. The original members of the group were Janet Ertel Bleyer (née Buschmann; September 21, 1913 – November 22, 1988), Alice Mae Buschmann Spielvogel (July 31, 1925 – January 6, 1981), Dorothy "Dottie" (Hummitzsch) Schwartz (February 18, 1927 – April 4, 2016) and Jinny Osborn/Lockard (April 25, 1927 – May 19, 2003). Alice Spielvogel was replaced by Carol Buschmann (May 13, 1927 – September 30, 2023), her sister-in-law, in 1947. In 1952, Lynn Evans (née Hargate; May 2, 1924 – February 6, 2020)[1] replaced Schwartz, as Evans described in a 2015 interview.[2] And in 1953, Margie Needham replaced Osborn (who was having a baby), though Osborn later returned to the group. Nancy Overton (February 6, 1926 – April 5, 2009) joined the group for live performances in 1957 after Janet Ertel, who was more than a decade older than the other members of the group, decided to retire from touring, although she continued to perform on recorded material. Originally they sang folk music in the style of The Weavers, but eventually changed to a harmonizing style of the type known as barbershop harmony or close harmony. Part of this change seems to be influenced by Osborn's father.[citation needed]

Jinny Osborn was born in Seattle, Washington. She was born Virginia Cole, the daughter of O. H. "King" Cole, who was president (1948-1949)[3] of the Barbershop Harmony Society (then known as SPEBSQSA), and Katherine Flack.

After performing locally in Sheboygan, they won on Arthur Godfrey's radio program Talent Scouts in 1949. They held feature status on Godfrey's daily program, and in 1950 cut their first LP, a collection of standards titled Harmony Time for Columbia Records. Three more LPs followed.[4]

In 1953, Godfrey's music director and orchestra leader, Archie Bleyer (June 12, 1909 – March 20,1989) , founded Cadence Records.[citation needed] He signed a number of Godfrey regulars and former regulars, including the Chordettes, who had a number of hit records for Cadence.[citation needed]

Beginning in January 1954, the group sang on the Robert Q. Lewis Show, a weekday afternoon program on CBS-TV.[5]

The Chordettes had released a couple of singles with Arthur Godfrey on Columbia in 1950-51 but did not cut a solo single until their breakout hit, "Mr. Sandman", released in late 1954 and which went on to become a number one 1955 hit for 7 weeks. It sold in excess of a million copies and was awarded gold disc status.[6] Archie Bleyer himself was on that record along with the group; Bleyer stripped down the sound to highlight the girls' voices. They also reached number two with 1958's "Lollipop", another million-seller, and a number 2 on the charts,[7] also charted with a vocal version of the themes from Disney's Zorro (U.S. number 17) (1958) and the film Never on Sunday (U.S. number 13) (1961). Other hits for the group included "Eddie My Love" (U.S. number 14) (a cover of a song by doo-wop group The Teen Queens), "Born to Be With You" (U.S. number 5), "Lay Down Your Arms" in 1956, and "Just Between You and Me" (U.S. number 8) in 1957. Their cover of "The White Rose Of Athens" reached the Australian Top 15 in May, 1962. The US single "In The Deep Blue Sea" was a one-week Music Vendor entry four months later (number 128).

Janet Ertel married Bleyer in 1954. Her daughter Jackie married another Cadence recording star, Phil Everly of The Everly Brothers.

The Chordettes appeared on American Bandstand on August 5, 1957, the first episode of that show to be broadcast nationally on the ABC Television Network. The Chordettes also appeared on American Bandstand on February 22, 1958, and again on April 26, 1958.[citation needed]

In 1961, Jinny Osborn again left the group. Unable to find a satisfactory replacement, the group disbanded in 1963.[citation needed]

Recent events[edit]

The group was inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2001.[8]

Lynn Evans Mand sang on all the Chordettes' Cadence Recordings. In 2004, Mand appeared on a PBS television special Magic Moments: The Best of 50s Pop, with other 1950s pop icons, singing "Lollipop".

In mid-2023, hundreds of videos featuring women dancing to the Chordettes recording of "Pink Shoe Laces" went viral on TikTok and YouTube.


Alice Mae Buschmann Spielvogel died in 1981 at the age of 55.[9]

Janet Ertel Bleyer died on November 22, 1988, at the age of 75.[10]

Jinny Osborn (later known as Jinny Janis) died in 2003 at the age of 76.[11]

Nancy Overton died on April 5, 2009, at the age of 83 after a long battle with esophageal cancer.[12]

Dorothy "Dottie" (Hummitzsch) Schwartz died on April 4, 2016, at the age of 89.[13]

Lynn Evans Mand died on February 6, 2020, at the age of 95.[1]

Carol Buschmann died in Sheboygan, Wisconsin on September 30, 2023, at the age of 96.[14][15]


  • Janet Ertel (née Buschmann; September 21, 1913 – November 22, 1988) (1946-1963; did not tour from May, 1958-1963)
  • Alice Mae Buschmann Spielvogel (July 31, 1925 – January 6, 1981) (1946-1947)
  • Dorothy "Dottie" (Hummitzsch) Schwartz (February 18, 1927 - April 4, 2016) (1946-1952)
  • Jinny Osborn/Lockard (April 25, 1927 – May 19, 2003) (1946-1953, 1957-1961)
  • Carol Buschmann (1947-1963) d. 2023
  • Lynn Evans (née Hargate; May 2, 1924 – February 6, 2020)[1][2] (1953-1963)
  • Margie Needham (1953-1957)
  • Nancy Overton (1957-1963; touring only?) d. 2009



Year Album Record Label
1950 Harmony Time Columbia
1951 Harmony Time Volume II
1952 Harmony Encores
1953 The Chordettes Sing Your Requests
1955 The Chordettes
Close Harmony Cadence
1957 The Chordettes
1959 Drifting and Dreaming Harmony
1962 Never on Sunday Cadence


Year Single (A-side, B-side)
Both sides from same album except where indicated
Chart positions Album


1950 "Down by the Old Mill Stream" (with Arthur Godfrey) Non-album tracks
"If It Wasn't for Your Father" (with Arthur Godfrey)
b/w "Gone Fishin'" (non-album track)
"Time Out for Tears" (with Bill Lawrence)
b/w "Can't Seem to Laugh Anymore" (non-album track)
"Hawaii" (with Arthur Godfrey)
b/w "Driftin' Down the Dreamy Ol' Ohio" (non-album track)
1951 "Candy & Cake" (with Arthur Godfrey)
1954 "Mr. Sandman"
b/w "I Don't Wanna See You Cryin'" (non-album track)
1[18] 11 The Chordettes
1955 "Lonely Lips"
b/w "The Dudelsack Song" (non-album track)
All the Very Best of the Chordettes
"Humming Bird"
b/w "I Told a Lie" (non-album track)
The Chordettes
1956 "The Wedding"
b/w "I Don't Know, I Don't Care" (non-album track)
91[19] All the Very Best of the Chordettes
"Eddie My Love"
b/w "Whistlin' Willie" (non-album track)
14 The Chordettes
"Born to Be with You"
b/w "Love Never Changes"
5 8
"Lay Down Your Arms" / 16[20]
"Teen Age Goodnight" 45
1957 "Come Home to My Arms"
b/w "(Fifi's) Walkin' the Poodle" (non-album track)
"Echo of Love"
b/w "Like a Baby" (from The Chordettes)
Non-album track
"Just Between You and Me" / 8 The Chordettes
"Soft Sands" 73
"Baby of Mine"
b/w "Photographs"
Non-album tracks
1958 "Lollipop"
b/w "Baby, Come-a Back-a" (non-album track)
2 3 6 All the Very Best of the Chordettes
b/w "Love Is a Two-Way Street" (non-album track)
1959 "No Other Arms, No Other Lips" [Cadence 1361]
b/w "We Should Be Together" (non-album track)
"A Girl's Work Is Never Done" [Cadence 1366]
b/w "No Wheels" (non-album track)
1960 "A Broken Vow"
b/w "All My Sorrows"
[A] Non-album tracks
1961 "Never on Sunday" / 13 4 Never on Sunday
"Faraway Star" 90 All the Very Best of the Chordettes
"The Exodus Song"
b/w "Theme from 'Goodbye Again'"
Never on Sunday
1962 "The White Rose of Athens"
b/w "Adios"
Non-album tracks
"In the Deep Blue Sea"
b/w "All My Sorrows"
1963 "True Love Goes On and On"
b/w "All My Sorrows"
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that territory.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "A Broken Vow" did not enter the Billboard Hot 100, but peaked at #2 on the Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles chart.[21]


  1. ^ a b c "Lynn Evans Mand". The Chronicle. February 11, 2020. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  2. ^ a b PogieJoe (January 14, 2015). "MRS. SANDMAN: A Chat with The Chordettes' Lynn Evans". YouTube. Archived from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  3. ^ "Barbershop Harmony Society International Past Presidents" (PDF). August 21, 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  4. ^ "Chordettes". Oxford Music Online. July 4, 2006. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  5. ^ "Monday (11)" (PDF). Ross Reports on Television. January 11, 1954. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
  6. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 67. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  7. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 98. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  8. ^ "The Chordettes". The Vocal Group Hall of Fame. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  9. ^ "The Chordettes". QUB musique. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  10. ^ Nick Talevski (2010). Rock Obituaries: Knocking On Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. p. 38. ISBN 9780857121172.
  11. ^ Talevski, Nick (2010). "Jinny Osborn". Rock Obituaries: Knocking On Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. p. 478. ISBN 9780857121172. Archived from the original on January 21, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  12. ^ Hevesi, Dennis (April 10, 2009). "Nancy Overton, Singer for the Chordettes, Is Dead at 83". New York Times. Archived from the original on April 15, 2009. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
  13. ^ Leah Ulatowski (April 6, 2016). "Dorothy Schwartz, member of Chordettes, passes away". Sheboygan Press. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  14. ^ "Carol Hagedorn Buschmann". Legacy. Retrieved October 11, 2023.
  15. ^ "Carol Buschmann, Chordettes Member, Passes Away at 96". WHBL. October 11, 2023. Retrieved October 11, 2023.
  16. ^ a b c "The Chordettes - Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  17. ^ Nugent, Stephen / Fowler, Anne / Fowler, Pete (1976): Chart Log of American/British Top 20 Hits, 1955-1974. In: Gillett, Charlie / Frith, Simon (ed.): Rock File 4. Frogmore, St. Albans: Panther Books, p. 113f
  18. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1973): Top Pop Records 1940-1955. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research, p. 13
  19. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1994): Top Pop Singles 1955-1993. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Ltd., p. 112
  20. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2005): The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. 7. überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage, New York City, New York: Billboard Books, p. 129
  21. ^ "Bubbling Under Hot 100". Top40Weekly. 2019. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2019.

External links[edit]